The Collective Memory Reader

Author : Jeffrey K. Olick
ISBN : 0195337417
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.27 MB
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There are few terms or concepts that have, in the last twenty or so years, rivaled "collective memory" for attention in the humanities and social sciences. Indeed, use of the term has extended far beyond scholarship to the realm of politics and journalism, where it has appeared in speeches atthe centers of power and on the front pages of the world's leading newspapers. The current efflorescence of interest in memory, however, is no mere passing fad: it is a hallmark characteristic of our age and a crucial site for understanding our present social, political, and cultural conditions.Scholars and others in numerous fields have thus employed the concept of collective memory, sociological in origin, to guide their inquiries into diverse, though allegedly connected, phenomena. Nevertheless, there remains a great deal of confusion about the meaning, origin, and implication of theterm and the field of inquiry it underwrites.The Collective Memory Reader presents, organizes, and evaluates past work and contemporary contributions on the questions raised under the rubric of collective memory. Combining seminal texts, hard-to-find classics, previously untranslated references, and contemporary landmarks, it will serve as anessential resource for teaching and research in the field. In addition, in both its selections as well as in its editorial materials, it suggests a novel life-story for the field, one that appreciates recent innovations but only against the background of a long history.In addition to its major editorial introduction, which outlines a useful past for contemporary memory studies, The Collective Memory Reader includes five sections - Precursors and Classics; History, Memory, and Identity; Power, Politics, and Contestation; Media and Modes of Transmission; Memory,Justice, and the Contemporary Epoch - comprising ninety-one texts. In addition to the essay introducing the entire volume, a brief editorial essay introduces each of the sections, while brief capsules frame each of the 91 texts.
Category: Social Science

On Collective Memory

Author : Maurice Halbwachs
ISBN : 0226115968
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80.37 MB
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How do we use our mental images of the present to reconstruct our past? Maurice Halbwachs (1877-1945) addressed this question for the first time in his work on collective memory, which established him as a major figure in the history of sociology. This volume, the first comprehensive English-language translation of Halbwach's writings on the social construction of memory, fills a major gap in the literature on the sociology of knowledge. Halbwachs' primary thesis is that human memory can only function within a collective context. Collective memory, Halbwachs asserts, is always selective; various groups of people have different collective memories, which in turn give rise to different modes of behavior. Halbwachs shows, for example, how pilgrims to the Holy Land over the centuries evoked very different images of the events of Jesus' life; how wealthy old families in France have a memory of the past that diverges sharply from that of the nouveaux riches; and how working class construction of reality differ from those of their middle-class counterparts. With a detailed introduction by Lewis A. Coser, this translation will be an indispensable source for new research in historical sociology and cultural memory. Lewis A. Coser is Distinguished Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the State University of New York and Adjunct Professor of Sociology at Boston College.
Category: Philosophy

Lethe

Author : Harald Weinrich
ISBN : 3406448186
Genre : German literature
File Size : 20.16 MB
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Category: German literature

Forging The Collective Memory

Author : Keith M. Wilson
ISBN : 1571819282
Genre : History
File Size : 38.4 MB
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When studying the origins of the First World War, scholars have relied heavily on the series of key diplomatic documents published by the governments of both the defeated and the victorious powers in the 1920s and 1930s. However, this volume shows that these volumes, rather than dealing objectively with the past, were used by the different governments to project an interpretation of the origins of the Great War that was more palatable to them and their country than the truth might have been. In revealing policies that influenced the publication of the documents, the relationships between the commissioning governments, their officials, and the historians involved, this collection serves as a warning that even seemingly objective sources have to be used with caution in historical research.
Category: History

The Ethics Of Everyday Life

Author : Michael Banner
ISBN : 9780191030772
Genre : Religion
File Size : 47.82 MB
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The moments in Christ's human life noted in the creeds (his conception, birth, suffering, death, and burial) are events which would likely appear in a syllabus for a course in social anthropology, for they are of special interest and concern in human life, and also sites of contention and controversy, where what it is to be human is discovered, constructed, and contested. In other words, these are the occasions for profound and continuing questioning regarding the meaning of human life, as controversies to do with IVF, abortion, euthanasia, and the use of bodies or body parts post mortem plainly indicate. Thus the following questions arise, how do the instances in Christ's life represent human life, and how do these representations relate to present day cultural norms, expectations, and newly emerging modes of relationship, themselves shaping and framing human life? How does the Christian imagination of human life, which dwells on and draws from the life of Christ, not only articulate its own, but also come into conversation with and engage other moral imaginaries of the human? Michael Banner argues that consideration of these questions requires study of moral theology, therefore, he reconceives its nature and tasks, and in particular, its engagement with social anthropology. Drawing from social anthropology and Christian thought and practice from many periods, and influenced especially by his engagement in public policy matters including as a member of the UK's Human Tissue Authority, Banner aims to develop the outlines of an everyday ethics, stretching from before the cradle to after the grave.
Category: Religion

