SCIENTISTS EXPERTISE AS PERFORMANCE BETWEEN STATE AND SOCIETY 1860 1960 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOSCIENCE

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Scientists Expertise As Performance

Author : Joris Vandendriessche
ISBN : 9781317317227
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22.62 MB
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The essays in this collection explore our reliance on experts within a historical context and across a wide range of fields, including agriculture, engineering, health sciences and labour management. Contributors argue that experts were highly aware of their audiences and used performance to gain both scientific and popular support.
Category: Philosophy

A History Of Technoscience

Author : David F. Channell
ISBN : 9781351977418
Genre : History
File Size : 78.53 MB
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Are science and technology independent of one another? Is technology dependent upon science, and if so, how is it dependent? Is science dependent upon technology, and if so how is it dependent? Or, are science and technology becoming so interdependent that the line dividing them has become totally erased? This book charts the history of technoscience from the late nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth century and shows how the military–industrial–academic complex and big science combined to create new examples of technoscience in such areas as the nuclear arms race, the space race, the digital age, and the new worlds of nanotechnology and biotechnology.
Category: History

Visual Representations In Science

Author : Nicola Mößner
ISBN : 9781351611442
Genre : History
File Size : 43.4 MB
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Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as evidence or as surrogates for research objects which are otherwise cognitively inaccessible. Despite their important functional roles in scientific practices, philosophers of science have more or less neglected visual representations in their analyses of epistemic methods and tools of reasoning in science. This book is meant to fill this gap. It presents a detailed investigation into central conceptual issues and into the epistemology of visual representations in science.
Category: History

Experiments In Practice

Author : Astrid Schwarz
ISBN : 9781317317913
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.26 MB
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Traditionally experimentation has been understood as an activity performed within the laboratory, but in the twenty-first century this view is being challenged. Schwarz uses ecological and environmental case studies to show how scientific experiments can transcend the laboratory.
Category: Science

Philosophy Computing And Information Science

Author : Ruth Hagengruber
ISBN : 9781317317555
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.18 MB
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Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.
Category: Science

Environments Of Intelligence

Author : Hajo Greif
ISBN : 9781315408088
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.49 MB
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What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues with an inquiry into the cognitive bearing of some artefacts that are sometimes referred to as 'intelligent environments'. Without necessarily having much to do with Artificial Intelligence, such artefacts may ultimately modify our informational environments. With respect to human cognition, the most notable effect of digital computers is not that they might be able, or become able, to think but that they alter the way we perceive, think and act. The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315401867, has been made available under a Creative Commons CC-BY licence
Category: Science

Spaceship Earth In The Environmental Age 1960 1990

Author : Sabine Höhler
ISBN : 9781317317524
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.70 MB
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The idea of the earth as a vessel in space came of age in an era shaped by space travel and the Cold War. Höhler’s study brings together technology, science and ecology to explore the way this latter-day ark was invoked by politicians, environmentalists, cultural historians, writers of science fiction and many others across three decades.
Category: Science

The Mantra Of Efficiency

Author : Jennifer Karns Alexander
ISBN : 0801886937
Genre : History
File Size : 44.37 MB
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**** note: author may be promoted to associate professor 5/2007, may want to check for jacket****
Category: History

Science In Action

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674792912
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.83 MB
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.
Category: Social Science

The Mysterious Science Of The Sea 1775 1943

Author : Natascha Adamowsky
ISBN : 9781317317203
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.81 MB
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The depths of the oceans are the last example of terra incognita on earth. Adamowsky presents a study of the sea, arguing that – contrary to popular belief – post-Enlightenment discourse on the sea was still subject to mystery and wonder, and not wholly rationalized by science.
Category: Science