Rise Of The Warrior Cop

Author : Radley Balko
ISBN : 9781610392129
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.51 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The last days of colonialism taught America's revolutionaries that soldiers in the streets bring conflict and tyranny. As a result, our country has generally worked to keep the military out of law enforcement. But according to investigative reporter Radley Balko, over the last several decades, America's cops have increasingly come to resemble ground troops. The consequences have been dire: the home is no longer a place of sanctuary, the Fourth Amendment has been gutted, and police today have been conditioned to see the citizens they serve as an other—an enemy. Today's armored-up policemen are a far cry from the constables of early America. The unrest of the 1960s brought about the invention of the SWAT unit—which in turn led to the debut of military tactics in the ranks of police officers. Nixon's War on Drugs, Reagan's War on Poverty, Clinton's COPS program, the post–9/11 security state under Bush and Obama: by degrees, each of these innovations expanded and empowered police forces, always at the expense of civil liberties. And these are just four among a slew of reckless programs. In Rise of the Warrior Cop, Balko shows how politicians' ill-considered policies and relentless declarations of war against vague enemies like crime, drugs, and terror have blurred the distinction between cop and soldier. His fascinating, frightening narrative shows how over a generation, a creeping battlefield mentality has isolated and alienated American police officers and put them on a collision course with the values of a free society.
Category: Social Science

Direkte Aktion

Author : David Graeber
ISBN : 3894017759
Genre : Anti-globalization movement
File Size : 33.69 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Anti-globalization movement

Policing America

Author : Willard M. Oliver
ISBN : 9781454849315
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.16 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Policing America is an introductory textbook to policing in the United States. In a balanced approach, the text presents the theoretical foundations of American policing, with a focus on contemporary police practices and research. Oliver covers all of the key topics in policing, but does not overburden the student with either extraneous material only loosely related to policing or the overly detailed presentation of research more suited to a graduate program. In an engaging and readable style, the author offers an overview of past practices and research in policing, but emphasizes more contemporary policing practices and research. The focus of the book is on a contextual understanding of concepts in American policing. It is supported by the academic research, balanced with the voice of the American police officer. Features: Balanced approach that emphasizes contemporary policing. Written by an academic with police experience, resulting in an approach that combines the theoretical and the practical aspects of police work. Uses hypotheticals to bring the concepts to life for students. Student-friendly and accessible presentation incorporates graphic elements such as boxed features and charts to emphasize and summarize key points. Encourages students to think critically about the role of policing in today’s society. Oliver is an experienced author of textbooks in the criminal justice and policing fields, having authored or co-authored over a dozen books.
Category: Law

Uneasy Peace The Great Crime Decline The Renewal Of City Life And The Next War On Violence

Author : Patrick Sharkey
ISBN : 9780393609615
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.62 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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An eye-opening account of the transformation of cities and an urgent call to action to prevent another crime wave. Over the past two decades, American cities have experienced an astonishing drop in violent crime, dramatically changing urban life. In many cases, places once characterized by decay and abandonment are now thriving, the fear of death by gunshot wound replaced by concern about skyrocketing rents. In 2014, most U.S. cities were safer than they had ever been in the history of recorded statistics on crime. Patrick Sharkey reveals the striking consequences: improved school test scores, since children are better able to learn when not traumatized by nearby violence; better chances that poor children will rise into the middle class; and a striking increase in the life expectancy of African American men. Sharkey also delineates the combination of forces, some positive and some negative, that brought about safer streets, from aggressive policing and mass incarceration to the intensive efforts made by local organizations to confront violence in their own communities. From New York’s Harlem neighborhood to South Los Angeles, Sharkey draws on original data and textured accounts of neighborhoods across the country to document the most successful proven strategies for combatting violent crime and to lay out innovative and necessary approaches to the problem of violence. At a time when crime is rising again and powerful political forces seek to disinvest in cities, the insights in this book are indispensable.
Category: Social Science

Our Enemies In Blue

Author : Kristian Williams
ISBN : 9781849352154
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.86 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Let's begin with the basics: violence is an inherent part of policing. The police represent the most direct means by which the state imposes its will on the citizenry. They are armed, trained, and authorized to use force. Like the possibility of arrest, the threat of violence is implicit in every police encounter. Violence, as well as the law, is what they represent. Using media reports alone, the Cato Institute's last annual study listed nearly seven thousand victims of police "misconduct" in the United States. But such stories of police brutality only scratch the surface of a national epidemic. Every year, tens of thousands are framed, blackmailed, beaten, sexually assaulted, or killed by cops. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent on civil judgments and settlements annually. Individual lives, families, and communities are destroyed. In this extensively revised and updated edition of his seminal study of policing in the United States, Kristian Williams shows that police brutality isn't an anomaly, but is built into the very meaning of law enforcement in the United States. From antebellum slave patrols to today's unarmed youth being gunned down in the streets, "peace keepers" have always used force to shape behavior, repress dissent, and defend the powerful. Our Enemies in Blue is a well-researched page-turner that both makes historical sense of this legalized social pathology and maps out possible alternatives.
Category: Political Science

