SELF ORGANIZATION AND EMERGENCE IN LIFE SCIENCES 331 SYNTHESE LIBRARY

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Self Organization And Emergence In Life Sciences

Author : Bernard Feltz
ISBN : 9781402039171
Genre : Science
File Size : 57.85 MB
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Self-organization constitutes one of the most important theoretical debates in contemporary life sciences. The present book explores the relevance of the concept of self-organization and its impact on such scientific fields as: immunology, neurosciences, ecology and theories of evolution. Historical aspects of the issue are also broached. Intuitions relative to self-organization can be found in the works of such key western philosophical figures as Aristotle, Leibniz and Kant. Interacting with more recent authors and cybernetics, self-organization represents a notion in keeping with the modern world's discovery of radical complexity. The themes of teleology and emergence are analyzed by philosophers of sciences with regards to the issues of modelization and scientific explanation. The implications of self-organization for life sciences are here approached from an interdisciplinary angle, revealing the notion as already rewarding and full of promise for the future.
Category: Science

Die Einheit Des Individuums

Author : Friedemann Buddensiek
ISBN : 311018852X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56.21 MB
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Einzelne Lebewesen fassen wir als Individuen auf, die über die Zeit hin Einheit besitzen und sich verändern können. Doch wie können sie Einheit besitzen, wenn sie sich verändern? Diese seit der Antike diskutierte ontologische Frage beantwortet Friedemann Buddensiek mit der These: Individuen sind Funktionsgefüge. Teil eines solchen- gegebenenfalls veränderlichen- Gefüges ist, was das Gefüge bildet und was durch Interaktion und Kooperation mit anderen Teilen zu dessen Selbständigkeit beiträgt. In der Kohärenz des Gefüges besteht die Einheit des Individuums. Die systematisch ausgerichtete Studie zeichnet sich durch ihre methodologische und empirische Absicherung ebenso aus wie durch die Zusammenführung von Diskussionen etwa zur Spezies, zur Vagheit, zur Reduktion, zur Emergenz und zur Funktion.
Category: Philosophy

Design And Control Of Self Organizing Systems

Author : Carlos Gershenson
ISBN : 9780983117230
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.79 MB
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Complex systems are usually difficult to design and control. There are several particular methods for coping with complexity, but there is no general approach to build complex systems. In this book I propose a methodology to aid engineers in the design and control of complex systems. This is based on the description of systems as self-organizing. Starting from the agent metaphor, the methodology proposes a conceptual framework and a series of steps to follow to find proper mechanisms that will promote elements to find solutions by actively interacting among themselves.
Category: Science

Philosophical Lectures On Probability

Author : Bruno de Finetti
ISBN : 9781402082016
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.75 MB
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Bruno de Finetti (1906–1985) is the founder of the subjective interpretation of probability, together with the British philosopher Frank Plumpton Ramsey. His related notion of “exchangeability” revolutionized the statistical methodology. This book (based on a course held in 1979) explains in a language accessible also to non-mathematicians the fundamental tenets and implications of subjectivism, according to which the probability of any well specified fact F refers to the degree of belief actually held by someone, on the ground of her whole knowledge, on the truth of the assertion that F obtains.
Category: Science

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 43.35 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Synergetik

Author : Hermann Haken
ISBN : 9783642967757
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.9 MB
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Category: Science

Logic In Reality

Author : JOSEPH BRENNER
ISBN : 9781402083754
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90.27 MB
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This book is both dif?cult and rewarding, affording a new perspective on logic and reality, basically seen in terms of change and stability, being and becoming. Most importantly it exemplifies a mode of doing philosophy of science that seems a welcome departure from the traditional focus on purely analytic arguments. The author approaches ontology, metaphysics, and logic as having offered a number of ways of constructing the description of reality, and aims at deepening their relationships in a new way. Going beyond the mere abstract and formal aspects of logical analysis, he offers a new architecture of logic that sees it as applied not only to the “reasoning processes” belonging to the first disciplinary group – ontology – but also directly concerned with en- ties, events, and phenomena studied by the second one – metaphysics. It is the task of the book to elaborate such a constructive logic, both by offering a lo- cal view of the structure of the reality in general and by proffering a wealth of models able to encompass its implications for science. In turning from the merely formal to the constructive account of logic Brenner overcomes the limitation of logic to linguistic concepts so that it can be not only a logic “of” reality but also “in” that reality which is constitutively characterized by a number of fundamental dualities (observer and observed, self and not-self, internal and external, etc.
Category: Philosophy