THE ADVENT OF THE ALGORITHM

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The Advent Of The Algorithm

Author : David Berlinski
ISBN : 0156013916
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.83 MB
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Describes the invention of the algorithm, first theorized by Leibniz, and the dramatic implications of this mathematical discovery on the development of computer technology and the working of DNA.
Category: Computers

Computer Algebra Handbook

Author : Johannes Grabmeier
ISBN : 9783642558269
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90.71 MB
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This Handbook gives a comprehensive snapshot of a field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science with applications in physics, engineering and education. Reviews 67 software systems and offers 100 pages on applications in physics, mathematics, computer science, engineering chemistry and education.
Category: Computers

Computations And Computing Devices In Mathematics Education Before The Advent Of Electronic Calculators

Author : Alexei Volkov
ISBN : 9783319733968
Genre : Education
File Size : 60.24 MB
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This volume traces back the history of interaction between the “computational” or “algorithmic” aspects of elementary mathematics and mathematics education throughout ages. More specifically, the examples of mathematical practices analyzed by the historians of mathematics and mathematics education who authored the chapters in the present collection show that the development (and, in some cases, decline) of counting devices and related computational practices needs to be considered within a particular context to which they arguably belonged, namely, the context of mathematics instruction; in their contributions the authors also explore the role that the instruments played in formation of didactical approaches in various mathematical traditions, stretching from Ancient Mesopotamia to the 20th century Europe and North America.
Category: Education

Harmony Search Algorithm

Author : Javier Del Ser
ISBN : 9789811037283
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74.71 MB
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This book presents state-of-the-art technical contributions based around one of the most successful evolutionary optimization algorithms published to date: Harmony Search. Contributions span from novel technical derivations of this algorithm to applications in the broad fields of civil engineering, energy, transportation & mobility and health, among many others and focus not only on its cross-domain applicability, but also on its core evolutionary operators, including elements inspired from other meta-heuristics. The global scientific community is witnessing an upsurge in groundbreaking, new advances in all areas of computational intelligence, with a particular flurry of research focusing on evolutionary computation and bio-inspired optimization. Observed processes in nature and sociology have provided the basis for innovative algorithmic developments aimed at leveraging the inherent capability to adapt characterized by various animals, including ants, fireflies, wolves and humans. However, it is the behavioral patterns observed in music composition that motivated the advent of the Harmony Search algorithm, a meta-heuristic optimization algorithm that over the last decade has been shown to dominate other solvers in a plethora of application scenarios. The book consists of a selection of the best contributions presented at ICHSA, a major biannual event where leading global experts on meta-heuristic optimization present their latest findings and discuss the past, present, and future of the exciting field of Harmony Search optimization. It provides a valuable reference resource for researchers working in the field of optimization meta-heuristics, and a solid technical base for frontline investigations around this algorithm.
Category: Computers

Shared Data Clusters

Author : Dilip M. Ranade
ISBN : 9780471448853
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42.47 MB
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Clustering is a vital methodology in the data storage world. Its goal is to maximize cost-effectiveness, availability, flexibility, and scalability. Clustering has changed considerably for the better due to Storage Area Networks, which provide access to data from any node in the cluster. Explains how clusters with shared storage work and the components in the cluster that need to work together Reviews where a cluster should be deployed and how to use one for best performance Author is Lead Technical Engineer for VERITAS Cluster File Systems and has worked on clusters and file systems for the past ten years
Category: Computers

Algorithmen Eine Einf Hrung

Author : Thomas H. Cormen
ISBN : 9783110522013
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67.8 MB
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Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.
Category: Computers

High Performance Algorithms For Structured Matrix Problems

Author : Peter Arbenz
ISBN : 156072594X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.85 MB
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The main aim of this volume is to summarise the state of the art in the area of high performance solutions of structured linear systems as well as the area of structured eigenvalue and singular-value problems. The volume highlights research directions perceived to be the most important for computing the structured problems. The topics covered range from parallel solvers for sparse or banded linear systems to parallel computation of eigenvalues and singular values of tridiagonal and bidiagonal matrices. In addition, the volume contains articles on specialised solution techniques for dense Toeplitz and Hankel matrices. The papers also discuss implementation issues on numerous parallel architectures such as vector computers, shared and distributed memory multiprocessors, and clusters of workstations.
Category: Computers

The Devil S Delusion

Author : David Berlinski
ISBN : 9780786751471
Genre : Religion
File Size : 84.66 MB
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Militant atheism is on the rise. Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Daniel Dennett, and Christopher Hitchens have dominated bestseller lists with books denigrating religious belief as dangerous foolishness. And these authors are merely the leading edge of a far larger movement-one that now includes much of the scientific community. "The attack on traditional religious thought," writes David Berlinski in The Devil's Delusion, "marks the consolidation in our time of science as the single system of belief in which rational men and women might place their faith, and if not their faith, then certainly th.
Category: Religion

Parallel Algorithms And Cluster Computing

Author : Karl Heinz Hoffmann
ISBN : 9783540335412
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.62 MB
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This book presents advances in high performance computing as well as advances accomplished using high performance computing. It contains a collection of papers presenting results achieved in the collaboration of scientists from computer science, mathematics, physics, and mechanical engineering. From science problems to mathematical algorithms and on to the effective implementation of these algorithms on massively parallel and cluster computers, the book presents state-of-the-art methods and technology, and exemplary results in these fields.
Category: Computers

The Algorithm Design Manual

Author : Steven S Skiena
ISBN : 9781848000704
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58.42 MB
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This newly expanded and updated second edition of the best-selling classic continues to take the "mystery" out of designing algorithms, and analyzing their efficacy and efficiency. Expanding on the first edition, the book now serves as the primary textbook of choice for algorithm design courses while maintaining its status as the premier practical reference guide to algorithms for programmers, researchers, and students. The reader-friendly Algorithm Design Manual provides straightforward access to combinatorial algorithms technology, stressing design over analysis. The first part, Techniques, provides accessible instruction on methods for designing and analyzing computer algorithms. The second part, Resources, is intended for browsing and reference, and comprises the catalog of algorithmic resources, implementations and an extensive bibliography. NEW to the second edition: • Doubles the tutorial material and exercises over the first edition • Provides full online support for lecturers, and a completely updated and improved website component with lecture slides, audio and video • Contains a unique catalog identifying the 75 algorithmic problems that arise most often in practice, leading the reader down the right path to solve them • Includes several NEW "war stories" relating experiences from real-world applications • Provides up-to-date links leading to the very best algorithm implementations available in C, C++, and Java
Category: Computers