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The Biology Of Homosexuality

Author : Jacques Balthazart
ISBN : 9780199838820
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67.46 MB
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This text reviews what research on animals can tell us about the biological factors that control human sexual behavior and orientation.
Category: Medical

Endocrine Disruptors Brain And Behavior

Author : Heather B. Patisaul
ISBN : 9780199935741
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67.10 MB
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Our world and bodies are becoming increasingly polluted with chemicals capable of interfering with our hormones and thus, possibly, our present and future neural and mental health. As authors Heather Patisaul and Scott Belcher outline, there is a large lack of data and evidence in this causal relationship, which begs a need for further study to accelerate progress in the endocrinology and neuroendocrinology fields. Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior focuses on if and how these chemicals, known as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), affect the development and function of the brain and might be contributing to neural disorders rapidly rising in prevalence. The book provides an overall synthesis of the EDC field, including its historical roots, major hypotheses, key findings, and research gaps. The authors explain why even the concept of endocrine disruption is controversial in some circles, how differing definitions of endocrine disruption and what constitutes an "adverse" outcome on the brain shape public policy, and where the current capacity by different stakeholders (industry, academia, regulatory agencies) to evaluate chemicals for safety in a regulatory context begins and ends. The book concludes with suggestions for future research needs and a summary of emerging technology which might prove capable of more effectively evaluating existing and emerging chemicals for endocrine disrupting properties. As such, it provides the context for interdisciplinary and innovative input from a broad spectrum of fields, including those well-schooled in neuroscience, evolutionary biology, brain, behavior, sex differences, and neuroendocrinology.
Category: Psychology

Biologie Homosexualit T

Author : Heinz-Jürgen Voß
ISBN : 3897711222
Genre : Homosexuality
File Size : 57.91 MB
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Category: Homosexuality

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 40.68 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Gay Straight And The Reason Why

Author : Simon LeVay
ISBN : 9780190297374
Genre : Sex (Biology)
File Size : 36.11 MB
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What causes a child to grow up gay or straight? In this book, neuroscientist Simon LeVay summarizes a wealth of scientific evidence that points to one inescapable conclusion: Sexual orientation results primarily from an interaction between genes, sex hormones, and the cells of the developing body and brain. LeVay helped create this field in 1991 with a much-publicized study in Science, where he reported on a difference in the brain structure between gay and straight men. Since then, an entire scientific discipline has sprung up around the quest for a biological explanation of sexual orientation. In this book, LeVay provides a clear explanation of where the science stands today, taking the reader on a whirlwind tour of laboratories that specialize in genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, and family demographics. He describes, for instance, how researchers have manipulated the sex hormone levels of animals during development, causing them to mate preferentially with animals of their own gender. LeVay also reports on the prevalence of homosexual behavior among wild animals, ranging from Graylag geese to the Bonobo chimpanzee. In this revised edition LeVay broadens his horizons. He adds a new chapter on bisexuality, reviews some uncommon forms of sexuality such as asexuality and pedophilia, and considers whether there could be a biological basis for subtypes of gay people such as "butch" and "femme" lesbians. Although many details remain unresolved, the general conclusion is quite clear: A person's sexual orientation arises in large part from biological processes that are already underway before birth.
Category: Sex (Biology)

Homosexuality Heterosexuality

Author : David P. McWhirter
ISBN : UVA:X001844815
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80.88 MB
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What is the nature of sexual orientation and how does it develop? Ideas about erotic attraction have evolved with our society, reflecting changing concepts of masculinity, femininity, morality, and individual identity. Though the line between homosexuality and heterosexuality used to be sharply drawn, Kinsey's original research threw this practice into question, suggesting these labels stand as two poles on a continuum of human behavior. In this second volume of the Kinsey Institute Series, editors David P. McWhirter, June Machover Reinisch, and Stephanie A. Sanders have collected the work of distinguished researchers and clinicians in many fields who seek to understand what we have learned about the factors influencing sexual orientation, and what approaches and research tools are most appropriate in its investigation. Drawing on their experience and expertise, these contributors provide answers from many viewpoints--historical, biological, developmental, cultural, psychoanalytic, and even primate behavior. In particular, they examine what shapes and changes sexual orientation across cultures, lifespan, and species. This volume reflects research being done on many fronts to extend Kinsey's formulation of sexuality and investigate it more fully. Providing a critical presentation of traditional views as well as recent theory, Homosexuality/Heterosexuality is written for a readership of professionals and lay people, and will be useful as both a reliable fund of information and a source of innovative ideas on the study of human sexual behavior.
Category: Psychology

Sexual Orientation And Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Author : Richard C. Friedman
ISBN : 9780231504898
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.30 MB
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This book bridges psychoanalytic thought and sexual science. It brings sexuality back to the center of psychoanalysis and shows how important it is for students of human sexuality to understand motives that are often irrational and unconscious. The authors present a new perspective about male and female development, emphasizing the ways in which sexual orientation and homophobia appear early in life. The clinical section of the book focuses on the psychodynamics and treatment of homophobia and internalized homophobia.
Category: Social Science

Psychological Perspectives On Lesbian Gay And Bisexual Experiences

Author : Linda Garnets
ISBN : 9780231504942
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71.75 MB
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Designed for both the undergraduate and graduate classroom, this selection of important articles provides a comprehensive overview of current thought about the psychological issues affecting lesbians, bisexuals, and gay men. The editors have revised and updated the introduction and included a new set of articles for the second edition, most of which have been published since the release of the first edition of Psychological Perspectives. The book is divided into eight sections that deal with the meaning of sexual orientation; the psychological dimensions of prejudice, discrimination, and violence; identity development; diversity; relationships and families; adolescence, midlife, and aging; mental health; and the status of practice, research, and public policy bearing on homosexuality and bisexuality in American psychology.
Category: Psychology