SICILY CULTURE AND CONQUEST

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Sicily

Author : Dirk Booms
ISBN : 0714122890
Genre : Sicily (Italy)
File Size : 27.51 MB
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Sicily's central location and natural resources have meant that various peoples have sought to conquer, control and settle on the island throughout its 3000-year history. Its Italian identity, with which we are familiar today, emerges only comparatively recently. It was under the rule of the ancient Greeks and medieval Normans that Sicily really flourished - golden eras when it became a serious political player and one of the wealthiest and most culturally prosperous places in Europe. Through an engaging text, exploring themes such as art, architecture and culture, and a remarkable selection of objects, from monumental metopes and beautiful mosaics to reliquary pendants and chess pieces (many revealing a distinct Sicilian character and style), this book provides a visually stunning insight into the key periods of Sicily's extraordinary past.
Category: Sicily (Italy)

Sicily A Cultural History

Author : Joseph Farrell
ISBN : 9781623710507
Genre : History
File Size : 55.15 MB
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Long before it became an Italian offshore island, Sicily was the land in the center of the Mediterranean where the great civilizations of Europe and Northern Africa met. In ancient times it was the scene of conflicts between Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans and there are still more, better preserved Greek temples in Sicily than in the whole of mainland Greece. An Arab invasion in 827 made Sicily home to an Islamic culture, and through Sicily the Arabs introduced to Europe a range of products from sugar to pasta. Other conquering forces included the Catalan-Aragonese, the Spanish, the French, the Austrians and even the British who invented Marsala wine. Sicily today is familiar and unfamiliar, modernized and unchanging. Visitors will find in an out-of-the-way town an Aragonese castle, will stumble across a Norman church by the side of a lesser travelled road, will see red Muslim-styles domes over a Christian shrine, will find a Baroque church of breathtaking beauty in a village, will catch a glimpse from the motorway of a solitary Greek temple on the horizon and will happen on a the celebrations of the patron saint of a run-down district of a city, and will stop and wonder. There is more to Sicily than the Godfather and the mafia. • Land of Myth and Religious Feast: The myth of Persephone at the lake of Pergusa: the Holy Week processions in Enna and Erice; the festivities for St. Rosalia in Palermo, St. Agatha in Catania, St. James in Caltagirone. • History in Stone: The Valley of the Temples in Agrigento; Norman cathedrals in Palermo, Monreale and Cefalú; Saracen and Aragonese castles; Arab-Norman-Byzantine mosaics in the Palace of the Normans in Palermo, • Islands and Cities: The Aeolian Islands with their volcanoes at Stromboli and Vulcano; the hauntingly beautiful cities of Taormina and Cefalú; Mount Etna; the eighteenth-century Baroque towns of Ragusa and Noto.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Ancient Sicily

Author : R. Ross Holloway
ISBN : 9781134557738
Genre : History
File Size : 76.6 MB
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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: History

Norman Tradition And Transcultural Heritage

Author : Dr Stefan Burkhardt
ISBN : 9781409463320
Genre : History
File Size : 23.16 MB
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The Normans have long been recognised as one of the most dynamic forces within medieval western Europe. With a reputation for aggression and conquest, they rapidly expanded their powerbase from Normandy, and by the end of the twelfth century had established themselves in positions of strength from England to Sicily, Antioch to Dublin. Yet, despite this success recent scholarship has begun to question the ‘Norman Achievement’ and look again at the degree to which a single Norman cultural identity existed across so diverse a territory. To explore this idea further, all the essays in this volume look at questions of Norman traditions in some of the peripheral Norman dominions. In response to recent developments in cultural studies the volume uses the concepts of ‘tradition’ and ‘heritage’ to question the notion of a stable pan-European Norman culture or identity, and instead reveals the degrees to which Normans adopted and adapted to local conditions, customs and requirements in order to form their own localised cultural heritage. Divided into two sections, the volume begins with eight chapters focusing on Norman Sicily. These essays demonstrate both the degree of cultural intermingling that made this kingdom an extraordinary paradigm in this regard, and how the Normans began to develop their own distinct origin myths that diverged from those of Norman France and England. The second section of the volume provides four essays that explore Norman ethnicity and identity more broadly, including two looking at Norman communities on the opposite side of Europe to the Kingdom of Sicily: Ireland and the Scandinavian settlements in the Kievan Rus. Taken as a whole the volume provides a fascinating assessment of the construction and malleability of Norman identities in transcultural settings. By exploring these issues through the tradition and heritage of the Norman’s ‘peripheral’ dominions, a much more sophisticated understanding can be gained, not only of the Normans but of the wider cultural forces at work with the medieval west.
Category: History

