The Archaeology Of The Dead

Author : Henri Duday
ISBN : 9781782973409
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.92 MB
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Henri Duday is Director of Research for CNRS at the University of Bordeaux. The Archaeology of the Dead is based on an intensive specialist course in burial archaeology given by Duday in Rome in November 2004. The primary aim of the project was to contribute to the development of common procedures for excavation, data collection and study of Roman cemeteries of the imperial period. Translated into English by Anna Maria Cipriani and John Pearce, this book looks at the way in which the analysis of skeletons can allow us to re-discover the lives of people who came before us and inform us of their view of death. Duday throughly examines the means at our disposal to allow the dead to speak, as well as identifying the pitfalls that may deceive us.
Category: Social Science

Crusader Archaeology

Author : Adrian Boas
ISBN : 9781317479659
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.68 MB
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This new edition of Crusader Archaeology updates, with recent excavation results and research, the only detailed study of the material culture of the Crusades in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan. It examines what life was like for the Crusaders in their territory and how they were influenced by their new-found neighbours. Chapters discuss: urban and rural settlements, surveying agriculture, industry, the military, the church, public and private architecture, arts and crafts, leisure pursuits, death and burial and building techniques. This well-illustrated volume is a crucial survey for all those interested in the Middle Ages, and in particular the Crusades.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of Death And Burial

Author : Sarah Tarlow
ISBN : 9780191650390
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.43 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.
Category: Social Science

Ayia Sotira

Author : R. Angus K. Smith
ISBN : 9781623034207
Genre : History
File Size : 58.96 MB
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This volume is the final publication of the results of excavation of six Mycenaean chamber tombs in the Late Bronze Age cemetery of Ayia Sotira within the Nemea Valley of the Argolid region of Greece.The work presented includes artifactual and ecofactual remains such as pottery, jewelry, figurines, metal objects, human skeletons, and botanical remains. The book is richly illustrated with maps, plans, drawings, photos, and tables of data.
Category: History

Children Death And Burial

Author : Eileen Murphy
ISBN : 9781785707155
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.90 MB
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Children, Death and Burials assembles a panorama of studies with a focus on juvenile burials; the 16 papers have a wide geographic and temporal breadth and represent a range of methodological approaches. All have a similar objective in mind, however, namely to understand how children were treated in death by different cultures in the past; to gain insights concerning the roles of children of different ages in their respective societies and to find evidence of the nature of past adult–child relationships and interactions across the life course. The contextualisation and integration of the data collected, both in the field and in the laboratory, enables more nuanced understandings to be gained in relation to the experiences of the young in the past. A broad range of issues are addressed within the volume, including the inclusion/exclusion of children in particular burial environments and the impact of age in relation to the place of children in society. Child burials clearly embody identity and ‘the domestic child’, ‘the vulnerable child’, ‘the high status child’, ‘the cherished child’, ‘the potential child’, ‘the ritual child’ and the ‘political child’, and combinations thereof, are evident throughout the narratives. Investigation of the burial practices afforded to children is pivotal to enlightenment in relation to key facets of past life, including the emotional responses shown towards children during life and in death, as well as an understanding of their place within the social strata and ritual activities of their societies. An important new collection of papers by leading researchers in funerary archaeology, examining the particular treatment of juvenile burials in the past. In particular focuses on the expression of varying status and identity of children in the funerary archaeological record as a key to understanding the place of children in different societies.
Category: Social Science

Staging Death

Author : Anastasia Dakouri-Hild
ISBN : 9783110480573
Genre : History
File Size : 68.89 MB
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Places are social, lived, ideational landscapes constructed by people as they inhabit their natural and built environment. An ‘archaeology of place’ attempts to move beyond the understanding of the landscape as inert background or static fossil of human behaviour. From a specifically mortuary perspective, this approach entails a focus on the inherently mutable, transient and performative qualities of 'deathscapes': how they are remembered, obliterated, forgotten, reworked, or revisited over time. Despite latent interest in this line of enquiry, few studies have explored the topic explicitly in Aegean archaeology. This book aims to identify ways in which to think about the deathscape as a cross between landscapes, tombs, bodies, and identities, supplementing and expanding upon well explored themes in the field (e.g. tombs as vehicles for the legitimization of power; funerary landscapes as arenas of social and political competition). The volume recasts a wealth of knowledge about Aegean mortuary cultures against a theoretical background, bringing the field up to date with recent developments in the archaeology of place.
Category: History

