THE BRITISH PATENT SYSTEM DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1700 1852 FROM PRIVILEGE TO PROPERTY CAMBRIDGE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND INFORMATION LAW

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The British Patent System During The Industrial Revolution 1700 1852

Author : Sean Bottomley
ISBN : 9781316123676
Genre : Law
File Size : 21.35 MB
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The British Patent System during the Industrial Revolution 1700–1852 presents a fundamental reassessment of the contribution of patenting to British industrialisation during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It shows that despite the absence of legislative reform, the British patent system was continually evolving and responding to the needs of an industrialising economy. Inventors were able to obtain and enforce patent rights with relative ease. This placed Britain in an exceptional position. Until other countries began to enact patent laws in the 1790s, it was the only country where inventors were frequently able to appropriate returns from obtaining intellectual property rights, thus encouraging them to develop the new technology industrialisation required.
Category: Law

The Democratization Of Invention

Author : B. Zorina Khan
ISBN : 052181135X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.40 MB
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This book, first published in 2005, examines the evolution and impact of American intellectual property rights during the 'long nineteenth century'.
Category: Business & Economics

Medical Monopoly

Author : Joseph M. Gabriel
ISBN : 9780226108216
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.88 MB
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During much of the nineteenth century, physicians and pharmacists alike considered medical patenting and the use of trademarks by drug manufacturers unethical forms of monopoly; physicians who prescribed patented drugs could be, and were, ostracized from the medical community. In the decades following the Civil War, however, complex changes in patent and trademark law intersected with the changing sensibilities of both physicians and pharmacists to make intellectual property rights in drug manufacturing scientifically and ethically legitimate. By World War I, patented and trademarked drugs had become essential to the practice of good medicine, aiding in the rise of the American pharmaceutical industry and forever altering the course of medicine. Drawing on a wealth of previously unused archival material, Medical Monopoly combines legal, medical, and business history to offer a sweeping new interpretation of the origins of the complex and often troubling relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical practice today. Joseph M. Gabriel provides the first detailed history of patent and trademark law as it relates to the nineteenth-century pharmaceutical industry as well as a unique interpretation of medical ethics, therapeutic reform, and the efforts to regulate the market in pharmaceuticals before World War I. His book will be of interest not only to historians of medicine and science and intellectual property scholars but also to anyone following contemporary debates about the pharmaceutical industry, the patenting of scientific discoveries, and the role of advertising in the marketplace.
Category: Medical

The Knowledge Economy And Lifelong Learning

Author : D.W. Livingstone
ISBN : 9789460919152
Genre : Education
File Size : 63.77 MB
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This book presents some of the most trenchant critical analyses of the widespread claims for the recent emergence of a knowledge economy and the attendant need for greater lifelong learning. The book contains two sections: first, general critiques of the limits of current notions of a knowledge economy and required adult learning, in terms of historical comparisons, socio-political construction and current empirical evidence; secondly, specific challenges to presumed relations between work requirements and learning through case studies in diverse current workplaces that document richer learning processes than knowledge economy advocates intimate. Many of the leading authors in the field are represented. There are no other books to date that both critically assess the limits of the notion of the knowledge economy and examine closely the relation of workplace restructuring to lifelong learning beyond the confines of formal higher education and related educational policies. This reader provides a distinctive overview for future studies of relations between work and learning in contemporary societies beyond caricatures of the knowledge economy. The book should be of interest to students following undergraduate or postgraduate courses in most social sciences and education, business and labour studies departments, as well as to policy makers and the general public concerned about economic change and lifelong learning issues. D. W. Livingstone is Canada Research Chair in Lifelong Learning and Work and Professor Emeritus at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. David Guile is Professor of Education and Work at the Institute of Education, University of London.
Category: Education

