THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF MEASUREMENT COMPREHENDING HEAVEN EARTH AND TIME IN ANCIENT SOCIETIES

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The Archaeology Of Measurement

Author : Iain Morley
ISBN : 9780521119900
Genre : History
File Size : 67.98 MB
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Explores the archaeological evidence for the development of measuring activities in numerous ancient societies and the implications of these discoveries.
Category: History

Archaeological Theory Today

Author : Ian Hodder
ISBN : 9780745681009
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.43 MB
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Now in a revised and updated second edition, this volume provides an authoritative account of the current status of archaeological theory, as presented by some of its major exponents and innovators over recent decades. It summarizes the latest developments in the field and looks to its future, exploring some of the cutting-edge ideas at the forefront of the discipline. The volume captures the diversity of contemporary archaeological theory. Some authors argue for an approach close to the natural sciences, others for an engagement with cultural debate about representation of the past. Some minimize the relevance of culture to societal change, while others see it as central; some focus on the contingent and the local, others on long-term evolution. While few practitioners in theoretical archaeology would today argue for a unified disciplinary approach, the authors in this volume increasingly see links and convergences between their perspectives. The volume also reflects archaeology's new openness to external influences, as well as the desire to contribute to wider debates. The contributors examine ways in which archaeological evidence contributes to theories of evolutionary psychology, as well as to the social sciences in general, where theories of social relationships, agency, landscape and identity are informed by the long-term perspective of archaeology. The new edition of Archaeological Theory Today will continue to be essential reading for students and scholars in archaeology and in the social sciences more generally.
Category: Social Science

Non Scribal Communication Media In The Bronze Age Aegean And Surrounding Areas

Author : Anna Margherita Jasink
ISBN : 9788864536361
Genre : Religion
File Size : 69.60 MB
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This volume is intended to be the first in a series that will focus on the origin of script and the boundaries of non-scribal communication media in proto-literate and literate societies of the ancient Aegean. Over the last 30 years, the domain of scribes and bureaucrats has become much better known. Our goal now is to reach below the élite and scribal levels to interface with non-scribal operations conducted by people of the ‘middling’ sort. Who made these marks and to what purpose? Did they serve private or (semi-) official roles in Bronze Age Aegean society? The comparative study of such practices in the contemporary East (Cyprus, Anatolia, the Levant, and Egypt) can shed light on sub-elite activities in the Aegean and also provide evidence for cultural and economic exchange networks.
Category: Religion

The Power Of Knowledge

Author : Jeremy Black
ISBN : 9780300198546
Genre : History
File Size : 62.54 MB
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Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.
Category: History

Ancient Complex Societies

Author : Jennifer C. Ross
ISBN : 9781315305622
Genre : HISTORY
File Size : 77.78 MB
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Ancient Complex Societies examines the archaeological evidence for the rise and functioning of politically and socially “complex” cultures in antiquity. Particular focus is given to civilizations exhibiting positions of leadership, social and administrative hierarchies, emerging and already developed complex religious systems, and economic differentiation. Case studies are drawn from around the globe, including Asia, the Mediterranean region, and the American continents. Using case studies from Africa, Polynesia, and North America, discussion is dedicated to identifying what “complex” means and when it should be applied to ancient systems. Each chapter attempts to not only explore the sociopolitical and economic elements of ancient civilizations, but to also present an overview of what life was like for the later population within each system, sometimes drilling down to individual people living their daily lives. Throughout the chapters, the authors address problems with the idea of complexity, the incomparability of cultures, and the inconsistency of archaeological and historical evidence in reconstructing ancient cultures.
Category: HISTORY

Ritual Play And Belief In Evolution And Early Human Societies

Author : Colin Renfrew
ISBN : 9781107143562
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.47 MB
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The origins of religion and ritual in humans have been the focus of centuries of thought in archaeology, anthropology, theology, evolutionary psychology and more. Play and ritual have many aspects in common, and ritual is a key component of the early cult practices that underlie the religious systems of the first complex societies in all parts of the world. This book examines the formative cults and the roots of religious practice from the earliest times until the development of early religion in the Near East, in China, in Peru, in Mesoamerica and beyond. Here, leading prehistorians and other specialists bring a fresh approach to the early practices that underlie the faiths and religions of the world. They demonstrate the profound role of play ritual and belief systems and offer powerful new insights into the emergence of early civilization.
Category: Social Science

How Things Shape The Mind

Author : Lambros Malafouris
ISBN : 9780262315678
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.60 MB
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An increasingly influential school of thought in cognitive science views the mind as embodied, extended, and distributed rather than brain-bound or "all in the head." This shift in perspective raises important questions about the relationship between cognition and material culture, posing major challenges for philosophy, cognitive science, archaeology, and anthropology. In How Things Shape the Mind, Lambros Malafouris proposes a cross-disciplinary analytical framework for investigating the ways in which things have become cognitive extensions of the human body. Using a variety of examples and case studies, he considers how those ways might have changed from earliest prehistory to the present. Malafouris's Material Engagement Theory definitively adds materiality -- the world of things, artifacts, and material signs -- into the cognitive equation. His account not only questions conventional intuitions about the boundaries and location of the human mind but also suggests that we rethink classical archaeological assumptions about human cognitive evolution.
Category: Psychology

La Th Orie Sensorielle I Les Analogies Sensorielles

Author : Philippe Roi
ISBN : 9781622874842
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.71 MB
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Au 4e millénaire avant notre ère, dans le sud de la Mésopotamie, les Urukéens inventent sept outils remarquables : l'araire, le moule à briques normalisé, l'écriture, la comptabilité, la harpe, le métier à tisser vertical et l'image de cônes. Or, toutes ces inventions sont calquées sur des mécanismes biologiques qui permettent aux organes sensoriels de transmettre leurs informations au cerveau. Comment les Urukéens ont-ils pu inventer ces instruments dont les dispositifs sont tout à fait analogues à des mécanismes biologiques pourtant microscopiques, alors qu'ils ne disposaient d'aucune technologie pour les observer ? Pour répondre à cette question, les auteurs de La Théorie Sensorielle ont, pour la première fois, reliés des savoirs jusqu'alors fragmentés et compartimentés entre diverses disciplines. Leurs recherches sur le codage et le traitement de l'information par le cerveau ont été réalisées avec la collaboration de biologistes, de neurologues et de médecins spécialistes (INSERM, CNRS, Institut des Neurosciences de Montpellier, ESPCI-Laboratoire de Neurobiologie, Institut Pasteur, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Institut Cochin) mais aussi d'archéologues et d'historiens (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Musée du Louvre, Vorderasiatisches Museum, Université de la Sorbonne, UCLA, University of London, EHESS).
Category: Science

Das R Tsel Der Donauzivilisation

Author : Harald Haarmann
ISBN : 9783406622113
Genre : History
File Size : 78.77 MB
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In den letzten Jahren haben Archäologen immer mehr Belege dafür gefunden, dass es zwischen dem 6. und dem 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Balkan eine Hochkultur gab, die bereits vor den Mesopotamiern die Schrift kannte. Harald Haarmann führt in diesem Buch erstmals umfassend in diese bisher unbekannte, in vielem noch rätselhafte alteuropäische Kultur ein. Er beschreibt Handelswege und Siedlungen, Kunst und Handwerk, Mythologie und Schrift der Donauzivilisation, geht ihren Ursprüngen am Schwarzen Meer nach und zeigt auf, welchen Einfluss sie auf die Kultur der griechischen Antike und des Vorderen Orients hatte.
Category: History