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Author : Michael J.R. Hoch
ISBN : 9781439850541
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.55 MB
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Concepts and relationships in thermal and statistical physics form the foundation for describing systems consisting of macroscopically large numbers of particles. Developing microscopic statistical physics and macroscopic classical thermodynamic descriptions in tandem, Statistical and Thermal Physics: An Introduction provides insight into basic concepts at an advanced undergraduate level. Highly detailed and profoundly thorough, this comprehensive introduction includes exercises within the text as well as end-of-chapter problems. The first section of the book covers the basics of equilibrium thermodynamics and introduces the concepts of temperature, internal energy, and entropy using ideal gases and ideal paramagnets as models. The chemical potential is defined and the three thermodynamic potentials are discussed with use of Legendre transforms. The second section presents a complementary microscopic approach to entropy and temperature, with the general expression for entropy given in terms of the number of accessible microstates in the fixed energy, microcanonical ensemble. The third section emphasizes the power of thermodynamics in the description of processes in gases and condensed matter. Phase transitions and critical phenomena are discussed phenomenologically. In the second half of the text, the fourth section briefly introduces probability theory and mean values and compares three statistical ensembles. With a focus on quantum statistics, the fifth section reviews the quantum distribution functions. Ideal Fermi and Bose gases are considered in separate chapters, followed by a discussion of the "Planck" gas for photons and phonons. The sixth section deals with ideal classical gases and explores nonideal gases and spin systems using various approximations. The final section covers special topics, specifically the density matrix, chemical reactions, and irreversible thermodynamics.

Author : R. S. GAMBHIR
ISBN : 9788120305854
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.79 MB
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A standard text combining statistical physics with thermal phenomena, this book presents a unified approach to provide a deeper insight into the subject and to bring out the subtle unity of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Suitable as a text for undergraduate courses in physics. KEY FEATURES • Presents a new pedagogical approach introducing macroscopic (classical) thermodynamics through the statistical mechanics. This new approach is increasingly sought to be introduced worldwide. • Magnitudes of physical quantities under discussion are emphasized through worked-out examples. • Questions and exercises are interspersed with the text to help students consolidate the learning. • Techniques developed in this course are applied to actual modern situations. • Many topics are introduced through the problems to help inculcate self-study.

Author : F. Reif
ISBN : 9781478610052
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.43 MB
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All macroscopic systems consist ultimately of atoms obeying the laws of quantum mechanics. That premise forms the basis for this comprehensive text, intended for a first upper-level course in statistical and thermal physics. Reif emphasizes that the combination of microscopic concepts with some statistical postulates leads readily to conclusions on a purely macroscopic level. The authors writing style and penchant for description energize interest in condensed matter physics as well as provide a conceptual grounding with information that is crystal clear and memorable. Reif first introduces basic probability concepts and statistical methods used throughout all of physics. Statistical ideas are then applied to systems of particles in equilibrium to enhance an understanding of the basic notions of statistical mechanics, from which derive the purely macroscopic general statements of thermodynamics. Next, he turns to the more complicated equilibrium situations, such as phase transformations and quantum gases, before discussing nonequilibrium situations in which he treats transport theory and dilute gases at varying levels of sophistication. In the last chapter, he addresses some general questions involving irreversible processes and fluctuations. A large amount of material is presented to facilitate students later access to more advanced works, to allow those with higher levels of curiosity to read beyond the minimum given on a topic, and to enhance understanding by presenting several ways of looking at a particular question. Formatting within the text either signals material that instructors can assign at their own discretion or highlights important results for easy reference to them. Additionally, by solving many of the 230 problems contained in the text, students activate and embed their knowledge of the subject matter.

This textbook carefully develops the main ideas and techniques of statistical and thermal physics and is intended for upper-level undergraduate courses. The authors each have more than thirty years' experience in teaching, curriculum development, and research in statistical and computational physics. Statistical and Thermal Physics begins with a qualitative discussion of the relation between the macroscopic and microscopic worlds and incorporates computer simulations throughout the book to provide concrete examples of important conceptual ideas. Unlike many contemporary texts on thermal physics, this book presents thermodynamic reasoning as an independent way of thinking about macroscopic systems. Probability concepts and techniques are introduced, including topics that are useful for understanding how probability and statistics are used. Magnetism and the Ising model are considered in greater depth than in most undergraduate texts, and ideal quantum gases are treated within a uniform framework. Advanced chapters on fluids and critical phenomena are appropriate for motivated undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Integrates Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations as well as other numerical techniques throughout the text Provides self-contained introductions to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics Discusses probability concepts and methods in detail Contains ideas and methods from contemporary research Includes advanced chapters that provide a natural bridge to graduate study Features more than 400 problems Programs are open source and available in an executable cross-platform format Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

