THE CREATION OF FEMINIST CONSCIOUSNESS FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO EIGHTEEN SEVENTY WOMEN AND HISTORY 2

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The Creation Of Feminist Consciousness

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : 0195090608
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.66 MB
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A pioneer in women's studies and long-term activist for women's issues, and a past president of the Organization of American Historians, Gerda Lerner is one of the founders and foremost scholars of Women's History. The Creation of Patriarchy, the first book in her two-volume magnum opus Women and History (1986) received wide review attention and much acclaim, winning the prestigious Joan Kelly Prize of the American Historical Association for the best work on Women's History that year. Ms hailed the book for providing "a grand historical framework that was impossible even to imagine before the enlightenment about women's place in the world provided by her earlier work and that of other feminist scholars." New Directions for Women said it "may well be the most important work in feminist theory to appear in our generation." Patriarchy traced the development of the ideas, symbols, and metaphors by which men institutionalized their domination of women. Now, in The Creation of Feminist Consciousness, the eagerly awaited concluding volume of Women and History, Lerner documents the twelve-hundred-year struggle of women to free their minds from patriarchal thought, to create Women's History, and to achieve a feminist consciousness. In a richly documented narrative filled with inspiring portraits of women, Lerner ranges from the Middle Ages to the late 19th century, tracing several important ways by which women strove for autonomy and equality. One of the most remarkable sections examines over twelve hundred years of feminist Bible criticism. Since objections to women's thinking, teaching, and speaking in public were based on biblical authority--most notably, passages from Genesis and the writings of St. Paul--women returned again and again to these texts, in an attempt to subvert patriarchal dominance and establish their equality with men. This survey of biblical criticism allows Lerner to illustrate her most important insight--the discontinuity of women's history. She describes how women's history was not passed on from generation to generation, forcing women in effect to reinvent the wheel over and over again. In a series of fascinating portraits of individual women who resisted patriarchal indoctrination, Lerner discusses women mystics such as Hildegard of Bingen, Julian of Norwich and later Protestant mystics, and brings to life the many women of great literary talent, from Christine de Pisan to Louise Labe to Emily Dickinson, who simply bypassed patriarchal thought and created alternate worlds for themselves. Documenting the 1,200 year struggle of women to free their minds from patriarchal thought, create a women's history, and achieve a feminist consciousness, this brilliant work charts new ground for feminist theory, the history of ideas, and the development of women's place in our intellectual tradition.
Category: Social Science

The Creation Of Feminist Consciousness

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : MINN:31951D010129297
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.50 MB
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The author of The Creation of Patriarchy documents the twelve-hundred-year struggle of women to free their minds from patriarchal thought, to create women's history, and to achieve a feminist consciousness.
Category: Social Science

The Female Experience

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : 9780195072587
Genre : History
File Size : 75.74 MB
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Lerner offers an entirely new framework for the study of women's history in America which avoids the traditional chronological periods by which U.S. history is most often studied and instead groups sources according to the life cycle of women, their roles in a male-defined society, in the workplace, in politics, and finally in the contemporary world where feminism is creating an altogether new consciousness.
Category: History

The Creation Of Patriarchy

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : 0195051858
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.47 MB
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A radical reinterpretation of Western civilization argues that male dominance has resulted from, and can be ended by, historical process, and identifies key developments.
Category: Medical

