SPATIAL TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF GIS

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Spatial Technology And Archaeology

Author : David Wheatley
ISBN : 9781466576612
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.24 MB
Format : PDF
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Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies have a new and powerful role to play in archaeological interpretation. Beginning with a conceptual approach to the representation of space adopted by GIS, this book examines spatial databases; the acquisition and compilation of data; the analytical compilation of data; the analytical functionality of GIS; and the creation and utilization of critical foundation data layers such as the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The ways in which GIS can most usefully facilitate archaeological analysis and interpretation are then explored particularly as a tool for the management of archaeological resources. Formal analysis of archaeological material, and the use of trend surface, contouring and interpolation procedures are considered along with predictive modeling analysis of visibility and intervisibility. Finally there is a discussion of leading-edge issues, including three-dimensional GIS, object-oriented GIS, the relationship between GIS and 'Virtual Reality' technologies, and the integration of GIS with distributed systems and the Internet. The approach is light, and technical detail is kept to a minimum, recognizing that most readers are simply interested in using GIS effectively. The text is carefully illustrated with worked case-studies using archaeological data. Spatial Technology and Archaeology provides a single reference source for archaeologists, students, professionals, and academics in archaeology as well as those in anthropology and related disciplines.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Gis And Archaeological Site Location Modeling

Author : Mark W. Mehrer
ISBN : 9780203563359
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.1 MB
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Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses location models and case studies to illustrate these concepts. This book, written by a distinguished group of international authors, reassesses the practice of predictive modeling as it now exists and examines how it has become useful in new ways. A guide to spatial procedures used in archaeology, the book provides a comprehensive treatment of predictive modeling. It draws together theoretical models and case studies and explains how modeling may be applied to future projects. The book illustrates the various aspects of academic and practical applications of predictive modeling. It also discusses the need to assess the reliability of the results and the implications of reliability assessment on the further development of predictive models. Of the books available on GIS, some touch on archaeological applications but few cover the topic in such depth. Both up to date and containing case studies from a wide range of geographical locations including Europe, the USA, and Australia, this book sets a baseline for future developments.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Approaches To Archaeological Spaces

Author : Andrew Bevan
ISBN : 9781315431925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.14 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume of original chapters written by experts in the field offers a snapshot of how historical built spaces, past cultural landscapes, and archaeological distributions are currently being explored through computational social science. It focuses on the continuing importance of spatial and spatio-temporal pattern recognition in the archaeological record, considers more wholly model-based approaches that fix ideas and build theory, and addresses those applications where situated human experience and perception are a core interest. Reflecting the changes in computational technology over the past decade, the authors bring in examples from historic and prehistoric sites in Europe, Asia, and the Americas to demonstrate the variety of applications available to the contemporary researcher.
Category: Social Science

New Technologies For Archaeology

Author : Markus Reindel
ISBN : 9783540874386
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.39 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This heavily-illustrated book covers recent developments in archaeometry and offers a multidisciplinary approach to reconstructing complex cultural histories. It also presents a detailed history of human development in South America’s Nasca region.
Category: Social Science

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

Author : Gary R Lock
ISBN : 074840208X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.44 MB
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Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.
Category: Social Science

Beyond The Map

Author : Gary R. Lock
ISBN : 4274903877
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 55.85 MB
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Category: Archaeology

Landscape Archaeology And Gis

Author : Henry Chapman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122932085
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.78 MB
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Landscape Archaeology and GIS examines the ways in which Geographical Information Systems can be used to explore archaeological landscapes, and summarizes the most appropriate methods to use. It is structured around principal themes in landscape archaeology, and integrates desk-based assessment, data collection, data modeling, and landscape analysis, right through to archiving and publication. This is the first book on GIS to focus specifically on landscape archaeology that is accessible to a wide archaeological readership. It explores the applications of GIS to a wide variety of archaeological evidence including maps, aerial photographs, and earthworks. The work is well-illustrated throughout with digital maps and models being used to support case studies, as well as for suggesting new hypotheses relevant to this discipline.
Category: Social Science

Re Mapping Archaeology

Author : Mark Gillings
ISBN : 9781351267700
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29.98 MB
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Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.
Category: Social Science

Go Your Own Least Cost Path

Author : European Association of Archaeologists. Meeting
ISBN : 1407308610
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.93 MB
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The GIS session entitled Go your own least cost path Spatial technology and archaeological interpretation: as presented at the September 2009, European Association of Archaeologists 15th Annual Meeting in Riva del Garda, Italy. Contents: Preface (P. Verhagen, A. G. Posluschny, A. Danielisova); 1) Incorporating GIS Methodological Approaches in Heritage Management Projects (J. H. Altschul et al); 2) GIS and the Evaluation of Natural and Cultural Sites during the Planning Process. The Eskilstuna Project (W. Bondesson et al); 3) Reconstruction of the Early and Middle Neolithic Settlement Systems in the Upper Dvina Region (NW Russia) (A. Mazurkevich, E. Dolbunova); 4) Pollen and Archaeology in GIS. Theoretical Considerations and Modified Approach Testing (A. Danielisova, P. Pokorn); 5) Following Roman Waterways from a Computer Screen. GIS-based Approaches to the Analysis of Barcinos Aqueducts (H. A. Orengo, d C. Miro i Alaix; 6) Sherds on the Map. Intra-site GIS of the Neolithic Site of Bylany (Czech Republic) (P. Kvetina, M. Koncelova).
Category: Social Science