TEXTBOOK OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHIATRY THE ORIGINS OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

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Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry

Author : Martin Brüne
ISBN : 0199207682
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65.1 MB
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In the past couple of decades, studies investigating the genetic background of psychiatric disorders have mushroomed. Research into the brain mechanisms and regions of the brain involved in certain dysfunctions have greatly improved our knowledge of the relationship between brain pathology and psychopathology. By contrast, we know far less about 'why' certain individuals remain vulnerable to psychiatric disease at all, and whether they were selected by evolutionary forces or simply by-products of other species-specific characteristics. This comprehensive book presents a new integrative approach to understanding psychopathological conditions - an approach that embraces cognition, emotion, behaviour, and their nature-nurture interactions. Central to this approach is the introduction of human evolution into the psychiatric model - psychiatrists need to know why the human mind and brain evolved in the way it did. In three parts, the book presents a comprehensive account of human brain evolution in terms of physical features and function, showing how these relate to our current understanding of psychopathology. Accessibly written, the book shows how a consideration of evolutionary factors in psychiatry can improve our understanding and treatment of specific disorders such as suicidal behaviour, anorexia, and depression.
Category: Medical

Textbook Of Evolutionary Psychiatry And Psychosomatic Medicine

Author : Martin Brüne
ISBN : 9780198717942
Genre : Evolutionary psychology
File Size : 81.39 MB
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The Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine updates and expands on the original Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry (OUP, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. It explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.
Category: Evolutionary psychology

Origins Of Psychopathology

Author : Horacio Fabrega
ISBN : 0813530237
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49.86 MB
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In Origins of Psychopathology, Horacio Fábrega Jr. employs principles of evolutionary biology to better understand the significance of mental illness. He explores whether what psychiatry has categorized as mental disorders could have existed during earlier phases of human evolution.
Category: Medical

Taube Oder Falke

Author : Claudia Szczesny-Friedmann
ISBN : 9783644457713
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26.15 MB
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Claudia Szczesny-Friedmann analysiert in diesem Buch evolutionspsychologisch die grundlegenden Strategien im Umgang mit anderen: Kooperation und Konkurrenz. «Tauben» sind kooperativ eingestellt und neigen zu Vorsicht und Rücksicht. «Falken» sind auf Kampf eingestellt und darauf, die überlegene Position zu erringen. Die Kenntnis der unterschiedlichen Verhaltensweisen hilft uns, unser eigenes Repertoire zu erweitern, um flexibel und den Umständen angemessen reagieren zu können. «Tauben» können lernen, dem Impuls zu widerstehen, im Konfliktfall zu fliehen oder sich zu unterwerfen, während «Falken» bei der Durchsetzung ihrer Interessen die Rücksicht auf andere im Blick haben sollten. Die Autorin zeigt, wie wir unser eigenes Verhaltensrepertoire erweitern und so zu einem fairen Umgang mit uns selbst gelangen können.
Category: Psychology

Evolutionary Psychiatry

Author : Anthony Stevens
ISBN : 9781317580485
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22.53 MB
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Evolutionary Psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. This ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. A comprehensive introduction to the science of Darwinian Psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. Anthony Stevens and John Price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. Particularly important are the theories Stevens and Price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. Readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, Evolutionary Psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? This Classic Edition of the book includes a new preface by Anthony Stevens and a foreword by Paul Gilbert.
Category: Psychology

The Evolution Of Psychopathology

Author : Todd K. Shackelford
ISBN : 9783319605760
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 33.54 MB
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This review of recent evolutionary theories on psychopathology takes on controversies and contradictions both with established psychological thought and within the evolutionary field itself. Opening with the ancestral origins of the familiar biopsychosocial model of psychological conditions, the book traces distinctive biological and cultural pathways shaping human development and their critical impact on psychiatric and medical disorders. Analyses of disparate phenomena such as jealousy, social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and antisocial behavior describe adaptive functions that have far outlasted their usefulness, or that require further study and perhaps new directions for treatment. In addition, the book’s compelling explorations of violence, greed, addiction, and suicide challenge us to revisit many of our assumptions regarding what it means to be human. Included in the coverage: · Evolutionary foundations of psychiatric compared to non-psychiatric disorders. · Evolutionary psychopathology, uncomplicated depression, and the distinction between normal and disordered sadness. · Depression: is rumination really adaptive? · A CBT approach to coping with sexual betrayal and the green-eyed monster. · Criminology’s modern synthesis: remaking the science of crime with Darwinian insight. · Anthropathology: the abiding malady of the species. With its wealth of interdisciplinary viewpoints, The Evolution of Psychopathology makes an appropriate supplementary text for advanced graduate courses in the evolutionary sciences, particularly in psychology, biology, anthropology, sociology, and philosophy.
Category: Psychology

