THE EARTH CHARTER ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

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The Earth Charter Ecological Integrity And Social Movements

Author : Laura Westra
ISBN : 9781317703143
Genre : Law
File Size : 53.95 MB
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The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental ethical principles for building a just, sustainable and peaceful global society, with ecological integrity as a major theme. This book provides a series of analyses of ecological integrity as it relates to the Earth Charter, social movements and international law for human rights. It is shown how the Earth Charter project began as a United Nations initiative, but it was carried forward and completed by a global civil society initiative. The drafting of the Earth Charter involved the most inclusive and participatory process of its time ever associated with the creation of an international declaration. This process is the primary source of its legitimacy as a guiding ethical framework. The Earth Charter was finalized and then launched in 2000 and its legitimacy has been further enhanced by its endorsement by over 6,500 organizations, including many governments and international organizations. In the light of this legitimacy, an increasing number of international lawyers recognize that the Earth Charter is acquiring the status of a soft law document. The book also shows the strong connection between ecological integrity and social justice, particularly in the defence of indigenous people, and includes contributions from both the North and the global South, specifically from Central and South America.
Category: Law

The Earth Charter Ecological Integrity And Social Movements

Author : Mirian Vilela
ISBN : 1306889022
Genre :
File Size : 36.24 MB
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The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental ethical principles for building a just, sustainable and peaceful global society, with ecological integrity as a major theme. This book provides a series of analyses of ecological integrity as it relates to the Earth Charter, social movements and international law for human rights. It is shown how the Earth Charter project began as a United Nations initiative, but it was carried forward and completed by a global civil society initiative. The drafting of the Earth Charter involved the most inclusive and participatory process of its time ever associated with the creation of an international declaration. This process is the primary source of its legitimacy as a guiding ethical framework. The Earth Charter was finalized and then launched in 2000 and its legitimacy has been further enhanced by its endorsement by over 6,500 organizations, including many governments and international organizations. In the light of this legitimacy, an increasing number of international lawyers recognize that the Earth Charter is acquiring the status of a soft law document. The book also shows the strong connection between ecological integrity and social justice, particularly in the defence of indigenous people, and includes contributions from both the North and the global South, specifically from Central and South America.
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The Earth Charter In Action

Author : Peter Blaze Corcoran
ISBN : IND:30000116076104
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.26 MB
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Essays by Mikhail Gorbachev, Wangari Maathai, Leonardo Boff, Jane Goodall, Ruud Lubbers, and other authors on various aspects of the Earth Charter.
Category: Business & Economics

Practices Of Global Ethics

Author : Frederick Bird
ISBN : 9781474407069
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60.44 MB
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The Practices of Global Ethics takes a unique look at global ethics: not as mere written statements but as a set of practices undertaken by thousands of organisations and hundreds of thousands of people to shape the normative trajectory of human affairs. It looks at statements of global ethical principles including The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Earth Charter and the Rio Documents and positions them as the outcomes and expression of ongoing practices. Offering innovative, critical and thoughtful analyses of ethical practices since World War II, the book examines efforts to promote human rights; foster ecological responsibility; end genocide; reduce global poverty; encourage responsible and sustainable international business practices; cultivate understanding and collaboration amongst the world's religions among other worldwide endeavours.
Category: Philosophy

The Safe Operating Space Treaty

Author : Paulo Magalhães
ISBN : 9781443892940
Genre :
File Size : 20.47 MB
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It is clear that international law is not yet equipped to handle the “ecological goods and services” that exist simultaneously within and outside of all states. The global commons have always been understood as geographical spaces that exist only outside the political borders of states. A vital good such as a stable climate exists both within and outside all states, and shows traditional legal approaches to be ecological nonsense. With the recent possibility of measuring and monitoring the state and functioning of the Earth System through the Planetary Boundaries framework, it is now possible to define a “Safe Operating Space of Humankind” corresponding to a biogeophysical state of Earth. In this sense, the Common Home of Humanity is not a planet with 510 million square kilometres, but is a specific favourable state of the Earth System. Recent major scientific advances anticipate a legal paradigm shift that could overcome the disconnection between ecological realities and existing legal frameworks. If we recognize this qualitative and non-geographic space as a Common Natural Intangible Heritage of Humankind, all positive and negative “externalities” end up being included within a new maintenance system of the Common Home.
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Earth Governance

Author : Klaus Bosselmann
ISBN : 9781783477821
Genre : Law
File Size : 84.26 MB
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The predicament of uncontrolled growth in a finite world puts the global commons Ð such as oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere Ð at risk. So far, states have not found the means to protect what, essentially, is outside their jurisdiction. However, the ju
Category: Law