Bioarchaeology Of Impairment And Disability

Author : Jennifer F. Byrnes
ISBN : 9783319569499
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.49 MB
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Over the years, impairment has been discussed in bioarchaeology, with some scholars providing carefully contextualized explanations for their causes and consequences. Such investigations typically take a case study approach and focus on the functional aspects of impairments. However, these interpretations are disconnected from disability theory discourse. Other social sciences and the humanities have far surpassed most of anthropology (with the exception of medical anthropology) in their integration of social theories of disability. This volume has three goals: The first goal of this edited volume is to present theoretical and methodological discussions on impairment and disability. The second goal of this volume is to emphasize the necessity of interdisciplinarity in discussions of impairment and disability within bioarchaeology. The third goal of the volume is to present various methodological approaches to quantifying impairment in skeletonized and mummified remains. This volume serves to engage scholars from many disciplines in our exploration of disability in the past, with particular emphasis on the bioarchaeological context.
Category: Social Science

Die Qualit T Qualitativer Forschung Eine Analyse Eines Soziologischen Forschungsprojektes

Author : Lydia Rüger
ISBN : 9783638803106
Genre :
File Size : 39.18 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, Note: 1,7, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Institut fur Sozial- und Verhaltenswissenschaften), 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Sobald man beginnt, sich mit qualitativer Forschung zu beschaftigen, kommt man nicht daran vorbei, sich zunachst zumindest gedanklich auch mit quantitativer Forschung auseinander zu setzen. Qualitative Forschung wird selten als fur sich allein stehende Forschung gehandhabt, sondern ihre Berechtigung wird immer in Hinblick auf die quantitative Forschung gewertet, verglichen, und dann als berechtigtes Mittel der Datenerhebung angenommen oder verworfen. Meines Erachtens ist dies ein naturlicher Gedankengang wahrend des Einstiegs in die Auseinandersetzung mit qualitativer Forschung, da quantitative Forschung als Forschungsmittel wesentlich prasenter ist und sie in der allgemeinen Wissenschaft eher akzeptiert und praktiziert wird. Auf dem Gebiet der empirischen Sozialforschung mussten sich interpretative Verfahren den Status weitgehender Akzeptanz in hartem Kampf erobern. Zunehmend ist in den Selbstbeschreibungen von Wissenschaftsbetreibenden ein Interesse fur beide Moglichkeiten zu finden. Es fallt auf, dass die Zusammenschau der Ansatze vordergrundig meist zum Nachteil der qualitativen Forschung ausfallt. Insbesondere gilt dies fur den Bereich der Sicherstellung von Qualitat. Mittels universeller Gutekriterien versuchen quantifizierende Verfahren ihre Standards festzulegen. Nun, wo die grundsatzliche Unterlegenheit der interpretativen Verfahren kaum mehr behauptet wird, gilt es, ihnen den letzten Anschein von Beliebigkeit zu nehmen. Qualitatssicherung ist fur die qualitative Forschung - der ja oft vorgeworfen wird, ihre Ergebnisse nicht wissenschaftlich ausweisen zu konnen - von grosser Bedeutung. Trotz unzahligem Material und Ideen zur Gute qualitativer Forschungsstrategien, herrscht noch immer wenig Einigkeit uber

Bestattungsrituale Und Totenkult In Der R Mischen Kaiserzeit

Author : Jörg Rüpke
ISBN : 3515091904
Genre : Religion
File Size : 52.59 MB
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English summary: Funeral rituals, but also the ongoing cult of the dead, present socially highly relevant communication situations. These contributions of a colloquium at the College de France and of the focused program Imperial and Provincial Religion study whether practices of social differentiation, media, or religious innovation can be detected during the Roman Empire. These practices have been detected in other social sectors and are classified as Romanized or as a "training of provincial culture." German text. German description: Rituale bei der Bestattung, aber auch fortdauernder Totenkult stellen gesellschaftlich hochrelevante Kommunikationssituationen dar. Diese Beitrage eines Kolloquiums des College de France und des Schwerpunktprogramms aReichs- und Provinzialreligion untersuchen fuer die romische Kaiserzeit, ob sich hier Praktiken sozialer Differenzierung, medialer oder religioser Innovation aufspueren lassen - wie sie fuer andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche als aRomanisierung oder aAusbildung von Provinzialkulturen in der Forschung diskutiert werden.
Category: Religion