Sicily And The Sea

Author : Paulien Retl
ISBN : 9462581150
Genre : Art
File Size : 42.39 MB
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Sicily and the Sea highlights the culture of the island through the ages The Allard Pierson Museum will be hosting an exhibition entitled Sicily and the Sea: A Dive into the Past, from October 9, 2015 - April 17, 2016Due to its strategic location and natural resources Sicily has always been a coveted island. Phoenicians and Greeks were the first to settle and their colonies made a lasting contribution to the cultural history of Europe. In the following centuries a sequence of rulers invaded Sicily, from Romans and Byzantines, Moors and various European royal houses up to the invasion of the allies in 1943. All those cultures living together - sometimes in peace, sometimes conflicting - effected each other and left their traces, on the island and in the sea. Sicily and the Sea highlights the culture of the island through the ages. Thanks to modern techniques, more and more archeological treasures are found. Lovers of underwater archeology, ports, temples, sea battles and shipwrecks are generously served. But Sicily and the Sea is about much more: about Homeric monsters, folklore, modern politics, and the many writers and film directors who were inspired by this island itself."
Category: Art

Sicily

Author : Sandra Benjamin
ISBN : 9781586421816
Genre : History
File Size : 82.31 MB
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Tourists, armchair travelers, and historians will all delight in this fluid narrative that can be read straight through, dipped into over time, or used as a reference guide to each period in Sicily’s fascinating tale. Emigration of people from Sicily often overshadows the importance of the people who immigrated to the island through the centuries. These have included several who became Sicily’s rulers, along with Jews, Ligurians, and Albanians. Greeks, Romans, Vandals, Goths, Byzantines, Muslims, Normans, Hohenstaufens, Spaniards, Bourbons, the Savoy Kingdom of Italy and the modern era have all held sway, and left lasting influences on the island’s culture and architecture. Sicily’s character has also been determined by what passed it by: events that affected Europe generally, namely the Crusades and Columbus’s discovery of the Americas, remarkably had little influence on Italy’s most famous island. Maps, biographical notes, suggestions for further reading, a glossary, pronunciation keys, and much more make this unique book as essential as it is enjoyable. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Category: History

The Norman Conquest Of Southern Italy And Sicily

Author : Gordon S. Brown
ISBN : 0786451270
Genre : History
File Size : 57.56 MB
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The Normans originally came to Italy and Sicily in the 11th and 12th centuries looking for adventure or a livelihood, but once there, found opportunity for fame and fortune. The story of the Norman conquest in Italy and Sicily is indeed one of knights and adventurers, great battles and lowly pillage, opportunism and statesmanship, and crusade and coexistence. This rich and often dramatic study focuses on the eight sons of Tancred of Hauteville, especially Robert Guiscard, who has been called "the most dazzling military ruler between Julius Caesar and Napoleon," and his youngest brother Roger, who conquered Sicily. It discusses how they expanded their lands throughout southern Italy, and then took Sicily from its Muslim rulers. The brothers, often in conflict with each other, challenged both the Papacy and the Byzantine Empire, became the main supporters of the reformed Papacy, and founded a rich, sophisticated kingdom that lasted until the nineteenth century.
Category: History

A History Of Muslim Sicily

Author : Leonard Chiarelli
ISBN : 9993276456
Genre : History
File Size : 58.37 MB
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The book, now in it's second revised edition, covers the period of Muslim Arab rule on the island from A.D. 827 to the Norman conquest in A.D. 1070. It is the first detailed study in English covering the various aspects of this 243-year period. It incorporates new Arabic sources and draws upon archaeological studies that hitherto have not been used. The book covers the political, social, economic, demographic, and cultural impacts that during this period forever changed the island's character. All aspects of society underwent change, making Sicily part of the Arabo-Muslim world for more than two hundred years. This new edition has now been updated with the latest research on the subject and with improved maps describing Sicily during the times of the Arabs.
Category: History

Roger Ii Of Sicily

Author : Hubert Houben
ISBN : 0521655730
Genre : History
File Size : 60.54 MB
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An account of the reign of King Roger II, founder of the kingdom of Sicily.
Category: History

Muslims Of Medieval Italy

Author : Alex Metcalfe
ISBN : 9780748688432
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.47 MB
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A general historical introduction to the Muslims of Medieval Italy which presents specific information regarding social, religious, administrative, political, cultural, artistic and intellectual questions.
Category: Social Science