STONE TOOLS IN HUMAN EVOLUTION BEHAVIORAL DIFFERENCES AMONG TECHNOLOGICAL PRIMATES

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Stone Tools In Human Evolution

Author : John J. Shea
ISBN : 9781107123090
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30.23 MB
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An exploration of how the evolution of behavioral differences between humans and other primates affected the archaeological stone tool evidence.
Category: Social Science

The Long Distance Runner S Guide To Injury Prevention And Treatment

Author : Brian Krabak
ISBN : 9781510717930
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 52.98 MB
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For any runner who loves hitting the pavement and conquering half-, full-, and ultra-marathons, getting injured is a terrifying, and often heartbreaking, setback. Yet, almost three-quarters of long distance runners will suffer from a serious injury several times in their athletic career. Although it may be impossible to completely avoid injury, The Long Distance Runner’s Guide to Injury Prevention and Treatment is a vital source to help those who love to run understand some of the most common causes of injuries, and learn how to best avoid and treat athletic ailments. In this book, expert editors and long-time runners Brian Krabak and Grant Lipman combine valuable insights, tips, and tactics from over a dozen medical professionals who specialize in treating endurance athletes. With chapters on important and diverse topics such as proper nutrition, muscular ailments, skeletal injuries, medical illnesses caused by racing and proper recovery, The Long Distance Runner’s Guide to Injury Prevention and Treatment is a must-have on the shelf of every harrier.
Category: Sports & Recreation

How Language Began The Story Of Humanity S Greatest Invention

Author : Daniel L. Everett
ISBN : 9780871404770
Genre : Science
File Size : 57.37 MB
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How Language Began revolutionizes our understanding of the one tool that has allowed us to become the "lords of the planet." Mankind has a distinct advantage over other terrestrial species: we talk to one another. But how did we acquire the most advanced form of communication on Earth? Daniel L. Everett, a “bombshell” linguist and “instant folk hero” (Tom Wolfe, Harper’s), provides in this sweeping history a comprehensive examination of the evolutionary story of language, from the earliest speaking attempts by hominids to the more than seven thousand languages that exist today. Although fossil hunters and linguists have brought us closer to unearthing the true origins of language, Daniel Everett’s discoveries have upended the contemporary linguistic world, reverberating far beyond academic circles. While conducting field research in the Amazonian rainforest, Everett came across an age-old language nestled amongst a tribe of hunter-gatherers. Challenging long-standing principles in the field, Everett now builds on the theory that language was not intrinsic to our species. In order to truly understand its origins, a more interdisciplinary approach is needed—one that accounts as much for our propensity for culture as it does our biological makeup. Language began, Everett theorizes, with Homo Erectus, who catalyzed words through culturally invented symbols. Early humans, as their brains grew larger, incorporated gestures and voice intonations to communicate, all of which built on each other for 60,000 generations. Tracing crucial shifts and developments across the ages, Everett breaks down every component of speech, from harnessing control of more than a hundred respiratory muscles in the larynx and diaphragm, to mastering the use of the tongue. Moving on from biology to execution, Everett explores why elements such as grammar and storytelling are not nearly as critical to language as one might suspect. In the book’s final section, Cultural Evolution of Language, Everett takes the ever-debated “language gap” to task, delving into the chasm that separates “us” from “the animals.” He approaches the subject from various disciplines, including anthropology, neuroscience, and archaeology, to reveal that it was social complexity, as well as cultural, physiological, and neurological superiority, that allowed humans—with our clawless hands, breakable bones, and soft skin—to become the apex predator. How Language Began ultimately explains what we know, what we’d like to know, and what we likely never will know about how humans went from mere communication to language. Based on nearly forty years of fieldwork, Everett debunks long-held theories by some of history’s greatest thinkers, from Plato to Chomsky. The result is an invaluable study of what makes us human.
Category: Science

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 48.57 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Eskimoleben

Author : Fridtjof Nansen
ISBN : 9783845720395
Genre : History
File Size : 60.3 MB
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Fritdjof Nansen, wohl einer der bekanntesten Polarforscher, unternahm 1888 die erste erfolgreiche Expedition zur Durchquerung Grönlands. Während dieser Forschungsreise verbrachten er und sein Team viel Zeit mit den grönländischen Eskimos, deren Lebensweise, Traditionen und Kultur Nansen faszinierten. Im vorliegenden Band gibt er diese Erfahrungen und tiefen Einblicke wieder, von den Jagdmethoden über die soziale Struktur, Moralvorstellungen und Religion bis hin zu Ernährungsgewohnheiten und kulturellen Erzeugnissen. Angesichts der zunehmenden Assimilierung der Inuit in die moderne Zivilisation und der damit einhergehenden Entfremdung vom eigenen kulturellen Erbe stellt Nansens Werk ein wichtiges Zeugnis der Lebensweise der Ureinwohner Grönlands dar. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen. Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Originalausgabe.
Category: History

Beitr Ge Zur Nat Rlichen Zuchtwahl Eine Reiche Von Essais

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : 0270439196
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.18 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Category: Science