Radikalisierung

Author : Farhad Khosrokhavar
ISBN : 9783863935306
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.77 MB
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Die Brüder Kouachi, die in der Redaktion von Charlie Hebdo zwölf Menschen töteten, waren keine von weither eingeflogenen Glaubenskrieger, sondern kamen aus dem 10. Arrondissement. Was trieb sie, die einer säkular geprägten Familie entstammten, zum Äußersten? Anders als jene islamophoben Verschwörungstheorien, die uns in der trügerischen Gewißheit wiegen wollen, der Feind komme von außen, hält Farhad Khosrokhavar auf diese komplexen Fragen keine einfache Antworten bereit: Wie entstehen gewaltbereite Gruppierungen? Worin besteht die Anziehungskraft radikaler Ideologien? Wie sieht das Persönlichkeitsprofil derer aus, die dem neuen Terrorismus in die Arme laufen? Wie kann man die Rückkehr des Religiösen in einer gewalttätigen Form, in der das letzte Ziel der Tod ist – sei es der dem Feind zugefügte, sei es der, durch den der Märtyrerstatus erlangt wird – erklären? Was ist Bedeutung und Tragweite dieser Art von Radikalisierung, ein zumindest aus westlicher Sicht seltsam anmutendes Phänomen? Ist das ein Kampf um Werte, die seit der Aufklärung längst überwunden schienen? Farhad Khosrokhavar analysiert die djihadistische Radikalisierung in Europa und in der arabischen Welt mit Bezugnahme auf die jüngsten Attentate. Autor: Farhad Khosrokhavar, französisch-iranischer Soziologe, ist Studienleiter an der EHESS und Forscher am Zentrum für soziologische Analyse und Lehre. Seine Forschung konzentriert sich auf die Soziologie des modernen Iran, die sozialen und anthropologischen Probleme des Islam in Frankreich, sowie die Philosophie der Sozialwissenschaften.
Category: Social Science

The Fear Of Islam

Author : Todd H. Green
ISBN : 9781451465495
Genre : Islam
File Size : 35.2 MB
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This volume investigates the context of Western views of Islam and offers an introduction to the historical roots and contemporary forms of anxiety regarding Islam within the Western world. Tracing the medieval legacy of religious polemics and violence, Green orients the reader to the complex history and issues in Western relations to Islam, from early and late modern colonial enterprises and theories of "Orientalism," to the production of religious discourses of otherness and the clash of civilizations that proliferated in the era of 9/11 and the war on terror.
Category: Islam

Bombers Hijackers Body Scanners And Jihadists

Author : Billie H. Vincent
ISBN : 9781479727209
Genre : History
File Size : 23.42 MB
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In the timeline relevant to Billie H. Vincent’s watch, terrorist attacks against world aviation are on the rise. Vincent weaves his plot with the motives of these radicals, their causes, and the religious biases for extremist Islamic Jihadist attacks on a global scale to his protagonist’s story. Billie has his hands full dealing with these threats and helping out other nations in their aviation security efforts. The threats and attacks, in actual terms, have left a permanent impact on Western society and aviation in particular. Vincent knows all the ins and outs of the business. His book is replete with all the hardcore technology that are an aficionado’s dream, the LED monitors light up the twilight world of the first line of defense for all airline passengers against all who might threaten the security of airports and airlines. Billie and an international company of aviation security experts come up against the attempted bombing of an international Pan-American Airlines flight to Rio de Janerio. Over the previous two weeks they had been investigating a bomb that exploded on a flight out of Tokyo’s Narita airport that killed a Japanese youth going to a vacation in Hawaii. Vincent faces a new generation of terrorists of the era – bombs sneaked in a variety of ingenious ways into the planes and terminals abound in this dangerous world. Will he and his elite profession of dedicated men and women be able to stand up against all aviation security threats? The answer is, they will have to because the lives of innocents are at stake. Billie shows readers exactly how in this gripping Bombers, Hijackers, Body Scanners, And Jihadists.
Category: History

Homegrown Violent Extremism

Author : Erroll Southers
ISBN : 9781317522430
Genre : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
File Size : 87.73 MB
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Challenges how Americans think about terrorism, recruitment, and the homegrown threat. Security and public policy expert Erroll Southers examines post-9/11 homegrown violent extremism - what it is, the conditions enabling its existence, and approaches that can reduce the risk. The book contains essential information for communities, security practitioners, and policymakers on how violent extremists exploit vulnerabilities in their communities and offers approaches to put security theory into practice.
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

