Technology And Social Agency

Author : Marcia-Anne Dobres
ISBN : 1577181239
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.98 MB
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The book presents a new conceptual framework and a set of research principles with which to study and interpret technology from a phenomenological perspective.
Category: Social Science

Agency In Archaeology

Author : Marcia-Anne Dobres
ISBN : 9781317959397
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.49 MB
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Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinise the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognise that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group Agency in Archaeology brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, stances on the meaning and use of agency theory to archaeology. The volume is composed of five theoretically-based discussions and nine case studies, drawing on regions from North America and Mesoamerica to Western and central Europe, and ranging in subject from the late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to the restructuring of gender relations in the north-eastern US.
Category: Social Science

Inside The Politics Of Technology

Author : Hans Harbers
ISBN : 9789053567562
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.69 MB
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Though the old saying claims that man is the measure of all things, the authors of Inside the Politics of Technology argue that the distinction implied between autonomous humans and neutral instruments of technology is an illusion. On the contrary, the technologies humans create simultaneously shape humans themselves. By means of case studies of technologies as diverse as video cameras, electric cars, pregnancy tests, and genetic screenings, this volume considers the implications of this "co-production" of technology and society for our philosophical and political ideas. Are only humans endowed with social, political, and moral agency, or does our technology share those qualities? And if so, how should we understand—or practice—a politics of technology?
Category: Science

Agency Uncovered

Author : Andrew Gardner
ISBN : 9781315435206
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.67 MB
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This book questions the value of the concept of 'agency', a term used in sociological and philosophical literature to refer to individual free will in archaeology. On the one hand it has been argued that previous generations of archaeologists, in explaining social change in terms of structural or environmental conditions, have lost sight of the 'real people' and reduced them to passive cultural pawns, on the other, introducing the concept of agency to counteract this can be said to perpetuate a modern, Western view of the autonomous individual who is free from social constraints. This book discusses the balance between these two opposites, using a range of archaeological and historical case studies, including European and Asian prehistory, classical Greece and Rome, the Inka and other Andean cultures. While focusing on the relevance of 'agency' theory to archaeological interpretation and using it to create more diverse and open-ended accounts of ancient cultures, the authors also address the contemporary political and ethical implications of what is essentially a debate about the definition of human nature.
Category: Social Science

Technology In Social Work Education And Curriculum

Author : Florence W Vigilante
ISBN : 9781135430221
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37.93 MB
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Save time and trouble as you incorporate technology into your social work curriculum The dramatic increase in the use of computers and other forms of technology in social work education and practice has educators, trainers, and administrators investing valuable time, money, and effort into trying to make the transition from traditional teaching to a Web-assisted learning environment. Technology in Social Work Education and Curriculum takes the mystery out of the online experience with practical information on using technology to enhance and enrich learning—but not at the expense of the “human” approach to social work. This unique book presents a variety of creative and interesting methods for incorporating technology that’s affordable and user-friendly, and for developing online skills that won’t become obsolete as computer hardware and software evolves. Technology in Social Work Education and Curriculum transforms technology into an everyday resource for agency field instructors, human service educators, trainers, and social work administrators. The book addresses concerns that educators with limited technical skills may have in using technology to teach cultural competency, group work, research, direct practice, social policy and advocacy, and field practicum, presenting hands-on approaches that are innovative but accessible. And by focusing on approaches rather than simply reviewing available hardware and software, the book provides you with background knowledge that makes it easier for you to successfully incorporate online learning into the classroom. Technology in Social Work Education and Curriculum examines using instructional technology to emotionally engage students in the learning process using digital video and qualitative data analysis software to teach group practice the role technology plays in advocacy distance-education technologies in policy education incorporating Web-assisted learning into a traditional classroom setting the advantages of distance education over more conventional approaches a model for planning the use and integration of computer technology in schools of social work how the behaviors of computer consultants can affect the students who seek their help using innovation diffusion theory in technology planning and much more! Social workers have traditionally embraced the latest technologies and scientific developments since the earliest days of the profession. Technology in Social Work Education and Curriculum helps continue that tradition, offering invaluable guidance to educators and administrators, no matter how experienced—or inexperienced—they are in dealing with communications technologies.
Category: Computers

Computer Technology And Social Issues

Author : G. David Garson
ISBN : 1878289284
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.49 MB
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For managers, consultants, researchers, vendors of BPR and academics.
Category: Social Science

