The Bottom Billion

Author : Paul Collier
ISBN : 0199740941
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26.67 MB
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In the universally acclaimed and award-winning The Bottom Billion, Paul Collier reveals that fifty failed states--home to the poorest one billion people on Earth--pose the central challenge of the developing world in the twenty-first century. The book shines much-needed light on this group of small nations, largely unnoticed by the industrialized West, that are dropping further and further behind the majority of the world's people, often falling into an absolute decline in living standards. A struggle rages within each of these nations between reformers and corrupt leaders--and the corrupt are winning. Collier analyzes the causes of failure, pointing to a set of traps that ensnare these countries, including civil war, a dependence on the extraction and export of natural resources, and bad governance. Standard solutions do not work, he writes; aid is often ineffective, and globalization can actually make matters worse, driving development to more stable nations. What the bottom billion need, Collier argues, is a bold new plan supported by the Group of Eight industrialized nations. If failed states are ever to be helped, the G8 will have to adopt preferential trade policies, new laws against corruption, new international charters, and even conduct carefully calibrated military interventions. Collier has spent a lifetime working to end global poverty. In The Bottom Billion, he offers real hope for solving one of the great humanitarian crises facing the world today. "Set to become a classic. Crammed with statistical nuggets and common sense, his book should be compulsory reading." --The Economist "If Sachs seems too saintly and Easterly too cynical, then Collier is the authentic old Africa hand: he knows the terrain and has a keen ear.... If you've ever found yourself on one side or the other of those arguments--and who hasn't?--then you simply must read this book." --Niall Ferguson, The New York Times Book Review "Rich in both analysis and recommendations.... Read this book. You will learn much you do not know. It will also change the way you look at the tragedy of persistent poverty in a world of plenty." --Financial Times
Category: Business & Economics

Quicklet On Paul Collier S The Bottom Billion Why The Poorest Countries Are Failing Cliffsnotes Like Book Summary

Author : Zeya Schindler
ISBN : 9781614648598
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81.36 MB
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ABOUT THE BOOK “By 2050 the development gulf will no longer be between a rich billion in the most developed countries and five billion in the developing countries; rather, it will be between the trapped billion and the rest of humankind.” Written in 2007, Paul Collier’s, The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It, was widely hailed as a landmark work in the field of development economics. Intended in Collier’s own words as a book on economics that could be read on the beach (Collier, TED Talk), The Bottom Billion uses relatively simple descriptive prose to challenge traditional perspectives on the state of global poverty and what can be done about it. Based on years of statistical research, the Bottom Billion examines why some people and places in the world are seemingly stuck in poverty while the majority of ‘developing nations’ are rapidly becoming more affluent. Collier proposes several methods for helping the most impoverished nations to become ‘unstuck’. He emphasized four main ‘development traps’ that have often been overlooked in aid, economic, and foreign policy circles; notably, Collier questions current norms in provision of international aid to the poorest countries, suggesting strategic use of aid and asserting that more is not necessarily better. MEET THE AUTHOR Zeya is a native of the San Francisco Bay Area. After earning a BA in Modern Literature at the University of California at Santa Cruz, Zeya began building a career in International Development work that allowed him to live and travel extensively in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. In 2011 he completed an MA in International Development from Oxford Brookes University in Oxford, England. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Collier estimates four of the five billion once stuck in poverty are now achieving greater levels of affluence and mobility. However, he argues the last billion—the bottom billion—are being left far behind. Not only is this demographic failing to achieve strong economic progress, says Collier, but in many cases it is regressing to a quality of existence more characteristic of the fourteenth century than the twenty-first. For fear of stigmatization, Collier declines to list the countries where the bottom billion live. He does comment the majority of those living in the most abject conditions are located within a group of some 58 states, mostly in Africa and Central Asia. Over the last several decades, four fifths of the world’s poor have made substantial gains towards a middle class lifestyle. Still, the average person in these bottom billion countries is now poorer than in 1970 and are statistically more susceptible to war and violent conflict, disease, environmental hazards, and corrupt governance. Many of the problems shared by these people are exacerbated by a lack of health care, education and other vital infrastructure... Buy a copy to keep reading!
Category: Business & Economics

Collier In Melanesia

Author : Hank Nelson
ISBN : OCLC:682898460
Genre : Poor
File Size : 26.89 MB
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Category: Poor

The Globalization Reader

Author : Frank J. Lechner
ISBN : 9781118737026
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.18 MB
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Completely revised and updated, the fifth edition of this well-regarded textbook charts key topics and recent research in globalization along with the latest complexities and controversies in the field. Includes a new section on globalization and identity and new readings on global inequality, mental illness, structural violence, microfinance, blood diamonds, world citizenship, the global justice movement, and sumo wrestling Contains essential, thought-provoking readings by prominent scholars, activists, and organizations on the many dimensions of globalization, from political and economic issues to cultural and experiential ones Examines foundational topics, such as the experience of globalization, economic and political globalization, the role of media and religion in cultural globalization, women’s rights, environmentalism, global civil society, and the alternative globalization movement Retains the helpful student features from prior editions, including an accessible format, concise introductions to major topics, stimulating examples, and discussion questions for each selection and section
Category: Political Science

