THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY AN INTRODUCTION

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The Cognitive Neuroscience Of Memory An Introduction

Author : Howard Eichenbaum Library of Cognitive Neurobiology Boston University
ISBN : 9780198032465
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.77 MB
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This clear and accessible textbook introduces students to the brain's remarkable capacity for memory. It begins with a history of thinking and research on the biological bases of memory, highlighting discoveries about the brain made in a "Golden Era" of neuroscience around the turn of the 20th century. This is followed by presentation of our current understanding of the neurobiology of memory, organized into sections corresponding to the book's four major themes. The first is Connection, and it considers how memory is based on alterations in the communication between nerve cells. Research on the physiology and biochemistry of neurons has revealed a cascade of molecular events and structural changes that enhance or weaken the connectivity of nerve cells in support of memory. The second theme is Cognition, which considers the psychological structure of memory. Early work on this topic involved controversy over the basic cognitive processes that underlie memory, and modern research has shown that these characterizations reflect distinctions among qualitatively different forms of memory. The third theme is Compartmentalization, the notion that the different forms of memory are accomplished by distinct brain systems. Recent research has revealed parallel memory systems that separately mediate our ability for conscious recollection, our capacity to acquire skills and habits, and our acquisition of emotional attachments and aversions. The fourth theme is Consolidation, the process by which memories are transformed from a labile trace into a permanent store. Scientists have shown that there are two distinct stages in memory consolidation, one involving cellular mechanisms that underlie a fixation of changes in the neuronal connection strengths and the other involving a reorganization and restruction of the circuits that store and retrieve memories. The book assumes little background knowledge from biology or psychology, and is intended as a text for use in undergraduate courses on memory and cognitive science, and for early graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive science, or biology. It encapsulates the major concepts in the field, and makes this area of research accessible to students who pursue a variety of related disciplines.
Category: Medical

The Cognitive Neuroscience Of Memory

Author : Howard Eichenbaum
ISBN : 9780199778669
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.34 MB
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This textbook provides an overview of research on the biological basis of memory. The book will be of use to cognitive scientists, biologists, and psychologists, and to undergraduate students seeking an expanded coverage of the neurobiology of memory for courses in learning and memory or behavioral and cognitive neuroscience.
Category: Medical

Prospective Memory

Author : Matthias Kliegel
ISBN : 9781136678790
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28.80 MB
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Over the last decade, the topic of prospective memory – the encoding, storage and delayed retrieval of intended actions – has attracted much interest, and this is reflected in a rapidly growing body of literature: 350 scientific articles have been published on this topic since the appearance of the first edited book in 1996. In addition to the quantity, the quality and diversity of approaches to research in the field has also developed rapidly. Prospective Memory provides an accessible, integrated guide to the expanded literature on the topic. While many of the authors also contributed to the 1996 book and can be regarded as the founders of current prospective memory research, other contributions come from authors who are relatively new to the field and who are examining broader aspects of prospective memory and, as a result, extending our understanding of it. Besides more generally reviewing the expanded literature, all authors have been encouraged to consider future directions for research and to raise questions that they believe all researchers in this area will need to address. The book is divided into four sections that together provide a broad and deep introduction to the cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied aspects of prospective memory. Following the model of the first prospective memory volume, prominent memory researchers evaluate the papers in each section and comment more generally on the state of prospective memory research in the four major areas targeted.
Category: Psychology

The Student S Guide To Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Jamie Ward
ISBN : 9781317586012
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58.8 MB
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Reflecting recent changes in the way cognition and the brain are studied, this thoroughly updated third edition of the best-selling textbook provides a comprehensive and student-friendly guide to cognitive neuroscience. Jamie Ward provides an easy-to-follow introduction to neural structure and function, as well as all the key methods and procedures of cognitive neuroscience, with a view to helping students understand how they can be used to shed light on the neural basis of cognition. The book presents an up-to-date overview of the latest theories and findings in all the key topics in cognitive neuroscience, including vision, memory, speech and language, hearing, numeracy, executive function, social and emotional behaviour and developmental neuroscience, as well as a new chapter on attention. Throughout, case studies, newspaper reports and everyday examples are used to help students understand the more challenging ideas that underpin the subject. In addition each chapter includes: Summaries of key terms and points Example essay questions Recommended further reading Feature boxes exploring interesting and popular questions and their implications for the subject. Written in an engaging style by a leading researcher in the field, and presented in full-color including numerous illustrative materials, this book will be invaluable as a core text for undergraduate modules in cognitive neuroscience. It can also be used as a key text on courses in cognition, cognitive neuropsychology, biopsychology or brain and behavior. Those embarking on research will find it an invaluable starting point and reference. The Student’s Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience, 3rd Edition is supported by a companion website, featuring helpful resources for both students and instructors.
Category: Psychology

