The City Of Akhenaten And Nefertiti

Author : Barry Kemp
ISBN : 0500291209
Genre : History
File Size : 86.19 MB
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A companion to Abydos in the New Aspects of Antiquity series, this book a remarkable evocation of an ancient city brings together for the first time the history of the site of Tell el-Amarna from its foundation by the pharaoh Akhenaten in c . 1344 bc to its abandonment just 16 or 17 years later, a few years after his death. Nine chapters cover the kings choice of the site and its development, the layout of the city and its buildings, and puts it in the context of the society of the time. Over 260 illustrations, some 50 in colour, bring to life the remains and artefacts found at the site during its excavation. Barry Kemp, Emeritus Professor of Egyptology at Cambridge University, is a world-class scholar and writer and the acknowledged expert on Amarna and Akhenaten. This is certain to become the definitive work.
Category: History

Approaching Monumentality In Archaeology

Author : James F. Osborne
ISBN : 9781438453255
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 84.6 MB
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Interdisciplinary study of monumental art and architecture in human history. Monumentality is a human phenomenon that has occurred in nearly all times and places. Because of its ubiquity, monumentality is something that has been studied by a large number of disciplines and individuals. Approaching Monumentality in Archaeology explores the phenomenon of monumental art and architecture from humankind’s most ancient past to recent history, and does so using an interdisciplinary approach that incorporates the research of anthropological archaeologists, art historians, classicists, and sociologists working in a wide variety of historical and cultural contexts. The volume seeks to define what is meant by the terms “monument” and “monumentality,” and to understand the social and political significance of monument-building as it has manifested around the world. By advocating for a relational approach to the topic that seeks to find monumentality in the ongoing relationship between object and person, this book offers the opportunity to begin the process of uniting these varied interests into a unified discourse.
Category: Architecture

The Ancient Egyptian Economy

Author : Brian Muhs
ISBN : 9781316558744
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.28 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is the first economic history of ancient Egypt covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000–30 BCE, and employing a New Institutional Economics approach. It argues that the ancient Egyptian state encouraged an increasingly widespread and sophisticated use of writing through time, primarily in order to better document and more efficiently exact taxes for redistribution. The increased use of writing, however, also resulted in increased documentation and enforcement of private property titles and transfers, gradually lowering their transaction costs relative to redistribution. The book also argues that the increasing use of silver as a unified measure of value, medium of exchange, and store of wealth also lowered transaction costs for high value exchanges. The increasing use of silver in turn allowed the state to exact transfer taxes in silver, providing it with an economic incentive to further document and enforce private property titles and transfers.
Category: Social Science

Women In Antiquity

Author : Stephanie Lynn Budin
ISBN : 9781317219903
Genre : History
File Size : 59.90 MB
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This volume gathers brand new essays from some of the most respected scholars of ancient history, archaeology, and physical anthropology to create an engaging overview of the lives of women in antiquity. The book is divided into ten sections, nine focusing on a particular area, and also includes almost 200 images, maps, and charts. The sections cover Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant, the Aegean, Italy, and Western Europe, and include many lesser-known cultures such as the Celts, Iberia, Carthage, the Black Sea region, and Scandinavia. Women's experiences are explored, from ordinary daily life to religious ritual and practice, to motherhood, childbirth, sex, and building a career. Forensic evidence is also treated for the actual bodies of ancient women. Women in Antiquity is edited by two experts in the field, and is an invaluable resource to students of the ancient world, gender studies, and women's roles throughout history.
Category: History

Walls Of The Prince Egyptian Interactions With Southwest Asia In Antiquity

Author : Timothy P. Harrison
ISBN : 9789004302563
Genre : History
File Size : 79.60 MB
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Walls of the Prince offers a series of articles that explore Egyptian interactions with Southwest Asia during the second and first millennium BCE, reflecting the diverse range of Professor Holladay’s long and distinguished scholarly career.
Category: History

Following Osiris

Author : Mark Smith
ISBN : 9780191089756
Genre : History
File Size : 46.15 MB
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Osiris, god of the dead, was one of ancient Egypt's most important deities. The earliest secure evidence for belief in him dates back to the fifth dynasty (c.2494-2345BC), but he continued to be worshipped until the fifth century AD. Following Osiris is concerned with ancient Egyptian conceptions of the relationship between Osiris and the deceased, or what might be called the Osirian afterlife, asking what the nature of this relationship was and what the prerequisites were for enjoying its benefits. It does not seek to provide a continuous or comprehensive account of Egyptian ideas on this subject, but rather focuses on five distinct periods in their development, spread over four millennia. The periods in question are ones in which significant changes in Egyptian ideas about Osiris and the dead are known to have occurred or where it has been argued that they did, as Egyptian aspirations for the Osirian afterlife took time to coalesce and reach their fullest form of expression. An important aim of the book is to investigate when and why such changes happened, treating religious belief as a dynamic rather than a static phenomenon and tracing the key stages in the development of these aspirations, from their origin to their demise, while illustrating how they are reflected in the textual and archaeological records. In doing so, it opens up broader issues for exploration and draws meaningful cross-cultural comparisons to ask, for instance, how different societies regard death and the dead, why people convert from one religion to another, and why they abandon belief in a god or gods altogether.
Category: History

The Land Of Fertility Ii

Author : Łukasz Miszk
ISBN : 9781527502581
Genre : History
File Size : 63.56 MB
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The contributions in this volume are based on papers presented at the second international conference on “The Land of Fertility”, held at the Institute of Archaeology at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, in June 2015. This event was part of a cycle of conferences concerning the area of the so-called “Fertile Crescent”, a region in the south-east Mediterranean where the modern world started its development at the very beginning of human civilisation. This volume presents a detailed analysis of the cities in this region, and their formation and development, as well as the urbanisation process, relations between urban centres, and urban ideology. The period covered here spans from the beginning of the Bronze Age through the ancient era to the Muslim Conquest.
Category: History

Der Mann Moses Und Die Monotheistische Religion

Author : Sigmund Freud
ISBN : 9783845700694
Genre : Religion
File Size : 56.45 MB
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Die Geschichte des Mannes Moses und seine ägyptische Herkunft werden zunächst in der Art eines historischen Romans entwickelt. Aus der Geschichte des Mannes wächst die seines Werkes und die des jüdischen Volkes. Herkunft und Entwicklung des jüdischen Monotheismus, eines Schrittes in der Entwicklung zur Geistigkeit, seine Abhängigkeit von Ägypten und seine weiteren Schicksale lassen sich aus der Geschichte ihres Schöpfers ableiten. Freud schafft einen Zugang zum Verständnis vieler Eigenschaften des jüdischen Volkes, vor allem aber gewinnt er einen neuen Ausblick auf das Wesen der Religion. Überarbeiteter Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1939.
Category: Religion

Early Antiquity

Author : I. M. Diakonoff
ISBN : 0226144658
Genre : History
File Size : 64.26 MB
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The internationally renowned Assyriologist and linguist I. M. Diakonoff has gathered the work of Soviet historians in this survey of the earliest history of the ancient Near East, Central Asia, India, and China. Diakonoff and his colleagues, nearly all working within the general Marxist historiographic tradition, offer a comprehensive, accessible synthesis of historical knowledge from the beginnings of agriculture through the advent of the Iron Age and the Greek colonization in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea areas. Besides discussing features of Soviet historical scholarship of the ancient world, the essays treat the history of early Mesopotamia and the course of Pharaonic Egyptian civilization and developments in ancient India and China from the Bronze Age into the first millennium B.C. Additional chapters are concerned with the early history of Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine, the Hittite civilization, the Creto-Mycenaean world, Homeric Greece, and the Phoenician and Greek colonization. This volume offers a unified perspective on early antiquity, focusing on the economic and social relations of production. Of immense value to specialists, the book will also appeal to general readers. I. M. Diakonoff is a senior research scholar of ancient history at the Institute of Oriental Studies, Leningrad Academy of Sciences. Philip L. Kohl is professor of anthropology at Wellesley College.
Category: History