SCIENTISTS EXPERTISE AS PERFORMANCE BETWEEN STATE AND SOCIETY 1860 1960 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOSCIENCE

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Scientists Expertise As Performance

Author : Joris Vandendriessche
ISBN : 9781317317227
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55.31 MB
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The essays in this collection explore our reliance on experts within a historical context and across a wide range of fields, including agriculture, engineering, health sciences and labour management. Contributors argue that experts were highly aware of their audiences and used performance to gain both scientific and popular support.
Category: Philosophy

A History Of Technoscience

Author : David F. Channell
ISBN : 9781351977418
Genre : History
File Size : 55.91 MB
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Are science and technology independent of one another? Is technology dependent upon science, and if so, how is it dependent? Is science dependent upon technology, and if so how is it dependent? Or, are science and technology becoming so interdependent that the line dividing them has become totally erased? This book charts the history of technoscience from the late nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth century and shows how the military–industrial–academic complex and big science combined to create new examples of technoscience in such areas as the nuclear arms race, the space race, the digital age, and the new worlds of nanotechnology and biotechnology.
Category: History

Visual Representations In Science

Author : Nicola Mößner
ISBN : 9781351611442
Genre : History
File Size : 43.37 MB
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Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as evidence or as surrogates for research objects which are otherwise cognitively inaccessible. Despite their important functional roles in scientific practices, philosophers of science have more or less neglected visual representations in their analyses of epistemic methods and tools of reasoning in science. This book is meant to fill this gap. It presents a detailed investigation into central conceptual issues and into the epistemology of visual representations in science.
Category: History

Experiments In Practice

Author : Astrid Schwarz
ISBN : 9781317317913
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.91 MB
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Traditionally experimentation has been understood as an activity performed within the laboratory, but in the twenty-first century this view is being challenged. Schwarz uses ecological and environmental case studies to show how scientific experiments can transcend the laboratory.
Category: Science

Philosophy Computing And Information Science

Author : Ruth Hagengruber
ISBN : 9781317317555
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.24 MB
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Over the last four decades computers and the internet have become an intrinsic part of all our lives, but this speed of development has left related philosophical enquiry behind. Featuring the work of computer scientists and philosophers, these essays provide an overview of an exciting new area of philosophy that is still taking shape.
Category: Science

Environments Of Intelligence

Author : Hajo Greif
ISBN : 9781315408088
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.2 MB
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What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues with an inquiry into the cognitive bearing of some artefacts that are sometimes referred to as 'intelligent environments'. Without necessarily having much to do with Artificial Intelligence, such artefacts may ultimately modify our informational environments. With respect to human cognition, the most notable effect of digital computers is not that they might be able, or become able, to think but that they alter the way we perceive, think and act. The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315401867, has been made available under a Creative Commons CC-BY licence
Category: Science

Spaceship Earth In The Environmental Age 1960 1990

Author : Sabine Höhler
ISBN : 9781317317524
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.75 MB
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The idea of the earth as a vessel in space came of age in an era shaped by space travel and the Cold War. Höhler’s study brings together technology, science and ecology to explore the way this latter-day ark was invoked by politicians, environmentalists, cultural historians, writers of science fiction and many others across three decades.
Category: Science

The Mantra Of Efficiency

Author : Jennifer Karns Alexander
ISBN : 0801886937
Genre : History
File Size : 60.87 MB
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**** note: author may be promoted to associate professor 5/2007, may want to check for jacket****
Category: History

Observations And Predictions Of Eclipse Times By Early Astronomers

Author : J.M. Steele
ISBN : 9789401595285
Genre : History
File Size : 33.49 MB
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Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.
Category: History

Journalism Science And Society

Author : Martin W. Bauer
ISBN : 9781134187287
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.9 MB
Format : PDF
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Analyzing the role of journalists in science communication, this book presents a perspective on how this is going to evolve in the twenty-first century. The book takes three distinct perspectives on this interesting subject. Firstly, science journalists reflect on their ‘operating rules’ (science news values and news making routines). Secondly, a brief history of science journalism puts things into context, characterising the changing output of science writing in newspapers over time. Finally, the book invites several international journalists or communication scholars to comment on these observations thereby opening the global perspective. This unique project will interest a range of readers including science communication students, media studies scholars, professionals working in science communication and journalists.
Category: Social Science