SEDIMENTATION AND THICKENING PHENOMENOLOGICAL FOUNDATION AND MATHEMATICAL THEORY MATHEMATICAL MODELLING THEORY AND APPLICATIONS

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Sedimentation And Thickening

Author : E.M. Tory
ISBN : 9789401593274
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65.68 MB
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The aim of this book is to present a rigorous phenomenological and mathematical formulation of sedimentation processes and to show how this theory can be applied to the design and control of continuous thickeners. The book is directed to stu dents and researchers in applied mathematics and engineering sciences, especially in metallurgical, chemical, mechanical and civil engineering, and to practicing en gineers in the process industries. Such a vast and diverse audience should read this book differently. For this reason we have organized the chapters in such a way that the book can be read in two ways. Engineers and engineering students will find a rigorous formulation of the mathematical model of sedimentation and the exact and approximate solutions for the most important problems encountered in the laboratory and in industry in Chapters 1 to 3, 7 and 8, and 10 to 12, which form a self-contained subject. They can skip Chapters 4 to 6 and 9, which are most important to applied mathematicians, without losing the main features of sedimentation processes. On the other hand, applied mathematicians will find special interest in Chapters 4 to 6 and 9 which show some known but many recent results in the field of conservation laws of quasilinear hyperbolic and degenerate parabolic equations of great interest today. These two approaches to the theory keep their own styles: the mathematical approach with theorems and proofs, and the phenomenological approach with its deductive technique.
Category: Mathematics

Recent Developments On Structural Equation Models

Author : Kees van Montfort
ISBN : 9781402019586
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37.50 MB
Format : PDF
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After Karl Jöreskog's first presentation in 1970, Structural Equation Modelling or SEM has become a main statistical tool in many fields of science. It is the standard approach of factor analytic and causal modelling in such diverse fields as sociology, education, psychology, economics, management and medical sciences. In addition to an extension of its application area, Structural Equation Modelling also features a continual renewal and extension of its theoretical background. The sixteen contributions to this book, written by experts from many countries, present important new developments and interesting applications in Structural Equation Modelling. The book addresses methodologists and statisticians professionally dealing with Structural Equation Modelling to enhance their knowledge of the type of models covered and the technical problems involved in their formulation. In addition, the book offers applied researchers new ideas about the use of Structural Equation Modeling in solving their problems. Finally, methodologists, mathematicians and applied researchers alike are addressed, who simply want to update their knowledge of recent approaches in data analysis and mathematical modelling.
Category: Psychology

Analysis And Control Of Age Dependent Population Dynamics

Author : S. Anita
ISBN : 0792366395
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.93 MB
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This volume is devoted to some of the most biologically significant control problems governed by continuous age-dependent population dynamics. It investigates the existence, uniqueness, positivity, and asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of the continuous age-structured models. Some comparison results are also established. In the optimal control problems the emphasis is on first order necessary conditions of optimality. These conditions allow the determination of the optimal control or the approximation of the optimal control problem. The exact controllability for some models with diffusion and internal control is also studied. These subjects are treated using new concepts and techniques of modern optimal control theory, such as Clarke's generalized gradient, Ekeland's variational principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equations, and Carleman estimates. A background in advanced calculus and partial differential equations is required. Audience: This work will be of interest to students in mathematics, biology, and engineering, and researchers in applied mathematics, control theory, and biology.
Category: Mathematics

Filtration In Porous Media And Industrial Application

Author : M.S. Espedal
ISBN : 9783540446569
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.3 MB
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This book is devoted to the presentation of some flow problems in porous media having relevant industrial applications. The main topics covered are: the manufacturing of composite materials, the espresso coffee brewing process, the filtration of liquids through diapers, various questions about flow problems in oil reservoirs and the theory of homogenization. The aim is to show that filtration problems arising in very practical industrial context exhibit interesting and highly nontrivial mathematical aspects. Thus the style of the book is mathematically rigorous, but specifically oriented towards applications, so that it is intended for both applied mathematicians and researchers in various areas of technological interest. The reader is required to have a good knowledge of the classical theory of PDE and basic functional analysis.
Category: Science