A Foreigner Carrying In The Crook Of His Arm A Tiny Bomb

Author : Amitava Kumar
ISBN : 9780822391357
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77.82 MB
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Part reportage and part protest, A Foreigner Carrying in the Crook of His Arm a Tiny Bomb is an inquiry into the cultural logic and global repercussions of the war on terror. At its center are two men convicted in U.S. courts on terrorism-related charges: Hemant Lakhani, a seventy-year-old tried for attempting to sell a fake missile to an FBI informant, and Shahawar Matin Siraj, baited by the New York Police Department into a conspiracy to bomb a subway. Lakhani and Siraj were caught through questionable sting operations involving paid informants; both men received lengthy jail sentences. Their convictions were celebrated as major victories in the war on terror. In Amitava Kumar’s riveting account of their cases, Lakhani and Siraj emerge as epic bunglers, and the U.S. government as the creator of terror suspects to prosecute. Kumar analyzed the trial transcripts and media coverage, and he interviewed Lakhani, Siraj, their families, and their lawyers. Juxtaposing such stories of entrapment in the United States with narratives from India, another site of multiple terror attacks and state crackdowns, Kumar explores the harrowing experiences of ordinary people entangled in the war on terror. He also considers the fierce critiques of post-9/11 surveillance and security regimes by soldiers and torture victims, as well as artists and writers, including Coco Fusco, Paul Shambroom, and Arundhati Roy.
Category: Political Science

Terrorism And Public Safety Policing

Author : James F. Pastor
ISBN : 143981581X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79.67 MB
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The trends, data, and battle-tested logic don't lie. A perfect storm of extremist ideologies is on the horizon that threatens to challenge the current state of public safety—forcing police chiefs, public administrators, and security professionals to rethink their approach to policing the streets of America. Professor James Pastor, a recognized authority on policing and security, draws on three decades of experience fighting on the front lines against domestic terrorism to identify key indicators that point to an increase in extremist violence and terrorist threats here at home. Merging public policy analysis with an understanding of human nature, Terrorism and Public Safety Policing: Implications for the Obama Presidency provides a unique and thorough examination of the current state of policing and reviews recent events to identify troublesome trends and potential vulnerabilities that must be addressed. This forward-looking guide introduces a new model of policing—Public Safety Policing—that accounts for the changes already underway and offers an organized and proactive response to the new breed of problems on the horizon. Complete with supporting statistics, graphics, and photos, this book provides a realistic look into the future of law enforcement, public safety, and private security. By providing a narrative of the important decisions that need to be made, the author guides policymakers, police administrators, and security professionals with the vision needed to anticipate predicaments on the horizon.
Category: Business & Economics

Terrorism And Organized Hate Crime

Author : Michael R. Ronczkowski
ISBN : 9781351787123
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.5 MB
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The ability of law enforcement agencies to manage and act upon intelligence is the key to countering terrorism. Likewise, a critical foundation of intelligence-led policing is the proper analysis of all information gained. Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime: Intelligence Gathering, Analysis, and Investigations, Fourth Edition demonstrates how to recognize the indicators of an impending act of terrorism or mass violence, how to deter an attack, and how to transform information into intelligence to meet community demands for safety and security. The Fourth Edition has been completely updated and expanded to cover numerous topics facing those tasked with investigating and thwarting terrorism and the terrorist acts throughout the world today. Many investigators have sought to understand the growth of the radical extremist and terrorist organization ranks. The Fourth Edition dedicates an expanded new chapter to the concerns and processes centering on radicalization and recruitment. This new chapter covers such in-depth topics like: criminal roots, gang connection, conversion, causes of extremism, models of recruitment and radicalization including self-radicalization, recruiting in the digital age, social media, youth targeting, prison radicalization and recruitment, legal concerns, case studies and groups, as well as what can be done to prevent recruitment. In addition to the new chapter, there is a new guide to sources of information for investigators and expanded discussion on IRA tactics and ISIS. Using techniques applicable to the private and the public sector, the book combines academic, research, and practitioner perspectives to establish a protocol for effectively gathering, analyzing, investigating, and disseminating criminal intelligence. Additional overage includes the role of fusion centers, terrorism financing, the handling of classified materials, the National Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative as well as pre-incident indicators and behavioral traits associated with terrorism. A one-stop resource for the homeland security, intelligence analyst, and investigative professional, the book arms those tasked with protecting the public with a solid blueprint for combating and investigating crimes associated with terrorism and hate. Also widely used as a core text, Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime, Fourth Edition teaches practical applications to those students enrolled in such courses as Terrorism and Hate Crimes, Violence and Terrorism, Domestic Terrorism, Terrorism and Political Violence, and Terrorism and Homeland Security. Accompanying PowerPointTm slides and a Test Bank are available to professors upon qualifying course adoption.
Category: Political Science

