SEDIMENTATION AND THICKENING PHENOMENOLOGICAL FOUNDATION AND MATHEMATICAL THEORY MATHEMATICAL MODELLING THEORY

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The aim of this book is to present a rigorous phenomenological and mathematical formulation of sedimentation processes and to show how this theory can be applied to the design and control of continuous thickeners. The book is directed to stu dents and researchers in applied mathematics and engineering sciences, especially in metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and civil engineering, and to practicing en gineers in the process industries. Such a vast and diverse audience should read this book differently. For this reason we have organized the chapters in such a way that the book can be read in two ways. Engineers and engineering students will find a rigorous formulation of the mathematical model of sedimentation and the exact and approximate solutions for the most important problems encountered in the laboratory and in industry in Chapters 1 to 3, 7 and 8, and 10 to 12, which form a self-contained subject. They can skip Chapters 4 to 6 and 9, which are most important to applied mathematicians, without losing the main features of sedimentation processes. On the other hand, applied mathematicians will find special interest in Chapters 4 to 6 and 9 which show some known but many recent results in the field of conservation laws of quasilinear hyperbolic and degenerate parabolic equations of great interest today. These two approaches to the theory keep their own styles: the mathematical approach with theorems and proofs, and the phenomenological approach with its deductive technique.

Author : Kees van Montfort
ISBN : 9781402019586
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81.8 MB
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After Karl Jöreskog's first presentation in 1970, Structural Equation Modelling or SEM has become a main statistical tool in many fields of science. It is the standard approach of factor analytic and causal modelling in such diverse fields as sociology, education, psychology, economics, management and medical sciences. In addition to an extension of its application area, Structural Equation Modelling also features a continual renewal and extension of its theoretical background. The sixteen contributions to this book, written by experts from many countries, present important new developments and interesting applications in Structural Equation Modelling. The book addresses methodologists and statisticians professionally dealing with Structural Equation Modelling to enhance their knowledge of the type of models covered and the technical problems involved in their formulation. In addition, the book offers applied researchers new ideas about the use of Structural Equation Modeling in solving their problems. Finally, methodologists, mathematicians and applied researchers alike are addressed, who simply want to update their knowledge of recent approaches in data analysis and mathematical modelling.

Author : S. Anita
ISBN : 0792366395
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.91 MB
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This volume is devoted to some of the most biologically significant control problems governed by continuous age-dependent population dynamics. It investigates the existence, uniqueness, positivity, and asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of the continuous age-structured models. Some comparison results are also established. In the optimal control problems the emphasis is on first order necessary conditions of optimality. These conditions allow the determination of the optimal control or the approximation of the optimal control problem. The exact controllability for some models with diffusion and internal control is also studied. These subjects are treated using new concepts and techniques of modern optimal control theory, such as Clarke's generalized gradient, Ekeland's variational principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equations, and Carleman estimates. A background in advanced calculus and partial differential equations is required. Audience: This work will be of interest to students in mathematics, biology, and engineering, and researchers in applied mathematics, control theory, and biology.

Author : Gui-Qiang G. Chen
ISBN : 9783642390074
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48.28 MB
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This book presents thirteen papers, representing the most significant advances and current trends in nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws and related analysis with applications. Topics covered include a survey on multidimensional systems of conservation laws as well as novel results on liquid crystals, conservation laws with discontinuous flux functions, and applications to sedimentation. Also included are articles on recent advances in the Euler equations and the Navier-Stokes-Fourier-Poisson system, in addition to new results on collective phenomena described by the Cucker-Smale model. The Workshop on Hyperbolic Conservation Laws and Related Analysis with Applications at the International Centre for Mathematical Sciences (Edinburgh, UK) held in Edinburgh, September 2011, produced this fine collection of original research and survey articles. Many leading mathematicians attended the event and submitted their contributions for this volume. It is addressed to researchers and graduate students interested in partial differential equations and related analysis with applications.

Author : M.S. Espedal
ISBN : 9783540446569
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.22 MB
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This book is devoted to the presentation of some flow problems in porous media having relevant industrial applications. The main topics covered are: the manufacturing of composite materials, the espresso coffee brewing process, the filtration of liquids through diapers, various questions about flow problems in oil reservoirs and the theory of homogenization. The aim is to show that filtration problems arising in very practical industrial context exhibit interesting and highly nontrivial mathematical aspects. Thus the style of the book is mathematically rigorous, but specifically oriented towards applications, so that it is intended for both applied mathematicians and researchers in various areas of technological interest. The reader is required to have a good knowledge of the classical theory of PDE and basic functional analysis.

Author : M. Rahman
ISBN : UVA:X004439642
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44.38 MB
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Placing emphasis on new applications and research, this volume contains the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Fluid Mechanics. Topics covered include: experimental versus computational methods; numerical methods in fluid mechanics; boundary element methods for fluids; inverse fluid mechanics problems; fluid-structure interaction; heat and mass transfer; bio-fluid mechanics; geophysical fluid dynamics; environmental fluid mechanics; hydrodynamics; aerodynamics; river, lake and estuary dynamics; coastal sea modelling; nonlinear ocean waves; air-sea coupling dynamics; wave propagation and scattering; non-Newtonian fluids; and constitutive relationships.