The Archaeology Of The Caribbean

Author : Samuel M. Wilson
ISBN : 9781139465298
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.44 MB
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A comprehensive synthesis of Caribbean prehistory from the earliest settlement by humans more than 4000 years BC, to the time of European conquest of the islands. The Caribbean was the last large area in the Americas to be populated, and its relative isolation allowed unique cultures to develop. Samuel Wilson reviews the evidence for migration and cultural change throughout the archipelago, dealing in particular with periods of cultural interaction when groups with different cultures and histories were in contact. He also examines the evolving relationship of the Caribbean people with their environment, as they developed increasingly productive economic systems over time, as well as the emergence of increasingly complex social and political systems, particularly in the Greater Antilles in the centuries before the European conquest. Wilson also provides a review of the history of Caribbean archaeology and the individual scholars and ideas that have shaped the field.
Category: Social Science

Blood Is Thicker Than Water

Author : Alistair J. Bright
ISBN : 9789088900716
Genre : History
File Size : 22.72 MB
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This study represents a contribution to the pre-Colonial archaeology of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean. The research aimed to determine how the Ceramic Age (c. 400 BC - AD 1492) Amerindian inhabitants of the region related to one another and others at various geographic scales, with a view to better understanding social interaction and organisation within the Windward Islands as well the integration of this region within the macro-region. This research approached the study of intra- and inter-island interaction and social development through an island-by-island study of some 640 archaeological sites and their ceramic assemblages. Besides providing insight into settlement sequences, patterns and micro-mobility through time, it also highlighted various configurations of sites spread across different islands that were united by shared ceramic (decorative) traits. These configurations were more closely examined by taking recourse to graph-theory. By extending the comparative scope of this research to the Greater Antilles and the South American mainland, possible material cultural influences from more distant regions could be suggested. While Windward Island communities certainly developed a localised material cultural identity, they remained open to a host of wide-ranging influences outside the Windward Island micro-region. As such, rather than representing a cultural backwater operating in the periphery of a burgeoning Taino empire, it is argued that Windward Island communities actively and flexibly realigned themselves with several mainland South American societies in Late Ceramic Age times (c. AD 700-1500), forging and maintaining significant ties and exchange relationships. Alistair Bright was a member of the Caribbean Research Group at Leiden University from 2003 to 2010 and participated in numerous archaeological surveys and excavations in the Caribbean during that time. His research interests include the archaeology, ethnohistory and ethnography of the Caribbean and South America, as well as the archaeology of island societies throughout the world in general.
Category: History

Caciques And Cemi Idols

Author : Jose R Oliver
ISBN : 9780817355159
Genre : History
File Size : 47.7 MB
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"Caciques and Cemi Idols"""takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemi power, specifically within the Taino inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola."
Category: History

Aztec Archaeology And Ethnohistory

Author : Frances F. Berdan
ISBN : 9780521881272
Genre : History
File Size : 21.40 MB
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This book provides an up-to-date synthesis of Aztec culture, encompassing topics of history, economy, social life, political relations, and religious beliefs and ceremonies. It offers an integrated view of Aztec life, grappling with thorny issues such as human sacrifice and the controversial role of up-and-coming merchants. The book meshes data, methods, and theories from a variety of disciplines including archaeology, ethnohistory, ethnography, and art history.
Category: History

Renewing The House

Author : Alice Victoria Maud Samson
ISBN : 9789088900457
Genre : History
File Size : 44.37 MB
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Over two thousand archaeological features cut directly into the limestone bedrock, and an artefact assemblage of pottery, shell and stone led to reconstructions of fifty domestic structures, thirty of which are houses, and interpretations of the spatial organization and chronology of the site between ca. AD 800 and 1504. --
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Malta

Author : Claudia Sagona
ISBN : 9781107006690
Genre : History
File Size : 87.83 MB
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This book synthesizes the archaeology of the Maltese archipelago from the first human colonization c. 5000 BC through the Roman period (c. 400 AD). Claudia Sagona interprets the archaeological record to explain changing social and political structures, intriguing ritual practices, and cultural contact through several millennia.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Australia S Deserts

Author : Mike Smith
ISBN : 9780521407458
Genre : History
File Size : 58.71 MB
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This is the first book-length study of the archaeology of Australia's deserts, exploring the cultural and environmental history of these drylands.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Prehistoric Arabia

