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Settlement Dynamics And Human Landscape Interaction In The Dry Steppes Of Syria

Author : Daniele Morandi Bonacossi
ISBN : 3447101660
Genre : History
File Size : 53.77 MB
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This volume is the result of a workshop convened in Warsaw on May 3-4, 2012 as part of the 8th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, with the aim of reinvigorating discussion on agro-pastoralist and specialised hunter societies living at the semi-arid and dry fringes of Syria's stable, long-term settlement zone.The seventeen papers gathered here present the results of the most important international field research projects of recent decades dedicated to the interdisciplinary exploration of the dry steppe regions of Syria: the arid margins of northern Syria, the Palmyra, Jebel Bishri, and the Middle Euphrates and Khabur regions. At the core of the articles are crucial issues discussed in a longue duree perspective ranging from the Neolithic to the Early Islamic period, such as the chronology of steppe cultures in Syria, the emergence of specialized mobile pastoral and hunting communities and their social organization, the management of water, the adaptation of subsistence strategies to increasing aridity, landscape change and its interaction with human activity, and the urban narrative on pastoral societies offered by Bronze and Iron Age cuneiform sources.
Category: History

Megadrought And Collapse

Author : Harvey Weiss
ISBN : 9780190660277
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.90 MB
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Megadrought and Collapse is the first book to treat in one volume the current paleoclimatic and archaeological evidence of megadrought events coincident with major prehistoric and historical examples of societal collapse. Previous works have offered multi-causal explanations for collapse, from overpopulation, overexploitation of resources, and warfare to poor leadership and failure to adapt to environmental changes. In earlier synthetic studies of major instances of collapse, the full force of climate change has often not been considered. This volume includes nine case studies that span the globe and stretch over fourteen thousand years, from the paleolithic hunter-gatherer collapse of the 12th millennium BC to the 15th century AD fall of the Khmer capital at Angkor. Together, the studies constitute a primary sourcebook in which principal investigators in archaeology and paleoclimatology present their original research. Each case study juxtaposes the latest paleoclimatic evidence of megadrought (so-called for its severity and its decades - to centuries-long duration) with available archaeological records of synchronous societal collapse. The megadrought data are derived from all five archival paleoclimate proxy sources: speleothems (cave stalagmites), tree rings, and lake, marine, and glacial cores. The archaeological records in each case are the most recently retrieved. With Megadrought and Collapse, Harvey Weiss and his team of expert contributors have assembled an authoritative investigation that is certain to engage environmental history readers across disciplines in the sciences and social sciences.
Category: Social Science

A Political History Of The Arameans

Author : K. Lawson Younger Jr.
ISBN : 9781628370843
Genre : History
File Size : 62.72 MB
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An up-to-date analysis of the history of the ancient Near East and the Arameans K. Lawson Younger Jr. presents a political history of the Arameans from their earliest origins to the demise of their independent entities. The book investigates their tribal structures, the development of their polities, and their interactions with other groups in the ancient Near East. Younger utilizes all of the available sources to develop a comprehensive picture of this complex, yet highly important, people whose influence and presence spanned the Fertile Cresent. Features: The best, recent understanding of tribal political structures, aspects of mobile pastoralism, and models of migration A regional rather than a monolithic approach to the rise of Aramean polities Thorough integration of the complex relationships and interactions of the Arameans with the Luwians, the Assyrians, the Israelites, and others
Category: History

History Politics And The Bible From The Iron Age To The Media Age

Author : James G. Crossley
ISBN : 9780567670618
Genre : Religion
File Size : 87.40 MB
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As biblical studies becomes increasingly fragmented, this collection of essays brings together a number of leading scholars in order to show how historical reconstruction, philology, metacriticism, and reception history can be part of a collective vision for the future of the field. This collection of essays focuses more specifically on critical questions surrounding the construction of ancient Israel(s), 'minimalism', the ongoing significance of lexicography, the development of early Judaism, orientalism, and the use of the Bible in contemporary political discourses. Contributors include John van Seters, Niels Peter Lemche, Ingrid Hjelm, and Philip R. Davies.
Category: Religion

