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Statistics For Environmental Science And Management

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 142005774X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.90 MB
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The use of appropriate statistical methods is essential when working with environmental data. Yet, many environmental professionals are not statisticians. A ready reference guide to the most common methods used in environmental applications, Statistics for Environmental Science and Management introduces the statistical methods most frequently used by environmental scientists, managers, and students. Using a non-mathematical approach, the author describes techniques such as: environmental monitoring, impact assessment, assessing site reclamation, censored data, and Monte Carlo risk assessment, as well as the key topics of time series and spatial data. The book shows the strengths of different types of conclusions available from statistical analyses. It contains internet sources of information that give readers access to the latest information on specific topics. The author's easy to understand style makes the subject matter accessible to anyone with a rudimentary knowledge of the basics of statistics while emphasizing how the techniques are applied in the environmental field. Clearly and copiously illustrated with line drawings and tables, Statistics for Environmental Science and Management covers all the statistical methods used with environmental applications and is suitable as a text for graduate students in the environmental science area.
Category: Mathematics

Statistics For Environmental Science And Management Second Edition

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 9781420061482
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.11 MB
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Revised, expanded, and updated, this second edition of Statistics for Environmental Science and Management is that rare animal, a resource that works well as a text for graduate courses and a reference for appropriate statistical approaches to specific environmental problems. It is uncommon to find so many important environmental topics covered in one book. Its strength is author Bryan Manly’s ability to take a non-mathematical approach while keeping essential mathematical concepts intact. He clearly explains statistics without dwelling on heavy mathematical development. The book begins by describing the important role statistics play in environmental science. It focuses on how to collect data, highlighting the importance of sampling and experimental design in conducting rigorous science. It presents a variety of key topics specifically related to environmental science such as monitoring, impact assessment, risk assessment, correlated and censored data analysis, to name just a few. Revised, updated or expanded material on: Data Quality Objectives Generalized Linear Models Spatial Data Analysis Censored Data Monte Carlo Risk Assessment There are numerous books on environmental statistics; however, while some focus on multivariate methods and others on the basic components of probability distributions and how they can be used for modeling phenomenon, most do not include the material on sampling and experimental design that this one does. It is the variety of coverage, not sacrificing too much depth for breadth, that sets this book apart.
Category: Mathematics

Environmental And Ecological Statistics With R

Author : Song S. Qian
ISBN : 1420062085
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79.69 MB
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Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. It follows the general approach to solving a statistical modeling problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. The author uses many examples to illustrate the statistical models and presents R implementations of the models. The book first builds a foundation for conducting a simple data analysis task, such as exploratory data analysis and fitting linear regression models. It then focuses on statistical modeling, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression tree, and the generalized linear model. The text also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed model, and explores multilevel regression models, which are a class of models that can have a broad impact in environmental and ecological data analysis. Based on courses taught by the author at Duke University, this book focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the processes of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling For Ecological Data

Author : Eric Parent
ISBN : 9781584889199
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48.52 MB
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Making statistical modeling and inference more accessible to ecologists and related scientists, Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data gives readers a flexible and effective framework to learn about complex ecological processes from various sources of data. It also helps readers get started on building their own statistical models. The text begins with simple models that progressively become more complex and realistic through explanatory covariates and intermediate hidden states variables. When fitting the models to data, the authors gradually present the concepts and techniques of the Bayesian paradigm from a practical point of view using real case studies. They emphasize how hierarchical Bayesian modeling supports multidimensional models involving complex interactions between parameters and latent variables. Data sets, exercises, and R and WinBUGS codes are available on the authors’ website. This book shows how Bayesian statistical modeling provides an intuitive way to organize data, test ideas, investigate competing hypotheses, and assess degrees of confidence of predictions. It also illustrates how conditional reasoning can dismantle a complex reality into more understandable pieces. As conditional reasoning is intimately linked with Bayesian thinking, considering hierarchical models within the Bayesian setting offers a unified and coherent framework for modeling, estimation, and prediction.
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Ecological Sampling

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 9781466555143
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.10 MB
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An Easy-to-Understand Treatment of Ecological Sampling Methods and Data Analysis Including only the necessary mathematical derivations, Introduction to Ecological Sampling shows how to use sampling procedures for ecological and environmental studies. It incorporates both traditional sampling methods and recent developments in environmental and ecological sampling methods. After an introduction, the book presents standard sampling methods and analyses. Subsequent chapters delve into specialized topics written by well-known researchers. These chapters cover adaptive sampling methods, line transect sampling, removal and change-in-ratio methods, plotless sampling, mark-recapture sampling of closed and open populations, occupancy models, sampling designs for environmental modeling, and trend analysis. The book explains the methods as simply as possible, keeping equations and their derivations to a minimum. It provides references to important, more advanced sampling methods and analyses. It also directs readers to computer programs that can be used to perform the analyses. Accessible to biologists, the text only assumes a basic knowledge of statistical methods. It is suitable for an introductory course on methods for collecting and analyzing ecological and environmental data.
Category: Mathematics

