Science In Action

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674792912
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.30 MB
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.
Category: Social Science

Pandora S Hope

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674653351
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.16 MB
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A scientist friend asked Bruno Latour point-blank: "Do you believe in reality?" Taken aback by this strange query, Latour offers his meticulous response in Pandora's Hope. It is a remarkable argument for understanding the reality of science in practical terms. In this book Latour, identified by Richard Rorty as the new "bête noire of the science worshipers," gives us his most philosophically informed book since Science in Action. Through case studies of scientists in the Amazon analyzing soil and in Pasteur's lab studying the fermentation of lactic acid, he shows us the myriad steps by which events in the material world are transformed into items of scientific knowledge. Through many examples in the world of technology, we see how the material and human worlds come together and are reciprocally transformed in this process. Why, Latour asks, did the idea of an independent reality, free of human interaction, emerge in the first place? His answer to this question, harking back to the debates between Might and Right narrated by Plato, points to the real stakes in the so-called science wars: the perplexed submission of ordinary people before the warring forces of claimants to the ultimate truth.
Category: Science

The Pasteurization Of France

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674657616
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.70 MB
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Describes Pasteur's roles in improving health practices in France and identifies the other forces that helped implement his ideas about health care.
Category: Science

Laboratory Life

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 9781400820412
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.86 MB
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This highly original work presents laboratory science in a deliberately skeptical way: as an anthropological approach to the culture of the scientist. Drawing on recent work in literary criticism, the authors study how the social world of the laboratory produces papers and other "texts,"' and how the scientific vision of reality becomes that set of statements considered, for the time being, too expensive to change. The book is based on field work done by Bruno Latour in Roger Guillemin's laboratory at the Salk Institute and provides an important link between the sociology of modern sciences and laboratory studies in the history of science.
Category: Social Science

We Have Never Been Modern

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 9780674076754
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.26 MB
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With the rise of science, we moderns believe, the world changed irrevocably, separating us forever from our primitive, premodern ancestors. But if we were to let go of this fond conviction, Bruno Latour asks, what would the world look like? His book, an anthropology of science, shows us how much of modernity is actually a matter of faith. What does it mean to be modern? What difference does the scientific method make? The difference, Latour explains, is in our careful distinctions between nature and society, between human and thing, distinctions that our benighted ancestors, in their world of alchemy, astrology, and phrenology, never made. But alongside this purifying practice that defines modernity, there exists another seemingly contrary one: the construction of systems that mix politics, science, technology, and nature. The ozone debate is such a hybrid, in Latour’s analysis, as are global warming, deforestation, even the idea of black holes. As these hybrids proliferate, the prospect of keeping nature and culture in their separate mental chambers becomes overwhelming—and rather than try, Latour suggests, we should rethink our distinctions, rethink the definition and constitution of modernity itself. His book offers a new explanation of science that finally recognizes the connections between nature and culture—and so, between our culture and others, past and present. Nothing short of a reworking of our mental landscape. We Have Never Been Modern blurs the boundaries among science, the humanities, and the social sciences to enhance understanding on all sides. A summation of the work of one of the most influential and provocative interpreters of science, it aims at saving what is good and valuable in modernity and replacing the rest with a broader, fairer, and finer sense of possibility.
Category: Science

Conversations On Science Culture And Time

Author : Michel Serres
ISBN : 0472065483
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 42.13 MB
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Illuminating conversations with one of France's most respected--and controversial--philosophers
Category: Literary Criticism

Politics Of Nature

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674039963
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87.86 MB
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A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.
Category: Philosophy

Handbuch Netzwerkforschung

Author : Christian Stegbauer
ISBN : 9783531925752
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.28 MB
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Das Buch bietet einen weitreichenden Überblick über Forschungs- und Theoriebereiche in der Netzwerkforschung. Neben einem einführenden Teil zur Geschichte der Netzwerkforschung, zum Selbstverständnis und zu den wichtigsten theoretischen Grundlagen werden Methoden der Netzwerkforschung behandelt. Das wachsende Paradigma wird in immer mehr wissenschaftlichen und anwendungsorientierten Disziplinen als erkenntnisleitendes Prinzip und als Methode eingesetzt. Ein Überblick über viele dieser Felder bildet einen weiteren Schwerpunkt. Das Buch wird ergänzt durch einen Serviceteil, in dem Lehrbücher vorgestellt werden. Das Handbuch wendet sich damit sowohl an Neueinsteiger in die Thematik als auch an Experten. Am Buch sind die wesentlichen Autorinnen und Autoren der deutschsprachigen Netzwerkforschung beteiligt.
Category: Social Science

Wie Aus Der Kunstgeschichte Eine Bildwissenschaft Wurde

Author : Thomas Hensel
ISBN : 9783050057880
Genre : Art
File Size : 86.37 MB
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Mit Aby Warburg widmet sich der vorliegende Band dem Spiritus Rector einer Kunstgeschichte, die sich als Bildwissenschaft begreift, und wirft damit ein neues Licht auf einen der meist beschworenen, aber noch immer am wenigsten erschlossenen Kunsthistoriker. Bezogen auf jenen ersten selbsternannten Bildwissenschaftler beleuchten einzelne Kapitel die wichtigsten bildgebenden Verfahren um 1900 – Photographie, Bildtelegraphie, Kinematographie und Röntgenographie – sowie Warburgs Autographie – seine Notationsfiguren und Verzettelungsgesten, seine Diagrammatik und Metaphorik wie auch nicht zuletzt seinen Bilderatlas – und zeigen die zentrale Rolle technischer Medien bei der Formierung der modernen Kunst- und Bildwissenschaft auf. Zu diesem Zweck hat der Verfasser nicht nur zahlreiche unpublizierte Quellen ausgewertet, sondern auch bis dato unentdeckte Dokumente gehoben. Indem der Band Überlegungen von Kunstwissenschaft, Mediengeschichte und Wissenschaftstheorie bündelt, leistet er nicht nur einen maßgeblichen Beitrag zur Warburg-Forschung, sondern eröffnet auch der Diskussion über die Bildwissenschaft weitreichende neue Perspektiven.
Category: Art

Wissen Im Netz

Author : Regina Dauser
ISBN : 9783050055893
Genre : History
File Size : 81.3 MB
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Europäische Korrespondenznetze, die Kommunikation über weite Räume und Grenzen hinweg ermöglichten, sind das Thema der Beiträge des Bandes. Nicht nur Meinungs- und Nachrichtenaustausch vollzog sich über das Medium des Briefes, auch Realien – Antiquitäten, Handelswaren, Bücher und Naturalien – wurden in diesen Transfer einbezogen und hatten in Korrespondenznetzen der Frühen Neuzeit eine hohe Bedeutung. Durch die Diskussion und Anwendung moderner netzwerkanalytischer Verfahren präsentiert der Band in interdisziplinärer Kooperation zugleich neue Wege einer systematisch-vergleichenden Erforschung der Struktur und Dynamik von Korrespondenznetzen.
Category: History