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Reproductive Disruptions

Author : Marcia Claire Inhorn
ISBN : 1845454065
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 38.40 MB
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Based on research by leading medical anthropologists from around the world, this book examines such issues as local practices detrimental to safe pregnancy and birth; conflicting reproductive goals between women and men; and miscommunications between pregnant women and their genetic counselors.
Category: Health & Fitness

Reproductive Disruptions

Author : Marcia C. Inhorn
ISBN : 1845455959
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.20 MB
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Nominated for the 2007 Book Prize by the Council on Anthropology and Reproduction (AAA) Reproductive disruptions, such as infertility, pregnancy loss, adoption, and childhood disability, are among the most distressing experiences in people’s lives. Based on research by leading medical anthropologists from around the world, this book examines such issues as local practices detrimental to safe pregnancy and birth; conflicting reproductive goals between women and men; miscommunications between pregnant women and their genetic counselors; cultural anxieties over gamete donation and adoption; the contested meanings of abortion; cultural critiques of hormone replacement therapy; and the globalization of new pharmaceutical and assisted reproductive technologies. This breadth - with its explicit move from the “local” to the “global,” from the realm of everyday reproductive practice to international programs and policies - illuminates most effectively the workings of power, the tensions between women’s and men’s reproductive agency, and various cultural and structural inequalities in reproductive health. Marcia C. Inhornis Professor of Medical Anthropology at the University of Michigan, where she directs the Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies. A specialist on infertility and assisted reproductive technologies in the Muslim Middle East, she is the author or editor of four books on the subject. Her publications includeQuest for Conception: Gender, Infertility, and Egyptian Medical Traditions(University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994, winner of Eileen Basker Prize for outstanding research in gender and health),Infertility and Patriarchy: The Cultural Politics of Gender and Family Life in Egypt(University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996) andLocal Babies, Global Science: Gender, Religion, and In Vitro Fertilization in Egypt(Routledge Press, 2003).
Category: Medical

Assisted Reproduction Across Borders

Author : Merete Lie
ISBN : 9781317200680
File Size : 43.49 MB
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Today, it often seems as though Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) have reached a stage of normalization, at least in some countries and among certain social groups. Apparently some practices – for example in vitro fertilization (IVF) – have become standard worldwide. The contributors to Assisted Reproduction Across Borders argue against normalization as an uncontested overall trend. This volume reflects on the state of the art of ARTs. From feminist perspectives, the contributors focus on contemporary political debates triggered by ARTs. They examine the varying ways in which ARTs are interpreted and practised in different contexts, depending on religious, moral and political approaches. Assisted Reproduction Across Borders embeds feminist analysis of ARTs across a wide variety of countries and cultural contexts, discussing controversial practices such as surrogacy from the perspective of the global South as well as the global North as well as inequalities in terms of access to IVF. This volume will appeal to scholars and students of anthropology, ethnography, philosophy, political science, history, sociology, film studies, media studies, literature, art history, area studies, and interdisciplinary areas such as gender studies, cultural studies, and postcolonial studies.

Endocrine Disruption And Human Health

Author : Philippa D. Darbre
ISBN : 9780128011201
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.94 MB
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Endocrine Disruption and Human Health starts with an overview of what endocrine disruptors are, the issues surrounding them, and the source of these chemicals in the ecosystem. This is followed by an overview of the mechanisms of action and assay systems. The third section includes chapters written by specialists on different aspects of concern for the effects of endocrine disruption on human health. Finally, the authors consider the risk assessment of endocrine disruptors and the pertinent regulation developed by the EU, the US FDA, as well as REACH and NGOs. The book has been written for researchers and research clinicians interested in learning about the actions of endocrine disruptors and current evidence justifying concerns for human health but is useful for those approaching the subject for the first time, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students. Provides readers with access to a range of information from the basic mechanisms and assays to cutting-edge research investigating concerns for human health Presents a comprehensive, translational look at all aspects of endocrine disruption and its effects on human health Offers guidance on the risk assessment of endocrine disruptors and current relevant regulatory considerations
Category: Medical

Women S Experiences Of Stillbirth And Other Reproductive Disruptions And Their Social Consequences In Southern Tanzania

Author : Rachel A Haws
ISBN : 1244015032
Genre :
File Size : 69.44 MB
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Enjoy a wide range of dissertations and theses published from graduate schools and universities from around the world. Covering a wide range of academic topics, we are happy to increase overall global access to these works and make them available outside of traditional academic databases. These works are packaged and produced by BiblioLabs under license by ProQuest UMI. The description for these dissertations was produced by BiblioLabs and is in no way affiliated with, in connection with, or representative of the abstract meta-data associated with the dissertations published by ProQuest UMI. If you have any questions relating to this particular dissertation, you may contact BiblioLabs directly.

