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Romanesque And The Mediterranean

Author : Rosa Bacile
ISBN : 9781351191050
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.72 MB
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"The sixteen papers collected in this volume explore points of contact across the Latin, Greek and Islamic worlds between c. 1000 and c. 1250. They arise from a conference organized by the British Archaeological Association in Palermo in 2012, and reflect its interest in patterns of cultural exchange across the Mediterranean, ranging from the importation of artefacts - textiles, ceramics, ivories and metalwork for the most part - to a specific desire to recruit eastern artists or emulate eastern Mediterranean buildings. The individual essays cover a wide range of topics and media: from the ways in which the Cappella Palatina in Palermo fostered contacts between Muslim artists and Christian models, the importance of dress and textiles in the wider world of Mediterranean design, and the possible use of Muslim-trained sculptors in the emergent architectural sculpture of late-11th-century northern Spain, to the significance of western saints in the development of Bethlehem as a pilgrimage centre and of eastern painters and techniques in the proliferation of panel painting in Catalonia around 1200. There are studies of buildings and the ideological purpose behind them at Canosa (Apulia), Feldebro (Hungary) and Charroux (Aquitaine), comparative studies of the domed churches of western France, significant reappraisals of the porphyry tombs in Palermo cathedral, the pictorial programme adopted in the Baptistery at Parma, and of the chapter-house paintings at Sigena, and wide-ranging papers on the migration of images of exotic creatures across the Mediterranean and on that most elusive and apparently Mediteranean of objects - the Oliphant. The volume concludes with a study of the emergence of a supra-regional style of architectural sculpture in the western Mediterranean and evident in Barcelona, Tarragona and Provence. It is a third volume, based on the British Archaeological Association's 2014 Conference in Barcelona, will explore Romanesque Patrons and Processes."
Category: Social Science

Power Patronage And Memory In Early Islam

Author : Alain George
ISBN : 9780190498931
Genre : History
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When the Umayyads, the first Islamic dynasty, rose to power shortly after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (d. 632), the polity of which they assumed control had only recently expanded out of Arabia into the Roman eastern Mediterranean, Iraq and Iran. A century later, by the time of their downfall in 750, the last Umayyad caliphs governed the largest empire that the world had seen, stretching from Spain in the West to the Indus valley and Central Asia in the East. By then, their dynasty and the ruling circles around it had articulated with increasing clarity the public face of the new monotheistic religion of Islam, created major masterpieces of world art and architecture, some of which still stand today, and built a state apparatus that was crucial to ensuring the continuity of the Islamic polity. Within the vast lands under their control, the Umayyads and their allies ruled over a mosaic of peoples, languages and faiths, first among them Christianity, Judaism and the Ancient religion of Iran, Zoroastrianism. The Umayyad period is profoundly different from ours, yet it also resonates with modern concerns, from the origins of Islam to dynamics of cultural exchange. Editors Alain George and Andrew Marsham bring together a collection of essays that shed new light on this crucial period. Power, Patronage, and Memory in Early Islam elucidates the ways in which Umayyad �lites fashioned and projected their self-image, and how these articulations, in turn, mirrored their own times. The authors, combining perspectives from different disciplines, present new material evidence, introduce fresh perspectives about key themes and monuments, and revisit the nature of the historical writing that shaped our knowledge of this period.
Category: History

In Extremo Orbe Terrarum

Author : Francesco D'Angelo
ISBN : 9788868128616
Genre : Art
File Size : 86.65 MB
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Nel corso del XII secolo la Norvegia conobbe un’evoluzione politica, religiosa e giuridica che le avrebbe poi permesso di raggiungere l’apogeo della sua potenza alla metà del Duecento: essa ottenne una sua Chiesa nazionale indipendente, contribuì attivamente al movimento crociato, vide l’introduzione della decima, degli Ordini mendicanti, del rito dell’unzione regia e di una nuova legge di successione al trono. Denominatore comune di tutte queste novità è il coinvolgimento diretto della Santa Sede, centro spirituale dell’Occidente medievale: questo volume ripercorre pertanto la storia delle sue relazioni con la Norvegia, regione posta agli estremi confini della Christianitas, in un periodo che va dalla conversione al cristianesimo fino all’epoca di massimo splendore della monarchia norvegese (secoli XI-XIII). Quello che emerge dalle fonti - saghe, cronache, annali ma anche lettere e bolle papali - è il ruolo determinante svolto dai pontefici, la cui crescente sollecitudine pastorale, benché non sempre scevra da interessi politici, fu una delle cause della metamorfosi del paese scandinavo da terra di barbari «rozzi nella fede» a monarchia pienamente integrata nella vita politica e religiosa dell'Europa cristiana. Francesco D’Angelo (Roma, 1984) nel 2016 ha conseguito il dottorato di ricerca in Scienze storiche, antropologiche e storico-religiose presso Sapienza Università di Roma ed è cultore della materia in Storia medievale nel medesimo ateneo. I suoi studi vertono principalmente sulla storia religiosa dei paesi scandinavi nel medioevo centrale (secoli X-XIII), in particolare della Norvegia. In qualità di relatore ha partecipato a conferenze e convegni e ha pubblicato articoli su riviste italiane e straniere.
Category: Art