The Death Of Money

Author : James Rickards
ISBN : 9781101637241
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22.11 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The next financial collapse will resemble nothing in history. . . . Deciding upon the best course to follow will require comprehending a minefield of risks, while poised at a crossroads, pondering the death of the dollar. The U.S. dollar has been the global reserve currency since the end of World War II. If the dollar fails, the entire international monetary system will fail with it. But optimists have always said, in essence, that confidence in the dollar will never truly be shaken, no matter how high our national debt or how dysfunctional our government. In the last few years, however, the risks have become too big to ignore. While Washington is gridlocked, our biggest rivals—China, Russia, and the oil-producing nations of the Middle East—are doing everything possible to end U.S. monetary hegemony. The potential results: Financial warfare. Deflation. Hyperinflation. Market collapse. Chaos. James Rickards, the acclaimed author of Currency Wars, shows why money itself is now at risk and what we can all do to protect ourselves. He explains the power of converting unreliable investments into real wealth: gold, land, fine art, and other long-term stores of value.
Category: Business & Economics

Diy

Author :
ISBN : 3897714442
Genre :
File Size : 36.21 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category:

Citizen Protectors

Author : Jennifer Carlson
ISBN : 9780199347568
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From gang- and drug-related shootings to mass shootings in schools, shopping centers, and movie theatres, reports of gun crimes fill the headlines of newspapers and nightly news programs. At the same time, a different kind of headline has captured public attention: a steady surge in pro-gun sentiment among Americans. A Gallup poll conducted just a month after the Newtown school shootings found that 74% of Americans oppose a ban on hand-guns, and at least 11 million people now have licenses to carry concealed weapons as part of their everyday lives. Why do so many Americans not only own guns but also carry them? In Citizen-Protectors, Jennifer Carlson offers a compelling portrait of gun carriers, shedding light on Americans' complex relationship with guns. Delving headlong into the world of gun carriers, Carlson spent time participating in firearms training classes, attending pro-gun events, and carrying a firearm herself. Through these experiences she explores the role guns play in the lives of Americans who carry them and shows how, against a backdrop of economic insecurity and social instability, gun carrying becomes a means of being a good citizen, an idea that not only pervades the NRA's public literature and statements, but its training courses as well. A much-needed counterpoint to the rhetorical battles over gun control, Citizen-Protectors is a captivating and revealing look at gun culture in America, and is a must-read for anyone with a stake in this heated debate.
Category: Social Science

Der Gescheiterte Staat

Author : Noam Chomsky
ISBN : 3888974526
Genre : Iraq War, 2003-2011
File Size : 55.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Category: Iraq War, 2003-2011

Curry Buch

Author : Jens Ohlig
ISBN : 9783868993707
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28.4 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Im Alltag der imperativen Programmierung mit JavaScript bringen ungeplante Programmänderungen die gewohnten Abstraktionsmechanismen mitunter an ihre Grenzen. In diesem Buch wird ein Einstieg in die funktionale Programmierung dargeboten, deren Ansatz sich von den übrigen Arten der Programmierung unterscheidet und zu Unrecht als schwierig zu verstehen gilt. Aufbruch in die Welt der funktionalen Programmierung und der Gewürze. Es geht um die praktischen Grundlagen des funktionalen Programmierens und immer wieder Analogien zum Kochen eines Currys, denn gutes Programmieren ist wie gutes Kochen. Bekannte funktionale Programmiersprachen sind Lisp, Haskell oder ML. Oft entstammen diese einer akademischen Welt und sind oft nur in bestimmten Bereichen relevant. Im Gegensatz dazu verwendet dieses Buch JavaScript, die Basis der offenen Web-Standards. Die auffälligste Besonderheit bei der funktionalen Programmierung besteht darin, dass Programmfunktionen wie mathematische Funktionen oder auch Kochrezepte aufgefasst werden. Funktionen höherer Ordnung. Ein wichtiger Aspekt beim funktionalen Programmieren sind Funktionen höherer Ordnung. Dabei handelt es sich um Funktionen, die wiederum Funktionen als Argumente erhalten. Die Leserinnen und Leser lernen diese als Basisgrundlage kennen, um dann Funktionen höherer Ordnung auf Arrays anzuwenden. Anschließend führt die kulinarische Reise zu dem Thema Rekursion, bevor die event-basierte Programmierung und Continuations behandelt werden. Theorie der funktionalen Programmierung. In den ersten Kapiteln kann ohne Paradigmenwechsel und ohne das Erlernen einer neuen Programmiersprache in die funktionale Programmierung eingestiegen werden. In den anschließenden Kapiteln wird die theoretische Seite beleuchtet; zunächst das Lambda-Kalkül, die Grundlage fast aller funktionaler Programmiersprachen. Datentypen und Monaden, mit denen in rein funktionalen Programmiersprachen Seiteneffekte gekapselt werden, tauchen auf. Abgerundet wird alles durch einen Ausblick auf weitere Sprachen. In Nebenrollen haben Vindaloo-Curry, Auberginen und ein Mango-Lassi ihren Auftritt. Namaste und guten Appetit!
Category: Computers