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Mark H. Johnson
ISBN : 9781118938102
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56.54 MB
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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 4th Edition, is a revised and updated edition of the landmark text focusing on the development of brain and behaviour during infancy, childhood, and adolescence. Offers a comprehensive introduction to all issues relating to the nature of brain-behaviour relationships and development New or greatly expanded coverage of topics such as epigenetics and gene expression, cell migration and stem cells, sleep and learning/memory, socioeconomic status and development of prefrontal cortex function Includes a new chapter on educational neuroscience, featuring the latest findings on the application of cognitive neuroscience methods in school-age educational contexts Includes a variety of student-friendly features such as chapter-end discussion, practical applications of basic research, and material on recent technological breakthroughs
Category: Psychology

Sprachpsychologie

Author : Arnold Langenmayr
ISBN : 9783840910449
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32.10 MB
Format : PDF
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Dieses Buch liefert einen umfassenden Überblick über den Stand der Sprachpsychologie. Studierende und Wissenschaftler der Psychologie, der Soziologie, der Linguistik und Kommunikationswissenschaft sowie Logopäden finden in dieser Einführung kompakte und aktuelle Informationen zu Grundlagen, Gegenstand und Anwendungsbereichen der Sprachpsychologie. Nach sprachähnlichen Phänomenen im Tierreich bespricht der Autor die menschliche Stimme und das Thema Sprache und Sprachstruktur. Daran schließen sich Kapitel zur Sprachursprungsforschung, zur psycholinguistischen Forschung, zur Sprache in psychologischen Sondersituationen, im Kindesalter und im Alter sowie eine Erörterung der Sprecherpersönlichkeit an. Die Darstellung klinischer Phänomene, Kapitel zur Rolle des Hörers, Ausführungen über psychologische Aspekte der Schrifterfindung, des Schreibens und Lesens sowie ein Kapitel zur angewandten Sprachpsychologie schließen das Werk ab.
Category: Psychology

Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Michael D. Rugg
ISBN : 9781135064457
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46.68 MB
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Providing up-to-date and authoritative coverage of key topics in the new discipline of cognitive neuroscience, this book will be essential reading in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and neurophysiology. Striking a balance between theoretical and empirical approaches to the question of how cognition is supported by the brain, it presents the major experimental methods employed by cognitive neuroscientists and covers a representative range of the subjects currently exciting interest in the field. The nine chapters of the book have been written by leading authorities in their fields. The individual chapters provide "state-of-the-art" reviews of their respective attempts to build bridges between domains of enquiry that, until quite recently, were largely independent of one another. The chapters include two describing the different methods that are now available for non-invasive measurement of human brain activity; another two that discuss various current theoretical approaches to the problem of how information is coded in the nervous system; and single contributions dealing with the neural mechanisms of long-term memory and of movement, the functional and neural architecture of working memory, the organization of language in the brain, and the relationship between perception and consciousness. Cognitive Neuroscience will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students interested in the relationship between the brain and higher mental functions, as well as to established researchers in cognitive neuroscience and related fields.
Category: Psychology

The Wiley Handbook On The Cognitive Neuroscience Of Memory

Author : Donna Rose Addis
ISBN : 9781118332610
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23.29 MB
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The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience ofMemory presents a comprehensive overview of the latest,cutting-edge neuroscience research being done relating to the studyof human memory and cognition. Features the analysis of original data using cutting edgemethods in cognitive neuroscience research Presents a conceptually accessible discussion of human memoryresearch Includes contributions from authors that represent a“who’s who” of human memory neuroscientists fromthe U.S. and abroad Supplemented with a variety of excellent and accessiblediagrams to enhance comprehension
Category: Psychology

Learning Memory

Author : Howard Eichenbaum
ISBN : 0393924475
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47.77 MB
Format : PDF
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In Learning & Memory, leading researcher Howard Eichenbaum provides a new-fashioned synthesis of the contemporary learning and memory fields.
Category: Psychology

Ged Chtnis Und Gehirn

Author : Jonathan K. Foster
ISBN : 9783159606286
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.67 MB
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Warum machen unsere Erinnerungen einen so wichtigen Teil unserer Persönlichkeit aus? Gibt es nur ein Gedächtnis quasi als Ganzes - oder handelt es sich um mehrere? Verändert sich unsere Fähigkeit zu erinnern im Alter? Was gibt es für Ansätze, unsere Erinnerungsfähigkeit zu stärken? Und was kann mit der Erinnerung schiefgehen - etwa bei Demenz, Hirnverletzungen, déja-vu-Erfahrungen? Der kleine Band erklärt kompakt und verständlich, was eigentlich im Gehirn passiert, wenn wir uns erinnern.
Category: Psychology