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Sedimentation And Thickening

Author : E.M. Tory
ISBN : 9789401593274
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55.43 MB
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The aim of this book is to present a rigorous phenomenological and mathematical formulation of sedimentation processes and to show how this theory can be applied to the design and control of continuous thickeners. The book is directed to stu dents and researchers in applied mathematics and engineering sciences, especially in metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and civil engineering, and to practicing en gineers in the process industries. Such a vast and diverse audience should read this book differently. For this reason we have organized the chapters in such a way that the book can be read in two ways. Engineers and engineering students will find a rigorous formulation of the mathematical model of sedimentation and the exact and approximate solutions for the most important problems encountered in the laboratory and in industry in Chapters 1 to 3, 7 and 8, and 10 to 12, which form a self-contained subject. They can skip Chapters 4 to 6 and 9, which are most important to applied mathematicians, without losing the main features of sedimentation processes. On the other hand, applied mathematicians will find special interest in Chapters 4 to 6 and 9 which show some known but many recent results in the field of conservation laws of quasilinear hyperbolic and degenerate parabolic equations of great interest today. These two approaches to the theory keep their own styles: the mathematical approach with theorems and proofs, and the phenomenological approach with its deductive technique.
Category: Mathematics

Recent Developments On Structural Equation Models

Author : Kees van Montfort
ISBN : 9781402019586
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46.55 MB
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After Karl Jöreskog's first presentation in 1970, Structural Equation Modelling or SEM has become a main statistical tool in many fields of science. It is the standard approach of factor analytic and causal modelling in such diverse fields as sociology, education, psychology, economics, management and medical sciences. In addition to an extension of its application area, Structural Equation Modelling also features a continual renewal and extension of its theoretical background. The sixteen contributions to this book, written by experts from many countries, present important new developments and interesting applications in Structural Equation Modelling. The book addresses methodologists and statisticians professionally dealing with Structural Equation Modelling to enhance their knowledge of the type of models covered and the technical problems involved in their formulation. In addition, the book offers applied researchers new ideas about the use of Structural Equation Modeling in solving their problems. Finally, methodologists, mathematicians and applied researchers alike are addressed, who simply want to update their knowledge of recent approaches in data analysis and mathematical modelling.
Category: Psychology

The Fitzhugh Nagumo Model

Author : C. Rocsoreanu
ISBN : 9789401595483
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 82.37 MB
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The present monograph analyses the FitzHugh-Nagumo (F-N) model Le. , the Cauchy problem for some generalized Van der Pol equation depending on three real parameters a, band c. This model, given in (1. 1. 17), governs the initiation of the cardiac impulse. The presence of the three parameters leads to a large variety of dy namics, each of them responsible for a specific functioning of the heart. For physiologists it is highly desirable to have aglobai view of all possible qualitatively distinct responses of the F-N model for all values of the pa rameters. This reduces to the knowledge of the global bifurcation diagram. So far, only a few partial results appeared and they were spread through out the literature. Our work provides a more or less complete theoretical and numerical investigation of the complex phase dynamics and bifurca tions associated with the F-N dynamical system. This study includes the static and dynamic bifurcations generated by the variation of a, band c and the corresponding oscillations, of special interest for applications. It enables one to predict all possible types of initiations of heart beats and the mechanism of transformation of some types of oscillations into others by following the dynamics along transient phase space trajectories. Of course, all these results hold for the F-N model. The global phase space picture enables one to determine the domain of validity of this model.
Category: Mathematics

Analysis And Control Of Age Dependent Population Dynamics

Author : S. Anita
ISBN : 0792366395
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44.70 MB
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This volume is devoted to some of the most biologically significant control problems governed by continuous age-dependent population dynamics. It investigates the existence, uniqueness, positivity, and asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of the continuous age-structured models. Some comparison results are also established. In the optimal control problems the emphasis is on first order necessary conditions of optimality. These conditions allow the determination of the optimal control or the approximation of the optimal control problem. The exact controllability for some models with diffusion and internal control is also studied. These subjects are treated using new concepts and techniques of modern optimal control theory, such as Clarke's generalized gradient, Ekeland's variational principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equations, and Carleman estimates. A background in advanced calculus and partial differential equations is required. Audience: This work will be of interest to students in mathematics, biology, and engineering, and researchers in applied mathematics, control theory, and biology.
Category: Mathematics