An Emerging Intellectual Property Paradigm

Author : Ysolde Gendreau
ISBN : 9781848445024
Genre : Law
File Size : 88.14 MB
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An Emerging Intellectual Property Paradigm is a definitive guide to the creative, cosmopolitan, cool-headed, and compassionate jurisprudence of Canadian intellectual property law. This volume shows that Canadian intellectual property law is an eclectic blend of British, French, and American legal traditions. After a pattern of resistance and accommodation, the legal system has internalised a variety of foreign influences. This collection explores the unique innovations of Canadian intellectual property law such as its pioneering development of moral rights; the robust Copyright Board of Canada; and the Jean Chretien Pledge to Africa Act. Canadian intellectual property law has much to teach the rest of the world forging a Middle Way between the extremes of intellectual property maximalism and free-for-all piracy and counterfeiting. Matthew Rimmer, The Australian National University College of Law, Australia In this book, reputed experts highlight the special features of Canadian intellectual property law. Situated at the crossroads between legal traditions in Europe and the United States, Canada s intellectual property laws blend various elements from these regions and offer innovative approaches. The chapters focus primarily on patents, trademarks, and copyright, covering both historical and contemporary developments. They are designed to bring perspective to and reflect upon what has become in recent years a very rich intellectual property environment. Dealing with the characteristic features of Canadian intellectual property law, this book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers, and undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students of comparative and international intellectual property law, as well as those concerned with industrial property law and copyright law.
Category: Law

Plunder

Author : Ugo Mattei
ISBN : 9780470695807
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.33 MB
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Plunder examines the dark side of the Rule of Law and explores how it has been used as a powerful political weapon by Western countries in order to legitimize plunder – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones. Challenges traditionally held beliefs in the sanctity of the Rule of Law by exposing its dark side Examines the Rule of Law's relationship with 'plunder' – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones – in the service of Western cultural and economic domination Provides global examples of plunder: of oil in Iraq; of ideas in the form of Western patents and intellectual property rights imposed on weaker peoples; and of liberty in the United States Dares to ask the paradoxical question – is the Rule of Law itself illegal?
Category: Social Science

Patent Law And Theory

Author : Toshiko Takenaka
ISBN : 9781848446175
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 33.64 MB
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The editor of Patent Law and Theory must be congratulated for assembling a concentration of sheer patent law erudition and scholarship. The title is a noteworthy compilation of 26 well-written, remarkably accessible and thought-provoking essays that goes to great lengths in charting the contours of contemporary thought over the the world s oldest regularly established property right . . . it manages to accomplish an ambitious endeavour of providing a comprehensive view of prevailing issues in the field of patent law and other related fields. . . the interested patent law reader will have much to gain from the fecund material found in the large majority of the title s essays. The world s corpus of patent law research is richer with the publication of this title. John A. Tessensohn, European Intellectual Property Review This major Handbook provides a comprehensive research source for patent protection in three major jurisdictions: the United States, Europe and Japan. Leading patent scholars and practitioners join together to give an innovative comparative analysis both of fundamental issues such as patentability, examination procedure and the scope of patent protection, and current issues such as patent protection for industry standards, computer software and business methods. Keeping in mind the important goal of world harmonization, the contributing authors challenge current systems and propose necessary changes for promoting innovation. Providing useful tips for practitioners to protect their intellectual assets in technologies effectively in the global market, this Handbook will be of great interest to legal scholars and students, as well as lawyers and patent attorneys.
Category: Electronic books

The Unbound Prometheus

Author : David S. Landes
ISBN : 052153402X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70.60 MB
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For over thirty years David S. Landes's The Unbound Prometheus has offered an unrivalled history of industrial revolution and economic development in Europe. Now, in this updated edition, the author reframes and reasserts his original arguments in the light of debates about globalisation and comparative economic growth. The book begins with a classic account of the characteristics, progress, and political, economic and social implications of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, France and Germany. Professor Landes here raises the much-debated question: why was Europe the first to industrialise? He then charts the economic history of the twentieth-century: the effect of the First World War in accelerating the dissolution of the old international economy; the economic crisis of 1929–32; Europe's recovery and unprecedented economic growth following the Second World War. He concludes that only by continuous industrial revolution can Europe and the world sustain itself in the years ahead.
Category: Business & Economics