THE DIGITAL ORIGINS OF DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND POLITICAL ISLAM OXFORD STUDIES IN DIGITAL POLITICS

Download The Digital Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy Information Technology And Political Islam Oxford Studies In Digital Politics ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to THE DIGITAL ORIGINS OF DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND POLITICAL ISLAM OXFORD STUDIES IN DIGITAL POLITICS book pdf for free now.

The Digital Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy

Author : Philip N. Howard
ISBN : 9780199813667
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.94 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 354
Read : 1218

Around the developing world, political leaders face a dilemma: the very information and communication technologies that boost economic fortunes also undermine power structures. Globally, one in ten internet users is a Muslim living in a populous Muslim community. In these countries, young people are developing political identities online, and digital technologies are helping civil society build systems of political communication independent of the state and beyond easy manipulation by cultural or religious elites. With unique data on patterns of media ownership and technology use, The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy demonstrates how, since the mid-1990s, information technologies have had a role in political transformation. Democratic revolutions are not caused by new information technologies. But in the Muslim world, democratization is no longer possible without them.
Category: Political Science

Democracy S Fourth Wave

Author : Philip N. Howard
ISBN : 9780199936977
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78.52 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 491
Read : 1307

In 2011, the international community watched as citizens mobilized through the Internet and digital media to topple three of the world's most entrenched dictators: Ben Ali in Tunisia, Mubarak in Egypt, and Qaddafi in Libya. This book examines not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the longer history of desperate-and creative-digital activism through the Arab world.
Category: Business & Economics

The Only Constant Is Change

Author : Ben Epstein
ISBN : 9780190698980
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.11 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 840
Read : 902

"The overarching goals of political communication rarely change, yet political communication strategies have evolved a great deal over the course of American history. As this book argues, these changes (at least the successful ones) occur during brief periods of dramatic and permanent transformation, are driven by political actors and organizations, and tend to follow predictable patterns each time. Covering over 300 years of such changes - what it identifies as Political Communication Revolutions - the book shows how this process of change happens and why. To do this, Ben Epstein, following an American Political Development approach, proposes a new model that accounts for the technological, behavioral, and political factors that lead to revolutionary political communication changes over time. In this way the book moves beyond the technological determinism that characterizes communication history scholarship and the medium-specific focus of much political communication work. The book identifies the political communication revolutions that have, in the United States, led to four, relatively stable political communication orders over history: the elite, mass, broadcast, and (the current) information orders. It identifies and tests three pattern phases of each revolution, ultimately sketching possible paths for the future"--
Category: Political Science

Computational Propaganda

Author : Samuel C. Woolley
ISBN : 9780190931407
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51.51 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 198
Read : 1087

Social media platforms do not just circulate political ideas, they support manipulative disinformation campaigns. While some of these disinformation campaigns are carried out directly by individuals, most are waged by software, commonly known as bots, programmed to perform simple, repetitive, robotic tasks. Some social media bots collect and distribute legitimate information, while others communicate with and harass people, manipulate trending algorithms, and inundate systems with spam. Campaigns made up of bots, fake accounts, and trolls can be coordinated by one person, or a small group of people, to give the illusion of large-scale consensus. Some political regimes use political bots to silence opponents and to push official state messaging, to sway the vote during elections, and to defame critics, human rights defenders, civil society groups, and journalists. This book argues that such automation and platform manipulation, amounts to a new political communications mechanism that Samuel Woolley and Philip N. Noward call "computational propaganda." This differs from older styles of propaganda in that it uses algorithms, automation, and human curation to purposefully distribute misleading information over social media networks while it actively learns from and mimicks real people so as to manipulate public opinion across a diverse range of platforms and device networks. This book includes cases of computational propaganda from nine countries (both democratic and authoritarian) and four continents (North and South America, Europe, and Asia), covering propaganda efforts over a wide array of social media platforms and usage in different types of political processes (elections, referenda, and during political crises).
Category: Political Science

Democracy S Fourth Wave

Author : Philip N. Howard
ISBN : 9780199323654
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 658
Read : 233