Solid Liquid Separation In The Mining Industry

Author : Fernando Concha
ISBN : 9783319024844
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.17 MB
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This book covers virtually all of the engineering science and technological aspects of separating water from particulate solids in the mining industry. It starts with an introduction to the field of mineral processing and the importance of water in mineral concentrators. The consumption of water in the various stages of concentration is discussed, as is the necessity of recovering the majority of that water for recycling. The book presents the fundamentals under which processes of solid-liquid separation are studied, approaching mixtures of discrete finely divided solid particles in water as a basis for dealing with sedimentation in particulate systems. Suspensions, treated as continuous media, provide the basis of sedimentation, flows through porous media and filtration. The book also considers particle aggregations, and thickening is analyzed in depth. Lastly, two chapters cover the fundamentals and application of rheology and the transport of suspensions. This work is suitable for researchers and professionals in laboratories and plants, and can also serve as additional reading for graduate courses on solid liquid separation as well as for advanced undergraduate and graduate level students for courses of fluid mechanics, solid-liquid separation, thickening, filtration and transport of suspensions in tubes and channels.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Atomization And Sprays

Author : Nasser Ashgriz
ISBN : 1441972641
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.83 MB
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Atomization and sprays are used in a wide range of industries: mechanical, chemical, aerospace, and civil engineering; material science and metallurgy; food; pharmaceutical, forestry, environmental protection; medicine; agriculture; meteorology and others. Some specific applications are spray combustion in furnaces, gas turbines and rockets, spray drying and cooling, air conditioning, powdered metallurgy, spray painting and coating, inhalation therapy, and many others. The Handbook of Atomization and Sprays will bring together the fundamental and applied material from all fields into one comprehensive source. Subject areas included in the reference are droplets, theoretical models and numerical simulations, phase Doppler particle analysis, applications, devices and more.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Kona

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015058894745
Genre : Granular materials
File Size : 83.6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category: Granular materials

Philosophical Dimensions In Mathematics Education

Author : Karen Francois
ISBN : 9780387715759
Genre : Education
File Size : 29.23 MB
Format : PDF
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This book brings together diverse recent developments exploring the philosophy of mathematics in education. The unique combination of ethnomathematics, philosophy, history, education, statistics and mathematics offers a variety of different perspectives from which existing boundaries in mathematics education can be extended. The ten chapters in this book offer a balance between philosophy of and philosophy in mathematics education. Attention is paid to the implementation of a philosophy of mathematics within the mathematics curriculum.
Category: Education

Analysis For Science Engineering And Beyond

Author : Kalle Åström
ISBN : 9783642202360
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30.62 MB
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This book project was initiated at The Tribute Workshop in Honour of Gunnar Sparr and the follow-up workshop Inequalities, Interpolation, Non-commutative, Analysis, Non-commutative Geometry and Applications INANGA08, held at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Lund University in May and November of 2008. The resulting book is dedicated in celebration of Gunnar Sparr's sixty-fifth anniversary and more than forty years of exceptional service to mathematics and its applications in engineering and technology, mathematics and engineering education, as well as interdisciplinary, industrial and international cooperation. This book presents new advances in several areas of mathematics and engineering mathematics including applications in modern technology, engineering and life sciences. Thirteen high-quality chapters put forward many new methods and results, reviews of up to date research and open directions and problems for future research. A special chapter by Gunnar Sparr and Georg Lindgren contains a historical account and important aspects of engineering mathematics research and education, and the implementation of the highly successful education programme in Engineering Mathematics at Lund Institute of Technology, where not only the mathematical sciences have played a role. This book will serve as a source of inspiration for a broad spectrum of researchers and research students.
Category: Mathematics