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The Archaeology Of Hindu Ritual

Author : Michael Willis
ISBN : 9780521518741
Genre : Religion
File Size : 44.89 MB
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Willis examines how gods of early Hinduism came to be established in temples, combining Sanskrit textual evidence with archaeological data.
Category: Religion

Of Gods And Books

Author : Florinda De Simini
ISBN : 9783110478815
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 90.80 MB
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India has been the homeland of diverse manuscript traditions that do not cease to impress scholars for their imposing size and complexity. Nevertheless, many topics concerning the study of Indian manuscript cultures still remain to receive systematic examination. Of Gods and Books pays attention to one of these topics - the use of manuscripts as ritualistic tools. Literary sources deal quite extensively with rituals principally focused on manuscripts, whose worship, donation and preservation are duly prescribed. Around these activities, a specific category of ritual gift is created, which finds attestations in pre-tantric, as well as in smārta and tantric, literature, and whose practice is also variously reflected in epigraphical documents. De Simini offers a first systematic study of the textual evidence on the topic of the worship and donation of knowledge. She gives account of possible implications for the relationships between religion and power. The book is indsipensible for a deeper understanding of the cultural aspects of manuscript transmission in medieval India, and beyond.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Mortal God

Author : Milinda Banerjee
ISBN : 9781107166561
Genre : History
File Size : 48.83 MB
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This work explores how colonial India imagined human and divine figures to battle the nature and locus of sovereignty.
Category: History

Rites Of The God King

Author : Marko Geslani
ISBN : 9780190862886
Genre : Religion
File Size : 68.88 MB
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Scholars of Vedic religion have long recognized the centrality of ritual categories to Indian thought. There have been few successful attempts, however, to bring the same systematic rigor of Vedic Scholarship to bear on later "Hindu" ritual. Excavating the deep history of a prominent ritual category in "classical" Hindu texts, Geslani traces the emergence of a class of rituals known as santi, or appeasement. This ritual, intended to counteract ominous omens, developed from the intersection of the fourth Veda - the oft-neglected Atharvaveda - and the emergent tradition of astral science (Jyotisastra) sometime in the early first millennium, CE. Its development would come to have far-reaching consequences on the ideal ritual life of the king in early-medieval Brahmanical society. The mantric transformations involved in the history of santi led to the emergence of a politicized ritual culture that could encompass both traditional Vedic and newer Hindu performers and practices. From astrological appeasement to gift-giving, coronation, and image worship, Rites of the God-King chronicles the multiple lives and afterlives of a single ritual mode, unveiling the always-inventive work of the priesthood to imagine and enrich royal power. Along the way, Geslani reveals the surprising role of astrologers in Hindu history, elaborates conceptions of sin and misfortune, and forges new connections between medieval texts and modern practices. In a work that details ritual forms that were dispersed widely across Asia, he concludes with a reflection on the nature of orthopraxy, ritual change, and the problem of presence in the Hindu tradition.
Category: Religion

An Archaeological History Of Indian Buddhism

Author : Lars Fogelin
ISBN : 9780190266929
Genre : Religion
File Size : 60.31 MB
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An Archaeological History of Indian Buddhism is a comprehensive survey of Indian Buddhism from its origins in the 6th century BCE, through its ascendance in the 1st millennium CE, and its eventual decline in mainland South Asia by the mid-2nd millennium CE. Weaving together studies of archaeological remains, architecture, iconography, inscriptions, and Buddhist historical sources, this book uncovers the quotidian concerns and practices of Buddhist monks and nuns (the sangha), and their lay adherents--concerns and practices often obscured in studies of Buddhism premised largely, if not exclusively, on Buddhist texts. At the heart of Indian Buddhism lies a persistent social contradiction between the desire for individual asceticism versus the need to maintain a coherent community of Buddhists. Before the early 1st millennium CE, the sangha relied heavily on the patronage of kings, guilds, and ordinary Buddhists to support themselves. During this period, the sangha emphasized the communal elements of Buddhism as they sought to establish themselves as the leaders of a coherent religious order. By the mid-1st millennium CE, Buddhist monasteries had become powerful political and economic institutions with extensive landholdings and wealth. This new economic self-sufficiency allowed the sangha to limit their day-to-day interaction with the laity and begin to more fully satisfy their ascetic desires for the first time. This withdrawal from regular interaction with the laity led to the collapse of Buddhism in India in the early-to-mid 2nd millennium CE. In contrast to the ever-changing religious practices of the Buddhist sangha, the Buddhist laity were more conservative--maintaining their religious practices for almost two millennia, even as they nominally shifted their allegiances to rival religious orders. This book also serves as an exemplar for the archaeological study of long-term religious change through the perspectives of practice theory, materiality, and semiotics.
Category: Religion

Relics And Relic Worship In The Early Buddhism

Author : Janice Stargardt
ISBN : 0861592182
Genre :
File Size : 77.19 MB
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Offers new perspectives on Buddhist relics and reliquaries, including a discussion of what constitutes a relic, as well as an analysis of the terminology related to relic worship. Other chapters focus on the placement and treatment of relics in situ as well as the spread of Buddhism to Burma and the vibrant relic culture that has been found there.

