The Condemnation Of Blackness

Author : Khalil Gibran Muhammad
ISBN : 9780674062115
Genre : History
File Size : 64.93 MB
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"The Idea of Black Criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America. Khalil Gibran Muhammad chronicles how, when, and why modern notions of black people as an exceptionally dangerous race of criminals first emerged. Well known are the lynch mobs and racist criminal justice practices in the South that stoked white fears of black crime and shaped the contours of the New South. In this illuminating book, Muhammad shifts our attention to the urban North as a crucial but overlooked site for the production and dissemination of those ideas and practices. Following the 1890 census - the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery - crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites - liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners - as indisputable proof of blacks' inferiority. What else but pathology could explain black failure in the land of opportunity? Social scientists and reformers used crime statistics to mask and excuse anti-black racism, violence, and discrimination across the nation, especially in the urban North. The Condemnation of Blackness is the most thorough historical account of the enduring link between blackness and criminality in the making of modern urban America. It is a startling examination of why the echoes of America's Jim Crow past continue to resonate in 'color-blind' crime rhetoric today."--Book jacket.
Category: History

Malcolm X

Author : Britta Waldschmidt-Nelson
ISBN : 9783406675386
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 46.47 MB
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Er galt als der "zornigste Mann Amerikas". Wohl kein anderer hat sich so radikal und sprachgewaltig für die Rechte der Schwarzen eingesetzt wie Malcolm X. Bis heute werden die USA in regelmäßigen Abständen von Rassenunruhen erschüttert - ein Phänomen, das ohne die lange Geschichte des amerikanischen Rassismus nicht zu verstehen ist. Malcolm X prangerte den weißen Rassismus seiner Zeit gnadenlos an und trat für das Recht der Schwarzen auf bewaffnete Selbstverteidigung ein. Daher zählt er nicht nur zu den bekanntesten, sondern auch zu den umstrittensten Personen der amerikanischen Geschichte. Am 21. Februar 1965 wurde er in New York ermordet. Britta Waldschmidt-Nelson erzählt dieses revolutionäre Leben und führt in die Geschichte des schwarzen Amerika ein. Dabei stützt sie sich auf die neueste Forschung, neu erschlossenes Quellenmaterial sowie auf Gespräche mit Weggefährten und Angehörigen.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Der Gefangene Als Phantom

Author : Stephanie Siewert
ISBN : 9783839440230
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 44.78 MB
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Der »hooded man« aus dem Abu-Ghraib-Folterskandal war 2004 medial omnipräsent und erhitzt seitdem Diskussionen über die Repräsentation von Gefangenschaft als Form der Selbst- und Fremdbeschreibung. Stephanie Siewert zeigt, dass die Inszenierungen von Gemeinschaft in Darstellungen der Gefangenschaft nicht neu sind. Ihre transnational angelegte Studie zeichnet nach, wie Literatur und Medien seit Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts an der Herstellung und Dekonstruktion einer Phantom-Position beteiligt sind, die sich in der Moderne über verschiedene Strukturen der Bannung manifestiert. Dabei wird das Wechselspiel ethnischer, sozialer und geschlechterspezifischer Zuschreibungen in den ästhetischen Anordnungen und Verfahren des Verschwindenmachens betont.
Category: Literary Criticism

Chokehold

Author : Paul Butler
ISBN : 9781620970348
Genre : Law
File Size : 51.52 MB
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Nominated for the 49th NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Literary Work (Nonfiction) A 2017 Washington Post Notable Book A Kirkus Best Book of 2017 “Butler has hit his stride. This is a meditation, a sonnet, a legal brief, a poetry slam and a dissertation that represents the full bloom of his early thesis: The justice system does not work for blacks, particularly black men.” —The Washington Post “The most readable and provocative account of the consequences of the war on drugs since Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow . . . .” —The New York Times Book Review With the eloquence of Ta-Nehisi Coates and the persuasive research of Michelle Alexander, a former federal prosecutor explains how the system really works, and how to disrupt it Cops, politicians, and ordinary people are afraid of black men. The result is the Chokehold: laws and practices that treat every African American man like a thug. In this explosive new book, an African American former federal prosecutor shows that the system is working exactly the way it’s supposed to. Black men are always under watch, and police violence is widespread—all with the support of judges and politicians. In his no-holds-barred style, Butler, whose scholarship has been featured on 60 Minutes, uses new data to demonstrate that white men commit the majority of violent crime in the United States. For example, a white woman is ten times more likely to be raped by a white male acquaintance than be the victim of a violent crime perpetrated by a black man. Butler also frankly discusses the problem of black on black violence and how to keep communities safer—without relying as much on police. Chokehold powerfully demonstrates why current efforts to reform law enforcement will not create lasting change. Butler’s controversial recommendations about how to crash the system, and when it’s better for a black man to plead guilty—even if he’s innocent—are sure to be game-changers in the national debate about policing, criminal justice, and race relations.
Category: Law