Loving To Survive

Author : Dee L.R. Graham
ISBN : 9780814738542
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82.43 MB
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Have you wondered: Why women are more sympathetic than men toward O. J. Simpson? Why women were no more supportive of the Equal Rights Amendment than men? Why women are no more likely than men to support a female political candidate? Why women are no more likely than men to embrace feminism--a movement by, about, and for women? Why some women stay with men who abuse them? Loving to Survive addresses just these issues and poses a surprising answer. Likening women's situation to that of hostages, Dee L. R. Graham and her co- authors argue that women bond with men and adopt men's perspective in an effort to escape the threat of men's violence against them. Dee Graham's announcement, in 1991, of her research on male-female bonding was immediately followed by a national firestorm of media interest. Her startling and provocative conclusion was covered in dozens of national newspapers and heatedly debated. In Loving to Survive, Graham provides us with a complete account of her remarkable insights into relationships between men and women. In 1973, three women and one man were held hostage in one of the largest banks in Stockholm by two ex-convicts. These two men threatened their lives, but also showed them kindness. Over the course of the long ordeal, the hostages came to identify with their captors, developing an emotional bond with them. They began to perceive the police, their prospective liberators, as their enemies, and their captors as their friends, as a source of security. This seemingly bizarre reaction to captivity, in which the hostages and captors mutually bond to one another, has been documented in other cases as well, and has become widely known as Stockholm Syndrome. The authors of this book take this syndrome as their starting point to develop a new way of looking at male-female relationships. Loving to Survive considers men's violence against women as crucial to understanding women's current psychology. Men's violence creates ever-present, and therefore often unrecognized, terror in women. This terror is often experienced as a fear for any woman of rape by any man or as a fear of making any man angry. They propose that women's current psychology is actually a psychology of women under conditions of captivitythat is, under conditions of terror caused by male violence against women. Therefore, women's responses to men, and to male violence, resemble hostages' responses to captors. Loving to Survive explores women's bonding to men as it relates to men's violence against women. It proposes that, like hostages who work to placate their captors lest they kill them, women work to please men, and from this springs women's femininity. Femininity describes a set of behaviors that please men because they communicate a woman's acceptance of her subordinate status. Thus, feminine behaviors are, in essence, survival strategies. Like hostages who bond to their captors, women bond to men in an effort to survive. This is a book that will forever change the way we look at male-female relationships and women's lives.
Category: Social Science

Woman S Creation

Author : Elizabeth Fisher
ISBN : UCSC:32106018156890
Genre : Sex role
File Size : 21.70 MB
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Category: Sex role

The Feminist Thought Of Sarah Grimk

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : 0195106059
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.21 MB
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Sarah and Angelina Grimke to Queen Victoria, October 26, 1837 -- SMG to Augustus Wattles, February 15, 1852 -- SMG to the editors, Christian Inquirer, February 10, 1852 -- SMG to the editor, The Lily, April 1852 -- SMG to the editors, New York Tribune, May 31, 1852 -- SMG to Augustus Wattles, April 2, 1854 -- SMG to Augustus Wattles, May 31, 1854 -- SMG, Manuscript essay; the education of women -- SMG to Harriot Hunt, May 23, 1855 -- SMG to Sarah Wattles, August 12, 1855 -- Gerda Lerner, a problem of ascription -- SMG, manuscript essay; marriage -- SMG to Jeanne Deroin, May 21, 1856 -- SMG to Gerrit Smith, October 1, 1856 -- SMG, manuscript essay; sisters of charity -- SMG, letter draft to George Sand -- SMG to Sarah Wattles, December 27,1856 -- The Grimke sisters and the struggles against race prejudice -- The political activities of antislavery women.
Category: Social Science

Black Women In White America

Author : Gerda Lerner
ISBN : 9780679743149
Genre : History
File Size : 61.49 MB
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Compiles letters, articles, and essays on the racial and sexual oppression of Black women in America and the ways in which they have managed to survive in a white-dominated society
Category: History

Female Sexual Slavery

Author : Kathleen Barry
ISBN : 9780814710692
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 71.98 MB
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Examines the nature and extent of female sexual slavery, exploring the psychological foundations of male dominance and surveys the by-products of a patriarchal society--pimps, procurers, rapists, enforced marriages, and polygamous arrangements
Category: Health & Fitness

Women S Studies

Author : Linda A. Krikos
ISBN : 1563085666
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.75 MB
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A team of subject specialists has taken on the immense task of documenting publications in the area of women's studies in the last decades of the 20th century. The result is this truly monumental work, which maps the field, covering thousands of titles and Web sites in 19 subject areas published between 1985 and 1999. Intended as a reference and collection development tool, this bibliography provides a guide to women's studies information for each title along with a detailed, often evaluative review. The annotations summarize each work's content, its importance or contribution to women's studies, and its relationship to other titles on the subject. Most reviews cite and describe similar and contrasting titles, substantially extending the coverage. Core titles and titles that are out of print are noted, and reviews indicate which titles are appropriate as texts or supplemental texts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines