STATISTICS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT SECOND EDITION CHAPMAN HALL CRC APPLIED ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS

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Statistics For Environmental Science And Management Second Edition

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 9781439878125
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70.86 MB
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Revised, expanded, and updated, this second edition of Statistics for Environmental Science and Management is that rare animal, a resource that works well as a text for graduate courses and a reference for appropriate statistical approaches to specific environmental problems. It is uncommon to find so many important environmental topics covered in one book. Its strength is author Bryan Manly’s ability to take a non-mathematical approach while keeping essential mathematical concepts intact. He clearly explains statistics without dwelling on heavy mathematical development. The book begins by describing the important role statistics play in environmental science. It focuses on how to collect data, highlighting the importance of sampling and experimental design in conducting rigorous science. It presents a variety of key topics specifically related to environmental science such as monitoring, impact assessment, risk assessment, correlated and censored data analysis, to name just a few. Revised, updated or expanded material on: Data Quality Objectives Generalized Linear Models Spatial Data Analysis Censored Data Monte Carlo Risk Assessment There are numerous books on environmental statistics; however, while some focus on multivariate methods and others on the basic components of probability distributions and how they can be used for modeling phenomenon, most do not include the material on sampling and experimental design that this one does. It is the variety of coverage, not sacrificing too much depth for breadth, that sets this book apart.
Category: Mathematics

Statistics For Environmental Science And Management

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 142005774X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72.62 MB
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The use of appropriate statistical methods is essential when working with environmental data. Yet, many environmental professionals are not statisticians. A ready reference guide to the most common methods used in environmental applications, Statistics for Environmental Science and Management introduces the statistical methods most frequently used by environmental scientists, managers, and students. Using a non-mathematical approach, the author describes techniques such as: environmental monitoring, impact assessment, assessing site reclamation, censored data, and Monte Carlo risk assessment, as well as the key topics of time series and spatial data. The book shows the strengths of different types of conclusions available from statistical analyses. It contains internet sources of information that give readers access to the latest information on specific topics. The author's easy to understand style makes the subject matter accessible to anyone with a rudimentary knowledge of the basics of statistics while emphasizing how the techniques are applied in the environmental field. Clearly and copiously illustrated with line drawings and tables, Statistics for Environmental Science and Management covers all the statistical methods used with environmental applications and is suitable as a text for graduate students in the environmental science area.
Category: Mathematics

Environmental And Ecological Statistics With R Second Edition

Author : Song S. Qian
ISBN : 9781498728737
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56.66 MB
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Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition, connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. Using examples from published works in the ecological and environmental literature, the book explains the approach to solving a statistical problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. It includes many examples to illustrate the statistical methods and presents R code for their implementation. The emphasis is on model interpretation and assessment, and using several core examples throughout the book, the author illustrates the iterative nature of statistical inference. The book starts with a description of commonly used statistical assumptions and exploratory data analysis tools for the verification of these assumptions. It then focuses on the process of building suitable statistical models, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression trees, generalized linear models, and multilevel models. It also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, and provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed models. The second edition also includes a complete critique of a threshold model. Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the process of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.
Category: Mathematics

Environmental Statistics With S Plus

Author : Steven P. Millard
ISBN : 9781420037173
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85.41 MB
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A clear, comprehensive treatment of the subject, Environmental Statistics with S-PLUS surveys the vast array of statistical methods used to collect and analyze environmental data. The book explains what these methods are, how to use them, and where to find references to them. In addition, it provides insight into what to think about before you collect environmental data, how to collect the data, and how to make sense of it after collection. A unique and powerful feature of the book is its integration with the commercially available software package S-Plus and the add-on modules EnvironmentalStats for S-PLUS, S+SpatialStats, and S-PLUS for ArcView. The book presents data sets to explain statistical methods, and then shows how to implement these methods by providing the commands for and the results from the software. This survey of statistical methods, definitions, and concepts helps you collect and effectively analyze data for environmental pollution problems. Using the S-PLUS software in conjunction with this text will no doubt increase understanding of the methods.
Category: Mathematics

Practical Statistics For Environmental And Biological Scientists

Author : John Townend
ISBN : 9781118687413
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.7 MB
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All students and researchers in environmental and biological sciences require statistical methods at some stage of their work. Many have a preconception that statistics are difficult and unpleasant and find that the textbooks available are difficult to understand. Practical Statistics for Environmental and Biological Scientists provides a concise, user-friendly, non-technical introduction to statistics. The book covers planning and designing an experiment, how to analyse and present data, and the limitations and assumptions of each statistical method. The text does not refer to a specific computer package but descriptions of how to carry out the tests and interpret the results are based on the approaches used by most of the commonly used packages, e.g. Excel, MINITAB and SPSS. Formulae are kept to a minimum and relevant examples are included throughout the text.
Category: Science

Introduction To Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling For Ecological Data

