THE AMAZONS LIVES AND LEGENDS OF WARRIOR WOMEN ACROSS THE ANCIENT WORLD

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The Amazons

Author : Adrienne Mayor
ISBN : 9781400865130
Genre : History
File Size : 71.49 MB
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Amazons—fierce warrior women dwelling on the fringes of the known world—were the mythic archenemies of the ancient Greeks. Heracles and Achilles displayed their valor in duels with Amazon queens, and the Athenians reveled in their victory over a powerful Amazon army. In historical times, Cyrus of Persia, Alexander the Great, and the Roman general Pompey tangled with Amazons. But just who were these bold barbarian archers on horseback who gloried in fighting, hunting, and sexual freedom? Were Amazons real? In this deeply researched, wide-ranging, and lavishly illustrated book, National Book Award finalist Adrienne Mayor presents the Amazons as they have never been seen before. This is the first comprehensive account of warrior women in myth and history across the ancient world, from the Mediterranean Sea to the Great Wall of China. Mayor tells how amazing new archaeological discoveries of battle-scarred female skeletons buried with their weapons prove that women warriors were not merely figments of the Greek imagination. Combining classical myth and art, nomad traditions, and scientific archaeology, she reveals intimate, surprising details and original insights about the lives and legends of the women known as Amazons. Provocatively arguing that a timeless search for a balance between the sexes explains the allure of the Amazons, Mayor reminds us that there were as many Amazon love stories as there were war stories. The Greeks were not the only people enchanted by Amazons—Mayor shows that warlike women of nomadic cultures inspired exciting tales in ancient Egypt, Persia, India, Central Asia, and China. Driven by a detective's curiosity, Mayor unearths long-buried evidence and sifts fact from fiction to show how flesh-and-blood women of the Eurasian steppes were mythologized as Amazons, the equals of men. The result is likely to become a classic.
Category: History

Searching For The Amazons The Real Warrior Women Of The Ancient World

Author : John Man
ISBN : 9781681777078
Genre : History
File Size : 44.72 MB
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A deeply researched and sweeping history that redefines our understanding of the Amazons and their culture, tracking the ancient legend into the modern world and examining its significance today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks we have been fascinated by accounts of the Amazons, an elusive tribe of hard-fighting, horse-riding female warriors. Equal to men in battle, legends claimed they cut off their right breasts to improve their archery skills and routinely killed their male children to purify their ranks. For centuries people believed in their existence and attempted to trace their origins. Artists and poets celebrated their battles and wrote of Amazonia. Spanish explorers, carrying these tales to South America, thought they lived in the forests of the world’s greatest river, and named it after them. In the absence of evidence, we eventually reasoned away their existence, concluding that these powerful, sexually liberated female soldiers must have been the fantastical invention of Greek myth and storytelling. Until now. Following decades of new research and a series of groundbreaking archeological discoveries, we now know these powerful warrior queens did indeed exist. In Searching for the Amazons, John Man travels to the grasslands of Central Asia—from the edge of the ancient Greek world to the borderlands of China—to discover the truth about the truth about these women whose legend has resonated over the centuries.
Category: History

The Evolution Of The Costumed Avenger The 4 000 Year History Of The Superhero

Author : Jess Nevins
ISBN : 9781440854842
Genre : Comics & Graphic Novels
File Size : 33.20 MB
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Using a broad array of historical and literary sources, this book presents an unprecedented detailed history of the superhero and its development across the course of human history. • Presents a concise but thorough history of the superhero comic industry, from the 1930s to today • Clearly describes the two main forms of the historical superhero, the Costumed Avenger and the Superman • Suggests a new way in which to evaluate superheroes and explains why this new methodology is important • Identifies and examines the ways in which superheroes have been present in popular literature since the beginning of human history
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

