REACTIVE INTERMEDIATES IN THE GAS PHASE GENERATION AND MONITORING

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Reactive Intermediates In The Gas Phase

Author : D. W. Setser
ISBN : 9781483220215
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.62 MB
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Reactive Intermediates in the Gas Phase: Generation and Monitoring covers methods for reactive intermediates in the gas phase. The book discusses the generation and measurement of atom and radical concentrations in flow systems; the high temperature flow tubes, generation and measurement of refractory species; and the electronically excited long-lived states of atoms and diatomic molecules in flow systems. The text also describes the production and detection of reactive species with lasers in static systems; the production of small positive ions in a mass spectrometer; and the discharge-excited rare gas halide lasers. Chemists, physicists, and people working in aerochem laboratories will find the book invaluable.
Category: Science

Gas Phase Metal Reactions

Author : A. Fontijn
ISBN : 9781483291215
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.13 MB
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The book brings together, for the first time, all aspects of reactions of metallic species in the gas phase and gives an up-to-date overview of the field. Reactions covered include those of atomic, other free radical and transient neutral species, as well as ions. Experimental and theoretical work is reviewed and the efforts to establish a closer link between these approaches are discussed. The field is mainly approached from a fundamental point-of-view, but the applied problems which have helped stimulate the interest are pointed out and form the major subject of the final chapters. These emphasize the competition between purely gas-phase and gas-surface reactions.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Special Topics

Author : H. S. W. Massey
ISBN : 9781483281711
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.18 MB
Format : PDF
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Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Volume 5: Special Topics deals with topics on applications of atomic collisions that were not covered in the first four volumes of the treatise. The book opens with a chapter on ultrasensitive chemical detectors. This is followed by separate chapters on lighting, magnetohydrodynamic electrical power generation, gas breakdown and high voltage insulating gases, thermionic energy converters, and charged particle detectors. Subsequent chapters deal with the operation of multiwire drift and proportional chambers and streamer chambers and their use in high energy physics experiments; photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions and the chemical information that can be obtained from such studies; and the determination of intermolecular potentials. Also discussed are studies on the determination of ion molecular potential curves using photodissociative processes; determination of negative ion thermo chemical data using ion-neutral reactions; gas-phase chemical reactions; collision phenomena in electrical discharge lamps; and military applications of atomic and molecular physics.
Category: Science

Reactive Intermediates

Author : Leonardo S. Santos
ISBN : 3527628738
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.55 MB
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During the last two decades there has been considerable growth in the development of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) as a practical method in the study of reaction mechanisms. This method allows the interception and characterization of key intermediates, either as transient species or as protonated/deprotonated forms of neutral species by API-MS. The outstanding features and advantages of ESI-MS make it one of the most suitable tools for the fast screening of intermediates directly from solution, providing hitherto unavailable chemical information to organic chemists. This monograph provides an overview of the mechanisms involved in ESI-MS, the historical perspectives before looking further in-depth at specific reactions and intermediates. Written by researchers in the field, this book is an unique resource for the understanding of this cutting-edge technique.
Category: Science

Surface Chemistry And Catalysis

Author : Albert F. Carley
ISBN : 0306473933
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.93 MB
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In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.
Category: Science

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author : Martin Schmal
ISBN : 9780203145630
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.57 MB
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Chemical Reaction Engineering: Essentials, Exercises and Examples presents the essentials of kinetics, reactor design and chemical reaction engineering for undergraduate students. Concise and didactic in its approach, it features over 70 resolved examples and many exercises. The work is organized in two parts: in the first part kinetics is presented focusing on the reaction rates, the influence of different variables and the determination of specific rate parameters for different reactions both homogeneous and heterogeneous. This section is complemented with the classical kinetic theory and in particular with many examples and exercises. The second part introduces students to the distinction between ideal and non-ideal reactors and presents the basic equations of batch and continuous ideal reactors, as well as specific isothermal and non-isothermal systems. The main emphasis however is on both qualitative and quantitative interpretation by comparing and combining reactors with and without diffusion and mass transfer effects, complemented with several examples and exercises. Finally, non-ideal and multiphase systems are presented, as well as specific topics of biomass thermal processes and heterogeneous reactor analyses. The work closes with a unique section on the application of theory in laboratory practice with kinetic and reactor experiments. This textbook will be of great value to undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering as well as to graduate students in and researchers of kinetics and catalysis.
Category: Science

Ten Steps To A Results Based Monitoring And Evaluation System

Author : Jody Zall Kusek
ISBN : 9780821389072
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.84 MB
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This Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system.
Category: Business & Economics

Ion Molecule Reactions

Author : J. Franklin
ISBN : 9781475700886
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.81 MB
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After a few faint stirrings of interest in ion-molecule reactions during the early days of mass spectrometry, the subject was almost completely neglected for many years. There was a renascence of interest in the subject following pioneering experiments by Tal'roze in Russia and independently by Steven son and Schissler and Field, Franklin, and Lampe in this country. Since that time, interest in the subject has continued to grow and the number of papers published to expand almost exponentially during the past 15 years. The result is a body of literature that is now almost beyond any single individual's capacity for encompassing in his reading and research activities. Thus, it seemed timely to prepare a book giving in some detail a comprehen sive review of the field. Ideally, such a book would be written by one or possibly two authors. Unfortunately, the sheer bulk and variety of the studies of ion-molecule reactions has made it impractical for a single person to prepare a book on the subject in a time that would permit it to be issued before the material covered was obsolete. Consequently, the only practical, although surely not the ideal, solution is to issue a multiauthor volume. The present book represents our best efforts to accomplish this goal. We have secured from 18 authors material representing the most advanced work in the field and the resulting compilation is presented herein.
Category: Science

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author : Bruce Alberts
ISBN : 9781317563747
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.81 MB
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.
Category: Science