Archaeology And Economic Development

Author : Paul Burtenshaw
ISBN : 1909662666
Genre : Antiquities
File Size : 53.21 MB
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Nowhere in archaeology is the gap between theory and practice more evident than in its ambivalent engagement with economic development. This groundbreaking volume assembles practicing archaeologists, economists, and NGO officials in an extensive exploration of the theoretical, practical and ethical issues raised by archaeologists' use of cultural heritage to support economic development. The first chapters consider the problem of articulating the value of tangible and intangible heritage when economic measures alone are inadequate. Subsequent chapters present regional perspectives on archaeology and development, and present a host of case studies from around the globe that describe archaeologists' development projects, including some that are successful and others that are less so. These studies both suggest best practices in the implementation of development projects and illuminate the obstacles to success created by political conflict and competing human needs. Ethical issues and practical considerations converge in chapters that explore the role that members of local communities should play in the design, management and governance of archaeological and heritage resources. In this volume, archaeologists and heritage professionals will encounter a thought-provoking international discourse concerning the path forward for archaeology as the field engages with economic development.
Category: Antiquities

Attische Sarkophage Mit Eroten Und Girlanden

Author : Eleni Papagianni
ISBN : 3447104376
Genre : Sarcophagi, Greek
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Die attischen Sarkophage mit Eroten und Girlanden stellen die grosste und fruheste Gruppe der attischen Sarkophagproduktion dar. Eleni Papagiannis Studie setzt zwei Schwerpunkte: Zum einen werden die ikonografischen Typen mit all ihren Varianten identifiziert und analysiert, und zum anderen wird die Form der Darstellungen untersucht - und dabei vor allem die Art und Weise, wie die zur Verfugung stehenden Bildtypen zu zahlreichen und mannigfaltigen Kompositionen zusammengestellt wurden. Die ausfuhrliche Vorstellung der Typen und ihrer Varianten hat zum Ziel, die Vorbilder herauszuarbeiten und festzustellen, wie diese Einzug in die attischen Werkstatten der Kaiserzeit nahmen und sich dort etablierten. Erganzt wird die ikonografische Untersuchung des Materials durch das Studium der architektonischen Form der Sarkophage und die Frage nach der absoluten Datierung. Schliesslich wird eine hermeneutische Annaherung an die Erotendarstellungen versucht, das Thema des Handels mit attischen Sarkophagen mit Eroten und Girlanden auf den Markten des Romischen Reiches wird diskutiert, und ihre Einflusse auf die Werke lokaler Werkstatten werden untersucht. Die Studie leistet einen wesentlichen Beitrag zur Erschliessung der attischen Sarkophage und fordert das Verstandnis der kaiserzeitlichen Skulptur Griechenlands.
Category: Sarcophagi, Greek

Sibyllinische Texte Und Forschungen

Author : Ernst Sackur
ISBN : 0543777529
Genre : Oracula Sibyllina
File Size : 89.91 MB
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This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Max Niemeyer in Halle a. S., 1898.
Category: Oracula Sibyllina

Erinnerungskultur Und Fr He Kommune

Author : Marc von der Höh
ISBN : 9783050056036
Genre : History
File Size : 20.78 MB
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In der zweiten Hälfte des 11. Jahrhunderts setzt in Pisa eine breite historiographische Überlieferung ein. Scheinbar aus dem Nichts entstehen Annalen, Geschichtsdichtungen und chronikalische Texte, die sich nahezu ausschließlich der Stadtgeschichte widmen. Zeitgleich ist zu beobachten, wie die Auseinandersetzung mit der städtischen Vergangenheit in den Stadtraum hineingetragen wird. Inschriften, Votivstiftungen, Trophäen der Kämpfe gegen die Sarazenen sowie antike Spolien überziehen die städtische Topographie mit einem Netz von Verweisen auf die Geschichte der Stadt, machen den Stadtraum so zu einem Erinnerungsraum. Auf der Basis detaillierter Untersuchungen zu den einzelnen Zeugnissen entwirft der Autor zunächst ein komplexes Gesamtbild der in dieser Zeit einzigartigen Pisaner Erinnerungskultur. Parallel hierzu wird nach Gründen für die Entstehung dieses reichen Überlieferungskomplexes gesucht, indem Voraussetzungen und Funktionen der unterschiedlichen Formen des Vergangenheitsbezuges im Kontext der frühkommunalen Phase der Stadtgeschichte bestimmt werden. Über den Einzelfall Pisa hinausgehend werden neue methodische Zugänge entwickelt und grundlegende Erkenntnisse über frühe kommunale Erinnerungskulturen gewonnen. Pressestimmen: "This meticulously researched and methodologically sophisticated work is a significant contribution to our understanding of historical consciousness and civic identity in the early communes." David Foote in: Francia-Recensio /, 2009/2 "[Die Studie bereichert] die Forschungen zur Pisaner Geschichtsschreibung und Erinnerungskultur in der blühenden Periode der Stadt erheblich [...]." Florian Hartmann in: Quellen und Forschungen aus Italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken, 88 (2008)
Category: History

Sic Hostes Ianua Frangit

Author : Rebecca Müller
ISBN : 3897392690
Genre : Architecture, Medieval
File Size : 51.67 MB
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Category: Architecture, Medieval