Der Hinduismus

Author : Axel Michaels
ISBN : 3406549748
Genre :
File Size : 74.19 MB
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Mehr zum Buch Axel Michaels' umfassende Einführung in den Hinduismus gilt inzwischen als Standardwerk. Das Buch macht mit der Geschichte des Hinduismus und seinen klassischen Texten vertraut, beschreibt aber auch anschaulich die alltägliche Religiosität. Es erläutert die verschiedenen Riten und Feste, die Bedeutung der unzähligen Götter, das Kastensystem und nicht zuletzt die hinduistischen Vorstellungen von Raum und Zeit, Tod, Wiedergeburt und Erlösung. (Quelle:

War On Sacred Grounds

Author : Ron E. Hassner
ISBN : 0801460409
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.94 MB
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Sacred sites offer believers the possibility of communing with the divine and achieving deeper insight into their faith. Yet their spiritual and cultural importance can lead to competition as religious groups seek to exclude rivals from practicing potentially sacrilegious rituals in the hallowed space and wish to assert their own claims. Holy places thus create the potential for military, theological, or political clashes, not only between competing religious groups but also between religious groups and secular actors. In War on Sacred Grounds, Ron E. Hassner investigates the causes and properties of conflicts over sites that are both venerated and contested; he also proposes potential means for managing these disputes. Hassner illustrates a complex and poorly understood political dilemma with accounts of the failures to reach settlement at Temple Mount/Haram el-Sharif, leading to the clashes of 2000, and the competing claims of Hindus and Muslims at Ayodhya, which resulted in the destruction of the mosque there in 1992. He also addresses more successful compromises in Jerusalem in 1967 and Mecca in 1979. Sacred sites, he contends, are particularly prone to conflict because they provide valuable resources for both religious and political actors yet cannot be divided. The management of conflicts over sacred sites requires cooperation, Hassner suggests, between political leaders interested in promoting conflict resolution and religious leaders who can shape the meaning and value that sacred places hold for believers. Because a reconfiguration of sacred space requires a confluence of political will, religious authority, and a window of opportunity, it is relatively rare. Drawing on the study of religion and the study of politics in equal measure, Hassner's account offers insight into the often-violent dynamics that come into play at the places where religion and politics collide.
Category: Political Science

Faces Around The World A Cultural Encyclopedia Of The Human Face

Author : Margo DeMello
ISBN : 9781598846188
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.46 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive examination of the human face, providing fascinating information from biological, cultural, and social perspectives. • A complete bibliography of sources and index of subjects • Includes 100 images, numerous sidebars, and interesting "pop-out" quotes related to the face
Category: Social Science

Politische Strukturen Im Guptareich 300 550 N Chr

Author : Fred Virkus
ISBN : 3447050802
Genre : History
File Size : 71.92 MB
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Das Guptareich, das etwa von der Mitte des 4. bis zum Ende des 5. Jahrhunderts n.Chr. viele Gebiete in Nord und Zentralindien umfasste, gehorte zu den bedeutendsten Staatsgebilden im alten und mittelalterlichen Sudasien. Vor allem, was dessen inneren Aufbau, die Organisation und Funktionsweise der Verwaltung sowie das Verhaltnis der politischen Macht zur Gesellschaft in der Guptazeit angeht, wird in dieser Arbeit eine grundlegend neue Auffassung entwickelt. Besonderes Gewicht legt die Studie dabei auf die Darstellung der regionalen und lokalen Vielfalt von Herrschaftsformen, Institutionen und administrativen Gepflogenheiten, wie sie fur dieses Reich kennzeichnend waren. Im Zusammenhang mit den politischinstitutionellen Gegebenheiten werden ausserdem viele Aspekte der Sozialstruktur, des Wirtschaftslebens und der ideologischen Verhaltnisse im Indien der Guptazeit ausfuhrlich behandelt und haufig ebenfalls aus einem neuen Blickwinkel betrachtet. Breiter Raum wird zudem der kritischen Bewertung des uns fur das Guptareich zur Verfugung stehenden Quellenmaterials sowie der Auseinandersetzung mit anderen Anschauungen zu den erorterten Problemstellungen gewidmet.
Category: History