The Changing Nature Of War

Author : Kristen Boon
ISBN : 9780199948475
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51.14 MB
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Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents is a series that provides primary source documents and expert commentary on various topics in the worldwide effort to combat terrorism. Among the documents collected are transcripts of Congressional testimony, reports by such federal government bodies as the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and the Government Accountability Office (GAO), United Nations Security Council resolutions, reports and investigations by the United Nations Secretary-General and other dedicated UN bodies, and case law from the U.S. and around the globe covering issues related to terrorism. Most volumes carry a single theme, and inside each volume the documents appear within topic-based categories. The series also includes a subject index and other indices that guide the user through this complex area of the law. Volume 127, The Changing Nature of War, tackles how the approach to training for and fighting wars and readying national security is likely to evolve as the United States moves further into the 21st Century. Professor Douglas Lovelace, Jr. has organized and provided framing and illustrative commentary on Congressional Research Service reports, Presidential policy statements, Department of Defense strategy papers, and research reports from the U.S. Army War College's Strategic Studies Institute on contemporary national security topics as: United States war planning; the inter-related policy and force-related concerns of shifting from counterinsurgency-based efforts abroad to a focus on counterterrorism both domestically and abroad; transnational organized crime, with particular emphasis on the Mexican drug cartels operating along the U.S.-Mexico border; and the ever-expanding national security and private economic ramifications of cyberwarfare.
Category: Political Science

American Jihadist Terrorism Combating A Complex Threat

Author :
ISBN : 9781437940237
Genre :
File Size : 21.49 MB
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From May 2009 through October 2011, arrests were made for 32 "homegrown," jihadist-inspired terrorist plots by American citizens or legal permanent residents of the United States. Two of these resulted in attacks--U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan's alleged assault at Fort Hood in Texas and Abdulhakim Muhammed's shooting at the U.S. Army-Navy Career Center in Little Rock, AR--and produced 14 deaths. By comparison, in more than seven years from the September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes (9/11) through April 2009, there were 21 such plots. Two resulted in attacks, and no more than six plots occurred in a single year (2006). The apparent spike in such activity from May 2009 to October 2011 suggests that at least some Americans--even if a tiny minority--continue to be susceptible to ideologies supporting a violent form of jihad. This report describes homegrown violent jihadists and the plots and attacks that have occurred since 9/11. For this report, "homegrown" and "domestic" are terms that describe terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States. The term "jihadist" describes radicalized individuals using Islam as an ideological and/or religious justification for their belief in the establishment of a global caliphate, or jurisdiction governed by a Muslim civil and religious leader known as a caliph. The term "violent jihadist" characterizes jihadists who have made the jump to illegally supporting, plotting, or directly engaging in violent terrorist activity. The report also discusses the radicalization process and the forces driving violent extremist activity. It analyzes post-9/11 domestic jihadist terrorism and describes law enforcement and intelligence efforts to combat terrorism and the challenges associated with those efforts. It also outlines actions underway to build trust and partnership between community groups and government agencies and the tensions that may occur between law enforcement and engagement activities. Appendix A provides details about each of the post-9/11 homegrown jihadist terrorist plots and attacks. Finally, the report offers policy considerations for Congress.
Category:

The Impact Of 9 11 On Religion And Philosophy

Author : M. Morgan
ISBN : 9780230101609
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.4 MB
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The Impact of 9-11 on Religion and Philosophy is the sixth volume of the six-volume series The Day that Changed Everything? edited by Matthew J. Morgan. This volume features a foreword by John Esposito and contributors include Jean Bethke Elshtain, Philip Yancey, John Milbank, Ada Maria Isasi-Diaz, John Cobb and Martin Cook.
Category: Political Science