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The Deniable Darwin And Other Essays

Author : David Berlinski
ISBN : 0979014123
Genre : Religion
File Size : 38.6 MB
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David Berlinski, a senior fellow at Discovery Institute, writes about three profound mysteries: the existence of the human mind, the existence and diversity of living creatures, and the existence of matter. His other books include: The Devil's Delusion: Atheism and Its Scientific Pretensions, Newton's Gift, and A Tour of the Calculus.
Category: Religion

Der Darwinismus

Author : A.R. Wallace
ISBN : 9785879420708
Genre : History
File Size : 64.11 MB
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Eine Darlegung der Lehre von der Nat?rlichen Zuchtwahl und einiger ihrer Anwendungen.
Category: History

Die Geschichte Von Adam Und Eva

Author : Stephen Greenblatt
ISBN : 9783641159719
Genre : History
File Size : 54.34 MB
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Bestsellerautor Stephen Greenblatt über die größte Erzählung der Menschheit Warum fasziniert uns die Geschichte von Adam und Eva noch heute? Unsere Vorstellungen vom Paradies, von Scham und Sünde, unsere Ideen von Gut und Böse und unser Frauenbild – wie sehr wurden sie von dieser Urerzählung geprägt? Bestsellerautor und Pulitzer-Preisträger Stephen Greenblatt widmet sich diesem mächtigsten aller Menschheitsmythen, der unsere abendländische Kultur beeinflusst hat wie keine zweite Erzählung. In vielen Geschichten schildert er nicht nur das Erbe von Adam und Eva in der christlichen Kultur seit Augustinus und Dürer. Er zeigt uns auch, dass dieser Mythos eine existenzielle Frage berührt, die auch die moderne Wissenschaft nicht beantworten kann – was es nämlich heißt, ein Mensch zu sein.
Category: History


Author : Slavoj Žižek
ISBN : 3518584731
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77.15 MB
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Category: Philosophy

Geist Und Kosmos

Author : Thomas Nagel
ISBN : 9783518734377
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39.85 MB
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In seinem viel diskutierten Buch bläst Thomas Nagel zum Generalangriff auf die etablierte naturwissenschaftliche Weltsicht. Diese hat sich die Reduktion des menschlichen Geistes auf physikalische Gesetze auf die Fahnen geschrieben, ohne allerdings mit einer Theorie, die Bewusstsein, Denken und Werte erklärt, aufwarten zu können. Dass eine solche Weltsicht zwangsläufig unvollständig, ja mit ziemlicher Sicherheit falsch ist, ist die zentrale These des Buches, die Nagel mit subtilen philosophischen Argumenten zu begründen sucht. Dabei entwickelt er auch erste Ansätze für eine völlig neue Perspektive auf Geist und Kosmos.
Category: Philosophy

Mind And Cosmos

Author : Thomas Nagel
ISBN : 9780199919765
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.32 MB
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The modern materialist approach to life has conspicuously failed to explain such central mind-related features of our world as consciousness, intentionality, meaning, and value. This failure to account for something so integral to nature as mind, argues philosopher Thomas Nagel, is a major problem, threatening to unravel the entire naturalistic world picture, extending to biology, evolutionary theory, and cosmology. Since minds are features of biological systems that have developed through evolution, the standard materialist version of evolutionary biology is fundamentally incomplete. And the cosmological history that led to the origin of life and the coming into existence of the conditions for evolution cannot be a merely materialist history, either. An adequate conception of nature would have to explain the appearance in the universe of materially irreducible conscious minds, as such. Nagel's skepticism is not based on religious belief or on a belief in any definite alternative. In Mind and Cosmos, he does suggest that if the materialist account is wrong, then principles of a different kind may also be at work in the history of nature, principles of the growth of order that are in their logical form teleological rather than mechanistic. In spite of the great achievements of the physical sciences, reductive materialism is a world view ripe for displacement. Nagel shows that to recognize its limits is the first step in looking for alternatives, or at least in being open to their possibility.
Category: Science

God S Cops

Author : James Estrada
ISBN : 9781483664781
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 66.33 MB
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First lets look at the Hoyle comparison: a typical Boeing 747-400 has about 6 million parts. The typical human genome is an organisms complete set of DNA. Genomes vary widely in size: the smallest known genome for a free-living organism (a bacterium) contains about 600,000 DNA base pairs, while human and mouse genomes have some 3 billion. Except for mature red blood cells, all human cells contain a complete genome. DNA in the human genome is arranged into 23 distinct chromosomes--physically separate molecules that range in length from about 50 million to 250 million base pairs (Unknown, 2011). Lets say despite the fact that people have three billion base pairs that are aligned perfectly and a 747 is only 6 million parts, but for purposes of this discussion lets say that we are only as complex as the 747. OK, here is the problem: first, a 747 was designed, without designers and builders there would be no 747. Remember the analogy I gave of removing the distributor cap from a car and throwing it at the engine and then expecting it to run? You and I have consciousness and we can build a 747. A 747 does not have consciousness and cant build a human. In fact, we are far more sophisticated than a 747 and we cant build a human from the ground up yet. Now detractors would say of course you can build a 747 because you have many more parts that comprise you that make you and you are an intelligent being. All true making me more complex than a 747 and thus more likely to have been designed than the 747, and we all know the 747 was designed. Not just designed by someone in a garage to get us by, engineered to stringent standards taking into account all the forces, stresses and elements it was going to encounter on Earth. Now remember: you are expected to believe that this thing (the 747) that was engineered and is less sophisticated than you are came about by engineering, but you who is realistically at least eight times more complex came about by random chance and mutation. Has anybody ever seen a Cessna randomly mutate into a 747? If we go around randomly killing Cessnas, will they mutate into F-18s so they can get away or fight back? You can argue faster Cessnas might survive more often than slower Cessnas but they are all still Cessnas. However, the faster Cessnas will only survive if they are piloted by people. Further, if we squeeze more and more people into the Cessna that still wont make it a 747. The Earth is covered over by 75% water. Why not 30%? Why not 100%? Because of the oceans we have are perfect amount of salt to produce the right amount of rainfall, otherwise Earth would either be a desert or a water world. The Earth is covered by salt water over the majority of its surface, water that is undrinkable to humans. Were it not for the formation of vast amounts of freshwater, we would not be here. Why is there any freshwater? Why isnt it all freshwater? The Earths composition allows for human life to survive in every location upon it naturally with the exception of Antarctica. Remember one thing from the first time you boiled water: salt water freezes at a lower temperature and boils at a lower temperature. This means salt water evaporates at a lower temperature. If the oceans were all fresh water there would be a lot less water vapor in the air and less rain. In order to have more water vapor in a world with freshwater oceans you would need more of it to be exposed to the sun, which means more of the planet would need to be water. It seems we have just the right balance of salt water and salinity of that salt water to make rain, and just the right balance of freshwater to survive. The Earth might well roll around on its axis but for a single large moon to stabilize its orbit and provide tidal changes. If the oceans had been bigger the tidal effect would have been greater and much of the life that relies on tides would not exist. The Earth has an atmosphere that protects us from radiation and keeps
Category: Fiction