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Transformation By Fire

Author : Ian Kuijt
ISBN : 9780816598700
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.50 MB
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Ash, bone, and memories are all that remains after cremation. Yet for societies and communities, the act of cremation after death is highly symbolic, rich with complex meaning, touching on what it means to be human. In the process of transforming the dead, the family, the community, and society as a whole create and partake in cultural symbolism. Cremation is a key area of archaeological research, but its complexity has been underappreciated and undertheorized. Transformation by Fire offers a fresh assessment of archaeological research on this widespread social practice. Editors Ian Kuijt, Colin P. Quinn, and Gabriel Cooney’s volume examines cremation by documenting the material signatures of cremation events and processes, as well as its transformative impact on social relations and concepts of the body. Indeed, examining why and how people chose to cremate their dead serves as an important means of understanding how people in the past dealt with death, the body, and the social world. The contributors develop new perspectives on cremation as important mortuary practices and social transformations. Varying attitudes and beliefs on cremation and other forms of burial within the same cultural paradigm help us understand what constitutes the body and what occurs during its fiery transformation. In addition, they explore issues and interpretive perspectives in the archaeological study of cremation within and between different cultural contexts. The global and comparative perspectives on cremation render the book a unique contribution to the literature of anthropological and mortuary archaeology.
Category: Social Science

New Perspectives In Cultural Resource Management

Author : Francis P. McManamon
ISBN : 9781317327349
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.59 MB
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New Perspectives in Cultural Resource Management describes the historic developments, current challenges, and future opportunities presented by contemporary Cultural Resource Management (CRM). CRM is a substantial aspect of archaeology, history, historical architecture, historical preservation, and public policy in the US and other countries.? Chapter authors are innovators and leaders in the development and contemporary practice of CRM.? Collectively they have conducted thousands of investigations and managed programs at local, state, tribal, and national levels. The chapters provide perspectives on the methods, policies, and procedures of historical and contemporary CRM. Recommendations are provided on current practices likely to be effective in the coming decades.
Category: Social Science

Between Desert And River

Author : Christian Eric Downum
ISBN : STANFORD:36105008560646
Genre : History
File Size : 45.97 MB
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Category: History

New Perspectives On Site Function And Scale Of Cerro De Trincheras Sonora Mexico

Author : Maria O'Donovan
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111868589
Genre : History
File Size : 41.15 MB
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The 1991 survey of Cerro de Trincheras provided information on broad scale patterning of artifacts and architecture. This information indicates that there are three general areas of the site—domestic, ritual, and agricultural. Domestic areas contain extensive refuse, including shell debitage and jewelry. The distribution of shell within domestic space indicates that some households were more involved in this production than others, suggesting some social inequities. Controlled access to ritual areas and secrecy surrounding ritual knowledge also suggest inequalities within social organization. These inequalities may tie to Cerro de Trincheras' role within the region and perhaps in inter-regional relations. Taken as a whole, the evidence from Cerro de Trincheras clearly refutes theories that focus on defensive aspects as a primary factor in site type formation. Cerro de Trincheras was the product of a complex web of social relations operating at multiple scales, not solely for defensive needs.
Category: History

The Body As Material Culture

Author : Joanna R. Sofaer
ISBN : 0521521467
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.70 MB
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Skeletal remains are a vital source of evidence for archaeologists. Their interpretation has tended to take two divergent forms: the scientific and the humanistic. In this innovative study, Joanna Sofaer Derevenski argues that these approaches are unnecessarily polarized and that one should not be pursued without the other. Exploring key themes such as sex, gender, life cycle and diet, she argues that the body is both biological object and cultural site and is not easily detached from the objects, practices and landscapes that surround it.
Category: Science

Ranking Resource And Exchange

Author : Colin Renfrew
ISBN : 0521242827
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.95 MB
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Ranked societies are characterized by disparities in personal status that are often accompanied by the concentration of power and authority in the hands of a few dominant individuals. They stand between the sophistication of developed, states and the relative simplicity of most hunter-gatherer groups and early agriculturalists. In some places and times they represented relatively brief phases of transition to more complex forms of organization; in others they existed as stable forms of adaptation for thousands of years. They are thus of great interest for archaeologists seeking to understand the dynamics of cultural evolution.
Category: Social Science

Social Theory And Archaeology

Author : Michael Shanks
ISBN : 0745601847
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.50 MB
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Archaeological theory and method have recently become the subject of vigorous debate centred on the growing realization that archaeological theory is social theory and as such can be looked at by means of a wide variety of sociological frameworks, such as structuralism and post-structuralism, Marxism and critical theory.
Category: Social Science

Working Together

Author : Kurt E. Dongoske
ISBN : IND:30000085375073
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.5 MB
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Category: Social Science