ROUSSEAU A FREE COMMUNITY OF EQUALS FOUNDERS OF MODERN POLITICAL AND SOCIAL THOUGHT

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Rousseau

Author : Joshua Cohen
ISBN : 9780199581498
Genre : History
File Size : 59.8 MB
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Joshua Cohen explains how the values of freedom, equality, and community all work together as parts of the democratic ideal expressed in Rousseau's conception of the 'society of the general will'. He also explores Rousseau's anti-Augustinian and anti-Hobbesian ideas that we are naturally good.
Category: History

Rousseau S Theodicy Of Self Love

Author : Frederick Neuhouser
ISBN : 9780199542673
Genre : History
File Size : 79.17 MB
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This book is a lively and comprehensive study of Rousseau's understanding of a type of self-love, amour propre, that marks the central difference between humans and the beasts. Amour propre is the passion that drives humans to seek the esteem, approval, admiration, or love--the recognition --of their fellow beings. This book explains in accessible language what the drive for recognition is, why it is so problematic, and how its presenceopens up far-reaching developmental possibilities for creatures that possess it. One of its central points is that the drive for recognition is the source of all human evils (enslavement, conflict, vice, misery, and alienation). Yet at the same time this drive is a necessary condition of everything that makes human lifevaluable and elevates it above mere animal existence: rationality, morality, freedom--subjectivity itself--would be impossible for humans if it were not for amour propre and the relations to others it impels us to establish.
Category: History

On The Edge Of Anarchy

Author : A. John Simmons
ISBN : 9781400863549
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.96 MB
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This book completes A. John Simmons's exploration and development of Lockean moral and political philosophy, a project begun in The Lockean Theory of Rights (Princeton paperback edition, 1994). Here Simmons discusses the Lockean view of the nature of, grounds for, and limits on political relations between persons. Originally published in 1993. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Category: Philosophy

Reason Conflict And Power

Author : Jim Rodgers
ISBN : 0761827099
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.20 MB
Format : PDF
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In Reason, Conflict and Power, Jim Rodgers provides an analytic, general survey of major political and social theorists of the "modern" era, from 1688 to the present. Major political belief systems are described and explained in a manner that is clearly connected to the chief writers of democratic capitalism, socialism, fascism, nationalism, feminism, and environmentalism, from a historical perspective. Patterns of social thought pertaining to large, private and public organizations, social systems, social conflict and behavior are incorporated into this concise examination of great political and social thinkers and their ideas.
Category: Political Science

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook To Rousseau And The Social Contract

Author : Christopher Bertram
ISBN : 9780415201995
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46.8 MB
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Rousseau's Social Contract is a benchmark in political philosophy and has influenced moral and political thought since its publication. Rousseau and the Social Contract introduces and assesses: *Rousseau's life and the background of the Social Contract *The ideas and arguments of the Social Contract *Rousseau's continuing importance to politics and philosophy Rousseau and the Social Contract will be essential reading for all students of philosophy and politics, and anyone coming to Rousseau for the first time.
Category: Philosophy

Secular Powers

Author : Julie E. Cooper
ISBN : 9780226081328
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.97 MB
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Secularism is usually thought to contain the project of self-deification, in which humans attack God’s authority in order to take his place, freed from all constraints. Julie E. Cooper overturns this conception through an incisive analysis of the early modern justifications for secular politics. While she agrees that secularism is a means of empowerment, she argues that we have misunderstood the sources of secular empowerment and the kinds of strength to which it aspires. Contemporary understandings of secularism, Cooper contends, have been shaped by a limited understanding of it as a shift from vulnerability to power. But the works of the foundational thinkers of secularism tell a different story. Analyzing the writings of Hobbes, Spinoza, and Rousseau at the moment of secularity’s inception, she shows that all three understood that acknowledging one’s limitations was a condition of successful self-rule. And while all three invited humans to collectively build and sustain a political world, their invitations did not amount to self-deification. Cooper establishes that secular politics as originally conceived does not require a choice between power and vulnerability. Rather, it challenges us—today as then—to reconcile them both as essential components of our humanity.
Category: Philosophy

Economic Justice

Author : Helen M. Stacy
ISBN : 9789400749047
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.73 MB
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The economic impact of the U. S. financial market meltdown of 2008 has been devastating both in the U. S. and worldwide. One consequence of this crisis is the widening gap between rich and poor. With little end in sight to global economic woes, it has never been more urgent to examine and re-examine the values and ideals that animate policy about the market, the workplace, and formal and informal economic institutions at the level of the nation state and internationally. Re-entering existing debates and provoking new ones about economic justice, this volume makes a timely contribution to a normative assessment of our economic values and the institutions that active those norms. Topics covered by this volumes essays range from specific or relatively small-scale problems such as payday lending and prisoners’ access to adequate healthcare; to large-scale such as global poverty, the free market and international aid. Economic Justice will stimulate and provoke philosophers, policy makers, the engaged readers who and better outcomes from financial institutions and more effect distribution of economic goods.
Category: Philosophy

Rousseau And Hobbes

Author : Robin Douglass
ISBN : 9780191038037
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63.75 MB
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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.
Category: Philosophy

Democratic Decision Making

Author : David Lewis Schaefer
ISBN : 9780739142066
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61.19 MB
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Democratic Decision-Making: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives contains eight essays by political scientists, all but one of them previously unpublished, addressing various aspects of the democratic decision-making process. The book consists of four parts, each consisting of two essays devoted to a common theme: democratic statesmanship, the extent to which limitations of the democratic principle of majority rule are desirable, the contemporary academic theory of “deliberative democracy,” and informal modes of democratic decision-making.
Category: Political Science

The Social Contract

Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN : 9781911495741
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87.92 MB
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A book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.
Category: Philosophy