SCIENCE CULTURE AND SOCIETY UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

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Science Culture And Society

Author : Mark Erickson
ISBN : 9780745629759
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.74 MB
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In this easily accessible text, Mark Erickson explains what science is and how it is carried out, the nature of the relationship between science and society, the representation of science in contemporary culture, and how scientific institutions are structured.
Category: Science

Biotechnology Education And Life Politics

Author : Pádraig Murphy
ISBN : 9781134592852
Genre : Education
File Size : 84.87 MB
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What should individuals and society do when genetic screening becomes widely available and with its impact on current and future generations still uncertain? How can our education systems around the world respond to these developments? Reproductive and genetic technologies (RGTs) are increasingly controversial and political. We are entering an era where we can design future humans, firstly, by genetic screening of "undesirable" traits or indeed embryos, but perhaps later by more radical genetic engineering. This has a profound effect on what we see as normal, acceptable and responsible. This book argues that these urgent and biopolitical issues should be central to how biology is taught as a subject. Debate about life itself has always been at the forefront of connected molecular, genetic and social/personal identity levels, and each of these levels requires processes of communication and debate, what Anthony Giddens called in passing life politics. In this book Pádraig Murphy opens the term up, with examples from field research in schools, student responses to educational films exploring the future of RGTs, and science studies of strategic biotechnology and the lab practices of genetic screening. Life political debate is thoroughly examined and is identified as a way of connecting mainstream education of biology with future generations. Biotechnology, Education and Life Politics will appeal to post-graduates and academics involved with science education, science communication, communication studies and the sociology of education.
Category: Education

Atomic Age America

Author : Martin V. Melosi
ISBN : 9781315509754
Genre : History
File Size : 64.93 MB
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Atomic Age America looks at the broad influence of atomic energy¿focusing particularly on nuclear weapons and nuclear power¿on the lives of Americans within a world context. The text examines the social, political, diplomatic, environmental, and technical impacts of atomic energy on the 20th and 21st centuries, with a look back to the origins of atomic theory.
Category: History

Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0123743966
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.91 MB
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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.
Category: Science

Author : Jack Goody
ISBN : 9789960549774
Genre : History
File Size : 22.89 MB
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في كتاب سرقة التاريخ يبني جاك غودي على عمله السابق الخاص به ليوسع إلى مدى أبعد نقدَه المؤثر تأثيراً شديداً والموجه إلى ما يرى أنه انحيازات مركزية أوروبية، أو غربية، متفشية، تنحاز إليها كثير جداً من الكتابات التاريخية الغربية، و«السرقة» الناتجة عن ذلك التي قام بها الغرب لإنجازات الثقافات الأخرى في اختراع (وبشكل ملحوظ) الديمقراطية، والرأسمالية، والفردية، والحب. وكتاب سرقة التاريخ يناقش عدداً من المنظرين بالتفصيل، ومن جملتهم ماركس، وويبر، ونوربرت إلياس. ويشتبك بإعجاب نقدي مع مؤرخين غربيين من أمثال فيرناند برودل، وموسى فينلي، وبيري أندرسون. وتثار أسئلة عديدة عن المناهج المطبقة في هذه المناقشات. ويقترح الأستاذ الدكتور غودي تطبيق منهجية مقارنة جديدة من أجل تحليل التفاعل بين الثقافات المتعددة، منهجية تعطي أساساً أكثر حنكة بكثير من أجل تقييم النتائج التاريخية المتشعبة، وتحل محل الخلافات البسيطة القديمة العهد بين الشرق وبين الغرب. وسوف يقرأ كتاب سرقة التاريخ جمهور واسع من المؤرخين، وعلماء الإنسان، والمنظرين الاجتماعيين. جاك غودي: واحد من أبرز علماء علم الإنسان في العالم، وهو الأستاذ الدكتور الفخري لعلم الإنسان الاجتماعي في جامعة كيمبردج والزميل في كلية سينت جون.
Category: History

Author :
ISBN : 9789776263185
Genre :
File Size : 24.88 MB
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Category:

Science And Its Publics

Author : Alice R. Bell
ISBN : UOM:39015080861449
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.93 MB
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The relationship between science and its publics has concerned commentators since science itself began. Yet in recent years, questions of how and how should science and society interact have come to particular prominence. A field of practice, initially dubbed 'public understanding of science' and later rebranded as 'public engagement with science and technology', has blossomed. But although academic studies have informed the development of this practical field, to date there has been little opportunity to take stock of the full breadth and variety of academic analyses of science communication. In an attempt to reveal the richness of the nascent field of science communication studies, this volume presents critical interdisciplinary analyses of some of the many ways in which science intersects with its publics. From children's science books to computer advertising, news media to lab talk, public engagement to science fiction the sites, modes and meanings of public science are explored. Contributions draw on historical, cultural, science and media studies. All, however, follow science through popular culture, taking critical science studies out of the lab and into society.
Category: Science

Author : هنري بوانكاريه
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 51.83 MB
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Category:

On Science

Author : B. K. Ridley
ISBN : 0415249805
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.71 MB
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Can science explain everything? This book explores both the scope and limits of science. Tracing back to the roots of scientific thinking in a world of "magical ideals", the author argues that science shares more with magic than we are often led to believe.
Category: Mathematics