SKYWATCHING IN THE ANCIENT WORLD NEW PERSPECTIVES IN CULTURAL ASTRONOMY MESOAMERICAN WORLDS

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Skywatching In The Ancient World

Author : Gary Urton
ISBN : 9781607320777
Genre : History
File Size : 59.12 MB
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Compiled in honor of Anthony F. Aveni, America's leading archaeoastronomer, Skywatching in the Ancient World offers state-of-the-art work in cultural astronomy by well-known experts in Mayan glyphic studies, cultural history, ethnohistory, and the history of science and of religions. This collection's wide range of outstanding scholarship reveals that cultural astronomy has come into its own. The diverse topics addressed by the contributors include the correlation between Colonial Northern Zapotec and Gregorian calendars, the period of use of the Dresden Codex Venus table and the significance of the Lunar Almanacs that precede it, a new interpretation of an Inka tapestry mantle as a commemorative calendar, temple orientations in Hawai'i and church orientations in Medieval England, and the connection in cultural imagery between astronomers (science) and wizards (magic). Contributors include: Harvey M. Bricker, Victoria R. Bricker, Edward E. Calnek, Clemency Coggins, John Justeson, Edwin C. Krupp, Stephen C. McCluskey, Susan Milbrath, Clive Ruggles, David Tavárez, Barbara Tedlock, Dennis Tedlock, Gary Urton, and R. Tom Zuidema. Mesoamerican Worlds Series
Category: History

The Ritual Practice Of Time

Author : Lars Kirkhusmo Pharo
ISBN : 9789004252363
Genre : History
File Size : 24.49 MB
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Drawing upon the category “ritual practices of time” the book offers a comparative analytical model and theoretical insights about calendars in Mesoamerica and in general. This comprehensive study systematically explicates how ritual practises are represented and conceptualised in intellectual systems and societies.
Category: History

2000 Years Of Mayan Literature

Author : Dennis Tedlock
ISBN : 9780520271371
Genre : History
File Size : 28.25 MB
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"Never before has anyone focused so successfully on the literary genius of these ancient authors. Tedlock is so much more than a translator, placing selected Mayan works in a continuous narrative that skillfully links authors from the third century to the sixteenth century with writers of today. An extremely important, original, and innovative work."—Martha J. Macri, coauthor of The New Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs, Volumes 1 and 2, and Director of the Maya Hieroglyphic Database Project, University of California, Davis "A stunning recreation of the intellectual world of the ancient Maya, the only fully literate people of pre-Columbian America. Informed by the latest research on Maya hieroglyphic writing, art, and mythology, this beautifully illustrated and wonderfully readable work by an outstanding scholar should be on the bookshelf of all those interested in this fascinating civilization."—Michael Coe, author of Breaking the Maya Code "This book is, like the ancient Maya texts and images it explores, a work of art."—David Freidel, co-author (with Linda Schele and Joy Parker) of Maya Cosmos: Three Thousand Years on the Shaman’s Path "Literally breathtaking. A truly unprecedented gathering and translation of written Mayan texts. Tedlock is making visible, for the first time, a Mayan literature in comprehensible, meaningful form.”"—Jerome Rothenberg, poet, author/editor of Technicians of the Sacred and Poems for the Millennium
Category: History

After Monte Alb N

Author : Jeffrey Paul Blomster
ISBN : UOM:39015073677356
Genre : History
File Size : 84.84 MB
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After Monte Albn reveals the richness and interregional relevance of Postclassic transformations in the area now known as Oaxaca. Large nucleated states throughout Oaxaca collapsed after C.E. 700, including the great Zapotec state centered in the Valley of Oaxaca, Monte Albn. Dramatic sociopolitical reconfigurations ensued. Oaxaca lies between central Mexico and the Maya area; contributors to After Monte Albn demonstrate Oaxacas cultural centrality in pan-Mesoamerican networks. Contributors synthesize regional transformations and continuities in the lower Rio Verde valley, the Valley of Oaxaca, and the Mixteca Alta. They provide data from material culture, architecture, codices, ethnohistoric documents, and ceramics, including a revised ceramic chronology from the Late Classic to the end of the Postclassic that will be crucial to future investigations. After Monte Albn establishes Postclassic Oaxacas central place in the study of Mesoamerican antiquity.
Category: History

Invasion And Transformation

Author : Rebecca Parker Brienen
ISBN : UOM:39015073859483
Genre : Art
File Size : 81.43 MB
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Invasion and Transformation examines the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire and transformations in political, social, cultural, and religious life in Mexico during the Conquest and the ensuing colonial period. In particular, contributors consider the ways in which the Conquest itself was remembered, both in its immediate aftermath and in later centuries. Was Moteuczoma really as weak as history portrayed him? As Susan D. Gillespie instead suggests in "Blaming Moteuczoma," the representation of Moteuczoma as a scapegoat for the Aztec defeat can be understood as a product of indigenous resistance and accommodation following the imposition of Spanish colonialism. Chapters address the various roles (real and imagined) of Moteuczoma, Cortés, and Malinche in the fall of the Aztecs; the representation of history in colonial art; and the complex cultural transformations that actually took place. Including full-color reproductions of seventeenth-century paintings of the Conquest, Invasion and Transformation will appeal to scholars and students of Latin American history and anthropology, art history, colonial literature, and transatlantic studies. Contributors include Rebecca P. Brienen, Louise M. Burkhart, Ximena Chávez Balderas, Constance Cortez, Viviana Diáz Balsera, Martha Few, Susan D. Gillespie, Margaret A. Jackson, Diana Magaloni Kerpel, Matthew Restall, Michael Schreffler.
Category: Art