Chocolate Cities

Author : Marcus Anthony Hunter
ISBN : 9780520292833
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.59 MB
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When you think of a map of the United States, what do you see? Now think of the Seattle that begot Jimi Hendrix. The Dallas that shaped Erykah Badu. The Holly Springs, Mississippi, that compelled Ida B. Wells to activism against lynching. The Birmingham where Martin Luther King, Jr., penned his most famous missive. Now how do you see the United States? Chocolate Cities offers a new cartography of the United States—a “Black Map” that more accurately reflects the lived experiences and the future of Black life in America. Drawing on cultural sources such as film, music, fiction, and plays, and on traditional resources like Census data, oral histories, ethnographies, and health and wealth data, the book offers a new perspective for analyzing, mapping, and understanding the ebbs and flows of the Black American experience—all in the cities, towns, neighborhoods, and communities that Black Americans have created and defended. Black maps are consequentially different from our current geographical understanding of race and place in America. And as the United States moves toward a majority minority society, Chocolate Cities provides a broad and necessary assessment of how racial and ethnic minorities make and change America’s social, economic, and political landscape.
Category: Social Science

African Americans And Criminal Justice An Encyclopedia

Author : Delores D. Jones-Brown
ISBN : 9780313357176
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52.4 MB
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Does justice exist for Blacks in America? This comprehensive compilation of essays documents the historical and contemporary impact of the law and criminal justice system on people of African ancestry in the United States. • 120 A–Z entries on race and criminal justice and famous or infamous African American crime perpetrators or victims • Contributions from more than 50 distinguished scholars from many criminal justice/criminology academic programs across the country • An index of key persons, events, and legislation
Category: Social Science

The Evolution Of American Urban Society

Author : Howard P. Chudacoff
ISBN : 9781315511047
Genre : History
File Size : 57.55 MB
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This interesting and informative book shows how different groups of urban residents with different social, economic, and political power cope with the urban environment, struggle to make a living, participate in communal institutions, and influence the direction of cities and urban life. An absorbing book, The Evolution of American Urban Society surveys the dynamics of American urbanization from the sixteenth century to the present, skillfully blending historical perspectives on society, economics, politics, and policy, and focusing on the ways in which diverse peoples have inhabited and interacted in cities. Key topics: Broad coverage includes: the Colonial Age, commercialization and urban expansion, life in the walking city, industrialization, newcomers, city politics, the social and physical environment, the 1920s and 1930s, the growth of suburbanization, and the future of modern cities. Market: An interesting and necessary read for anyone involved in urban sociology, including urban planners, city managers, and those in the urban political arena.
Category: History

Doing Violence Making Race

Author : Mattias Smångs
ISBN : 9781134832040
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.55 MB
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The subject of lynching has spawned a vast body of important research, but this research suffers from important blind spots and disjunctures. By broadening the scope of research problem formulation, staking out new theoretical-analytical tracks, and drawing upon recent innovations in statistical methodology to analzye newer and more detailed data, Doing Violence, Making Race offers an innovative contribution to our understanding of this grim subject matter and its place within the broader history and sociology of US race relations. Indeed, this volume demonstrates how different forms of lynching fed off and into the formation of the racial group boundaries and identities at the foundation of the Jim Crow system. The book also demonstrates that as dominant white racial ideologies and conceptions took an extremist turn, lethal mob violence against African Americans increasingly assumed the form of public lynchings, serving to transform symbolic representations of blacks into social stigma and exclusion. Finally, Smångs also explores how public lynchings were expressive as well as generative of the collective white racial identity mobilized through the southern branch of the Democratic Party, whilst private lynchings were related to whites’ interracial status and social identity concerns on the interpersonal level. The most complete and complex scholarly treatment of this grim subject to date, this enlightening volume will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students interested in areas such as Sociology, Political Science, History, Criminology/Criminal Justice, Anthropology, American Studies, African-American and Whiteness Studies.
Category: Social Science

Breaking The Pendulum

Author : Philip Goodman
ISBN : 9780199976065
Genre : Law
File Size : 30.60 MB
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The history of criminal justice in the U.S. is often described as a pendulum, swinging back and forth between strict punishment and lenient rehabilitation. While this view is common wisdom, it is wrong. In Breaking the Pendulum, Philip Goodman, Joshua Page, and Michelle Phelps systematically debunk the pendulum perspective, showing that it distorts how and why criminal justice changes. The pendulum model blinds us to the blending of penal orientations, policies, and practices, as well as the struggle between actors that shapes laws, institutions, and how we think about crime, punishment, and related issues. Through a re-analysis of more than two hundred years of penal history, starting with the rise of penitentiaries in the 19th Century and ending with ongoing efforts to roll back mass incarceration, the authors offer an alternative approach to conceptualizing penal development. Their agonistic perspective posits that struggle is the motor force of criminal justice history. Punishment expands, contracts, and morphs because of contestation between real people in real contexts, not a mechanical -swing- of the pendulum. This alternative framework is far more accurate and empowering than metaphors that ignore or downplay the importance of struggle in shaping criminal justice. This clearly written, engaging book is an invaluable resource for teachers, students, and scholars seeking to understand the past, present, and future of American criminal justice. By demonstrating the central role of struggle in generating major transformations, Breaking the Pendulum encourages combatants to keep fighting to change the system.
Category: Law

Race Ethnicity And Law

Author : Mathieu Deflem
ISBN : 9781787146037
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52.74 MB
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This new volume of Sociology of Crime, Deviance and Law addresses issues of race and ethnicity within the law and law-related phenomena.
Category: Social Science