ROUSSEAU A FREE COMMUNITY OF EQUALS FOUNDERS OF MODERN POLITICAL AND SOCIAL THOUGHT

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Rousseau

Author : Joshua Cohen
ISBN : 9780199581498
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.27 MB
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Rousseau forcefully describes the ideal of a democratic society, in which we live together as free and equal, and our politics focuses on the common good. Joshua Cohen explores this ideal, explaining why Rousseau thought that it was possible for human beings to live in such a society, and discussing the enduring importance of his political ideas.
Category: Political Science

Secular Powers

Author : Julie E. Cooper
ISBN : 9780226081328
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 24.2 MB
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Secularism is usually thought to contain the project of self-deification, in which humans attack God’s authority in order to take his place, freed from all constraints. Julie E. Cooper overturns this conception through an incisive analysis of the early modern justifications for secular politics. While she agrees that secularism is a means of empowerment, she argues that we have misunderstood the sources of secular empowerment and the kinds of strength to which it aspires. Contemporary understandings of secularism, Cooper contends, have been shaped by a limited understanding of it as a shift from vulnerability to power. But the works of the foundational thinkers of secularism tell a different story. Analyzing the writings of Hobbes, Spinoza, and Rousseau at the moment of secularity’s inception, she shows that all three understood that acknowledging one’s limitations was a condition of successful self-rule. And while all three invited humans to collectively build and sustain a political world, their invitations did not amount to self-deification. Cooper establishes that secular politics as originally conceived does not require a choice between power and vulnerability. Rather, it challenges us—today as then—to reconcile them both as essential components of our humanity.
Category: Philosophy

Economic Justice

Author : Helen M. Stacy
ISBN : 9789400749047
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 52.16 MB
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The economic impact of the U. S. financial market meltdown of 2008 has been devastating both in the U. S. and worldwide. One consequence of this crisis is the widening gap between rich and poor. With little end in sight to global economic woes, it has never been more urgent to examine and re-examine the values and ideals that animate policy about the market, the workplace, and formal and informal economic institutions at the level of the nation state and internationally. Re-entering existing debates and provoking new ones about economic justice, this volume makes a timely contribution to a normative assessment of our economic values and the institutions that active those norms. Topics covered by this volumes essays range from specific or relatively small-scale problems such as payday lending and prisoners’ access to adequate healthcare; to large-scale such as global poverty, the free market and international aid. Economic Justice will stimulate and provoke philosophers, policy makers, the engaged readers who and better outcomes from financial institutions and more effect distribution of economic goods.
Category: Philosophy

Rousseau And Hobbes

Author : Robin Douglass
ISBN : 9780191038037
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.94 MB
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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.
Category: Philosophy

Towards A Post Modern Understanding Of The Political

Author : A. Bielskis
ISBN : 9780230508347
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.35 MB
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While claiming that liberalism is the dominant political theory and practice of modernity, this book provides two alternative post-modern theoretical approaches to the political. Concentrating on Nietzsche's and Foucault's work it offers a novel interpretation of their genealogical projects. It argues that genealogy can be applied to analyze different forms of cultural kitsch vis-à-vis the dominant political institutions of consumer capitalism. The problem with consumer capitalism is not so much that it exploits individuals, but that it fosters cheap human existence saturated with the artefacts of kitsch. Contrasting genealogy with hermeneutic philosophy, it calls for a renewal of hermeneutics within the Thomistic tradition.
Category: Philosophy

Democratic Decision Making

Author : David Lewis Schaefer
ISBN : 9780739142080
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.50 MB
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Democratic Decision-Making: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives contains eight essays by political scientists, all but one of them previously unpublished, addressing various aspects of the democratic decision-making process. The book consists of four parts, each consisting of two essays devoted to a common theme: democratic statesmanship, the extent to which limitations of the democratic principle of majority rule are desirable, the contemporary academic theory of “deliberative democracy,” and informal modes of democratic decision-making.
Category: Political Science

Leviathan

Author : Thomas Hobbes
ISBN : 9602350210
Genre : Political science
File Size : 74.45 MB
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Category: Political science