Checkliste Psychiatrie Und Psychotherapie

Author : Theo R. Payk
ISBN : 9783132406698
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.44 MB
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Kompakt, übersichtlich, konkret - perfekt für deine Kitteltasche und mit dem abwaschbaren Umschlag immer und überall einsetzbar. Im grauen Teil werden die wichtigen psychiatrischen und somatischen Diagnosemethoden und alle relevanten psychologischen Testverfahren erklärt. Der grüne Teil ebnet den Weg vom Leitsymptom zur richtigen Diagnose - eine wichtige Hilfestellung im klinischen Alltag. Der blaue Teil liefert Informationen zu allen psychiatrischen Krankheitsbildern - strukturiert nach ICD 10. Psychiatrische Notfälle werden gesondert dargestellt. Der rote Teil enthält das gesamte Spektrum psychiatrischer Therapien und deren Indikationen sowie Informationen aus dem Bereich der Forensischen Psychiatrie. Im Anhang findest du ausführliche Übersichtstabellen zu Medikamenten sowie ein Glossar. Jederzeit zugreifen: Der Inhalt des Buches steht dir ohne weitere Kosten digital in der Wissensplattform eRef zur Verfügung (Zugangscode im Buch). Mit der kostenlosen eRef App hast du zahlreiche Inhalte auch offline immer griffbereit.
Category: Medical

Handbuch Meditation

Author : Culadasa John Yates
ISBN : 9783641201852
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 35.6 MB
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Das universale Standardwerk zur Meditation. Die Meditation ist der Königsweg zum Erwachen. Sie erlaubt uns, mit zunehmender Übung immer tiefere Zustände der Glückseligkeit, des Friedens und der Erkenntnis zu erreichen, die schließlich in der endgültigen und dauerhaften Befreiung vom Leiden gipfeln. Der Meditationslehrer und promovierte Neurowissenschaftler Culadasa John Yates zeigt in dieser universalen Meditationsanleitung, wie wir Schritt für Schritt unsere Praxis vertiefen können. Das an Erfahrungstiefe und Kenntnisreichtum über die Stufen der Meditation einzigartige Handbuch gestattet es sowohl Einsteigern als auch erfahrenen Meditierenden, allseits bekannte Hindernisse und Probleme – beispielsweise Gedankenwandern, Unachtsamkeit oder Langeweile – zu überwinden, indem die Ursachen erklärt und eingängige Lösungsmethoden vorgestellt werden. Hierbei werden auch aktuelle neurowissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse genutzt. Das neue Standardwerk zur Meditation führt anhand vieler Übungen und Beispiele in erleuchtete Dimensionen des Bewusstseins.
Category: Health & Fitness

The Pale Criminal

Author : Stephen J. Costello
ISBN : 9780429907418
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55.14 MB
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It was Freud, borrowing Nietszche's phrase from Thus Spake Zarathustra, who described as 'pale criminals' those who committed criminal acts out of deep-lying (unconscious) guilt. The focus of this challenging and penetrating study is on this type of criminality. It is Stephen J. Costello's aim to bring a 'unifying vision and theoretical integration' to the array of perspectives and theories in this field. He draws together for the first time the thoughts on the subject of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott and Jacques Lacan, examines the contributions of both orthodox and evolutionary psychiatry, and explores the role of family experience in shaping the 'pale criminal'. The result is an ambitious theory of criminality; a depth-psychological psychoanalytic model of the human being.In the early chapters, Costello provides a judicious and even-handed exposition of his chosen thinkers' views, before proceeding to an impressive and well-argued dialectical synthesis in which each theoretical perspective is used to correct, qualify or supplement the others. In a diffuse and divided field, this volume should provide an indispensable source of clarification and a stimulus to open creative debate.
Category: Psychology

Evolutionary Psychopathology

Author : Marco Del Giudice
ISBN : 9780190670146
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.67 MB
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Mental disorders arise from neural and psychological mechanisms that have been built and shaped by natural selection across our evolutionary history. Looking at psychopathology through the lens of evolution is the only way to understand the deeper nature of mental disorders and turn a mass of behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological findings into a coherent, theoretically grounded discipline. The rise of evolutionary psychopathology is part of an exciting scientific movement in psychology and medicine -- a movement that is fundamentally transforming the way we think about health and disease. Evolutionary Psychopathology takes steps toward a unified approach to psychopathology, using the concepts of life history theory -- a biological account of how individual differences in development, physiology and behavior arise from tradeoffs in survival and reproduction -- to build an integrative framework for mental disorders. This book reviews existing evolutionary models of specific conditions and connects them in a broader perspective, with the goal of explaining the large-scale patterns of risk and comorbidity that characterize psychopathology. Using the life history framework allows for a seamless integration of mental disorders with normative individual differences in personality and cognition, and offers new conceptual tools for the analysis of developmental, genetic, and neurobiological data. The concepts presented in Evolutionary Psychopathology are used to derive a new taxonomy of mental disorders, the Fast-Slow-Defense (FSD) model. The FSD model is the first classification system explicitly based on evolutionary concepts, a biologically grounded alternative to transdiagnostic models. The book reviews a wide range of common mental disorders, discusses their classification in the FSD model, and identifies functional subtypes within existing diagnostic categories.
Category: Psychology