Aufbruch Ins Postkoloniale Zeitalter

Author : Sönke Kunkel
ISBN : 9783593397603
Genre : History
File Size : 57.19 MB
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In der europäischen Erinnerung gilt die Zeit zwischen den Weltkriegen als Phase der Deglobalisierung. Doch außerhalb Europas kam es zu wichtigen welthistorischen Weichenstellungen. Diese schildern die Autorinnen und Autoren des Bandes anhand zahlreicher Beispiele: Sie beschreiben die wachsende Bedeutung asiatischer Märkte, den Beginn der Dekolonisierung in Asien und Afrika und die Entstehung der »Entwicklungshilfe«. So ergibt sich ein neues Bild der 1920er- und 1930er-Jahre als Phase der Neuformierung des Globalen, die für die weitere Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts prägend war.
Category: History

A Sacramental Prophetic Vision

Author : Matthew T. Eggemeier
ISBN : 9780814680926
Genre : Religion
File Size : 77.39 MB
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The sacramental and prophetic traditions of Christian spirituality, suggests Matthew Eggemeier, possess critical resources for responding to the contemporary social crises of widespread ecological degradation and the innocent suffering of the crucified poor. In A Sacramental-Prophetic Vision, Eggemeier maintains that the vital key for cultivating these traditions in the present is to situate these spiritualities in the context of spiritual exercises or ascetical practices that enable Christians to live more deeply in the presence of God (coram Deo) and in turn to make this presence visible in a suffering world.
Category: Religion

Poor Economics

Author : Abhijit Banerjee
ISBN : 9783641098841
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.39 MB
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Wir müssen radikal umdenken! Ein unterernährter Mann in Marokko kauft lieber einen Fernseher als mehr Essen. Absurd? Nein. Die Ausnahmeökonomen Esther Duflo und Abhijit V. Banerjee erregen weltweit Aufsehen, weil sie zeigen können: Unser Bild von den Armen ist Klischee. Wir müssen radikal umdenken, wenn wir die Probleme der Ungleichheit lösen wollen. Alle Konzepte für den Kampf gegen Hunger und Armut können nicht greifen, wenn sie auf falschen Annahmen basieren. Esther Duflo und Abhijit V. Banerjee reisen in arme Länder und untersuchen mithilfe von Zufallsexperimenten und Kontrollgruppen, eigentlich einer naturwissenschaftlichen Methode, was gegen Hunger, Armut und Misswirtschaft wirklich hilft und was nicht. Ihre Studien decken reihenweise Widersprüche auf, und die beiden »Lichtgestalten der Wirtschaftswissenschaft« (Wall Street Journal) sorgen international für Kontroversen. Wer von weniger als 1 Euro pro Tag das Beste aus sich machen und für die Familie vorsorgen muss, hat womöglich ganz andere Anreize oder Zwänge, als wir uns vorstellen können. »So ehrlich beobachtet, nachgefragt, experimentell belegt und ohne Rücksicht auf politische Korrektheit aufgeschrieben, wurde das alles noch nie. Das macht ‘Poor Economics’ zu einem sehr wichtigen Buch.« (Die Zeit)
Category: Business & Economics

Global Marshall Plan

Author : James A. Yunker
ISBN : 9780739192313
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27.99 MB
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Today’s foreign aid programs are small-scale because of the widespread belief that they are ineffective. This could be an example of a self-fulfilling prophecy: small scale virtually guarantees ineffectiveness. However, the pervasive contemporary pessimism regarding global economic inequality is most likely unfounded. The research described in this book suggests that a properly designed and sufficiently massive economic development assistance project—a Global Marshall Plan—could tremendously reduce the economic gap between the richest and poorest nations within a 50-year planning period. Enrichment of the poor nations would not entail impoverishment of the rich nations. The actual cost of the GMP program to the populations of the rich nations would be a very slight and virtually unnoticeable reduction in the rate of growth of their living standards. The model incorporates features suggested by the skeptical literature on foreign aid, and it is shown that if certain key parameter values are sufficiently adverse, the GMP would indeed be ineffective. However, extensive sensitivity analysis demonstrates that the optimistic benchmark results are robust against wide variations in the numerical values of most model parameters. The fundamental policy implication of this research is that only an actual real-world experiment with a Global Marshall Plan could reliably determine whether or not it would be successful.
Category: Business & Economics

Fixing Failed States

Author : Ashraf Ghani
ISBN : 9780195398618
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23.71 MB
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Social science.
Category: Political Science

Economic Gangsters

Author : Raymond Fisman
ISBN : 0691134545
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.98 MB
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"Economic Gangsters" is a fascinating exploration of the dark side of economic development. Two of the world's most creative young economists use their remarkable talents for economic sleuthing to study violence, corruption, and poverty in the most unexpected ways--Steven D. Levitt, coauthor of "Freakonomics."
Category: Business & Economics