Revolutionizing A World

Author : Mark Altaweel
ISBN : 9781911576631
Genre : History
File Size : 89.71 MB
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This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.
Category: History

Climate Environment And Agriculture In Assyria In The 2nd Half Of The 2nd Millennium Bce

Author : Hervé Reculeau
ISBN : 344706630X
Genre : History
File Size : 36.29 MB
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This book is the result of a two-year post-doctoral research conducted at the Cluster of Excellence TOPOI (Berlin) under the direction of Prof. Dr. Hartmut Kuhne. It focuses on potential environmental changes and/or climatic fluctuations, and their impact on the agrarian economy of Assyria during the 13th to 10th centuries BCE. Being intersected in two parts the first three chapters present a state-of-the-art compendium of palaeo-ecosystems and climatic as well as archaeological conditions of Upper Mesopotamia during the Late Holocene, i.e. the 2nd Millennium BCE, while the last four chapters analyze the cuneiform evidence of the 13th century BCE of cereal yields in relation to dry-farming and/or irrigation, field locations, productivity, and metrology. It is suggested that the overall poor yields documented at Middle Assyrian cities like Assur and Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta or provincial towns like Dur-Katlimmu, Harbe, Tall Sabi Abyad or Sibanniba cannot be interpreted in terms of an opposition between dry-farming vs. irrigation agriculture, but rather reflect the poor efficiency of Assyrian agriculture during an arid episode which prevailed in Upper Mesopotamia in the whole Late Bronze Age.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Imperial Landscapes

Author : Bleda S. Düring
ISBN : 9781107189706
Genre : History
File Size : 55.2 MB
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This book examines the poorly understood transformations in rural landscapes and societies that formed the backbone of ancient empires.
Category: History

The City Of Ebla

Author : Erica Scarpa
ISBN : 8875434360
Genre : History
File Size : 49.38 MB
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The ancient city of Ebla (modern Tell Mardikh) is rightfully considered one of the most important urban centers in upper Syro-Mesopotamia during the III and the first half of the II millennium BCE: best known for the discovery of the Royal Archives, its archaeological and epigraphic evidence provides information on cultural, historical, economic, and political aspects of early Syrian history. This book aims to provide an updated, comprehensive bibliography of books, articles, and digital resources concerning Ebla: it includes references to philological, archaeological, and historical studies published to date.
Category: History

D R Katlimmu 2008 And Beyond

Author : Hartmut Kühne
ISBN : 3447062096
Genre : History
File Size : 72.45 MB
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This book is the result of an International Colloquium held on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the excavation of Tall èeh Hamad, October 6-8, 2008, at the site itself to incorporate the genius loci It offers a variety of papers concerned with rural, environmental as well as historic geographical aspects of Assyria as the title of the Colloquium was "Rural Assyria (1350-500 BC)", e.g Caubet/Poplin, Charpin, Durand, Fales, Knhne, Masetti-Rouault, Reculeau Beyond that it presents studies on unpublished texts and materials from Dur-Katlimmu as well as Tabetu, e.g Fiigert, Kreppner/Hornig, Pucci, Radner, Shibata, and further reflections on published matters, e.g Chambon/Kreppner, Freydank, Muller-Kessler, Tourtet As it is, the volume is a forum for provincial issues of Upper Mesopotamia during the second and first millennia The participants of the Colloquium felt that these issues deserve a special voice which the new series Studia Chaburensia intends to be but chronologically unlimited.
Category: History

Letters To The King Of Mari

Author : Wolfgang Heimpel
ISBN : 9781575060804
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 85.40 MB
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In this new Mesopotamian Civilizations volume, Professor Heimpel collects the corpus of the Mari correspondence and provides an introduction, a reconstruction of events during Zimri-Lim's reign, and English translations of these Mari texts (including ARMT 26/1, 26/2, 27, and additional texts). The volume includes indexes of personal names/individuals, group designations/personnel, and places.
Category: Foreign Language Study