The Amazons

Author : George Kennedy
ISBN : 172708179X
Genre :
File Size : 20.78 MB
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The Amazons were tribes of warrior women who lived on the edge of the Greek world in ancient times. Greek mythology has the Amazon warrior women and their warrior queens tangling with Greek heroes, such as Achilles and Heracles, and mythical creatures, such as the terrible Gorgons. They also fought famous battles such as the Attic and Trojan wars. Historical records tell of mighty Emperors such as Alexander the Great and Cyrus of Persia, tangling with Amazons. But were the Amazons of ancient Greece the only warrior women ever to exist on earth? Myths, tales, songs, local history from different lands tell of the existence of mighty warrior women and warrior queens since ancient times to the modern era. Without a doubt, the continents of Asia, Europe, America and Africa, at different periods in history, witnessed the existence of Amazon warrior women in nations and tribes. They built cities and towns. Their armies went to battle against men and conquered. Warrior queens ruled mighty kingdoms that defied vast empires; one warrior queen even defeated Alexander the Great in battle! The Amazon warrior women glorified in violence, fighting and sexual freedom. By their brave deeds they rewrote history, but were denied recognition by the male-dominated society of their time, and so the world never heard of them. Today, so many people even doubt if the Amazons ever existed! Who were these mighty barbarian warrior women? Where did they come from and where did they go? In this well researched, far reaching, and well-illustrated book, author Gorge Kennedy presents a comprehensive account of Amazon warrior women and warrior queens throughout history from ancient times to present era, from the lands of ancient Greece and the Black Sea to the rainforests of Central and South America, from the old lands of Africa to the ancient lands of Central Asia, China and the Japans. Kennedy tells of the history and myths of Amazon women from different lands and eras, the warrior queens and mighty warrior women, their armies, nations and tribes. He reveals facts never known before, including evidence, such as astonishing new archaeological discoveries, that proves warrior women weren't just fabrications of human imagination. Combining historical facts, classical art and myth, oral and local traditions, and scientific proof, he reveals original details and insights about amazons lives and legends, which comprises all the Amazon women throughout world history. Kennedy separates fact from fiction as he shows how real-life warrior women who lived in different parts of the world at different times were mythologized as Amazons, the equals of men. Amazons live and legends. The fascinating history, tales and proof in one book! Tags: amazon warriors, amazon warrior women, warrior women, amazons lives and legends, female warriors, Greek mythology, ancient Greece, warrior queen, Amazon women, Amazon women warriors. Amazon women tales, Amazon women in history. warrior women in history, female warriors, female warriors in history, female warriors amazon women. .
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Amazons

Author : John Man
ISBN : 9781473541757
Genre : History
File Size : 24.50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Since the time of the ancient Greeks we have been fascinated by accounts of the Amazons, an elusive tribe of hard-fighting, horse-riding female warriors. Equal to men in battle, legends claimed they cut off their right breasts to improve their archery skills and routinely killed their male children to purify their ranks. For centuries people believed in their existence and attempted to trace their origins. Artists and poets celebrated their battles and wrote of Amazonia. Spanish explorers, carrying these tales to South America, thought they lived in the forests of the world’s greatest river, and named it after them. In the absence of evidence, we eventually reasoned away their existence, concluding that these powerful, sexually liberated female soldiers must have been the fantastical invention of Greek myth and storytelling. Until now. Following decades of new research and a series of groundbreaking archeological discoveries, we now know these powerful warrior queens did indeed exist. In Amazons, John Man travels to the grasslands of Central Asia, from the edge of the ancient Greek world to the borderlands of China, to discover the truth about the warrior women mythologized as Amazons. In this deeply researched, sweeping historical epic, Man redefines our understanding of the Amazons and their culture, tracking the ancient legend into the modern world and examining its significance today.
Category: History

Women In Antiquity

Author : Stephanie Lynn Budin
ISBN : 9781317219903
Genre : History
File Size : 50.8 MB
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This volume gathers brand new essays from some of the most respected scholars of ancient history, archaeology, and physical anthropology to create an engaging overview of the lives of women in antiquity. The book is divided into ten sections, nine focusing on a particular area, and also includes almost 200 images, maps, and charts. The sections cover Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant, the Aegean, Italy, and Western Europe, and include many lesser-known cultures such as the Celts, Iberia, Carthage, the Black Sea region, and Scandinavia. Women's experiences are explored, from ordinary daily life to religious ritual and practice, to motherhood, childbirth, sex, and building a career. Forensic evidence is also treated for the actual bodies of ancient women. Women in Antiquity is edited by two experts in the field, and is an invaluable resource to students of the ancient world, gender studies, and women's roles throughout history.
Category: History