Statistics For Geography And Environmental Science

Author : Richard Harris
ISBN : 9781317904403
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.60 MB
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Statistics are important tools for validating theory, making predictions and engaging in policy research. They help to provide informed commentary about social and environmental issues, and to make the case for change. Knowledge of statistics is therefore a necessary skill for any student of geography or environmental science. This textbook is aimed at students on a degree course taking a module in statistics for the first time. It focuses on analysing, exploring and making sense of data in areas of core interest to physical and human geographers, and to environmental scientists. It covers the subject in a broadly conventional way from descriptive statistics, through inferential statistics to relational statistics but does so with an emphasis on applied data analysis throughout.
Category: Science

Sampling Strategies For Natural Resources And The Environment

Author : Timothy G. Gregoire
ISBN : 9781584883708
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 80.38 MB
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Written by renowned experts in the field, Sampling Strategies for Natural Resources and the Environment covers the sampling techniques used in ecology, forestry, environmental science, and natural resources. The book presents methods to estimate aggregate characteristics on a per unit area basis as well as on an elemental basis. In addition to common sampling designs such as simple random sampling and list sampling, the authors explore more specialized designs for sampling vegetation, including randomized branch sampling and 3P sampling. One of the book's unique features is the emphasis on areal sampling designs, including plot/quadrat sampling, Bitterlich sampling, line intersect sampling, and several lesser known designs. The book also provides comprehensive solutions to the problem of edge effect. Another distinguishing aspect is the inclusion of sampling designs for continuums, focusing on the methods of Monte Carlo integration. By presenting a conceptual understanding of each sampling design and estimation procedure as well as mathematical derivations and proofs in the chapter appendices, this text promotes a deep understanding of the underpinnings of sampling theory, estimation, and inference. Moreover, it will help you reliably sample natural populations and continuums.
Category: Mathematics

Sampling Techniques For Forest Inventories

Author : Daniel Mandallaz
ISBN : 1584889772
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78.6 MB
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Sound forest management planning requires cost-efficient approaches to optimally utilize given resources. Emphasizing the mathematical and statistical features of forest sampling to assess classical dendrometrical quantities, Sampling Techniques for Forest Inventories presents the statistical concepts and tools needed to conduct a modern forest inventory. The book first examines design-based survey sampling and inference for finite populations, covering inclusion probabilities and the Horvitz–Thompson estimator, followed by more advanced topics, including three-stage element sampling and the model-assisted estimation procedure. The author then develops the infinite population model/Monte Carlo approach for both simple and complex sampling schemes. He also uses a case study to reveal a variety of estimation procedures, relies on anticipated variance to tackle optimal design for forest inventories, and validates the resulting optimal schemes with data from the Swiss National Forest Inventory. The last chapters outline facts pertaining to the estimation of growth and introduce transect sampling based on the stereological approach. Containing many recent developments available for the first time in book form, this concise and up-to-date work provides the necessary theoretical and practical foundation to analyze and design forest inventories.
Category: Mathematics

Handbook Of Spatial Point Pattern Analysis In Ecology

Author : Thorsten Wiegand
ISBN : 9781420082555
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44.49 MB
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Understand How to Analyze and Interpret Information in Ecological Point Patterns Although numerous statistical methods for analyzing spatial point patterns have been available for several decades, they haven’t been extensively applied in an ecological context. Addressing this gap, Handbook of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis in Ecology shows how the techniques of point-pattern analysis are useful for tackling ecological problems. Within an ecological framework, the book guides readers through a variety of methods for different data types and aids in the interpretation of the results obtained by point-pattern analysis. Ideal for empirical ecologists who want to avoid advanced theoretical literature, the book covers statistical techniques for analyzing and interpreting the information contained in ecological patterns. It presents methods used to extract information hidden in spatial point-pattern data that may point to the underlying processes. The authors focus on point processes and null models that have proven their immediate utility for broad ecological applications, such as cluster processes. Along with the techniques, the handbook provides a comprehensive selection of real-world examples. Most of the examples are analyzed using Programita, a continuously updated software package based on the authors’ many years of teaching and collaborative research in ecological point-pattern analysis. Programita is tailored to meet the needs of real-world applications in ecology. The software and a manual are available online.
Category: Mathematics

Extreme Values In Finance Telecommunications And The Environment

Author : Barbel Finkenstadt
ISBN : 9780203483350
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Because of its potential to ...predict the unpredictable,... extreme value theory (EVT) and methodology is currently receiving a great deal of attention from statistical and mathematical researchers. This book brings together world-recognized authorities in their respective fields to provide expository chapters on the applications, use, and theory of extreme values in the areas of finance, insurance, the environment, and telecommunications. The comprehensive introductory chapter by Richard Smith ensures a high level of cohesion for this volume.
Category: Mathematics