SOOT FORMATION IN COMBUSTION

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Soot Formation In Combustion

Author : Henning Bockhorn
ISBN : 9783642851674
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.49 MB
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Soot Formation in Combustion represents an up-to-date overview. The contributions trace back to the 1991 Heidelberg symposium entitled "Mechanism and Models of Soot Formation" and have all been reedited by Prof. Bockhorn in close contact with the original authors. The book gives an easy introduction to the field for newcomers, and provides detailed treatments for the specialists. The following list of contents illustrates the topics under review:
Category: Science

Particulate Carbon

Author : Donald Siegla
ISBN : 9781475761375
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.64 MB
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The goal of the symposium, "Particulate Carbon: Formation During Combustion", held at the General Motors Research Laboratories on October 15 and 16, 1980, was to discuss fundamental aspects of soot formation and oxidation in combustion systems and to stimulate new research by extensive interactions among the participants. This book contains lhe papers and discussions of that symposium, the 26th in an annual series covering many different disciplines which are timely and of interest to both General Motors and the technical community at large. The subject of this symposium has considerable relevance for man in his effort to control and preserve his environment. Emission of particulate carbon into the atmos phere from combustion sources is of concern to scientists and laymen alike. The hope of reducing this emission clearly requires an understanding of its formation during the combustion process, itself an area of considerable long-term research interest. It is our hope that this symposium has served to summarize what is known so that what remains to be learned can be pursued with greater vigor.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Combustion And In Cylinder Soot Formation Characteristics Of A Neat Gtl Fueled Di Diesel Engine

Author : Salih Manasra
ISBN : 3832530010
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.84 MB
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There is interest in a substitution of conventional diesel fuel by alternative hydrocarbons. For example natural gas can be converted into liquid hydrocarbons using the Fischer-Tropsch process. Resulting Gas-To-Liquid (GTL) fuels may have considerable advantages with respect to their combustion. GTL fuels are appropriate for conventional diesel engines provided their operation is modified. In this context the injection strategy including injection timing and pressure is most important for the combustion process and resulting pollutants. In his experiments, the author has studied injection and combustion of GTL fuels. His investigations were focused on observing, characterizing and comparing soot formation in GTL fueled diesel engines.
Category: Science

Physical And Chemical Aspects Of Combustion

Author : F Dryer
ISBN : 9056995847
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.46 MB
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This book contains a collection of papers prepared by leading experts on selected areas of particular importance to researchers in combustion science. The editors have gathered writings on fundamental physical and chemical aspects of combustion, including combustion chemistry, soot formation, and condensed phase and turbulent combustion intended to be a source of current understanding on the topics covered. The materials were originally presented as part of a Colloquium on Combustion held in honor of Professor Irvin Glassman.
Category: Science

Cleaner Combustion

Author : Frédérique Battin-Leclerc
ISBN : 9781447153078
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.41 MB
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This overview compiles the on-going research in Europe to enlarge and deepen the understanding of the reaction mechanisms and pathways associated with the combustion of an increased range of fuels. Focus is given to the formation of a large number of hazardous minor pollutants and the inability of current combustion models to predict the formation of minor products such as alkenes, dienes, aromatics, aldehydes and soot nano-particles which have a deleterious impact on both the environment and on human health. Cleaner Combustion describes, at a fundamental level, the reactive chemistry of minor pollutants within extensively validated detailed mechanisms for traditional fuels, but also innovative surrogates, describing the complex chemistry of new environmentally important bio-fuels. Divided into five sections, a broad yet detailed coverage of related research is provided. Beginning with the development of detailed kinetic mechanisms, chapters go on to explore techniques to obtain reliable experimental data, soot and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, mechanism reduction and uncertainty analysis, and elementary reactions. This comprehensive coverage of current research provides a solid foundation for researchers, managers, policy makers and industry operators working in or developing this innovative and globally relevant field.
Category: Science

Gas Phase Reactions In Organic Synthesis

Author : Yannick Vallee
ISBN : 9056990810
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.58 MB
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Flash Vacuum Thermolysis (FVT) techniques have become well-established methods and occupy an increasingly important place in synthesis. Gas Phase Reactions in Organic Synthesis is a complete review of the applications of flash vacuum thermolysis in organic chemistry; it features new developments in FVT, flow thermolysis and vacuum gas-solid reactions which have appeared in scientific literature since 1980.
Category: Science

Advances In Chemical Propulsion

Author : Gabriel D. Roy
ISBN : 9781420040685
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.57 MB
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Complex, vast, and multidisciplinary, chemical propulsion has been the subject of extensive investigation over the past few decades. Under the leadership of Gabriel Roy, this has been particularly true at the Office of Naval Research (ONR), where his team has focused on the three primary goals of combustion research: improving the efficiency, increasing the range and speed, and reducing the emissions and signatures of combustion systems. Advances in Chemical Propulsion: Science to Technology reports on the progress achieved by the outstanding team of scientists and engineers participating in the ONR Propulsion Program. Its chapters, each written by the scientists who performed the research, cover all aspects of the combustion process, from chemical synthesis to reaction pathways of the fuel, from combustor performance to the reduction of emissions, from the sooting problem to thrust vectoring, and from diagnostics to control. They discuss the relevant issues, describe the approach used and the results obtained, and show how the findings can be extended to practical applications. Richly illustrated and carefully edited for clarity, uniformity, and readability, Advances in Chemical Propulsion offers a comprehensive survey of the field, from pre- to post-combustion. It suggests directions for new research efforts and reflects the state-of-the-art technologies and issues that have a direct impact on combustion systems, both present and future.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Oxygen Enhanced Combustion Second Edition

Author : Charles E. Baukal Jr.
ISBN : 9781439862308
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.82 MB
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Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion—new technologies that produce oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include less pollutant emissions as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition compiles information about using oxygen to enhance industrial heating and melting processes. It integrates fundamental principles, applications, and equipment design in one volume, making it a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems. This second edition of the bestselling book has more than doubled in size. Extensively updated and expanded, it covers significant advances in the technology that have occurred since the publication of the first edition. What’s New in This Edition Expanded from 11 chapters to 30, with most of the existing chapters revised A broader view of oxygen-enhanced combustion, with more than 50 contributors from over 20 organizations around the world More coverage of fundamentals, including fluid flow, heat transfer, noise, flame impingement, CFD modeling, soot formation, burner design, and burner testing New chapters on applications such as flameless combustion, steel reheating, iron production, cement production, power generation, fluidized bed combustion, chemicals and petrochemicals, and diesel engines This book offers a unified, up-to-date look at important commercialized uses of oxygen-enhanced combustion in a wide range of industries. It brings together the latest knowledge to assist those researching, engineering, and implementing combustion in power plants, engines, and other applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Combustion Characteristics Of Turbo Charged Disi Engines

Author : Henrik Hoffmeyer
ISBN : 9783832530792
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.55 MB
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In spite of progress in the development of alternative powertrain systems and energy sources, the internal combustion and all its derivates still are and will be the main powertrain for automobiles. In SI-engines, several approaches compete with each other like the controlled auto ignition (CAI or HCCI), throttle-free load control using variable valvetrains, stratified mixture formation with lean engine operation or highly turbo charged downsizing concepts all combined with gasoline direct injection. The presented work makes a contribution for a deeper understanding of the combustion process of a turbo charged direct injection engine operating with external EGR as well as lean stratified mixture. Using detailed test bench investigations and introducing a new optical measurement tool, the combustion process is described in detail focusing on the occurrence of non-premixed combustion phenomena. The influence of engine parameters like global and local air-/fuel ratio, external EGR and fuel rail pressure as well as the influence of fuel parameters are discussed giving a characterization of the combustion process of stratified engine operation. Furthermore, the influences of non-inert exhaust gas components on engine knock tendency are investigated using external EGR with an EGR catalyst. Opposing the results to numerical analysis, combustion characteristics of turbo charged DISI-engines are presented.
Category: Technology & Engineering