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Team Effectiveness In Complex Organizations

Author : Eduardo Salas
ISBN : 9781135596552
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47.82 MB
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Over the past 40 years, there has been a growing trend toward the utilization of teams for accomplishing work in organizations. Project teams, self-managed work teams and top management teams, among others have become a regular element in the corporation or military. This volume is intended to provide an overview of the current state of the art research on team effectiveness.
Category: Psychology

Theories Of Team Cognition

Author : Eduardo Salas
ISBN : 9781136697906
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75.72 MB
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Cognitive processes in teams have been a valuable arena for team researchers to explore. Team cognition research advances and informs a variety of disciplines, including cognitive and social sciences, engineering, military science, organizational science, human factors, medicine, and communications. There has been a great deal of progress in the team cognition literature, yet the field is still in its early stages of maturity. There is much more to be gained from the field’s insights and there is a need to unite the diverse array of scholarly ideas that permeate the field. This movement will serve to organize the research and ideas that have surfaced in the field, thereby making them more accessible to different disciplines while at the same time, motivating continued progress in the field. This book aims to be a step in this direction and acts as a forum for leading scholars to share their ideas, theories, models, and conceptions about what matters and where more attention is needed in the field of team cognition.
Category: Psychology

Macrocognition Metrics And Scenarios

Author : Dr Emily S Patterson
ISBN : 9781409486367
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80.1 MB
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Macrocognition Metrics and Scenarios: Design and Evaluation for Real-World Teams translates advances by scientific leaders in the relatively new area of macrocognition into a format that will support immediate use by members of the software testing and evaluation community for large-scale systems as well as trainers of real-world teams. Macrocognition is defined as how activity in real-world teams is adapted to the complex demands of a setting with high consequences for failure. The primary distinction between macrocognition and prior research is that the primary unit for measurement is a real-world team coordinating their activity, rather than individuals processing information, the predominant model for cognition for decades. This book provides an overview of the theoretical foundations of macrocognition, describes a set of exciting new macrocognitive metrics, and provides guidance on using the metrics in the context of different approaches to evaluation and measurement of real-world teams.
Category: Psychology

Foundations Of Augmented Cognition Directing The Future Of Adaptive Systems

Author : Dylan D. Schmorrow
ISBN : 9783642218521
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.49 MB
Format : PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, FAC 2011, held in Orlando, FL, USA in July 2011, within the framework of the 14th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2011, with 11 other thematically similar conferences. The 75 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical parts on theories, models, and technologies for augmented cognition; neuroscience and brain monitoring; augmented cognition, social computing, and collaboration; augmented cognition for learning; augmented cognition and interaction; and augmented cognition in complex environments.
Category: Computers

Cognitive Informatics In Health And Biomedicine

Author : Vimla L. Patel
ISBN : 9781447154907
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88.94 MB
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Enormous advances in information technology have permeated essentially all facets of life in the past two decades. Formidable challenges remain in fostering tools that enhance productivity but are sensitive to work practices. Cognitive Informatics (CI) is the multidisciplinary study of cognition, information and computational sciences that investigates all facets of human computing including design and computer-mediated intelligent action, thus is strongly grounded in methods and theories from cognitive science. As an applied discipline, it has a close affiliation with human factors and human-computer interaction, and provides a framework for the analysis and modeling of complex human performance in technology-mediated settings and contributes to the design and development of better information systems. In recent years, CI has emerged as a distinct area with special relevance to biomedicine and health care. In addition, it has become a foundation for education and training of health informaticians, the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology initiating a program including CI as one of its critical elements to support health IT curriculum development. This book represents a first textbook on cognitive informatics and will focus on key examples drawn from the application of methods and theories from CI to challenges pertaining to the practice of critical-care medicine (CCM). Technology is transforming critical care workflows and re-organizing patient care management processes. CCM has proven to be a fertile test bed for theories and methods of cognitive informatics. CI, in turn, has contributed much to our understanding of the factors that result in complexity and patient errors. The topic is strongly interdisciplinary and will be important for individuals from a range of academic and professional backgrounds, including critical care specialists, psychologists, computer scientists, medical informaticians, and anthropologists.​​
Category: Medical

Aging And Work

Author : Sara J. Czaja
ISBN : 0801892732
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77.45 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Both jobs and the workforce have changed dramatically in recent years. Manufacturing has given way to a technology-driven, information-based workplace. People are working until later in life and the pool of workers is growing more diverse. Flexible hours and telecommuting are increasingly common. This volume addresses the challenges confronting an aging labor force as it deals with profound shifts in employment and organizations and what these changes mean for society. Drawing from the varied fields of gerontology, psychology, public policy, occupational health and safety, human factors engineering, and business, the contributors summarize what is known about aging and employment, discuss likely future issues, and raise specific questions for researchers and policy makers to address to prepare places of employment and the workforce for a vastly different tomorrow. The first section explains employment and demographic trends from an academic perspective and includes information about altered work patterns among older employees. The second section provides both public policy and business-oriented views on how to better integrate aging employees into the workplace. In the third section, the contributors explore how technology, new employment practices, and entrepreneurship play into the new and evolving nature of work. Section four examines employers' expectations for older employees, and the fifth section assesses current ergonomic standards and the adjustments necessary to accommodate an aging labor pool. This multidisciplinary, comprehensive assessment of the state of aging and work addresses a wide range of topics relevant to academic researchers and practitioners, government and industry leaders, and workers and managers in the public and private sectors.
Category: Medical

Exploring Positive Identities And Organizations

Author : Laura Morgan Roberts
ISBN : UOM:39015080885455
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.18 MB
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In the new world of work and organizations, creating and maintaining a positive identity is consequential and challenging for individuals, for groups and for organizations. New challenges for positive identity construction and maintenance require new theory. This edited volume uncovers new topics and new theoretical approaches to identity through the specific focus on positive identities of individuals, groups, organizations and communities.This volume aims to forge new ground in identity research and organizations through a compilation of new frame-breaking chapters on positive identity written by leading identity scholars. In chapters that build theoretical and empirical bridges between identity and growth, authenticity, relationships, hope, sustainability, leadership, resilience, cooperation, and community reputation and other important variables, the authors jumpstart an exciting domain of research on new ways that work organizations are sites of and contributors to identities that are beneficial or valuable to individuals or collectives.This volume invites readers to consider, "When and how does applying a positive lens to the construct of identity generate new insights for organizational researchers?" A unique feature of this volume is that it brings together explorations of identity from multiple levels of analysis: individual, dyadic, group, organization and community. Commentary chapters integrate the chapters within each level of analysis, illuminate core themes and unearth new questions.The volume is designed to accomplish three objectives:to establish Positive Identities and Organizations as an interdisciplinary, multi-level domain of inquiryto integrate a focus on Positive Identity with existing theory and research on identity and organizationsto map out a vibrant new research territory in organizational studiesThis volume will appeal to an international community of scholars in Management, Psychology, and Sociology, as well as practitioners who seek to generate positive identity-related dynamics, states and outcomes in work organizations.
Category: Business & Economics

Technical Report

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015083666472
Genre : Military research
File Size : 25.4 MB
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Category: Military research


Author : Xenophon
ISBN : 9608437989
Genre :
File Size : 21.67 MB
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