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Technology And Social Agency

Author : Marcia-Anne Dobres
ISBN : 1577181239
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.62 MB
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The book presents a new conceptual framework and a set of research principles with which to study and interpret technology from a phenomenological perspective.
Category: Social Science

Agency In Archaeology

Author : Marcia-Anne Dobres
ISBN : 9781317959397
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.24 MB
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Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinise the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognise that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group Agency in Archaeology brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, stances on the meaning and use of agency theory to archaeology. The volume is composed of five theoretically-based discussions and nine case studies, drawing on regions from North America and Mesoamerica to Western and central Europe, and ranging in subject from the late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to the restructuring of gender relations in the north-eastern US.
Category: Social Science

Inside The Politics Of Technology

Author : Hans Harbers
ISBN : 9789053567562
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.4 MB
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Though the old saying claims that man is the measure of all things, the authors of Inside the Politics of Technology argue that the distinction implied between autonomous humans and neutral instruments of technology is an illusion. On the contrary, the technologies humans create simultaneously shape humans themselves. By means of case studies of technologies as diverse as video cameras, electric cars, pregnancy tests, and genetic screenings, this volume considers the implications of this "co-production" of technology and society for our philosophical and political ideas. Are only humans endowed with social, political, and moral agency, or does our technology share those qualities? And if so, how should we understand—or practice—a politics of technology?
Category: Science

Social Dynamics Technology

Author : Marcia-Anne Dobres
ISBN : UOM:39015043806473
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.84 MB
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Challenging the conventional distinction between anthropology and archaeology, the eight contributors explore how technology from prehistoric times has expressed, reproduced, or contested everyday social practices and culture-bound beliefs.
Category: Social Science

Agency Uncovered

Author : Andrew Gardner
ISBN : 9781315435206
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.26 MB
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This book questions the value of the concept of 'agency', a term used in sociological and philosophical literature to refer to individual free will in archaeology. On the one hand it has been argued that previous generations of archaeologists, in explaining social change in terms of structural or environmental conditions, have lost sight of the 'real people' and reduced them to passive cultural pawns, on the other, introducing the concept of agency to counteract this can be said to perpetuate a modern, Western view of the autonomous individual who is free from social constraints. This book discusses the balance between these two opposites, using a range of archaeological and historical case studies, including European and Asian prehistory, classical Greece and Rome, the Inka and other Andean cultures. While focusing on the relevance of 'agency' theory to archaeological interpretation and using it to create more diverse and open-ended accounts of ancient cultures, the authors also address the contemporary political and ethical implications of what is essentially a debate about the definition of human nature.
Category: Social Science

Technology And Social Theory

Author : Steve Matthewman
ISBN : 9780230343955
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.85 MB
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From the everyday and unnoticed to the newsworthy and cutting edge, technology is undoubtedly a fundamental element of our daily lives. While saving us time and effort, it can also shape our environment, mediate our relationships, and simultaneously solve problems and create new ones. In studying technology we gain an insight into how society is constructed, maintained and transformed. Unravelling and explaining the complex connections between technology and the social contexts in which it is used, Technology and Social Theory guides the reader through 150 years of thinking in this ever evolving field. The chapters critically evaluate a broad range of theorists, from Marx to Foucault, Orwell to Elias, alongside empirical examples which show theory in action. The significance of technology is assessed within both public spheres and intimate spaces, shedding light on its integral role in society. Showing how theory maps the way for further research, and in turn how new advances in research can inform theory, this book is invaluable reading for students and researchers in Sociology, Social theory, Science and Technology Studies and the Media.
Category: Social Science

Tracing Prehistoric Social Networks Through Technology

Author : Ann Brysbaert
ISBN : 9781136582455
Genre : History
File Size : 37.58 MB
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This volume investigates smaller and larger networks of contacts within and across the Aegean and nearby regions, covering periods from the Neolithic until Classical times (6000–323 BC). It explores the world of technologies, crafts and archaeological 'left-overs' in order to place social and technological networks in their larger economic and political contexts. By investigating ways of production, transport/distribution, and consumption, this book covers a chronologically large period in order to expand our understanding of wider cultural developments inside the geographical boundaries of the Aegean and its regions of contact in the east Mediterranean. This book brings together scholars’ expertise in a variety of different fields ranging from historical archaeology (using textual evidence), archaeometry, geoarchaeology, experimental work, archaeobotany, and archaeozoology. Chapters in this volume study and contextualize archaeological remains and explore networks of crafts-people, craft traditions, or people who employed various technologies to survive. Central questions in this context are how and why traditions, techniques, and technologies change or remain stable, or where and why cross-cultural boundaries developed and disintegrated.
Category: History

Technology And Values

Author : Craig Hanks
ISBN : 9781405149006
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.94 MB
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This anthology features essays and book excerpts on technology and values written by preeminent figures in the field from the early 20th century to the present. It offers an in-depth range of readings on important applied issues in technology as well. Useful in addressing questions on philosophy, sociology, and theory of technology Includes wide-ranging coverage on metaphysics, ethics, and politics, as well as issues relating to gender, biotechnology, everyday artifacts, and architecture A good supplemental text for courses on moral or political problems in which contemporary technology is a unit of focus An accessible and thought-provoking book for beginning and advanced undergraduates; yet also a helpful resource for graduate students and academics
Category: Science

Beyond Interpretivism New Encounters With Technology And Organization

Author : Lucas Introna
ISBN : 9783319497334
Genre : Computers
File Size : 29.98 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the IFIP WG 8.2 Working Conference on Information Systems and Organizations, IS&O 2016, held in Dublin, Ireland, in December 2016. The 12 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: doing process research; exploring affect and affordance; considering communication and performance; and examining knowledge and practice.
Category: Computers

Computer Technology And Social Issues

Author : G. David Garson
ISBN : 1878289284
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.38 MB
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For managers, consultants, researchers, vendors of BPR and academics.
Category: Social Science