Author : Eric Parent
ISBN : 9781584889199
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.74 MB
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Making statistical modeling and inference more accessible to ecologists and related scientists, Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data gives readers a flexible and effective framework to learn about complex ecological processes from various sources of data. It also helps readers get started on building their own statistical models. The text begins with simple models that progressively become more complex and realistic through explanatory covariates and intermediate hidden states variables. When fitting the models to data, the authors gradually present the concepts and techniques of the Bayesian paradigm from a practical point of view using real case studies. They emphasize how hierarchical Bayesian modeling supports multidimensional models involving complex interactions between parameters and latent variables. Data sets, exercises, and R and WinBUGS codes are available on the authors’ website. This book shows how Bayesian statistical modeling provides an intuitive way to organize data, test ideas, investigate competing hypotheses, and assess degrees of confidence of predictions. It also illustrates how conditional reasoning can dismantle a complex reality into more understandable pieces. As conditional reasoning is intimately linked with Bayesian thinking, considering hierarchical models within the Bayesian setting offers a unified and coherent framework for modeling, estimation, and prediction.
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Ecological Sampling

Author : Bryan F.J. Manly
ISBN : 9781466555150
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67.19 MB
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An Easy-to-Understand Treatment of Ecological Sampling Methods and Data Analysis Including only the necessary mathematical derivations, Introduction to Ecological Sampling shows how to use sampling procedures for ecological and environmental studies. It incorporates both traditional sampling methods and recent developments in environmental and ecological sampling methods. After an introduction, the book presents standard sampling methods and analyses. Subsequent chapters delve into specialized topics written by well-known researchers. These chapters cover adaptive sampling methods, line transect sampling, removal and change-in-ratio methods, plotless sampling, mark-recapture sampling of closed and open populations, occupancy models, sampling designs for environmental modeling, and trend analysis. The book explains the methods as simply as possible, keeping equations and their derivations to a minimum. It provides references to important, more advanced sampling methods and analyses. It also directs readers to computer programs that can be used to perform the analyses. Accessible to biologists, the text only assumes a basic knowledge of statistical methods. It is suitable for an introductory course on methods for collecting and analyzing ecological and environmental data.
Category: Mathematics

Using Statistics To Understand The Environment

Author : Penny A. Cook
ISBN : 9781134638857
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.93 MB
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Using Statistics to Understand the Environment covers all the basic tests required for environmental practicals and projects and points the way to the more advanced techniques that may be needed in more complex research designs. Following an introduction to project design, the book covers methods to describe data, to examine differences between samples, and to identify relationships and associations between variables. Featuring: worked examples covering a wide range of environmental topics, drawings and icons, chapter summaries, a glossary of statistical terms and a further reading section, this book focuses on the needs of the researcher rather than on the mathematics behind the tests.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Environmental And Ecological Statistics

Author : Alan E. Gelfand
ISBN : 1498752020
Genre : Ecology
File Size : 71.67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science. About the Editors: Alan E. Gelfand is the James B. Duke Professor of Statistical Science at Duke University. He is a leader in Bayesian spatial modeling and analysis including a successful book in this area with Banerjee and Carlin. Montse Fuentes is the Dean of the Virginia Commonwealth University College of Humanities and Sciences and a Professor of Statistics. She leads a broad research program in statistical methods for spatial large scale environmental health studies. Jennifer A. Hoeting is Professor of Statistics at Colorado State University. Her research is focused on Bayesian, computational, and spatial statistics applied to address challenging problems in ecology. Richard L. Smith is the Mark L. Reed III Distinguished Professor of Statistics and Professor of Biostatistics at the University of North Carolina. His research covers theoretical and applied aspects of environmental statistics including extreme value theory, spatial statistics and applications to climate change, air pollution and health.
Category: Ecology

Sampling Techniques For Forest Inventories

Author : Daniel Mandallaz
ISBN : 1584889772
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66.23 MB
Format : PDF
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Sound forest management planning requires cost-efficient approaches to optimally utilize given resources. Emphasizing the mathematical and statistical features of forest sampling to assess classical dendrometrical quantities, Sampling Techniques for Forest Inventories presents the statistical concepts and tools needed to conduct a modern forest inventory. The book first examines design-based survey sampling and inference for finite populations, covering inclusion probabilities and the Horvitz–Thompson estimator, followed by more advanced topics, including three-stage element sampling and the model-assisted estimation procedure. The author then develops the infinite population model/Monte Carlo approach for both simple and complex sampling schemes. He also uses a case study to reveal a variety of estimation procedures, relies on anticipated variance to tackle optimal design for forest inventories, and validates the resulting optimal schemes with data from the Swiss National Forest Inventory. The last chapters outline facts pertaining to the estimation of growth and introduce transect sampling based on the stereological approach. Containing many recent developments available for the first time in book form, this concise and up-to-date work provides the necessary theoretical and practical foundation to analyze and design forest inventories.
Category: Mathematics