Information Technology And Evidence Based Social Work Practice

Author : Judith Dunlop
ISBN : 9781136451485
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27.67 MB
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Learn to use the latest technological advances in evidence-based social work Social work practice can be positively or negatively impacted by the advance of technology. Advances and applications must be up-to-date as possible, yet they may be ineffective if not simple enough to easily learn and use. Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work presents leading social work experts exploring the latest technological advances and the innovative practical applications which can be used effectively in evidence-based social work. Students and practitioners get creative practical advice on how best understand technology and apply it to their work. Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is divided into four sections. The first section provides the context for understanding the technological link between social work and evidence-based practice. The second section presents examples of how information technology can be used to effectively teach students and practitioners in the field. Section three explores ways to implement technology for use by clients. The fourth section summarizes and then takes a look at the future of technology in evidence-based social work. Chapters include questions for practitioners and for clients to illuminate the current and future issues surrounding technology and evidence-based practice. The text also includes extensive references, and useful tables and figures. Topics in Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work include: the impact of technology on social work computer-assisted evidence-based practice customized web-based technology and its use in clinical supervision enhanced technology-based evidence-based practice model and its applicability to large human service organizations. using information technology to provide evidence for planning and evaluating programs using technology in advocacy the geographic information system (GIS) as a useful tool in all aspects of programs and policies evaluating practice through information technology the development and evaluation of an online social work service psychotherapeutic group intervention for family caregivers over the Internet support group online chat a case study of how Internet chat group technology can be implemented with cancer survivors technology as a service learning mechanism for promoting positive youth development in a community-based setting a model which can be used to collect information and—by using best evidence available—arrive at a confident decision and more! Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is timely, stimulating reading for educators, undergraduate students, graduate students, and practitioners in the fields of social work, psychology, and public administration.
Category: Computers

Tracing Prehistoric Social Networks Through Technology

Author : Ann Brysbaert
ISBN : 9781136582455
Genre : History
File Size : 77.83 MB
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This volume investigates smaller and larger networks of contacts within and across the Aegean and nearby regions, covering periods from the Neolithic until Classical times (6000–323 BC). It explores the world of technologies, crafts and archaeological 'left-overs' in order to place social and technological networks in their larger economic and political contexts. By investigating ways of production, transport/distribution, and consumption, this book covers a chronologically large period in order to expand our understanding of wider cultural developments inside the geographical boundaries of the Aegean and its regions of contact in the east Mediterranean. This book brings together scholars’ expertise in a variety of different fields ranging from historical archaeology (using textual evidence), archaeometry, geoarchaeology, experimental work, archaeobotany, and archaeozoology. Chapters in this volume study and contextualize archaeological remains and explore networks of crafts-people, craft traditions, or people who employed various technologies to survive. Central questions in this context are how and why traditions, techniques, and technologies change or remain stable, or where and why cross-cultural boundaries developed and disintegrated.
Category: History

Building A Technology Inclusive Agency

Author : James H. Edwards
ISBN : MSU:31293030633014
Genre : Computers and women
File Size : 46.9 MB
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The development of low cost and practical information and communication technologies (ict) has led to increased pressure on social workers and other human service providers to insure their clients are not digitally disenfranchised. In fact, the National Association of Social Workers (nasw) and Association of Social Work Boards (aswb) Standards for Technology and Social Work Practice require social work practitioners to insure their own access to technology as well as insuring access to technology on behalf of their clients. The first step in carrying out this mandate is to understand how, why, and for what purpose clients use ict. Secondly, we must understand the role that human service agencies can play in insuring their clients are not digitally disenfranchised. To this end, the qualitative study presented here is comprised of two components: first, an exploratory study examining how women in recovery from chemical addiction view, use, and envision their use of technology; and second, an evaluative component examining an effort by their provider agency to promote digital empowerment through the use of computer access and training. The findings suggest the participants were empowered through increased access to technology and increased computer skills. The agency struggled to maintain an adequate technology infrastructure for the participants, but found the intervention to be beneficial and consistent with its overall mission of empowerment. In general, the participants expressed an increased frequency of computer use outside of the training as well as increased confidence in their ability to use a computer. The participants expressed feelings of joy, excitement, pride and an overall sense of empowerment as a result of the computer training experience. This was evident by the perfect attendance at the trainings and confirmed in the statements by the executive director. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest llc. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.].
Category: Computers and women

Anthropological Perspectives On Technology

Author : Michael B. Schiffer
ISBN : 0826323693
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.97 MB
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These fourteen original essays accept a dual premise: technology pervades and is embedded in all human activities. By taking that approach, studies of technology address two questions central in anthropological and archaeological research today-accounting for variability and change. These diverse yet interrelated chapters show that to understand human lives, researchers must deal with the material world that all peoples create and inhabit. Therefore an anthropology of technology is not a separate, discrete inquiry; instead, it is a way to connect how people make and use things to any activity studied, ranging from religion, to enculturation, to communication, to art. Each contributor discusses theories and methods and also offers a substantial case study. These detailed inquiries span human societies from the Paleolithic to the computer age. By moving beyond the usual approach of examining ancient technologies, particularly chipped stone and low-fired ceramics, this volume probes for the construction of meaning in the material world across millennia. The authors of these essays find technology to be an inclusive and flexible topic that merges with studies of everything else in human activity. "A provocative and powerful discussion of the role of technology in human cultures. At a time when archaeology has become less focused on theory, and archaeology and social anthropology seem to fracture farther and farther apart, the book is a breath of fresh air."--Professor John Douglas, University of Montana
Category: Social Science