Theory Of Multicomponent Fluids

Author : Donald A. Drew
ISBN : 9780387226378
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69.24 MB
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An exposition of the derivation and use of equations of motion for two-phase flow. The approach taken derives the equations of motion using ensemble averaging, and compares them with those derived from control volume methods. Closure for dispersed flows is discussed, and some fundamental solutions are given. The work focuses on the fundamental aspects of two-phase flow, and is intended to give the reader a background for understanding the dynamics as well as a system of equations that can be used in predictions of the behavior of dispersed two-phase flows. The exposition in terms of ensemble averaging is new, and combining it with modern continuum mechanics concepts makes this book unique. Intended for engineering, mathematics and physics researchers and advanced graduate students working in the field.
Category: Mathematics

Solid Liquid Separation In The Mining Industry

Author : Fernando Concha
ISBN : 9783319024844
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.50 MB
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This book covers virtually all of the engineering science and technological aspects of separating water from particulate solids in the mining industry. It starts with an introduction to the field of mineral processing and the importance of water in mineral concentrators. The consumption of water in the various stages of concentration is discussed, as is the necessity of recovering the majority of that water for recycling. The book presents the fundamentals under which processes of solid-liquid separation are studied, approaching mixtures of discrete finely divided solid particles in water as a basis for dealing with sedimentation in particulate systems. Suspensions, treated as continuous media, provide the basis of sedimentation, flows through porous media and filtration. The book also considers particle aggregations, and thickening is analyzed in depth. Lastly, two chapters cover the fundamentals and application of rheology and the transport of suspensions. This work is suitable for researchers and professionals in laboratories and plants, and can also serve as additional reading for graduate courses on solid liquid separation as well as for advanced undergraduate and graduate level students for courses of fluid mechanics, solid-liquid separation, thickening, filtration and transport of suspensions in tubes and channels.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fluvial Hydrodynamics

Author : Subhasish Dey
ISBN : 9783642190629
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.8 MB
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The state-of-the-art in fluvial hydrodynamics can be examined only through a careful exploration of the theoretical development and applied engineering technology. The book is primarily focused, since most up-to-date research findings in the field are presented, on the research aspects that involve a comprehensive knowledge of sediment dynamics in turbulent flows. It begins with the fundamentals of hydrodynamics and particle motion followed by turbulence characteristics related to sediment motion. Then, the sediment dynamics is analysed from a classical perspective by applying the mean bed shear approach and additionally incorporating a statistical description for the role of turbulence. The work finally examines the local scour problems at hydraulic structures and scale models. It is intended to design as a course textbook in graduate / research level and a guide for the field engineers as well, keeping up with modern technological developments. Therefore, as a simple prerequisite, the background of the readers should have a basic knowledge in hydraulics in undergraduate level and an understanding of fundamentals of calculus.
Category: Science

Diagenetic Models And Their Implementation

Author : Bernard P. Boudreau
ISBN : 364264399X
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.32 MB
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The study of sedimentary chemistry and its associated processes is becoming far more mathematical. This new emphasis is being driven by pressures originating from both basic research and field applications. There is a growing desire to gain a quantitative understanding of the reasons for the natural chemical changes observed in sediments as they are buried. Past textbooks have not emphasized the steps necessary to develop transport-reaction (diagenetic) models themselves nor methods for their solution. This book attempts to correct this situation by presenting a detailed account of model formulation by explaining some useful solution techniques. The choice of material illustrates methods that are simple to explain and implement, yet powerful enough to attack even the most complicated diagenetic problems. Computer programs that implement and illustrate the numerical methods are also made available.
Category: Science


Author : EDP Sciences
ISBN : UOM:39015053360973
Genre : Numerical analysis
File Size : 36.20 MB
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Category: Numerical analysis