Ruins Of The Past

Author : Travis W. Stanton
ISBN : UOM:39015073981840
Genre : History
File Size : 80.56 MB
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From the Preclassic to the present, Maya peoples have continuously built, altered, abandoned, and re-used structures, imbuing them with new meanings at each transformation. RUINS OF THE PAST is the first volume to focus on how later Maya peoples perceived, used, and sometimes ritually destroyed ruins of structures built by ancestors.
Category: History

Rabinal Achi

Author : Alain Breton
ISBN : UCSC:32106019225223
Genre : Drama
File Size : 50.9 MB
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The Rabinal Achi, one of the most remarkable works of Mayan literature, dates back to the 1400s. The drama is set in the Guatemalan highlands in the second half of the fifteenth century. In an exemplary trial that takes place in Kajyub, the capital of the Rabinaleb at that time, a captured enemy warrior (Quiché Achi) appears before the royal court. A series of combative dialogues pits the offending warrior against the local warrior (Rabinal Achi) and the king (Job Toj), reconstructing the deeds of those involved and retracing the antagonistic history of these two Mayan groups, the Quiché and the Rabinaleb. Alain Breton approaches the text from an anthropological and ethnographical perspective, demonstrating that this indigenous text reenacts pre-Columbian historic paradigms. Breton translated into French an entirely new transcription of the original text, and Teresa Lavender Fagan and Robert Schneider translated the text into English. Both the transcription and the translation are accompanied by detailed commentary and a glossary.
Category: Drama

Skywatchers

Author : Anthony F. Aveni
ISBN : 0292705026
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.14 MB
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Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico helped establish the field of archaeoastronomy, and it remains the standard introduction to this subject. Combining basic astronomy with archaeological and ethnological data, it presented a readable and entertaining synthesis of all that was known of ancient astronomy in the western hemisphere as of 1980. In this revised edition, Anthony Aveni draws on his own and others' discoveries of the past twenty years to bring the Skywatchers story up to the present. He offers new data and interpretations in many areas, including: The study of Mesoamerican time and calendrical systems and their unprecedented continuity in contemporary Mesoamerican culture The connections between Precolumbian religion, astrology, and scientific, quantitative astronomy The relationship between Highland Mexico and the world of the Maya and the state of Pan-American scientific practices The use of personal computer software for computing astronomical data With this updated information, Skywatchers will serve a new generation of general and scholarly readers and will be useful in courses on archaeoastronomy, astronomy, history of astronomy, history of science, anthropology, archaeology, and world religions.
Category: Science

Classic Period Cultural Currents In Southern And Central Veracruz

Author : Philip J. Arnold
ISBN : UOM:39015076138240
Genre : Art
File Size : 62.48 MB
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This book explores the diverse traditions and dynamic interactions along the Mexican Gulf lowlands at the height of their cultural florescence. Best known for their elaborate ball game rituals and precocious inscriptions with long-count dates, these cultures served as a critical nexus between the civilizations of highland Mexico and the lowland Maya, influencing developments in both regions.
Category: Art

Stairways To The Stars

Author : Anthony Aveni
ISBN : 0471159425
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.51 MB
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For many ancient societies, the movements of the sun, moon, stars, and planets constituted an elaborate language, expressing the intentions of the spiritual forces they believed ruled the world. With little or no technology, these ancient cultures made remarkably detailed astronomical observations and developed intricate belief systems around them. Join critically acclaimed author Anthony Aveni, one of the founding fathers of the study of ancient astronomy, as he explores its purpose and uncovers surprising new revelations about three of the most popular and mysterious clues to its interpretation. What was the meaning of Stonehenge? What was the Mayan Code? Why was the elaborate Incan city of Cuzco built? A timeless, towering enigma, Stonehenge has mesmerized people for centuries. As Aveni takes us on a tour around the legendary structure, he describes how it was constructed in multiple stages over thousands of years, and critiques the many theories posited to explain its form and function. Through his eyes, Stonehenge comes alive as a meeting place, an observatory, a calendar, and a sacred temple. In the rain forests of Central America, the great Mayan civilization advanced the study of ancient astronomy through a sophisticated system of mathematics designed to calculate celestial movements. Here, the revered king Netzahualpilli would ascend to the roof of his palace to converse with the stars on matters of state. The Mayan codices speak of Kukulcan, the feathered-serpent deity who represented Venus, and whose presence permeated Mayan society, and influenced methods of agriculture, warfare, and rituals of human sacrifice. So powerful was the influence of Venus among the Mayans that the architecture and designs of buildings and monuments were skewed to focus attention on its wanderings. The prominent role of astronomy in ancient cultures reached its zenith, perhaps, with the mighty Inca Empire in western South America. The Incas incorporated their knowledge of the sky into the very plan of their capital city of Cuzco. Aveni details the astounding ceque system of city planning that was based on astronomical observations and unified Inca ideas about celestial events, religion, social organization, time-keeping, and agriculture. Taking readers on a stimulating journey through time and space, Stairways to the Stars is science writing at its very best, deftly linking past and present, while deepening our understanding of our ancestors and how they lived, as well as our sense of our own humanity. On Behind the Crystal Ball: "A vastly entertaining inquiry into the roots of magic and science . . . with unflagging wit and a sharp critical eye." — Evan Hadingham Coexecutive Producer, Discovery Magazine On Empires of Time: "One of the best books on a scientific theme for the serious general reader that I have read for some time." — John Barrow, author of Pi in the Sky "The author is obviously in command of his material. . . . His exploration of the mysteries of time provides an eminently stimulating read." — Nature On Conversing with the Planets: "A popular synthesis of the ancient search for celestial order." — Scientific American "In this intriguing work, Anthony Aveni writes with a mastery and polish that is wonderfully accessible, akin to an engaging classroom lecture." — The New York Times Book Review
Category: Science