REINTERPRETING CHRONOLOGY AND SOCIETY AT THE MORTUARY COMPLEX OF JEBEL MOYA SUDAN

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Reinterpreting Chronology And Society At The Mortuary Complex Of Jebel Moya Sudan

Author : Michael Jonathan Brass
ISBN : 1784914312
Genre :
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Jebel Moya (south-central Sudan) is the largest known pastoral cemetery in sub- Saharan Africa with more than 3100 excavated human burials. This research revises our understanding of Jebel Moya and its context. After reviewing previous applications of social complexity theory to mortuary data, new questions are posed for the applicability of such theory to pastoral cemeteries. Reliable radiometric dating of Jebel Moya for the first time by luminescence dates is tied in to an attribute-based approach to discern three distinctive pottery assemblages. Three distinct phases of occupation are recognized: the first two (early fifth millennium BC, and the mid-second to early first millennium BC) from pottery sherds, and the third (first century BC - sixth century AD) with habitation and the vast majority of the mortuary remains. Analytically, new statistical and spatial analyses such as cross-pair correlation function and multidimensional scaling provide information on zones of interaction across the mortuary assemblages. Finally, an analysis of mortuary locales contemporary with phase three (Meroitic and post-Meroitic periods) from the central Sudan and Upper and Lower Nubia are examined to show how changing social, economic and power relations were conceptualized, and to highlight Jebel Moya's potential to serve as a chronological and cultural reference point for future studies in south-central and southern Sudan.
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African Pottery Roulettes Past And Present

Author : Anne Haour
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215423372
Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
File Size : 48.29 MB
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African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present considers ethnographic, museological and archaeological approaches to pottery-decorating tools called roulettes, that is to say, short lengths of fibre or wood that are rolled over the surface of a vessel for decoration. This book sets out, for the first time, a solid typology for the classification of African pottery decorated with such tools, and forges a consensus on common methodology and standards. It gives an overview of history of research into roulette decoration in Africa and elsewhere Jomon Japan, Neolithic Europe, Siberia, and New York among others; outlines the contemporary distribution of roulette usage in sub-Saharan African today, a 'success story' from Senegal to Tanzania; and proposes methodologies for the identification of selected roulette decoration types in the archaeological record. By achieving standardisation in pottery analysis, this book will help researchers make meaningful comparisons between different sites of West Africa, and thus guide further research on the West African past. As roulette decoration has been such a global phenomenon in the past, the book will also be of interest to all researchers with an interest in ceramics from different parts of the world.
Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Gebel Ramlah

Author : Michał Kobusiewicz
ISBN : 838949969X
Genre : Excavations (Archaeology)
File Size : 31.89 MB
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Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

The Lost White Tribe

Author : Michael F. Robinson
ISBN : 9780199978489
Genre : Africa
File Size : 60.27 MB
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In 1876, in a mountainous region to the west of Lake Victoria, Africa - what is today Ruwenzori Mountains National Park in Uganda - the famed explorer Henry Morton Stanley encountered Africans with what he was convinced were light complexions and European features. Stanley's discovery of thisAfrican "white tribe" haunted him and seemed to substantiate the so-called Hamitic Hypothesis: the theory that the descendants of Ham, the son of Noah, had populated Africa and other remote places, proving that the source and spread of human races around the world could be traced to and explained bya Biblical story. In The Lost White Tribe, Michael Robinson traces the rise and fall of the Hamitic Hypothesis. In addition to recounting Stanley's "discovery," Robinson shows how it influenced others, including that of the Ainu in Japan; or Vilhjalmur Stefansson's tribe of "blond Eskimos" in the Arctic; or the9,000-year-old skeleton found in Washington State with what were deemed "Caucasian features." As Robinson shows, race theory stemming originally from the Bible only not only guided exploration but archeology, including Charles Mauch's discovery of the Grand Zimbabwe site in 1872, and literature,such as H. Rider Haggard's King Solomon's Mines, whose publication launched an entire literary subgenre dedicated to white tribes in remote places. The Hamitic Hypothesis would shape the theories of Carl Jung and guide psychological and anthropological notions of the primitive.The Hypothesis also formed the foundation for the European colonial system, which was premised on assumptions about racial hierarchy, at whose top were the white races, the purest and oldest of them all. It was a small step from the Hypothesis to theories of Aryan superiority, which served as thebasis of the race laws in Nazi Germany and had horrific and catastrophic consequences. Though racial thinking changed profoundly after World War Two, a version of Hamitic validation of the "whiter" tribes laid the groundwork for conflict within Africa itself after decolonization, including theRwandan genocide. Based on painstaking archival research, The Lost White Tribe is a fascinating, immersive, and wide-ranging work of synthesis, revealing the roots of racial thinking and the legacies that continue to exert their influence to this day.
Category: Africa

Islamic Archaeology In The Sudan

Author : Intisar Soghayroun Elzein
ISBN : STANFORD:36105115183043
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.5 MB
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In the 7th century AD Arabic-speaking nomads moved into the Sudan from the Suez and Red Sea. This was just the first of a series of migrations, the complex story of which is presented in this study. Drawing on archaeological, architectural, ethnographical and literary evidence, Elzein explores the evidence from three phases of migration (640-1300, 1300-1500 and 1500-1800), looking at differences in settlement types, religious beliefs and material culture. Sections focus on the different kinds of burial and tomb structures, urbanism and military architecture and weapons.
Category: Social Science

Eastern Sudan In Its Setting

Author : Andrea Manzo
ISBN : 1784915580
Genre : Excavations
File Size : 42.26 MB
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Ongoing research in Eastern Sudan has provided a preliminary reconstruction of the history of the region from c. 6000 BC to AD 1500. This publication outlines this reconstruction and also considers the more general setting known for the other regions of northeastern Africa
Category: Excavations

Invest To Win Earn Keep Profits In Bull Bear Markets With The Gainsmaster Approach

Author : Toni Turner
ISBN : 9780071798389
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.32 MB
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Offers advice on managing investments in both uptrending and downtrending markets, revealing how to evaluate company financial reports, recognize signals that foretell shifts in the market, and exit investments at the right time.
Category: Business & Economics

The Desert Fayum Reinvestigated

Author : Simon J. Holdaway
ISBN : 1938770099
Genre : History
File Size : 38.6 MB
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The Neolithic in Egypt is thought to have arrived via diffusion from an origin in southwest Asia. In this volume, the authors advocate an alternative approach to understanding the development of food production in Egypt based on the results of new fieldwork in the Fayum. They present a detailed study of the Fayum archaeological landscape using an expanded version of low-level food production to organize observations concerning paleoenvironment, socioeconomy, settlement, and mobility. While domestic plants and animals were indeed introduced to the Fayum from elsewhere, when a number of aspects of the archaeological record are compared, a settlement system is suggested that has no obvious analogues with the Neolithic in southwest Asia. The results obtained from the Fayum are used to assess other contemporary sites in Egypt.
Category: History

Antifascisms

Author : David Ward
ISBN : 0838636764
Genre : History
File Size : 59.89 MB
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"This book is an in-depth analysis of three of the most crucial years in twentieth-century Italian history, the years 1943-46. After more than two decades of a Fascist regime and a disastrous war experience during which Italy changed sides, these years saw the laying of the political and cultural foundations for what has since become known as Italy's First Republic. Drawing on texts from the literature, film, journalism, and political debate of the period, Antifascisms offers a thorough survey of the personalities and positions that informed the decisions taken in this crucial phase of modern Italian history."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Category: History