SO MUCH TO LOSE JOHN F KENNEDY AND AMERICAN POLICY IN LAOS STUDIES IN CONFLICT DIPLOMACY AND PEACE

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So Much To Lose

Author : William J. Rust
ISBN : 9780813144788
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 89.54 MB
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Judith Brockenbrough McGuire's Diary of a Southern Refugee during the War is among the first of such works published after the Civil War. Although it is one of the most-quoted memoirs by a Confederate woman, James I. Robertson's edition is the first to present vital details not given in the original text. His meticulous annotations furnish references for poems and quotations, supply the names of individuals whom McGuire identifies by their initials alone, and provide an in-depth account of McGuire's extraordinary life. Throughout the war years, McGuire made poignant entries in her diary. She wrote incisive commentaries on society, ruminated on past glories, and detailed her hardships. Her entries are a highly personal, highly revealing mixture of family activities; military reports and rumors; conditions behind the battle lines; and her observations on life, faith, and the future. In providing illuminating background and references that significantly enhance the text, Robertson's edition adds considerably to our understanding of this important work.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Lost Mandate Of Heaven

Author : Geoffrey Shaw, PhD
ISBN : 9781586179359
Genre : History
File Size : 61.9 MB
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Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of the Republic of Vietnam, possessed the Confucian “Mandate of Heaven”, a moral and political authority that was widely recognized by all Vietnamese. This devout Roman Catholic leader never lost this mandate in the eyes of the people; rather, it was removed by his erstwhile allies in the United States government in a coup sponsored by them resulting in his assassination. The commonly held view runs contrary to the above assertion by military historian Geoffrey Shaw. According to many American historians, President Diem was a corrupt leader whose tyrannical actions lost him the loyalty of his people and the possibility of a military victory over the North Vietnamese. The Kennedy Administration, they argue, had to withdraw its support of Diem. Based on his research of original sources, however, including declassified documents of the US government, Shaw found a Diem who was up for Mass at 6:30 every morning, who was venerated by the Vietnamese as a great leader at all levels of government and society, a kind man who did not even like the thought of Communist guerrillas being killed. Also, according historical record, Diem did not persecute Buddhists; on the contrary, he did more to preserve and to fund Vietnam’s Buddhist heritage than any other Vietnamese leader. “A candid account of the killing of Ngo Dinh Diem, the reasons for it, who was responsible, why it happened, and the disastrous results . . . This book is not a happy read. But it is a careful record to set the issue straight. What is particularly agonizing for Americans who read this clearly stated and tightly argued book is the fact that the final Vietnam defeat was not really on battle grounds but on political and moral grounds, or, even worse, on personal grounds of prideful diplomats and reporters. The Vietnam War need not have been lost. Overwhelming evidence supports it.” — From the Foreword by James Schall, S.J., Professor Emeritus, Georgetown University “Did I find a veritable Conradian ‘Heart of Darkness’? Yes, I did, but it was not in the quarter to which all popular American sources were pointing their accusatory fingers; in other words, not in Saigon but, paradoxically, within the Department of State back in Washington, DC, and within President Kennedy’s closest White House advisory circle. The actions of these men led to Diem’s murder. And with his death, nine and a half years of careful work and partnership between the United States and South Vietnam was undone.” — From the Preface by Geoffrey Shaw
Category: History

Eisenhower And Cambodia

Author : William J. Rust
ISBN : 9780813167442
Genre : History
File Size : 20.54 MB
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Although most Americans paid little attention to Cambodia during Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency, the nation's proximity to China and the global ideological struggle with the Soviet Union guaranteed US vigilance throughout Southeast Asia. Cambodia's leader, Norodom Sihanouk, refused to take sides in the Cold War, a policy that disturbed US officials. From 1953 to 1961, his government avoided the political and military crises of neighboring Laos and South Vietnam. However, relations between Cambodia and the United States suffered a blow in 1959 when Sihanouk discovered CIA involvement in a plot to overthrow him. The coup, supported by South Vietnam and Thailand, was a failure that succeeded only in increasing Sihanouk's power and prestige, presenting new foreign policy challenges in the region. In Eisenhower and Cambodia, William J. Rust examines the United States' efforts to lure Cambodia from neutrality to alliance. He conclusively demonstrates that, as with Laos in 1958 and 1960, covert intervention in the internal political affairs of neutral Cambodia proved to be a counterproductive tactic for advancing the United States' anticommunist goals. Drawing on recently declassified sources, Rust skillfully traces the impact of "plausible deniability" on the formulation and execution of foreign policy. His meticulous study not only reveals a neglected chapter in Cold War history but also illuminates the intellectual and political origins of US strategy in Vietnam and the often-hidden influence of intelligence operations in foreign affairs.
Category: History

Choosing War

Author : Fredrik Logevall
ISBN : 9780520229198
Genre : History
File Size : 69.73 MB
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"Masterful. . . . Logevall presents a vivid and tragic portrait of the elements of U.S. decision-making on Vietnam from the beginning of the Kennedy administration through the announcement of the American ground war in July 1965. In the process he reveals a troubling picture of top officials in both the Kennedy and Johnson administrations persisting in efforts to boost the fortunes of sucessive governments of South Vietnam, even while they acknowledged that their chances for success were remote. In addition, he places the decision-making squarely in the international context."—Robert D. Schulzinger, author of A Time for War: The United States and Vietnam, 1941-1975 "Stunning in its research and highly sophisticated in its analysis, Choosing War is far and away the best study we have of Lyndon Johnson's escalation of the conflict in Vietnam."—George C. Herring "In this fine book, Fredrick Logevall offers the first detailed examination of why diplomacy failed to head off the Vietnam War. Grounding himself in documentary research and other sources from several countries, Logevall comes closer than anyone ever has to explaining what happened. His clear writing and deep analysis may well change our understanding of Vietnam as a quagmire."—John Prados, author of The Hidden History of the Vietnam War "A rising star among a new generation of historians, Fredrik Logevall has written the most important Vietnam book in years. By explaining the international context of that tragic conflict, Choosing War provides startling answers to the question, Why did the war happen? Controversial yet fair, this account challenges the reader to think through John F. Kennedy's and Lydon B. Johnson's individual responsibility for Vietnam. The effect is compelling, unforgettable history."—Timothy Naftali, co-author of "One Hell of a Gamble:" Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy, 1958-1964
Category: History

All The Way With Jfk

Author : Peter Busch
ISBN : 019925639X
Genre : History
File Size : 59.55 MB
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In All the Way with JFK? Peter Busch shatters many a myth about Anglo-American relations and the Vietnam War. Demolishing the scholarly consensus thtat Britain was in constant pursuit of peace in Indochina, he shows that the British government ruled out a negotiated settlement, advised John F. Kennedy to conceal the American military build-up, and helped to put the blame for the escalating conflict squarely on the communist regime in Hanoi. Simultaneously, Britain increased its own involvement in the conflict by sending Robert Thompson as the head of a team of counter-insurgency experts to South Vietnam. The detailed analysis of the British Advisory Mission disproves the oft-repeated view that Thompson was the brain behind the strategic hamlet programme, in which Kennedy and his administration put so much faith. However, the British experts were convinced of the programme's eventual success, and Thompson told Kennedy in 1963 that the South Vietnamese were winning the war.Drawing on newly released documents from archives in Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and East Germany, the compelling story of Britain's involvement in Vietnam is set in the context of the Cold War in South-East Asia. While Britain was en route to getting more deeply involved in Vietnam, Indonesia's confrontation policy re-focused London's attention to the Malayan area in 1963. Britain wanted to demonstrate to the world, and particularly to President Kennedy, theAustralians, and the New Zealanders, that it was still willing and able to safeguard Commonwealth interests in South-East Asia. Indeed, Whitehall's unequivocal defence commitment to Malaysia, coupled with the British military build-up in the area, was completely consistent with Britain's Vietnam policy. All the Way with JFK? proves that the British could not think of a viable alternative to Kennedy's Vietnam policy that might have helped the US avoid the quagmire. Far from playing the role of peacemaker, Britain supported Kennnedy's policy of seeking a decisive military victory in Vietnam.
Category: History

America History And Life

Author : American Bibliographical Center
ISBN : UOM:39015065432950
Genre : United States
File Size : 26.79 MB
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.
Category: United States

Indochina Chronology

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822027659861
Genre : Indochina
File Size : 24.26 MB
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Category: Indochina

Perils Of Dominance

Author : Gareth Porter
ISBN : 0520940407
Genre : History
File Size : 63.58 MB
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Perils of Dominance is the first completely new interpretation of how and why the United States went to war in Vietnam. It provides an authoritative challenge to the prevailing explanation that U.S. officials adhered blindly to a Cold War doctrine that loss of Vietnam would cause a "domino effect" leading to communist domination of the area. Gareth Porter presents compelling evidence that U.S. policy decisions on Vietnam from 1954 to mid-1965 were shaped by an overwhelming imbalance of military power favoring the United States over the Soviet Union and China. He demonstrates how the slide into war in Vietnam is relevant to understanding why the United States went to war in Iraq, and why such wars are likely as long as U.S. military power is overwhelmingly dominant in the world. Challenging conventional wisdom about the origins of the war, Porter argues that the main impetus for military intervention in Vietnam came not from presidents Kennedy and Johnson but from high-ranking national security officials in their administrations who were heavily influenced by U.S. dominance over its Cold War foes. Porter argues that presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson were all strongly opposed to sending combat forces to Vietnam, but that both Kennedy and Johnson were strongly pressured by their national security advisers to undertake military intervention. Porter reveals for the first time that Kennedy attempted to open a diplomatic track for peace negotiations with North Vietnam in 1962 but was frustrated by bureaucratic resistance. Significantly revising the historical account of a major turning point, Porter describes how Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara deliberately misled Johnson in the Gulf of Tonkin crisis, effectively taking the decision to bomb North Vietnam out of the president's hands.
Category: History

American Policy In Bosnia

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on European Affairs
ISBN : 0160407370
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.14 MB
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Category: Law

Author : Henry Kissinger
ISBN : 9789960549071
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 75.48 MB
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كتاب سنوات التجديد إنجاز استثنائي لعله أفضل دبلوماسي أمريكي معروف في القرن العشرين، هنري كيسنجر شخصية كبيرة في التاريخ العالمي، وحائز على جائزة نوبل للسلام، ومن أفضل العقول التي عملت في السياسة الخارجية الأمريكية، إضافةً إلى أنه من أذكى الرجال وأكثرهم معرفة ممن عملوا في مراكز السلطة في واشنطن. هذا الكتاب الذي طال انتظاره عن ذكرياته يُكمل عملاً كبيراً في التاريخ المعاصر. وهو وثيقة تاريخية مهمة ورواية رائعة ذات طابع شكسبيري في قوتها، مليئة بالنظرات العميقة غير المعتادة، والصادقة، وإحساس عميق بالتاريخ »سنوات التجديد« هو الاستنتاج الناجح لإنجاز عظيم، والذي سيظل وثيقة تاريخية من الدرجة الأولى. جون لويس غاديس: مراجِعة الكتب في صحيفة نيويورك تايمز ٭ ٭ ٭ «أسلوب يتفوق على الشكل المعروف لكتّاب كبار آخرين... كتاب يستحوذ على الانتباه. ويصعب وضعه جانباً». جوزيف، وول ستريت جورنال «تاريخ السيد كيسنجر في أيام خدمته عمل يتميز بعمق ووضوح الرؤية والمشهد التاريخي ويبرر حجمه. إنه حدث وعمل كلاسيكي في طابعه». ريتشارد بيرنيستين، نيويورك تايمز «انهماك كيسنجر بتأريخ الأحداث وعرضها في هذه السنوات غني بالتفاصيل. لا بد أن يقرأه المهتمون بالسياسة الخارجية». غريغ ايسندارث، فلادلفيا انكوايارار «عمل ناجح وطموح وواسع الإحاطة.. إنه صورة ذاتية ومركّبة مرسومة بقلم إنسان ذكي وفخور بنفسه». باريان فانديمارك، ذا بوستن صندي جلوب ٭ ٭ ٭ العبيكان 2017
Category: Biography & Autobiography