Did digital media really "cause" the Arab Spring, or is it an important factor of the story behind what might become democracy's fourth wave? An unlikely network of citizens used digital media to start a cascade of social protest that ultimately toppled four of the world's most entrenched dictators. Howard and Hussain find that the complex causal recipe includes several economic, political and cultural factors, but that digital media is consistently one of the most important sufficient and necessary conditions for explaining both the fragility of regimes and the success of social movements. This book looks at not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the deeper history of creative digital activism throughout the region.
Category: Social Science

News On The Internet

Author : David Tewksbury
ISBN : 9780199939305
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.85 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 329
Read : 505

Online news sites play an ever-pervasive role in the daily gathering and flow of political information. Media has always played an intermediary role in the way that citizens receive and process news, but, with the speed of information transmission, the segmentation of news sources, and the rise of citizen journalism, issues of authority, audience, and even the definition of "news" have shifted and become blurred. News on the Internet synthesizes research on developing and current patterns of online news provision with the literature on traditional, offline media to create a conceptual map for understanding the way that public affairs and news are presented and consumed on the internet. Tewksbury and Rittenberg look at the dual role of the internet as a source of authoritative news and as a vehicle for citizens in contemporary democracies to create and share political information. Throughout, they address the tension between the benefits of internet news provision, specifically increased citizen engagement, and the negative, perhaps counterintuitive, effects: the fragmentation of knowledge and polarization of opinion in contemporary democracies. News on the Internet focuses on these points of conflict and contradiction in the online news environment and offers conclusions and predictions for how these phenomena will develop in the future.
Category: Political Science

Pax Technica

Author : Philip N. Howard
ISBN : 9780300199475
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.36 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 202
Read : 1048

A technology expert describes a possible future, and its repercussions in the area of privacy, social control and political manipulation, of a world where more and more things, like eyeglasses, thermostats and home security systems are reliant on the Internet.
Category: Social Science

Using Technology Building Democracy

Author : Jessica Baldwin-Philippi
ISBN : 9780190231927
Genre : Citizenship
File Size : 69.20 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 502
Read : 1296

The days of "revolutionary" campaign strategies are gone. The extraordinary has become ordinary, and campaigns at all levels, from the federal to the municipal, have realized the necessity of incorporating digital media technologies into their communications strategies. Still, little is understood about how these practices have been taken up and routinized on a wide scale, or the ways in which the use of these technologies is tied to new norms and understandings of political participation and citizenship in the digital age. The vocabulary that we do possess for speaking about what counts as citizenship in a digital age is limited. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in a federal-level election, interviews with communications and digital media consultants, and textual analysis of campaign materials, this book traces the emergence and solidification of campaign strategies that reflect what it means to be a citizen in the digital era. It identifies shifting norms and emerging trends to build new theories of citizenship in contemporary democracy. Baldwin-Philippi argues that these campaign practices foster engaged and skeptical citizens. But, rather than assess the quality or level of participation and citizenship due to the use of technologies, this book delves into the way that digital strategies depict what "good" citizenship ought to be and the goals and values behind the tactics.
Category: Citizenship

Guests Of God

Author : Robert Bianchi
ISBN : 9780195171075
Genre : Religion
File Size : 56.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 961
Read : 611

While the hajj is first and foremost a religious festival, it is also very much a political event. Every large Muslim state has developed a comprehensive hajj policy and a powerful bureaucracy to enforce it. This work argues, no secular or religious authority - national or international - can really control the hajj.
Category: Religion

The Human Microbiome

Author : Rebecca E. Hirsch
ISBN : 9781512411409
Genre : Young Adult Nonfiction
File Size : 29.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 151
Read : 1212

Trillions and trillions of microbial cells live on and inside your body. A small number of these microbes are unhealthy germs. But most belong on your body and perform essential jobs. Microbes help digest your food, protect you from dangerous germs, and help your body fight disease. Using techniques such as DNA sequencing, scientists are uncovering the many secrets of the human microbiome. Scientists are learning how the foods we eat and the medicines we take, such as microbe-killing antibiotics, can affect the bugs in our bodies. They are learning more and more about this system that keeps us healthy and how we can protect it in return.
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction