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The Character Of Consciousness

Author : David J. Chalmers
ISBN : 0199826617
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23.76 MB
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In this book David Chalmers follows up and extends his thoughts and arguments on the nature of consciousness that he first set forth in his groundbreaking 1996 book, The Conscious Mind.
Category: Medical

Der Logische Aufbau Der Welt

Author : Rudolf Carnap
ISBN : 9783787323586
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41.33 MB
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In seinem 1928 erschienenen Hauptwerk Der logische Aufbau der Welt unternahm Rudolf Carnap den Versuch, die erkenntnistheoretische These des englischen Empirismus, nach der die Basis aller unserer Wirklichkeitserkenntnis in Wahrnehmungserlebnissen bestehe, durch die methodische und zugleich logisch einsichtige Konstruktion der Gegenstandswelt aus solcherart bestimmten Elementarerlebnissen zu untermauern. Neu und richtungweisend an diesem Ansatz war der Gebrauch, den Carnap - er war Schüler Freges - "von den Hilfmitteln der modernen Logik, besonders der von Russell entwickelten Relationenlogik, machte, und die Rücksicht auf die psychologische Erkenntnis, daß die einfachen Sinnesdaten nicht Erlebnisse sind, sondern erst rückwärts aus den Erlebnissen erschlossen werden müssen" (Günter Patzig).
Category: Philosophy

Stream Of Consciousness

Author : Barry Dainton
ISBN : 0415379296
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.86 MB
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Barry Dainton shows us that a stream of consciousness is not a mosaic of discrete fragments of experience, but rather an inter-connected flowing whole. This is a result of a single primitive experiential relationship which he calls "co-consciousness," a relationship which holds between those experiences that are had together both a time and over time. Stream of Consciousness will interest anyone concerned with the current debates on consciousness in philosophy, psychology and neuroscience. It caused quite a stir when it was first published and this new in paper-back includes an afterword in which the author responds to some of his critics.
Category: Philosophy

Phenomenology And The Physical Reality Of Consciousness

Author : Arthur Melnick
ISBN : 9789027252203
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55.30 MB
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The predominant positive view among philosophers and scientists alike is that consciousness is something realized in brain activity. This view, however, largely fails to capture what consciousness is like according to how it shows itself to conscious beings. What this work proposes instead is that consciousness is a phenomenon that exists in and throughout the body. Apart from whether or not it involves intentionality and apart from whether or not it involves awareness of the self, consciousness is self-intimating, self-revealing, self-disclosing. Self-disclosure is the definitive phenomenological character of consciousness in all its forms. Taking this stance as a point of departure, the book presents a specific account of what bodily field phenomenon consciousness is. In this way, the current stalemate in philosophy over the question of the physical reality of consciousness is broken. Series A
Category: Psychology

Consciousness And The World

Author : Brian O'Shaughnessy
ISBN : 0199256721
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 27.70 MB
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Brian O'Shaughnessy presents a bold original theory of consciousness, one of the most fascinating but puzzling aspects of human existence. He investigates what consciousness is and how it engages, through perception, with the world. Whatever mystery there may be about origins of consciousness, O'Shaughnessy suggests that there is no mystery about what it is. It is his contention that consciousness consists in a closely knit complex of occurrent mental phenomena and powers with thinking and self-knowledge at the centre - and nothing else. He proceeds to give a philosophical elucidation of its nature, analysing it into its constituent psychological parts. He argues that consciousness has a determinate character as an internal but world-oriented phenomenon, and that there exist logically necessary and sufficient conditions for its presence. Though consciousness is an internal state, perception is its very foundation, being the source of the material with which the mind develops,and essential to the processes whereby it does so. O'Shaughnessy continues with an extended summary of the phenomena of perception and attention, examining their their component elements and their relations with consciousness and with the world. He demonstrates how close to the heart of consciousness is perception, envisaged already in the very concept. Perception is portrayed as a journey of the attention from the raw date of the senses outwards into physical reality, The different modes of sensory perception are analysed in turn, to give a full picture of how the mind opens out onto its environment and assembles for itself a representation of outer reality. So it is that the gap is closed between the mental and physical domains, and the epistemological basis of mind is established. Consciousness and the World is a rich and exciting book, a major contribution to our understanding of the mind.
Category: Philosophy

Character Consciousness In Eighteenth Century Comic Fiction

Author : Elizabeth Kraft
ISBN : 0820313653
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 42.27 MB
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The eighteenth-century novel developed amid an emerging emphasis on individualism that clashed with long-cherished beliefs in hierarchy and stability. Though the comic novelists, unlike Defoe and Richardson, avoided total involvement in the mind of any one character, they were nonetheless fundamentally concerned with the nature of consciousness. In Character and Consciousness in Eighteenth-Century Comic Fiction, Elizabeth Kraft examines the kind of consciousness central to comic novels of the period. It is, she asserts, individual identity conceived in social terms--a character's search for his or her place in a precarious secular order. Understanding this concept of character is vitally important to a full appreciation of eighteenth-century comic fiction. To respond validly to these fictional characters, Kraft claims, the twentieth-century reader must recapture, or recreate, the eighteenth-century self. In readings of five novels--Henry Fielding's Tom Jones, Charlotte Lennox's Female Quixote, Laurence Sterne's Tristram Shandy, Tobias Smollett's Peregrine Pickle, and Fanny Burney's Cecilia--Kraft explores the relationships among consciousness, character, and comic narrative. Fielding, Lennox, and Sterne, she argues, question the validity of narratives of consciousness. Each seeks to define the limitations as well as the virtues of the form in representing the individual and communal lives. Smollett and Burney, on the other hand, address a readership that expects the novel to offer meaningful renderings of person experience. These novelists accept the validity of the narrative of consciousness but place this narrative within the context of the larger community. As a thorough analysis of relations between narrative and the construction of character and consciousness, Kraft's study is an important addition to our understanding of the theoretical formulations of eighteenth-century fiction.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Nature Of Consciousness

Author : Mark Rowlands
ISBN : 113943098X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 64.26 MB
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In The Nature of Consciousness, Mark Rowlands develops an innovative account of the nature of phenomenal consciousness, one that has significant consequences for attempts to find a place for it in the natural order. The most significant feature of consciousness is its dual nature: consciousness can be both the directing of awareness and that upon which awareness is directed. Rowlands offers a clear and philosophically insightful discussion of the main positions in this fast-moving debate, and argues that the phenomenal aspects of conscious experience are aspects that exist only in the directing of experience towards non-phenomenal objects, a theory that undermines reductive attempts to explain consciousness in terms of what is not conscious. His book will be of interest to a wide range of readers in the philosophy of mind and language, psychology and cognitive science.
Category: Philosophy

American Psycho

Author : Bret Easton Ellis
ISBN : 3462036998
Genre :
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Patrick Bateman sieht gut aus, ist gut erzogen und intelligent. Tagsüber sitzt er in seinem Büro in der Wall Street und vergrößert seinen Reichtum. Seine Nächte hingegen verbringt er auf unfaßbare Weise. Er ist ein Serienmörder und lebt seinen ganz eigenen amerikanischen Traum.

The Varieties Of Consciousness

Author : Uriah Kriegel
ISBN : 9780199846122
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43.79 MB
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Recent work on consciousness has featured a number of debates on the existence and character of controversial types of phenomenal experience. Perhaps the best-known is the debate over the existence of a sui generis, irreducible cognitive phenomenology - a phenomenology proper to thought. Another concerns the existence of a sui generis phenomenology of agency. Such debates bring up a more general question: how many types of sui generis, irreducible, basic, primitive phenomenology do we have to posit to just be able to describe the stream of consciousness? This book offers a first general attempt to answer this question in contemporary philosophy. It develops a unified framework for systematically addressing this question and applies it to six controversial types of phenomenal experience, namely, those associated with thought and judgment, will and agency, pure apprehension, emotion, moral thought and experience, and the experience of freedom.
Category: Philosophy