Author : Daniel V. Schroeder
ISBN : 1292026219
Genre : Statistical dynamics
File Size : 51.77 MB
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This text provides a balanced, well-organized treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, making thermal physics interesting and accessible to anyone who has completed a year of calculus-based introductory physics. Part I introduces essential concepts of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics from a unified view, applying concepts in a select number of illustrative examples. Parts II and III explore further applications of classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Throughout, the emphasis is on real-world applications.

Author : Daniel V. Schroeder
ISBN : 9786035031912
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.2 MB
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للفيزياء الحرارية أهمية كبيرة في فهم العالم الذي نعيش فيه، إذ إن لكل جسم من حولنا هويته الحرارية الخاصة به التي تمنحه خواص فيزيائية مختلفة. إن كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) وضع ليوضح علاقة حرارة المواد بما حولها، ويجيب عن كثير من الأسئلة التي يمكن أن تخطر ببالنا. وينقسم كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) إلى أربعة أقسام رئيسة، حيث يناقش القسم الأول الأساسيات من مثل القانونين الأول والثاني، والطاقة في الفيزياء الحرارية والتفاعلات والدلالات كالبارامغناطيسية والاتزان الميكانيكي والضغط واتزان وانتشار الجهد الميكانيكي، ويتمحور القسم الثاني حول الثرموديناميكا، والمكائن الحرارية والثلاجات ومكائن الاحتراق الداخلي والماكينة البخارية والطاقة الحرة وتحولاتها. القسم الثالث والأخير من الكتاب يتناول ميكانيكا الإحصاء، كإحصاء بولتزمان والإحصاء الكمّي، وأنظمة الجسيمات المتفاعلة. ويختتم الكتاب بملحقين: الأول عن عناصر ميكانيكا الكمّ والثاني عن النتائج الرياضية. الكتاب يحتوي على تطبيقات في مجالات متعددة، كالكيمياء والجيولوجيا وعلوم الحياة وعلوم البيئة وعلم التعدين وفيزياء الجوامد وفيزياء الفلك، وغيرها مما يساعد على استيعاب أكبر لمفاهيم الفيزياء الحرارية وأسسها. العبيكان للنشر

Author : Ralph Baierlein
ISBN : 0521658381
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.32 MB
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Clear and reader-friendly, this is an ideal textbook for students seeking an introduction to thermal physics. Written by an experienced teacher and extensively class-tested, Thermal Physics provides a comprehensive grounding in thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetic theory. A key feature of this text is its readily accessible introductory chapters, which begin with a review of fundamental ideas. Entropy, conceived microscopically and statistically, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics are introduced early in the book. Throughout, topics are built on a conceptual foundation of four linked elements: entropy and the Second Law, the canonical probability distribution, the partition function, and the chemical potential. As well as providing a solid preparation in the basics of the subject, the text goes on to explain exciting recent developments such as Bose-Einstein condensation and critical phenomena. Key equations are highlighted throughout, and each chapter contains a summary of essential ideas and an extensive set of problems of varying degrees of difficulty. A free solutions manual is available for instructors (ISBN 0521 658608). Thermal Physics is suitable for both undergraduates and graduates in physics and astronomy.

Author : Robert H. Swendsen
ISBN : 9780191627460
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.61 MB
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This text presents the two complementary aspects of thermal physics as an integrated theory of the properties of matter. Conceptual understanding is promoted by thorough development of basic concepts. In contrast to many texts, statistical mechanics, including discussion of the required probability theory, is presented first. This provides a statistical foundation for the concept of entropy, which is central to thermal physics. A unique feature of the book is the development of entropy based on Boltzmann's 1877 definition; this avoids contradictions or ad hoc corrections found in other texts. Detailed fundamentals provide a natural grounding for advanced topics, such as black-body radiation and quantum gases. An extensive set of problems (solutions are available for lecturers through the OUP website), many including explicit computations, advance the core content by probing essential concepts. The text is designed for a two-semester undergraduate course but can be adapted for one-semester courses emphasizing either aspect of thermal physics. It is also suitable for graduate study.