Author : Peter Magee
ISBN : 9780521862318
Genre : History
File Size : 43.60 MB
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This book provides the first extensive coverage of the archaeology of the Arabian peninsula from c. 9000 to 800 BC. Providing a wealth of detail on the environmental and archaeological record, it argues that this ancient region was in many ways very different from the surrounding states in Egypt and Mesopotamia. It examines the adaptation of humans to Arabia's environment and the eventual formation of a unique society that flourished for millennia.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Japan

Author : Koji Mizoguchi
ISBN : 9780521884907
Genre : History
File Size : 78.5 MB
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This is the first book-length study of the Yayoi and Kofun periods of Japan (c.600 BC–AD 700), in which the introduction of rice paddy-field farming from the Korean peninsula ignited the rapid development of social complexity and hierarchy that culminated with the formation of the ancient Japanese state. The author traces the historical trajectory of the Yayoi and Kofun periods by employing cutting-edge sociological, anthropological and archaeological theories and methods. The book reveals a fascinating process through which sophisticated hunting-gathering communities in an archipelago on the eastern fringe of the Eurasian continent were transformed materially and symbolically into a state.
Category: History

Die Kinder Des Prometheus

Author : Hermann Parzinger
ISBN : 9783406668159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.5 MB
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Die Geschichte des Menschen ist weit älter als die Erfindung der Schrift: Als der erste Frühmensch schöpferisch tätig wurde und einen Faustkeil formte, begann er zugleich seine Geschichte zu gestalten. Von diesem Zeitpunkt an nahm er unablässig Einfluss auf kulturhistorische und gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse und prägte die Lebensbedingungen während der nachfolgenden Jahrtausende. Hermann Parzinger führt mit seinem imposanten Werk den Leser durch die Welt unserer Vorfahren. Er beschreibt und erklärt die frühe Menschheitsgeschichte auf allen Kontinenten – von der Menschwerdung in Afrika bis zur Entstehung komplexer ackerbäuerlicher Gesellschaften an den Ufern von Euphrat und Tigris, von Nil und Gelbem Fluss. Dabei tritt immer wieder eine anthropologische Grundkonstante hervor: Das beständige Streben des Menschen nach Verbesserung seiner Lebensverhältnisse in einer sich wandelnden Umwelt war die Triebfeder seines kulturellen Fortschritts. Dies gilt bereits für die frühesten Hominiden, die zielgerichtet Steingeräte zur Zerteilung von Aas herstellten – ein erster Beweis ihres erwachenden Intellekts. Es gilt erst recht für den mit nochmals besserem Planungsvermögen ausgestatteten Homo erectus, der den Wandel vom Aasfresser zum Jäger vollzog und dem eine wahrhaft revolutionäre Innovation gelang – die Beherrschung des Feuers. Und es gilt in geradezu dramatischer Weise für den Homo sapiens, der den Sprung zu kultureller Modernität vollzog: Nicht nur verbreitete er bis um 13.000 v. Chr. das spezialisierte Wildbeutertum von Afrika aus über die ganze Welt. In seinem Erfindungsgeist übertraf er zudem alle seine Vorfahren – auch den Neandertaler, der als Erster das Jenseits entdeckte. Der Homo sapiens verhalf schließlich Kunst und Ritual zum Durchbruch, die uns mit wahrhaft monumentaler Wucht erstmals in dem 12.000 Jahre alten Heiligtum am Göbekli Tepe am Rande des Fruchtbaren Halbmonds begegnen. In dieser Weltregion gelingt bald darauf zum ersten Mal in der Menschheitsgeschichte der Schritt zur dauerhaften Sesshaftwerdung, die mit der Domestikation von Wildtieren und Wildgetreide einhergeht. Der Wildbeuter wird zum Bauern, der sich mit seinesgleichen in Dörfern zusammenschließt, die er das ganze Jahr über bewohnt. Vom Anwachsen der Siedlungen und der beginnenden sozialen Differenzierung der Bevölkerung bis zur Entstehung großer urbaner Zentren, deren Organisationsbedarf schließlich auch die Erfindung der Schrift notwendig macht, ist es dann nur noch ein kleiner Schritt. In dem spannenden Buch Hermann Parzingers verbinden sich die zahllosen kleinen Schritte unserer Vorfahren zu der eindrucksvollen Wegstrecke, die der Mensch durch Jahrmillionen seiner Entwicklung zurückgelegt hat – und mit der verglichen die Zeit der Schriftkultur nur als ein Wimpernschlag der Evolution erscheint.
Category: Social Science