REVOLUTION AND REFORM IN RUSSIA AND IRAN MODERNISATION AND POLITICS IN REVOLUTIONARY STATES INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY OF POLITICAL STUDIES

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Revolution And Reform In Russia And Iran

Author : Ghoncheh Tazmini
ISBN : 9781848855540
Genre : History
File Size : 68.60 MB
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The Russian Revolutions of 1917 and the Iranian Revolution of 1979 are two examples of dramatic, sudden and extraordinary political upheaval that significantly altered the nature of the state and society in the modern age. Here, Ghoncheh Tazmini provides an unprecedented comparative look at these two major revolutions of the twentieth century: their roots, events, impact and subsequent efforts to reform. By doing so, she draws the conclusion that in spite of their differing goals, ideologies and outcomes, these two defining upheavals share an important similarity: both occurred after years of rapid, state-sponsored modernisation efforts carried out against the backdrop of a form of government that bore all the hallmarks of a repressive autocracy. It was this kind of modernisation - a modernisation from above - that the author maintains heavily contributed to the socio-economic discontent and political instability that proved to be the downfall of the Romanov and Pahlavi dynasties. Revolution and Reform in Russia and Iran offers a critical exploration of monarchies of Tsar Nicholas II and the Shahs Reza and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and their attempts to implement modernisation from above. She furthermore examines the successful attempts of the revolutionary movements inspired and led by Lenin and the Ayatollah Khomeini to gain control of the state, and the subsequent efforts of these two men to shape both state and society according to their respective ideologies. Although these two experiences of revolution and reform are removed from each other both spatially and temporally, Tazmini highlights their similarities. She furthermore examines the successes and failures of their political elites, stressing the continuity of the dilemma surrounding the all-important issue of modernisation. Thus Tazmini demonstrates how these issues continue to impact the rule of men like Mikhail Gorbachev and Vladimir Putin in Russia, and Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Iran. This book is a significant contribution to both historical and contemporary debates concerning Russian and Iranian politics, and to the discourse on of the origins and consequences of modernisation and revolution themselves.
Category: History

Flood Planning

Author : Jeroen Warner
ISBN : 9780857731500
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.48 MB
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Floods are amongst the most common and most devastating natural disasters. A major flood may cause the death of thousands, sometimes millions, of people and cause immense damage. It may also challenge a government’s legitimacy if warning measures or flood protection systems are perceived as having been inadequate. In the wake of such an event, the pressure to initiate flood protection schemes that will provide security is enormous, and politicians promise quick solutions in the national interest. Jeroen Warner looks at a number of such projects from around the world - from the Middle East, South Asia and Western Europe - aimed at the prevention of serious flooding. Each provoked a level of controversy unforeseen by its initiators, with the result that projects were shelved, modified, were not completed, or simply failed at the first test. Even a well organized participation process with joint or open planning did not exempt planners from the difficult political dynamics that arose. Flood politics are not like ordinary politics. They are about life and death, and a flood event may legitimize extraordinary measures in which normal rules do not apply. The author shows how projects created in response to such situations inevitably become politicised as different stakeholders seek to promote their interests. The result is a pioneering book that provides the first comprehensive account of the politics and decision-making surrounding flood planning and of the lessons to be learned.
Category: Political Science

Welfare Policy Under New Labour

Author : Andrew Connell
ISBN : 9780857719263
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.55 MB
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The day after New Labour took office in May 1997, Frank Field’s appointment as Minister for Welfare Reform was high on the government’s news agenda. Yet, by August 1998, Field was out of office and welfare reform was heading in a very different direction from the one that he had so carefully planned in opposition. What had happened in those fifteen months to bring this about? Drawing on interviews with key participants and new archival research, this book looks in depth at the factors shaping the direction of welfare reform policy following New Labour’s ascent to power. It suggests that a commitment to welfare reform was perhaps the most symbolically important New Labour policy, and traces the differing perspectives on reform associated with Field and with Gordon Brown. Ultimately, it argues that Brown’s perspective prevailed for two reasons. As a minister, Field misunderstood the nature of core executive politics; but more fundamentally, Field’s ideas were based on an understanding of individual liberty and autonomy which was incompatible with New Labour’s discourse of the active state. Andrew Connell uses the beginnings of welfare reform under New Labour as an example to show how the interplay of ideas, actors, and structural imperatives and resources can shape and constrain the options of an ambitious reforming party in the transition from opposition to government. It also includes a unique systematic critical analysis of Field’s political and social philosophy and its relation to his Christian beliefs, and makes the case for him as a consistent thinker in the English ethical socialist tradition. Readers with an interest in welfare reform, New Labour, the British core executive, or the relationship between ideas and policy will find this a fascinating exposition of a period of recent policy history whose legacy is still with us today.
Category: Political Science

