Sumer And The Sumerians

Author : Harriet Crawford
ISBN : 0521533384
Genre : History
File Size : 65.95 MB
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This work reviews the social and technological developments in Mesopotamia from 3800 to 2000 BC.
Category: History

The Sumerians

Author : Samuel Noah Kramer
ISBN : 9780226452326
Genre : History
File Size : 68.41 MB
Format : PDF
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The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second millenniums B.C. This book is an unparalleled compendium of what is known about them. Professor Kramer communicates his enthusiasm for his subject as he outlines the history of the Sumerian civilization and describes their cities, religion, literature, education, scientific achievements, social structure, and psychology. Finally, he considers the legacy of Sumer to the ancient and modern world. "There are few scholars in the world qualified to write such a book, and certainly Kramer is one of them. . . . One of the most valuable features of this book is the quantity of texts and fragments which are published for the first time in a form available to the general reader. For the layman the book provides a readable and up-to-date introduction to a most fascinating culture. For the specialist it presents a synthesis with which he may not agree but from which he will nonetheless derive stimulation."—American Journal of Archaeology "An uncontested authority on the civilization of Sumer, Professor Kramer writes with grace and urbanity."—Library Journal
Category: History

The Sumerian World

Author : Harriet Crawford
ISBN : 9781136219115
Genre : History
File Size : 42.49 MB
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The Sumerian World explores the archaeology, history and art of southern Mesopotamia and its relationships with its neighbours from c.3,000 - 2,000BC. Including material hitherto unpublished from recent excavations, the articles are organised thematically using evidence from archaeology, texts and the natural sciences. This broad treatment will also make the volume of interest to students looking for comparative data in allied subjects such as ancient literature and early religions. Providing an authoritative, comprehensive and up to date overview of the Sumerian period written by some of the best qualified scholars in the field, The Sumerian World will satisfy students, researchers, academics, and the knowledgeable layperson wishing to understand the world of southern Mesopotamia in the third millennium.
Category: History

In The World Of Sumer

Author : Samuel Noah Kramer
ISBN : 0814321216
Genre : History
File Size : 78.33 MB
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Category: History

From Sumer To Jerusalem

Author : John Sassoon
ISBN : 1871516420
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.55 MB
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Tradition says that the Jews are part of the Arab family of nations, but this is disputed. Archaeology has revealed a very early civilisation in the land known as Sumer in southern Mesopotamia, southern Iraq. This book argues that the Jews are not Semitic at all but the descendants of this culture, the earliest civilization in recorded history.
Category: Social Science

Sumeria

Author : T. M. Jefferson
ISBN : 1533543992
Genre :
File Size : 63.9 MB
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Sumer was the first ancient urban civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably the first civilization in the world. Proto-writing in the region dates back to c. 3500 BC. The earliest texts come from the cities of Uruk and Jemdet Nasr and date back to 3300 BC; early cuneiform writing emerged in 3000 BC. Modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a West Asian people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence), a language isolate. These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia (Assyria). The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. However, some scholars contest the idea of a Proto-Euphratean language or one substrate language. It has been suggested by them and others, that the Sumerian language was originally that of the hunter and fisher peoples, who lived in the marshland and theEastern Arabia littoral region, and were part of the Arabian bifacial culture. Reliable historical records begin much later; there are none in Sumer of any kind that have been dated before Enmebaragesi (c. 26th century BC). Professor Juris Zarins believes the Sumerians were settled along the coast of Eastern Arabia, today's Persian Gulf region, before it flooded at the end of the Ice Age. Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period (4th millennium BC), continuing into the Jemdat Nasr and Early Dynastic periods. During the 3rd millennium BC, a close cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians, who spoke a language isolate, andAkkadian-speakers, which included widespread bilingualism. The Sumerian culture seems to have appeared as a fully formed civilization, with no pre-history. This book present a thorough history and background of the Sumerian civilization.
Category:

Eden In Sumer On The Niger

Author : Catherine Obianuju Acholonu
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.42 MB
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"EDEN IN SUMER ON THE NIGER" provides archeological, linguistic, genetic, and inscribed evidence of the West African origin of mankind, language, religion and civilization. It provides multidisciplinary evidence of the actual geographical location in West Africa of the Garden of Eden, Atlantis and the original homeland of the Sumerian people before their migration to the "Middle East". By translating hitherto unknown pre-cuneiform inscriptions of the Sumerians, Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Davis have uncovered thousands of years of Africa's lost pre-history and evidences of the West African origins of the earliest Pharaohs and Kings of Egypt and Sumer such as Menes and Sargon the Great. This book provides answers to all lingering questions about the African Cavemen (Igbos/Esh/Adamas/Adites) original guardians of the human races, Who gave their genes for the creation of Homo Sapiens (Adam) and were the teachers in the First Age of the world.
Category: Social Science

First Writers The Sumerians

Author : Gary Arthur Thomson
ISBN : 9781462059843
Genre : History
File Size : 27.40 MB
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Sumerians were the rst people to write. Using a sharp three-cornered stylus, they wrote on clay-small wedge-shapes called cuneiform. With writing, Sumerians turned the corner from prehistory to history! After at least two million years of humans telling stories, the Sumerians introduced literacy. Most civilizations passed down their heritage through orally recited traditions-stories were passed from one generation to another by word of mouth. The Sumerians were the rst to write down their oral traditions. To make the historical record easier, the Sumerians invented calendars with exact dates of events and contracts often corroborated by astronomy. Since Sumerian farmers invented irrigation and created a surplus, other Sumerians could choose to specialize in law, education, architecture, engineering, marketing, and politics-all of which were accompanied by written records. Using the writings of the Sumerians and modern archaeology, this book will trace the story of the Sumerians, the world's rst writers."
Category: History

Truth And Science

Author : Dave Collingridge
ISBN : 9781599550824
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75.67 MB
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Knowledge - throughout the ages it has been sought after by many. But it is only with the enlightening power of the Light of Christ that mankind continues to grow in knowledge both scientific and spiritual. From the dawn of time, God has given mankind the knowledge they need, without which humanity would have floundered in ignorance and been lost in darkness forever. Truth and Science is an interpretation of historical facts, discoveries, and philosophies from an LDS perspective. This book takes a close look at scientific advances through history and compares them to corresponding spiritual advances. It also makes a case for the need for spiritual sensitivity when searching for scientific answers. With its careful mix of the spiritual and the secular, readers will find Truth and Science to be both informative and enlightening.
Category: Religion

Daily Life In Ancient Sumer

Author : Nick Hunter
ISBN : 9781484625835
Genre : History
File Size : 33.81 MB
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This book explores what life was really like for everyday people in ancient Sumer. Using primary sources and information from archeological discoveries, it uncovers some fascinating insights and explodes some myths. Supported by timelines, maps, and references to important events and people, children will really feel they are on a time-traveling journey when reading this book.
Category: History