Postcolonial Amazons

Author : Penrose Jr.
ISBN : 9780191019500
Genre : History
File Size : 80.14 MB
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Scholars have long been divided on the question of whether the Amazons of Greek legend actually existed. Notably, Soviet archaeologists' discoveries of the bodies of women warriors in the 1980s appeared to directly contradict western classicists' denial of the veracity of the Amazon myth, and there have been few concessions between the two schools of thought since. Postcolonial Amazons offers a ground-breaking re-evaluation of the place of martial women in the ancient world, bridging the gap between myth and historical reality and expanding our conception of the Amazon archetype. By shifting the centre of debate to the periphery of the world known to the Greeks, the startling conclusion emerges that the ancient Athenian conception of women as weak and fearful was not at all typical of the world of that time, even within Greece. Surrounding the Athenians were numerous peoples who held that women could be courageous, able, clever, and daring, suggesting that although Greek stories of Amazons may be exaggerations, they were based upon a real historical understanding of women who fought. In re-examining the sources of the Amazon myth, this compelling volume resituates the Amazons in the broader context from which they have been extracted, illustrating that although they were the quintessential example of female masculinity in ancient Greek thought, they were not the only instance of this phenomenon: masculine women were masqueraded on the Greek stage, described in the Hippocratic corpus, took part in the struggle to control Alexander the Great's empire after his death, and served as bodyguards in ancient India. Against the backdrop of the ongoing debates surrounding gender norms and fluidity, it breaks new ground as an ancient history of female masculinity and demonstrates that these ideas have a much longer and more durable heritage than we may have supposed.
Category: History

Gods And Robots

Author : Adrienne Mayor
ISBN : 9780691185446
Genre : History
File Size : 64.14 MB
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The fascinating untold story of how the ancients imagined robots and other forms of artificial life—and even invented real automated machines The first robot to walk the earth was a bronze giant called Talos. This wondrous machine was created not by MIT Robotics Lab, but by Hephaestus, the Greek god of invention. More than 2,500 years ago, long before medieval automata, and centuries before technology made self-moving devices possible, Greek mythology was exploring ideas about creating artificial life—and grappling with still-unresolved ethical concerns about biotechne, “life through craft.” In this compelling, richly illustrated book, Adrienne Mayor tells the fascinating story of how ancient Greek, Roman, Indian, and Chinese myths envisioned artificial life, automata, self-moving devices, and human enhancements—and how these visions relate to and reflect the ancient invention of real animated machines. As early as Homer, Greeks were imagining robotic servants, animated statues, and even ancient versions of Artificial Intelligence, while in Indian legend, Buddha’s precious relics were defended by robot warriors copied from Greco-Roman designs for real automata. Mythic automata appear in tales about Jason and the Argonauts, Medea, Daedalus, Prometheus, and Pandora, and many of these machines are described as being built with the same materials and methods that human artisans used to make tools and statues. And, indeed, many sophisticated animated devices were actually built in antiquity, reaching a climax with the creation of a host of automata in the ancient city of learning, Alexandria, the original Silicon Valley. A groundbreaking account of the earliest expressions of the timeless impulse to create artificial life, Gods and Robots reveals how some of today’s most advanced innovations in robotics and AI were foreshadowed in ancient myth—and how science has always been driven by imagination. This is mythology for the age of AI.
Category: History

Mounted Archers

Author : Laszlo Torday
ISBN : 1900838036
Genre : History
File Size : 76.60 MB
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Way back in the second century BC, on the remote north-western frontier of China, a tribe of mounted archers overran the land of another. Though a commonplace event in those days, this incident initiated a nomad migration which threw the whole of Central Asia into turmoil and led to the fall of a remarkable Greek kingdom in distant northern Afghanistan. Dr. Torday has painstakingly pieced together the trail and identity of the warlike tribes involved, using the evidence of contemporary Chinese annals, Greek authors, scattered coins, a few surviving names and some legends which have been recorded. We learn who the Huns really were, why the wolf and the bird who fed Romulus and Remus were also known in Siberia, how the horn came to be a symbol of might all over contemporary Eurasia, why the earliest Sarmatian tribes called themselves "men of the river" and how an early Indo-European language came to be spoken at the edge of the Taklamakan desert. Mounted Archers is the first monograph to cover the history of this migration from China to the Hindu Kush, and from its antecedents to the time when the migrants came to rule all the land from the Aral Sea to the mouth of the Ganges. It is a work on a scale every bit as epic as the journey it recreates.
Category: History