Ecological Integrity Law And Governance

Author : Laura Westra
ISBN : 9781351185455
Genre : Law
File Size : 44.53 MB
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Ecological integrity is concerned with protecting the planet in a holistic way, while respecting ethics and human rights. Over recent years it has been introduced directly and indirectly in several legal regimes, culminating in international law with the 2016 expanded remit of the International Criminal Court, which now includes "environmental disasters". This book celebrates the 25th anniversary of the Global Ecological Integrity Group (GEIG), which includes more than 250 scholars and independent researchers worldwide, from diverse disciplines, including ecology, biology, philosophy, epidemiology, public health, ecological economics, and international law. It reviews the role of ecological integrity across a number of fields through inter- and trans-disciplinary engagement on matters affecting and governing the sustainability of life for both present and future generations. These include, ethics, environmental disasters, crimes against humanity and environmental health, and how such issues can be subject to sound governance and be incorporated into international law. The book also looks forward to new applications of the concept of ecological integrity, such as crimes that result in the exploitation of natural resources and the illegal dispossession? of land.
Category: Law

Contested Nature

Author : Steven R. Brechin
ISBN : 9780791457764
Genre : Law
File Size : 75.95 MB
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Contends that effective biological conservation and social justice must go hand in hand. How can the international conservation movement protect biological diversity, while at the same time safeguarding the rights and fulfilling the needs of people, particularly the poor? Contested Nature argues that to be successful in the long-term, social justice and biological conservation must go hand in hand. The protection of nature is a complex social enterprise, and much more a process of politics, and of human organization, than ecology. Although this political complexity is recognized by practitioners, it rarely enters into the problem analyses that inform conservation policy. Structured around conceptual chapters and supporting case studies that examine the politics of conservation in specific contexts, the book shows that pursuing social justice enhances biodiversity conservation rather than diminishing it, and that the fate of local peoples and that of conservation are completely intertwined. “Written in an accessible and engaging style [it is] full of new ideas and accounts of the latest practices and problems that will form a valuable compendium for people wrestling with these problems.” — Journal of Ecological Anthropology "Using a variety of perspectives, and mixing theory with practical examples, Contested Nature opens new vistas on how social justice can be furthered through the establishment and management of protected areas while still meeting critical nature conservation objectives." — David Harmon, Executive Director of The George Wright Society and author of In Light of Our Differences: How Diversity in Nature and Culture Makes Us Human "This book is essential reading, not just for scholars and environmental activists, but for all who care about the survival of our planet. It addresses the central question of our era, how to halt increasing environmental decay and social exclusion—processes that create a degraded, diminished, and unjust world. In doing so, it presents the most powerful argument yet published for connecting the protection of biological diversity with social justice." — Jacklyn Cock, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa "This book is the first comprehensive attempt to apply social science concepts and analyses to the urgent, practical mandate of balancing biodiversity conservation with social justice. The analysis draws on a broad range of theoretical approaches to derive useful new thinking that helps to move beyond the growing polarization between conservation and social justice." — Marianne Schmink, Director of the Tropical Conservation and Development Program at the University of Florida Contributors include Valentin Agbo, Jill Belsky, Charles Benjamin, Steven R. Brechin, Delma Buhat, Patrick Christie, Michael K. Dorsey, Crystal L. Fortwangler, Len R. Garces, Charles Geisler, Lisa L. Gezon, R. Murguia, Michael Simsik, Nestor Sokpon, Patrick C. West, Alan T. White, and Peter R. Wilshusen.
Category: Law

Biodiversity

Author : Usha Tandon
ISBN : 9781351337083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.94 MB
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Conservation of biodiversity is a fundamental concern towards securing a sustainable future. This volume argues that despite various domestic and international policies and legal frameworks on biodiversity conservation — be it forest, wildlife, marine, coastal, etc. — their implementation suffers from many deficiencies. It explores the factors that hinder effective implementation of these policies and frameworks. It also analyses existing laws, both international and domestic, to identify inherent problems in the existing legal system. The book maintains that careful adherence to established procedures and protocols, public awareness, filling the lacuna in legal framework, and a strong political will are sine qua non for effective conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development. The volume defends the protection of traditional knowledge and participation of indigenous communities along with reinforcements of intellectual property in this regard. It also commends the role played by the Indian judiciary, especially the Supreme Court of India and India’s National Green Tribunal for the preservation and enhancement of natural resources by applying established as also evolving principles of environmental law. This book will be useful to scholars and researchers of environmental studies, development studies, policy studies and law related to biodiversity and conservation.
Category: Social Science

Political And Legal Approaches To Human Rights

Author : Tom Campbell
ISBN : 9781351717175
Genre : Law
File Size : 58.75 MB
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This collection explores and illustrates issues arising from ‘political’ approaches to human rights in contrast to the more traditional ‘moral’ approaches. Moral approaches conceptualize and justify human rights in terms of priority rights which are both universal and moral. In contrast, political approaches focus on those human rights practices involved in the development and operation of human rights institutions, laws and political process, all in relative independence from their alleged moral foundations. The book contributes to the understanding and analysis of ‘political approaches’, including consideration of their diversity, and discussion of their strengths and weaknesses. The choice of contributors presents a balance between those theorists who favour some version of the political approach and those who are dubious about the perceived advantages. The chapters are grouped together in parts which constitute the distinctive issues addressed in the book. At a time when there is considerable uncertainty concerning their conceptual clarity, operation, feasibility, and their normative justifications, this volume will be of interest to those involved with the theory and practice of human rights, within law schools, and in politics and philosophy departments. It will also provide a useful resource for human rights practitioners and policy makers.
Category: Law