Reproductive And Developmental Toxicology

Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
ISBN : 0123820332
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37.3 MB
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Reproductive toxicology is a complex subject dealing with three components—parent, placenta, and fetus—and the continuous changes that occur in each. Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology is a comprehensive and authoritative resource providing the latest literature enriched with relevant references describing every aspect of this area of science. It addresses a broad range of topics including nanoparticles and radiation, gases and solvents, smoking, alcohol and drugs of abuse, food additives, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, and metals, among others. With a special focus on placental toxicity, this book is the only available reference to connect the three key risk stages, and is the only resource to include reproductive and developmental toxicity in domestic animals, fish, and wildlife. Provides a complete, integrated source of information on the key risk stages during reproduction and development Includes coverage of emerging science such as stem cell application, toxicoproteomics, metabolomics, phthalates, infertility, teratogenicity, endocrine disruption, surveillance and regulatory considerations, and risk assessment Offers diverse and unique in vitro and in vivo toxicity models for reproductive and developmental toxicity testing in a user-friendly format that assists in comparative analysis
Category: Medical

Islam And Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Author : Marcia C. Inhorn
ISBN : 9780857454904
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.9 MB
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How and to what extent have Islamic legal scholars and Middle Eastern lawmakers, as well as Middle Eastern Muslim physicians and patients, grappled with the complex bioethical, legal, and social issues that are raised in the process of attempting to conceive life in the face of infertility? This path-breaking volume explores the influence of Islamic attitudes on Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and reveals the variations in both the Islamic jurisprudence and the cultural responses to ARTs.
Category: Medical

Primate Reproductive Aging

Author : Sylvia Atsalis
ISBN : 9783805585224
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.23 MB
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Due to the unusually long post-reproductive lifespan characteristic of human females, primate reproductive aging receives a great deal of attention. Promoting and supporting discussion on comparative analyses of aging among diverse primate species, including humans, this publication highlights current research on female primate reproductive aging from both institutional-based as well as field studies. The contributions highlight the complex interaction between somatic and reproductive senescence. The latter is broadly manifested along a cross-taxonomic evolutionary continuum, with humans at one end of the spectrum exhibiting the lengthiest post-reproductive lifespan.Primatologists, anthropologists, evolutionary biologists, animal behaviorists, endocrinologists, neuroscientists, and all scholars interested in aging and reproduction will find this book a valuable source of information. Considering the increasing number of geriatric primates held in captivity, it will also be helpful to animal care professionals, as it calls attention to the special care that primates may require in order to monitor, maintain and improve their health as they age.
Category: Medical

The Ethics Of Everyday Life

Author : Michael Banner
ISBN : 9780191030772
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.87 MB
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The moments in Christ's human life noted in the creeds (his conception, birth, suffering, death, and burial) are events which would likely appear in a syllabus for a course in social anthropology, for they are of special interest and concern in human life, and also sites of contention and controversy, where what it is to be human is discovered, constructed, and contested. In other words, these are the occasions for profound and continuing questioning regarding the meaning of human life, as controversies to do with IVF, abortion, euthanasia, and the use of bodies or body parts post mortem plainly indicate. Thus the following questions arise, how do the instances in Christ's life represent human life, and how do these representations relate to present day cultural norms, expectations, and newly emerging modes of relationship, themselves shaping and framing human life? How does the Christian imagination of human life, which dwells on and draws from the life of Christ, not only articulate its own, but also come into conversation with and engage other moral imaginaries of the human? Michael Banner argues that consideration of these questions requires study of moral theology, therefore, he reconceives its nature and tasks, and in particular, its engagement with social anthropology. Drawing from social anthropology and Christian thought and practice from many periods, and influenced especially by his engagement in public policy matters including as a member of the UK's Human Tissue Authority, Banner aims to develop the outlines of an everyday ethics, stretching from before the cradle to after the grave.
Category: Religion