SCIENCE AND PRINCIPLES OF BIODEGRADABLE AND BIORESORBABLE MEDICAL POLYMERS MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES WOODHEAD PUBLISHING SERIES IN BIOMATERIALS

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Science And Principles Of Biodegradable And Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
ISBN : 9780081003930
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.16 MB
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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry
Category: Medical

Biodegradable And Biocompatible Polymer Composites

Author : Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi
ISBN : 9780081010587
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.52 MB
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Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications begins by discussing the current state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for various biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of composites and the structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained in detail via a theoretical model. Processing techniques for various macro and nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on properties of the composite are also reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, visco-elastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, rheological, optical, and electrical properties are highlighted, as are a broad range of applications. The book is a useful reference resource for both researchers and engineers working in composites materials science, biotechnology and nanotechnology, and is also useful for students attending chemistry, physics, and materials science and engineering courses. Presents recent outcomes and highlights the going importance of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites and their impact on the environment Analyzes all the main processing techniques, characterization and applications of biodegradable composites Written by leading international experts working in the field of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites Covers a broad range of application fields, including medical and pharmaceutical, agricultural, packaging and transport
Category: Technology & Engineering

Modelling Degradation Of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Author : J Pan
ISBN : 9781782420255
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20.2 MB
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomaterials For Artificial Organs

Author : Michael Lysaght
ISBN : 9780857090843
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.51 MB
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The worldwide demand for organ transplants far exceeds available donor organs. Consequently some patients die whilst waiting for a transplant. Synthetic alternatives are therefore imperative to improve the quality of, and in some cases, save people’s lives. Advances in biomaterials have generated a range of materials and devices for use either outside the body or through implantation to replace or assist functions which may have been lost through disease or injury. Biomaterials for artificial organs reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs. Part one discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and plasmafilters, titanium and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees, polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements, biomaterials for pacemakers, defibrillators and neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves. Part two goes on to investigate advanced and next generation biomaterials including small intestinal submucosa and other decullarized matrix biomaterials for tissue repair, new ceramics and composites for joint replacement surgery, biomaterials for improving the blood and tissue compatibility of total artificial hearts (TAH) and ventricular assist devices (VAD), nanostructured biomaterials for artificial tissues and organs and matrices for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials for artificial organs is an invaluable resource to researchers, scientists and academics concerned with the advancement of artificial organs. Reviews the latest developments in biomaterials and investigates how they can be used to improve the quality and efficiency of artificial organs Discusses commodity biomaterials including membranes for oxygenators and cobalt chromium alloys for hips and knees and polymeric joint-bearing surfaces for total joint replacements Further biomaterials utilised in pacemakers, defibrillators, neurostimulators and mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valve are also explored
Category: Technology & Engineering

Bioresorbable Polymers For Biomedical Applications

Author : Giuseppe Perale
ISBN : 9780081002667
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.51 MB
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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Author : J A Planell
ISBN : 9781845696610
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.86 MB
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Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from many recent technological developments. With an increasing number of technologies available, it is vital that the correct technique is selected for specific clinical procedures. This unique book will provide a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Chapters in the second part discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The final section of the book discusses clinical applications and considerations with chapters on such topics as orthopaedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Bone repair biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances In Polyurethane Biomaterials

Author : Stuart L. Cooper
ISBN : 9780081006221
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.46 MB
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Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials brings together a thorough review of advances in the properties and applications of polyurethanes for biomedical applications. The first set of chapters in the book provides an important overview of the fundamentals of this material with chapters on properties and processing methods for polyurethane. Further sections cover significant uses such as their tissue engineering and vascular and drug delivery applications Written by an international team of leading authors, the book is a comprehensive and essential reference on this important biomaterial. Brings together in-depth coverage of an important material, essential for many advanced biomedical applications Connects the fundamentals of polyurethanes with state-of-the-art analysis of significant new applications, including tissue engineering and drug delivery Written by a team of highly knowledgeable authors with a range of professional and academic experience, overseen by an editor who is a leading expert in the field
Category: Medical

Bone Substitute Biomaterials

Author : K. Mallick
ISBN : 9780857099037
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71.93 MB
Format : PDF
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Bone substitute biomaterials are fundamental to the biomedical sector, and have recently benefitted from extensive research and technological advances aimed at minimizing failure rates and reducing the need for further surgery. This book reviews these developments, with a particular focus on the desirable properties for bone substitute materials and their potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration. Part I covers the principles of bone substitute biomaterials for medical applications. One chapter reviews the quantification of bone mechanics at the whole-bone, micro-scale, and non-scale levels, while others discuss biomineralization, osteoductivization, materials to fill bone defects, and bioresorbable materials. Part II focuses on biomaterials as scaffolds and implants, including multi-functional scaffolds, bioceramics, and titanium-based foams. Finally, Part III reviews further materials with the potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration, including cartilage grafts, chitosan, inorganic polymer composites, and marine organisms. Provides a detailed and accurate overview of the bone substitute biomaterials, a fundamental part of the biomaterials and biomedical sector Provides readers with the principles of bone substitute biomaterials Reviews biomaterials for bone regeneration
Category: Technology & Engineering

Medical Textiles And Biomaterials For Healthcare

Author : Subhash Anand
ISBN : 1855736837
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.18 MB
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Medical textiles and biomaterials are a significant and increasingly important part of the technical textiles industry. They cover a huge range of applications - from diapers and surgical gowns to substrates for electronic sensoring of vital life signs, external use as wound care, and more. This book addresses these applications and others in a collection of papers edited by world renown experts. Chapters cover all aspects of design and production of healthcare and hygiene products, infection control and barrier material, pressure garments and bandaging, implantable devices for biodegradable post-operative support systems, replacement of body parts through tissue engineering, smart technologies, and more.
Category: Medical

Functional 3d Tissue Engineering Scaffolds

Author : Ying Deng
ISBN : 9780081009802
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.72 MB
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In order to grow replacement tissues, 3D scaffolds are widely used as a template for tissue engineering and regeneration. These scaffolds, which are typically ‘seeded’ with cells, support the growth of new tissues. However, in order to achieve successful tissue growth, the scaffold must meet specific requirements and are often ‘functionalized’ to accentuate particular properties. Functional 3D tissue engineering scaffolds: materials, technologies, and applications, is a comprehensive review of functional 3D scaffolds, providing information on the fundamentals, technologies, and applications. Part 1 focuses on the fundamentals of 3D tissue scaffolds, examining information on materials, properties, and trends. Part 2 discusses a wide range of conventional technologies for engineering functional 3D scaffolds, leading the way to a discussion on CAD and advanced technologies for functional 3D scaffold engineering. Chapters in part 3 study methods for functionalizing scaffolds to support a variety of in vivo functions whilst the final set of chapters provides an important review of the most significant applications of functional 3D scaffolds within tissue engineering. This book is a valuable resource for biomaterial scientists and biomedical engineers in academia and industry, with interests in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Provides a self-contained work for the field of biomaterials and tissue engineering Discusses all the requirements a scaffold must meet and a wide range of strategies to create them Highlights significant and successful applications of functional 3D scaffolds
Category: Technology & Engineering