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Political Equilibrium A Delicate Balance

Author : Peter C. Ordeshook
ISBN : 9789400973800
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.31 MB
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Peter C. Ordeshook and Kenneth A. Shepsle If the inaugural date of modern economics is set at 1776 with the publication of Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations, then the analytical tradition in the study of politics is not even a decade younger, commencing nine years later with the publication of the Marquis de Condorcet's Essai sur l'application de l'analyse iz la probabilite des decisions rendues iz la pluralite des voix. The parallel, however, stops there for, unlike Smith and other classical economists who laid an intel lectual foundation upon which a century of cumulative scientific research pro ceeded, analytical political science suffered fits and starts. Condorcet, himself, acknowledges the earlier work (predating the Essai by some fourteen years) of Borda and, from time to time during the nineteenth century, their contributions were rediscovered by Dodgson, Nanson, and other political philosophers and arithmeticians. But, by century's end, there was nothing in political science to compare to the grand edifice of general equilibrium theory in neoclassical eco nomics. Despite roots traversing two centuries, then, the analytical study of poli tics is a twentieth-century affair. The initial inspiration and insight of Condorcet was seized upon just after World War II by Duncan Black, who wrote several papers on the equilibrium properties of majority rule in specific contexts (Black, 1948a, b). He expanded upon these themes in his now deservedly famous monograph, The Theory of xi PREFACE xii Committees and Elections, and the lesser-known essay with R.A.
Category: Political Science

Applying Fuzzy Mathematics To Formal Models In Comparative Politics

Author : Terry D. Clark
ISBN : 9783540774600
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21.26 MB
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This book explores the intersection of fuzzy mathematics and the spatial modeling of preferences in political science. Beginning with a critique of conventional modeling approaches predicated on Cantor set theoretical assumptions, the authors outline the potential benefits of a fuzzy approach to the study of ambiguous or uncertain preference profiles. While crisp models assume that ambiguity is a form of confusion emerging from imperfect information about policy options, the authors argue instead that some level of ambiguity is innate in human preferences and social interaction. What fuzzy mathematics offers the researcher, then, is a precise tool with which he can model the inherently imprecise dimensions of nuanced empirical reality. Moving beyond the limited treatment fuzzy methodologies have received in extant political science literature, this book develops single- and multidimensional models of fuzzy preference landscapes and characterizes the surprisingly high levels of stability that emerge from interactions between players operating within these models. The material presented makes it a good text for a graduate seminar in formal modeling. It is also suitable as an introductory text in fuzzy mathematics for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.
Category: Computers

Analyzing Politics

Author : Kenneth A. Shepsle
ISBN : 0393935078
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84.17 MB
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Analyzing Politics makes the fundamentals of rational-choice theory accessible to undergraduates in clear, nontechnical language.
Category: Political Science

Turning The Legislative Thumbscrew

Author : Douglas Dion
ISBN : 0472088262
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.57 MB
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A study of minority rights in legislative politics
Category: Political Science

Perspectives On Positive Political Economy

Author : James E. Alt
ISBN : 0521398517
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.96 MB
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This volume serves as an introduction to the field of positive political economy and the economic and political processes with which it is concerned. This new research tradition is distinct from both normative and historical approaches to political economy. Grounded in the rational-actor methodology of microeconomics, positive political economy is the study of rational decisions in a context of political and economic institutions. More analytical than traditional approaches, it is concerned with the derivation of principles and propositions against which real-world experience may be compared. Its focus is on empirical regularities, and its goal is theoretical explanation. The field has focused on three main areas of research: models of collective action, constraints on competitive market processes, and the analysis of transaction costs. Developments in all of these areas are covered in the book. The first part of the volume surveys the field, while the second part displays positive political economy at work, examining a variety of subjects. The final part contains essays by leading political economists on the theoretical foundations of the field.
Category: Business & Economics

Games Information And Politics

Author : Scott Gates
ISBN : 0472065645
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.79 MB
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Explains how game theory can be used to explain political phenomena
Category: Business & Economics

Democratization In Russia

Author : Jeffrey W. Hahn
ISBN : 1563247208
Genre : History
File Size : 33.16 MB
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The development of Russian democracy has been a gradual process of maturation punctuated by dramatic events. This text examines events such as the first free elections, the Russian parliament's resistance to the 1991 coup, and the bloody confrontation with the military in 1993.
Category: History

Models Of Multiparty Electoral Competition

Author : K. Shepsle
ISBN : 9781135646158
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72.93 MB
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Kenneth A. Shepsle surveys the formal literature on multiparty electoral competition.
Category: Business & Economics

Governing In A Polarized Age

Author : Alan S. Gerber
ISBN : 9781107095090
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.91 MB
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This volume provides an in-depth examination of representation and legislative performance in contemporary American politics.
Category: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Legislative Studies

Author : Shane Martin
ISBN : 9780191019074
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.56 MB
Format : PDF
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Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.
Category: Political Science