SUMER AND THE SUMERIANS

Download Sumer And The Sumerians ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to SUMER AND THE SUMERIANS book pdf for free now.

Sumer And The Sumerians

Author : Harriet Crawford
ISBN : 0521533384
Genre : History
File Size : 48.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 110
Read : 853

This work reviews the social and technological developments in Mesopotamia from 3800 to 2000 BC.
Category: History

The Sumerian World

Author : Harriet Crawford
ISBN : 9781136219115
Genre : History
File Size : 64.28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 606
Read : 894

The Sumerian World explores the archaeology, history and art of southern Mesopotamia and its relationships with its neighbours from c.3,000 - 2,000BC. Including material hitherto unpublished from recent excavations, the articles are organised thematically using evidence from archaeology, texts and the natural sciences. This broad treatment will also make the volume of interest to students looking for comparative data in allied subjects such as ancient literature and early religions. Providing an authoritative, comprehensive and up to date overview of the Sumerian period written by some of the best qualified scholars in the field, The Sumerian World will satisfy students, researchers, academics, and the knowledgeable layperson wishing to understand the world of southern Mesopotamia in the third millennium.
Category: History

The Sumerians

Author : Samuel Noah Kramer
ISBN : 9780226452326
Genre : History
File Size : 64.56 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 485
Read : 577

The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second millenniums B.C. This book is an unparalleled compendium of what is known about them. Professor Kramer communicates his enthusiasm for his subject as he outlines the history of the Sumerian civilization and describes their cities, religion, literature, education, scientific achievements, social structure, and psychology. Finally, he considers the legacy of Sumer to the ancient and modern world. "There are few scholars in the world qualified to write such a book, and certainly Kramer is one of them. . . . One of the most valuable features of this book is the quantity of texts and fragments which are published for the first time in a form available to the general reader. For the layman the book provides a readable and up-to-date introduction to a most fascinating culture. For the specialist it presents a synthesis with which he may not agree but from which he will nonetheless derive stimulation."—American Journal of Archaeology "An uncontested authority on the civilization of Sumer, Professor Kramer writes with grace and urbanity."—Library Journal
Category: History

In The World Of Sumer

Author : Samuel Noah Kramer
ISBN : 0814321216
Genre : History
File Size : 27.92 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 491
Read : 901

Category: History

From Sumer To Jerusalem

Author : John Sassoon
ISBN : 1871516420
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.6 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 216
Read : 805

Tradition says that the Jews are part of the Arab family of nations, but this is disputed. Archaeology has revealed a very early civilisation in the land known as Sumer in southern Mesopotamia, southern Iraq. This book argues that the Jews are not Semitic at all but the descendants of this culture, the earliest civilization in recorded history.
Category: Social Science

Eden In Sumer On The Niger

Author : Catherine Obianuju Acholonu
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.69 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 448
Read : 378

"EDEN IN SUMER ON THE NIGER" provides archeological, linguistic, genetic, and inscribed evidence of the West African origin of mankind, language, religion and civilization. It provides multidisciplinary evidence of the actual geographical location in West Africa of the Garden of Eden, Atlantis and the original homeland of the Sumerian people before their migration to the "Middle East". By translating hitherto unknown pre-cuneiform inscriptions of the Sumerians, Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Davis have uncovered thousands of years of Africa's lost pre-history and evidences of the West African origins of the earliest Pharaohs and Kings of Egypt and Sumer such as Menes and Sargon the Great. This book provides answers to all lingering questions about the African Cavemen (Igbos/Esh/Adamas/Adites) original guardians of the human races, Who gave their genes for the creation of Homo Sapiens (Adam) and were the teachers in the First Age of the world.
Category: Social Science

The Invention Of Cuneiform

Author : Jean-Jacques Glassner
ISBN : 0801873894
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 58.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 118
Read : 1323