Opa War Kein Nazi

Author : Harald Welzer
ISBN : 9783104033556
Genre : History
File Size : 70.80 MB
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Was erinnern Deutsche aus der NS-Vergangenheit? Die bahnbrechende Studie, die eine ganze Forschungstradition begründet hat und seit 2002 in zahllosen Auflagen und Sprachen erschienen ist Was wird in Familien »ganz normaler« Deutscher über Nationalsozialismus und Holocaust überliefert? Die Autoren haben in Familiengesprächen und Interviews untersucht, was Deutsche aus der NS-Vergangenheit erinnern, wie sie darüber sprechen und was davon an die Kinder- und Enkelgeneration weitergegeben wird. Die Ergebnisse der Interviews mit drei Generationen machen deutlich, dass in den Familien andere Bilder von der NS-Vergangenheit vermittelt werden als z.B. in den Schulen. Im Familiengedächtnis finden sich vorrangig Geschichten über das Leiden der eigenen Angehörigen unter Bespitzelung, Terror, Krieg, Bomben und Gefangenschaft. Diese Themen werden in den Familien nicht als Wissen vermittelt, sondern als Gewissheit. »Nazis« kommen in den eigenen Familien nicht vor: »Opa war kein Nazi.«
Category: History

Individual And Collective Memory Consolidation

Author : Anastasio, Thomas J.
ISBN : 9780262300919
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60.14 MB
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We form individual memories by a process known as consolidation: the conversion of immediate and fleeting bits of information into a stable and accessible representation of facts and events. These memories provide a version of the past that helps us navigate the present and is critical to individual identity. In this book, Thomas Anastasio, Kristen Ann Ehrenberger, Patrick Watson, and Wenyi Zhang propose that social groups form collective memories by analogous processes. Using facts and insights from neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, and history, they describe a single process of consolidation with analogous -- not merely comparable -- manifestations on any level, whether brain, family, or society. They propose a three-in-one model of memory consolidation, composed of a buffer, a relator, and a generalizer, all within the consolidating entity, that can explain memory consolidation phenomena on individual and collective levels. When consolidation is disrupted by traumatic injury to a brain structure known as the hippocampus, memories in the process of being consolidated are lost. In individuals, this is known as retrograde amnesia. The authors hypothesize a "social hippocampus" and argue that disruption at the collective level can result in collective retrograde amnesia. They offer the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966--1976) as an example of trauma to the social hippocampus and present evidence for the loss of recent collective memory in mainland Chinese populations that experienced the Cultural Revolution.
Category: Psychology

Das Kommunikative Ged Chtnis

Author : Harald Welzer
ISBN : 340657341X
Genre : Cognitive psychology
File Size : 64.57 MB
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Category: Cognitive psychology

The Politics Of Regret

Author : Jeffrey K. Olick
ISBN : 9781135909819
Genre : History
File Size : 44.81 MB
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Olick looks at a range of memory related issues, how catastrophic, terrible pasts - Nazi Germany, apartheid South Africa - are remembered, but he is particularly concerned with the role that memory plays in social structures.
Category: History

Media And Memory

Author : Joanne Garde-Hansen
ISBN : 9780748688883
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.14 MB
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How do we rely on media for remembering? In exploring the complex ways that media converge to support our desire to capture, store and retrieve memories, this textbook offers analyses of representations of memorable events, media tools for remembering and forgetting, media technologies for archiving and the role of media producers in making memories. Theories of memory and media are covered alongside an accessible range of case studies focusing on memory in relation to radio, television, pop music, celebrity, digital media and mobile phones. Ethnographic and production culture research, including interviews with members of the public and industry professionals, is also included. Offering a comprehensive introduction to the connections and disconnections in the study of media and memory, this is the perfect textbook for media studies students.
Category: Social Science