The Philosophy Politics And Religion Of British Democracy

Author : Robert Crowcroft
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215381281
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48.55 MB
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Maurice Cowling was one of the most controversial historians and thinkers of the last 40 years and a key figure in modern British Conservatism. His work on intellectual and political history assaulted conventional understanding of the political process and challenged the liberal and secular ideas which have been so pervasive in modern Britain. Here, leading scholars disclose Cowling’s vision of British democracy and place it in its broader intellectual context. This book therefore provides a powerful multi-disciplinary explanation of Conservative thought about public life in modern Britain, and sheds light upon the interface between philosophy, politics, religion and British democracy.
Category: Political Science

Choosing The Labour Leader

Author : Timothy Heppell
ISBN : NWU:35556040943375
Genre : History
File Size : 87.72 MB
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Drawing together debates on the method of party leadership selection and the ideological positioning of leadership candidates, this book examines each leadership election since 1963 as a means of charting the decline of the left within the Labour Party. It is suitable for scholars of British Politics and the history of the Labour Party.
Category: History

Comparative Politics

Author : Paul W. Zagorski
ISBN : 9780415777285
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81.38 MB
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Comparative Politics: Continuity and Breakdown in the Contemporary World is an exciting new core text for introduction to comparative politics courses, focusing on the dynamics of politics: modernization, revolution, coups and democratization. Unlike other texts, Comparative Politics integrates thematic and extensive country-specific material in each chapter, striking a unique balance between discussing a wide range of countries and civilizations in detail, whilst using shorter focused textboxes to clearly illustrate key thematic points. Key features and benefits include: explanations of core concepts such as state, nation, regime, legitimacy, modernization, globalization, revolution, and mass movements an introduction of key theoretical approaches such as institutionalism, structural functionalism, political culture, political economy, and game theory detailed coverage of democratization, advanced democracies, developing countries and communist and post-communist states a range of perspectives to present a nuanced view of the discipline and contemporary political developments case studies of individual countries including Germany, the United States, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Nigeria, Zaire/Congo, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Pakistan, India, Japan, Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Peopleâe(tm)s Republic of China country-focused textboxes giving a chronology of key developments, including the United Kingdom, France, Afghanistan, and Kosovo. Extensively illustrated throughout with maps, photographs, tables and explanatory boxes, Comparative Politics is an innovative core text, and essential reading for all students of Comparative Politics.
Category: Political Science

Revolutions And The Collapse Of Monarchy

Author : Zhand Shakibi
ISBN : 184511292X
Genre : History
File Size : 78.35 MB
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What caused revolution among the last major monarchies of the modern period? Why were Louis XVI, Nicholas II and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi all overthrown and was this the result of their historical background or individual action? This powerful and original book is the first comparative study of the implosion of the monarchical regimes in Bourbon France, Romanov Russia and Pahlavi Iran. Seeking to understand fully the causes and timing of the French, Russian and Iranian revolutions, Shakibi examines the complex interaction between the personality and behavior of the monarchs and the different problems faced by their regimes which turned a potentially revolutionary situation into the revolutions which engulfed France in the eighteenth century, Russia in 1917 and Iran in 1978-8. Drawing on a huge amount of primary and archival research throughout the world, Revolutions and the Collapse of the Monarchy argues that it is human agency which often provides the vital spark which produces revolution. An ambitious and important counter-blast to traditional theories of revolution.
Category: History

Author : Ray Takeyh
ISBN : 9789960549835
Genre : History
File Size : 78.63 MB
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تعود أهمية هذا الكتاب إلى عدة عوامل منها أن مؤلفه هو (راي تقية) الباحث والكاتب السياسي المطلع، والعضو في مجلس العلاقات الخارجية الأمريكية، المتخصص في إيران والحركات الإسلامية، والسياسة الشرق أوسطية. كما أن موضوع الكتاب له أهمية خاصة، فهو يتناول، بحياد ودقة وموضوعية، واحدة من أكثر البؤر السياسية توترًا والتهابًا في العالم، وهي إيران، وما يحيط بها في منطقتنا من تعقيدات وتداخلات وتعارضات في علاقاتها مع كل القوى الفاعلة في المنطقة وفي العالم. يبتدئ المؤلف كتابه بمقدمة عنوانها: الفهم الخاطئ لإيران، وينهيه بخاتمة عنوانها: الفهم الصحيح لإيران، وفيما بينهما ثمانية فصول يحلل فيها الوضع الإيراني الداخلي في ارتباطه بتاريخها الاجتماعي والثقافي والعقائدي والثوري، وفي علاقة كل ذلك بقضايا المنطقة بكل تعقيداتها، محاولاً استجلاء ملامح وأسباب فهم أمريكا الخاطئ لإيران الذي جعلها اليوم مشكلة مستعصية على الحل. وكأن الكتاب محاولة للإجابة عن سؤال واحد بشقين: لماذا الفهم الخاطئ؟ كيف يكون الفهم الصحيح، وبالتالي المنهج الصحيح لمعالجة واحدة من أكبر مشكلات العصر؟ العبيكان للنشر
Category: History

Library Journal

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:$B231798
Genre : Libraries
File Size : 54.66 MB
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Category: Libraries