Test Policy In Defense

Author : Bernard R. Gifford
ISBN : 9789401129701
Genre : Education
File Size : 30.37 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Bernard R. Gifford and Linda C. Wing Standardized testing has become a ubiquitous feature of American life. As a major source of information for reducing uncertainty in the alJocation of merit based educational, training, and employment opportunities, testing affects the life chances of individuals. Moreover, testing inOuences the way in which our societyjudgesitselfandprovides for ourcollective future. Test scores may determine a child's admission to lcindergarten and promotion to the fIrst grade. Most states award the high school diploma only ifa student has passed a minimum competency test. Major institutions of higher education typically require applicants to supplement their records of academic achievement with scores on college admissions tests. In the labor market, as a condition of employment or assignment to training programs, more and more employers are requiring workers to sit for personnel selection tests. Additionally, it has become commonplace to use test scores to calibrate our national sociopolitical condition and our capacity to compete with other countries in the global economy. In short, with increasing frequency and intensity, scores on examinations that purport to be objective and precise measures of individual knowledge, abilities, and potential are playing a critical role in the opportunity marketplace. Similarly, test scores are exercising growing influence in assessments of our social and economic institutions and in policy decisions about the relative invesunents that should be made in each. In all these instantiations, test scores are at the center of high-stakes decision making about the future of individuals and of the nation itself.
Category: Education

Industrial Methods For The Effective Development And Testing Of Defense Systems

Author : Panel on Industrial Methods for the Effective Test and Development of Defense Systems
ISBN : 9780309222709
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.36 MB
Format : PDF
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During the past decade and a half, the National Research Council, through its Committee on National Statistics, has carried out a number of studies on the application of statistical methods to improve the testing and development of defense systems. These studies were intended to provide advice to the Department of Defense (DOD), which sponsored these studies. The previous studies have been concerned with the role of statistical methods in testing and evaluation, reliability practices, software methods, combining information, and evolutionary acquisition. Industrial Methods for the Effective Testing and Development of Defense Systems is the latest in a series of studies, and unlike earlier studies, this report identifies current engineering practices that have proved successful in industrial applications for system development and testing. This report explores how developmental and operational testing, modeling and simulation, and related techniques can improve the development and performance of defense systems, particularly techniques that have been shown to be effective in industrial applications and are likely to be useful in defense system development. In addition to the broad issues, the report identifies three specific topics for its focus: finding failure modes earlier, technology maturity, and use of all relevant information for operational assessments.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Defense Management

Author : Davi M. D'Agostino
ISBN : 9781437917451
Genre :
File Size : 56.11 MB
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The DoD defines NLW as those that are explicitly designed and primarily employed to incapacitate personnel or materiel, while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and undesired damage to property and the environment. DoD created the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program (JNLWP) in 1996 to have centralized responsibility for the dev┬┐t. of NLW and coordinate requirements among the services. This report reviews the status of NLW programs by identifying the extent to which: (1) DoD and the JNLWP have developed and fielded NLW since the program's inception; (2) DoD has established and implemented policy, doctrine, and training for NLW; and (3) DoD has conducted testing and evaluation prior to fielding NLW. Illustrations.
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Test Policy And Test Performance Education Language And Culture

Author : Bernard R. Gifford
ISBN : 9789400925007
Genre : Education
File Size : 31.2 MB
Format : PDF
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Bernard R. Gifford In the United States, the standardized test has become one of the major sources of information for reducing uncertainty in the determination of individual merit and in the allocation of merit-based educational, training, and employment opportunities. Most major institutions of higher education require applicants to supplement their records of academic achievements with scores on standardized tests. Similarly, in the workplace, as a condition of employment or assignment to training programs, more and more employers are requiring prospective employees to sit for standardized tests. In short, with increasing frequency and intensity, individual members of the political economy are required to transmit to the opportunity marketplace scores on standardized examinations that purport to be objective measures of their abilities, talents, and potential. In many instances, these test scores are the only signals about their skills that job applicants are permitted to send to prospective employers. THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TESTING AND PUBLIC POLICY In view of the importance of these issues to our current national agenda, it was proposed that the Human Rights and Governance and the Education and Culture Programs of the Ford Foundation support the establishment of a ''blue ribbon" National Commission on Testing and Public Policy to investigate some of the major problems, as well as the untapped opportunities, created by recent trends in the use of standardized tests, particularly in the workplace and in schools.
Category: Education

Multilateralism And U S Foreign Policy

Author : Stewart Patrick
ISBN : 1588260186
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66.2 MB
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When should the United States cooperate with others in confronting global problems? Why is the U.S. often ambivalent about multilateral cooperation? What are the costs of acting alone? These are some of the timely questions addressed in this examination of the role of multilateralism in U.S. foreign policy. The authors isolate a number of factors that help to explain U.S. reluctance to commit to multilateral cooperation. They then analyze recent policy in specific areas - e.g., the use of force, peace-keeping, arms control, human rights, the United Nations, sanctions, international trade, environmental protection - probing the causes and consequences of U.S. decisions to act alone or opt out of multilateral initiatives. A concluding chapter underscores the point that increasingly pressing transnational problems may require the U.S. to reform its policymaking structures and to reconsider longstanding assumptions about national sovereignty and freedom of action.
Category: Political Science

Introduction To Defense Acquisition Management

Author : Bradford Brown
ISBN : 0160862884
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72.4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This publication is designed to be both an introduction to the world of defense systems acquisition management for the newcomer and a summary level refresher for the practitioner who has been away from the business for a few years. It focuses on Department of Defense-wide management policies and procedures, not on the details of any specific defense system.
Category: Business & Economics