As the first known system of writing, the cuneiform symbols traced in Sumerian clay more than six millennia ago were once regarded as a simplistic and clumsy attempt to record in linear form the sounds of a spoken language. More recently, scholars have acknowledged that early Sumerian writing—far from being a primitive and flawed mechanism that would be "improved" by the Phoenicians and Greeks—in fact represented a complete written language system, not only meeting the daily needs of economic and government administration, but also providing a new means of understanding the world. In The Invention of Cuneiform Jean-Jacques Glassner offers a compelling introduction to this seminal era in human history. Returning to early Mesopotamian texts that have been little studied or poorly understood, he traces the development of writing from the earliest attempts to the sophisticated system of roughly 640 signs that comprised the Sumerian repertory by about 3200 B.C. Glassner further argues—with an occasional nod to Derrida—that the invention of writing had a deeper metaphysical significance. By bringing the divinely ordained spoken language under human control, Sumerians were able to "make invisibility visible," separating themselves from the divine order and creating a new model of power.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Black Sumer The African Origins Of Civilisation

Author : Hermel Hermstein
ISBN : 1480065285
Genre :
File Size : 48.64 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 959
Read : 1049

The Sumerian Problem HAS BEEN SOLVED! And the solution is African!According to mainstream historians the Sumerians of ancient southern Iraq founded the world's first civilization. They are supposed to have spoken a language which is not genetically related to any known language. This is known as the Sumerian Problem. This book represents the greatest discovery in ancient history for the last hundred years. It demonstrates that Sumerian was genetically related to the Niger-Congo languages of West Africa. Their descendants are the African Diaspora of North and South America and the Caribbean.Many claimed to have solved the Sumerian problem in the past. Hermstein's differs from previous attempts by first showing the reader how to identify genetically related languages through recurrent sound correspondences in basic vocabulary. He then gives examples from acknowledged genetic relationships such as Germanic to show the reader what the evidence should look like. The author also shows what false correspondences look like and how to tell the difference. He also makes use of a number of tests that would determine whether languages are related using probability. This is CLEARLY UNLIKE ANY PREVIOUS ATTEMPT at solving the Sumerian problem.The author reconstructs the epic voyage that took the ancestors of the Sumerians from a homeland in West Africa to Djibouti before making a journey by sea, around Oman and to the head of the Persian Gulf.The other major discovery in the book is that the Sumerians had a much more advanced system of astronomy than has been supposed. The constellations had geographic associations in the Classical period through myth. Hermstein shows how the geographic coordinates of the associated places closely correspond to the celestial coordinates of certain points within the constellations. It is impossible to develop such a system without knowing the earth is round. The text supplying the point of origin for the system of geo-celestial coordinate correspondence is from the Sumerian period.Two amazing discoveries in one book. Both humanity and civilization have an African origin! The ancients knew a lot more than we realized!
Category:

First Writers The Sumerians

Author : Gary Arthur Thomson
ISBN : 9781462059843
Genre : History
File Size : 73.88 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 917
Read : 818

Sumerians were the rst people to write. Using a sharp three-cornered stylus, they wrote on clay-small wedge-shapes called cuneiform. With writing, Sumerians turned the corner from prehistory to history! After at least two million years of humans telling stories, the Sumerians introduced literacy. Most civilizations passed down their heritage through orally recited traditions-stories were passed from one generation to another by word of mouth. The Sumerians were the rst to write down their oral traditions. To make the historical record easier, the Sumerians invented calendars with exact dates of events and contracts often corroborated by astronomy. Since Sumerian farmers invented irrigation and created a surplus, other Sumerians could choose to specialize in law, education, architecture, engineering, marketing, and politics-all of which were accompanied by written records. Using the writings of the Sumerians and modern archaeology, this book will trace the story of the Sumerians, the world's rst writers."
Category: History

The Literature Of Ancient Sumer

Author : Jeremy A. Black
ISBN : 0199296332
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 90.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 962
Read : 488

This anthology of Sumerian literature constitutes the most comprehensive collection ever published, and includes examples of most of the different types of composition written in the language, from narrative myths and lyrical hymns to proverbs and love poetry. The translations have benefited both from the work of many scholars and from our ever-increasing understanding of Sumerian. In addition to reflecting the advances made by modern scholarship, the translations are written in clear, accessible English. An extensive introduction discusses the literary qualities of the works, the people who created and copied them in ancient Iraq, and how the study of Sumerian literature has evolved over the last 150 years.
Category: Literary Collections