RHEOLOGY PRINCIPLES MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATIONS

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Rheology

Author : Christopher W. Macosko
ISBN : UOM:39076001479059
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.57 MB
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Category: Science

Rheology

Author : Aleksandr I͡Akovlevich Malkin
ISBN : 9781895198331
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.1 MB
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There are few comprehensive books on the market on the subject of rheology – the complex science dealing with flow and deformation of matter – and these are several years old. At last there is now a book that explains the meaning of a science that many scientists need to use but only a few can fully grasp. It does so by striking the balance between oversimplification and overload of theory in a very compelling and readable manner. The author's systematic presentation enables the authors to include all components of rheology in one volume. The first four chapters of this book discuss various aspects of theoretical rheology and, by examples of many studies, show how particular theory, model, or equation can be used in solving different problems. The main emphasis is on liquids, but solid materials are discussed in one full chapter as well. Methods of measurement and raw data treatment are included in one large chapter which constitutes more than one quarter of the book. Eight groups of methods are discussed giving many choices for experimentation and guidance on where and how to use them properly. The final chapter shows how to use rheological methods in different groups of products and methods of their manufacture. Usefulness of chemorheological (rheokinetical) measurements is also emphasized. This chapter continues with examples of purposeful applications in practical matters.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

Author : Kevin P. Menard
ISBN : 1420053132
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.15 MB
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Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) has left the domain of the rheologist and has become a prevalent tool in the analytical laboratory. However, information on the use of this important tool is still scattered among a range of books and articles. Novices in the field have to dig through thermal analysis, rheology, and materials texts just to find the basics. Updated with new material, expanded practical explanations, and new applications, Dynamic Mechanical Analysis, Second Edition continues to give chemists, engineers, and materials scientists a starting point for applying DMA to their individual fields. It imparts a clear understanding of how DMA works, its advantages, and possible limitations. Additional topics include stress/strain, data handling, experimental technology, test methods, and data analysis. One of the only references dedicated to DMA, this accessible and easy-to-read guide gathers the most pertinent information available on this important technique.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Rheology For Chemists An Introduction

Author : J. Goodwin
ISBN : 085404616X
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.95 MB
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"Comprehensive and unique in approach, this book will provide the necessary introduction to rheology for students, as well as being valuable for laboratory and industrial staff."
Category: Science

Practical Food Rheology

Author : Ian T. Norton
ISBN : 1444391054
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.87 MB
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Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses
Category: Technology & Engineering

Foams

Author : Robert K. Prud'homme
ISBN : 0824793951
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.73 MB
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This volume discusses the physics and physical processes of foam and foaming. It delineates various measurement techniques for characterizing foams and foam properties as well as the chemistry and application of foams. The use of foams in the textile industry, personal care products, enhanced oil recovery, firefighting and mineral floatation are highlighted, and the connection between the microstructure and physical properties of foam are detailed. Coverage includes nonaqueous foams and silicone antifoams, and more.
Category: Science

Non Newtonian Flow In The Process Industries

Author : R. P. Chhabra
ISBN : 0750637706
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42.97 MB
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Non-Newtonian materials are encountered in virtually all of the chemical and process industries and a full understanding of their nature and flow characteristics is an essential requirement for engineers and scientists involved in their formulation and handling. This book will bridge the gap between much of the highly theoretical and mathematically complex work of the rheologist and the practical needs of those who have to design and operate plants in which these materials are handled and processed. At the same time, numerous references are included for the benefit of those who need to delve more deeply into the subject. The starting point for any work on non-newtonian fluids is their characterisation over the range of conditions to which they are likely to be subjected during manufacture or utilisation, and this topic is treated early on in the book in a chapter commissioned from an expert in the field of rheological measurements. Coverage of topics is extensive and this book offers a unique and rich selection of material including the flow of single phase and multiphase mixtures in pipes, in packed and fluidised bed systems, heat and mass transfer in boundary layers and in simple duct flows, and mixing etc. An important and novel feature of the book is the inclusion of a wide selection of worked examples to illustrate the methods of calculation. It also incorporates a large selection of problems for the reader to tackle himself.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Craig S Restorative Dental Materials E Book

Author : Ronald L. Sakaguchi
ISBN : 9780323082518
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.98 MB
Format : PDF
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Master the use of dental materials in the clinic and dental laboratory and stay current with this ever-changing field with Craig's Restorative Dental Materials, 13th Edition. From fundamental concepts to advanced skills, this comprehensive text details everything you need to know to understand the scientific basis for selecting dental materials when designing and fabricating restorations. This practical, clinically relevant approach to the selection and use of dental materials challenges you to retain and apply your knowledge to realistic clinical scenarios, giving you an authoritative advantage in dental practice. Problems and Solutions at the end of each chapter test your ability to apply chapter concepts to solve common clinical challenges. Mind Maps on the companion Evolve website condense essential chapter content into single-page overviews ideal for quick reference, study outlines, or comprehensive reviews. Comprehensive coverage reflects fundamental concepts and the latest practical knowledge all in one authoritative source. Appendix of useful resource materials provides quick, convenient access to Weights and Measurements, Conversion Tables, and Comparative Table of Troy, Avoirdupois, and Metric Weights. Content updates and links on Evolve keep you current with the latest developments in the field. NEW! Full-color design and illustrations clarify clinical detail for greater understanding. NEW! Reorganized content emphasizes scientific evidence and is organized by usage in a clinical setting to help you study more efficiently. NEW! Digital Imaging and Processing for Restorations chapter equips you with essential understanding of current imaging practices. NEW! Major revisions reflect the latest advances in the use of enamel, dental, biofilms, mechanical testing, ceramics, polymers, and composites.
Category: Medical

Aviation Fuels With Improved Fire Safety

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309174511
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.69 MB
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The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.
Category: Technology & Engineering